Seeing your own country on the big screen is
Hearing your own language and accent.
Seeing your own landmarks
Your own stories.
A matter of national pride and identity.
War and military culture
Young and Urban
Action and Horror
These types went in and out of fashion and
reflect different stages of Australian identity.
Many based on novels
Some based on real events
Some are period pieces.
The Salvation army presented this lecture.
It was shown in the Melbourne Town Hall.
It consisted of 13 short films, spoken material
It is sometimes considered the first feature
film ever made.
Inauguration of the Australian
Filmed in Sydney on January 1, 1901
Sponsored by the New South Wales
Ran for 30 minutes – five times longer than
any previous production.
Possibly the first feature film made in the
world was called The Story of the Kelly Gang.
It was made in 1906.
It was made by the Tait Brothers in Australia.
Unfortunately authorities did not approve of
They were banned in Victoria, South Australia
and New South Wales within five years.
Why do you think bushrangers were a
popular choice for silent films?
Why do you think the authorities banned
these bushranger films?
Ken Hall (On Our Selection, 1932)
Raymond Longford (The Sentimental Bloke,
1911: Australia pioneers the double bill
The Glacarium Cinema in Melbourne played
the Australian film The Lost Chord.
It was supported by the Italian film The Fall of
In 1911 there were 52 Australian narrative
fiction titles released.
Many were bushranger flicks.
This was the highest level of production until
In 1911 Australia produced more feature films
than any other country.
Film was becoming big business.
American and British companies were taking
Often they would not show local films.
In 1922 – 23 ninety-four percent of films shown in
Australia were from America.
There was a Royal Commission into the
industry’s decline in 1928.
This did little to slow the decline.
The first talkie was an American film called
“The Jazz Singer”.
It set a new record.
Showed for 46 weeks in 1928 – 1929 at Sydney's
Audiences went up when talking pictures
187 million tickets were sold that year.
29 cinema admission for every person in
How many films did you see in the cinema in
the last twelve months?
How many of these were Australian films?
Showgirl’s Luck began production in June
There were many technical problems and it was
released in 1931.
Two films with sound segments were also
completed by this time.
In The Wake of the Bounty (1933)
Directed by Charles Chauvel.
Paid £30 for three weeks work.
Became of the world’s biggest movie stars
within two years.
Available film used for newsreels and
Films sent to troops in New Guinea and
remote parts of Australia.
A government rule in 1951 about raising
capital for companies all but destroyed the
Between 1952 and 1966 there were an
average of two films made in Australia
Many actors left Australia in these years.
Some did very well.
Charles ‘Bud’ Tingwell (Murder She Said, 1961)
Rod Taylor (The Time Machine, 1960)
Diane Cilento (Tom Jones, 1963)
Ray Barrett (The Reptile, 1966)
Leo McKern (The Day the Earth Caught Fire, 1961)
Peter Finch (The Trials of Oscar Wilde, 1961).
The Skyline drive-in opens in Burwood.
The first of 330 drive-ins.
Numbers fall dramatically when home video
was introduced in the 1980s.
There are fewer than 20 drive-ins in Australia
The first Australian film shot in colour.
Directed by Charles Chauvel.
To first to have serious Aboriginal characters.
Channel 9 in Sydney began regular
The first show was called “This is television”.
By 1959 28% of cinema’s in Sydney had
closed and 33% of Melbourne’s indoor
Between 1960 and 1966 only seven feature
films were made in Australia.
Prime Minister Gorton created the Australian
Film Development Corporation
Creates the Experimental Film Fund with
Creates the Australian Film and Television
School (AFTS), which opened in 1973.
Australia produced nearly 400 feature films
between 1970 and 1985.
More than had ever been made before.
New talent emerged.
Gillian Armstrong (My Brilliant Career)
Peter Weir (Picnic at Hanging Rock)
Phil Noyce (Backroads)
Fred Schepisi (The Devil’s Playground)