Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Esperanto
Esperanto
Esperanto
Esperanto
Esperanto
Esperanto
Esperanto
Esperanto
Esperanto
Esperanto
Esperanto
Esperanto
Esperanto
Esperanto
Esperanto
Esperanto
Esperanto
Esperanto
Esperanto
Esperanto
Esperanto
Esperanto
Esperanto
Esperanto
Esperanto
Esperanto
Esperanto
Esperanto
Esperanto
Esperanto
Esperanto
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Esperanto

1,104

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
3 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Bona prezentaĵo, bedaŭrinde kun multaj eraroj, ekzemple neglekto de akuzativo (finaĵo -), y anstataŭ j en pluralo ktp.
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • If you want to meet more than 12000 speakers, and read an useful description (learning sites, music, videos, groups, books, events, translation machines, etc) go in here https://www.facebook.com/groups/esperanto.grupo/
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Korektendas la paĝo 27: bluaN maron.
    Gratulas mi pri via prezentaĵo, ĝi envideigindas eĉ kun sono, por tiel videbligi ĝin multe pli.
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,104
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
3
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  1. Esperanto<br />The universal language<br />
  2. History<br />A constructed language<br />Developed by L.L. Zemenhof<br />First published in 1887<br />Some people speak it<br />Was intended to be a neutral international language<br />
  3. Phonetic<br />This is a strictly phonetic language.<br />Each letter only makes one sound.<br />Words are spelt just like they sound.<br />Horo, maro, infano<br />Horo – choir<br />Maro – sea<br />Infano - child<br />
  4. Simple Alphabet<br />A B C Ĉ D E F G Ĝ H Ĥ I J Ĵ K L M N O P R S Ŝ T U Ŭ V Z<br />
  5. Nouns All End with O<br />Amiko<br />Domo<br />Kato<br />Viro<br />Amiko – friend<br />Domo – house<br />Kato – cat<br />Viro - man<br />
  6. A<br />Like in father<br />Ami – to love<br />
  7. E<br />Like e in pet <br />Egala – equal<br />What English word in this similar to?<br />
  8. I<br />Like in machine.<br />Infano – child<br />What English word in this similar to?<br />
  9. Plurals<br />To make a noun plural, add a J. This makes the ending sound like oy.<br />amiko – friend<br />amikoj – friends<br />birdo – bird<br />birdoj – birds<br />libro – book<br />libroj - books<br />
  10. O<br />Like O in Not<br />Oro - Gold<br />
  11. U<br />Like oo in Look<br />Urbo – city<br />What English word in this similar to?<br />
  12. The Object Gets an N<br />The object is what the verb is happening to.<br />The word order is not important.<br />The dog loves the cat.<br />La hundo amas la katon.<br />La katon amas la hundo.<br />The cat loves the dog.<br />La kato amas la hundon.<br />
  13. Ĉ<br />Like ch in church.<br />ĉokolado - chocolate<br />
  14. Ĝ<br />like g in gem<br />ĝui - to enjoy<br />
  15. Adjectives End in A<br /><ul><li>Adjectives describe nouns.
  16. All adjectives in Esperanto end with A.
  17. Granda
  18. Big
  19. Pura
  20. Clean
  21. Bela
  22. Beautiful
  23. Alta
  24. Tall or high</li></li></ul><li>Ĥ<br />like ch in Scottish loch<br />ĥoro - choir<br />
  25. Ĵ<br />like s in pleasure<br />ĵurnalo - daily newspaper<br />What English word in this similar to?<br />
  26. What are these Words?<br />Just looking at the endings, what types of words are these?<br />Sana hundo<br />Healthy dog<br />
  27. Ŝ<br />like English sh<br />ŝipo - ship<br />
  28. Ŭ<br />Like the English w.<br />aŭto - car<br />
  29. Verbs End in I<br />Ataki – to attack<br />Baki – to bake<br />Havi – to have<br />Inviti – to invite<br />Lerni – to learn.<br />Rapidi – to rush or hurry.<br />Kuraci – to cure or heal.<br />
  30. Verbs<br />Verbs in the infinitive end with an I.<br />To write.<br />Skribi.<br />Verbs in the present tense end with –as.<br />Writes<br />Skribas<br />Verbs in the past tense end with –is.<br />Wrote<br />Skribis<br />
  31. Verbs<br />Verbs in the future tense end with an –os.<br />Will write.<br />Skribos.<br />Verbs as a command end with –u.<br />Write!<br />Skribu<br />
  32. Prefixes<br />You can change the meaning of words by adding a prefix.<br />For example<br />Add “mal” to make a word into its opposite.<br />Granda<br />Big<br />Malgranda<br />Small<br />
  33. Prefixes<br />Add “bo” to indicate relationship by marriage.<br />Patro – father<br />Bopatro – father-in-law<br />Patrino – mother<br />Bopatrino – mother-in-law<br />
  34. Adverbs<br />Adjectives become adverbs when you use the E ending instead.<br />Pura<br /><ul><li>Clean</li></ul>Pure<br /><ul><li>Cleanly</li></ul>Bela<br /><ul><li>Beautiful</li></ul>Bele<br /><ul><li>Beautifully</li></li></ul><li>Translate<br />La infanoj amis la blua maron.<br />The children loved the blue sea.<br />
  35. Suffixes<br />You can change the meaning of nouns by adding a suffix.<br />For example you end with “ajo” to make a verb into a continuous action.<br />Kuri – to run<br />Kurajo – running.<br />Dormi – to sleep<br />Dormajo- sleeping.<br />
  36. Finally, a Few Useful Words<br />Mia – my<br />Kun – with<br />Mi – I<br />Vi – you<br />Ili – they<br />Kaj - and<br />Mia malbela hundo amis la granda katon.<br />My ugly dog will love the big cat.<br />
  37. English to Esperanto<br />The children will write.<br />My mother-in-law sleeps beautifully.<br />La infanoy skribos.<br />Mia bopatino dormas bele<br />
  38. Last Activity<br />La viro kaj infanoy rapidas la bele madrapide hundon.<br />The man and children rush the beautiful, slow dog.<br />

×