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  • Bona prezentaĵo, bedaŭrinde kun multaj eraroj, ekzemple neglekto de akuzativo (finaĵo -), y anstataŭ j en pluralo ktp.
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  • If you want to meet more than 12000 speakers, and read an useful description (learning sites, music, videos, groups, books, events, translation machines, etc) go in here https://www.facebook.com/groups/esperanto.grupo/
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  • Korektendas la paĝo 27: bluaN maron.
    Gratulas mi pri via prezentaĵo, ĝi envideigindas eĉ kun sono, por tiel videbligi ĝin multe pli.
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Esperanto Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Esperanto
    The universal language
  • 2. History
    A constructed language
    Developed by L.L. Zemenhof
    First published in 1887
    Some people speak it
    Was intended to be a neutral international language
  • 3. Phonetic
    This is a strictly phonetic language.
    Each letter only makes one sound.
    Words are spelt just like they sound.
    Horo, maro, infano
    Horo – choir
    Maro – sea
    Infano - child
  • 4. Simple Alphabet
    A B C Ĉ D E F G Ĝ H Ĥ I J Ĵ K L M N O P R S Ŝ T U Ŭ V Z
  • 5. Nouns All End with O
    Amiko
    Domo
    Kato
    Viro
    Amiko – friend
    Domo – house
    Kato – cat
    Viro - man
  • 6. A
    Like in father
    Ami – to love
  • 7. E
    Like e in pet
    Egala – equal
    What English word in this similar to?
  • 8. I
    Like in machine.
    Infano – child
    What English word in this similar to?
  • 9. Plurals
    To make a noun plural, add a J. This makes the ending sound like oy.
    amiko – friend
    amikoj – friends
    birdo – bird
    birdoj – birds
    libro – book
    libroj - books
  • 10. O
    Like O in Not
    Oro - Gold
  • 11. U
    Like oo in Look
    Urbo – city
    What English word in this similar to?
  • 12. The Object Gets an N
    The object is what the verb is happening to.
    The word order is not important.
    The dog loves the cat.
    La hundo amas la katon.
    La katon amas la hundo.
    The cat loves the dog.
    La kato amas la hundon.
  • 13. Ĉ
    Like ch in church.
    ĉokolado - chocolate
  • 14. Ĝ
    like g in gem
    ĝui - to enjoy
  • 15. Adjectives End in A
    • Adjectives describe nouns.
    • 16. All adjectives in Esperanto end with A.
    • 17. Granda
    • 18. Big
    • 19. Pura
    • 20. Clean
    • 21. Bela
    • 22. Beautiful
    • 23. Alta
    • 24. Tall or high
  • Ĥ
    like ch in Scottish loch
    ĥoro - choir
  • 25. Ĵ
    like s in pleasure
    ĵurnalo - daily newspaper
    What English word in this similar to?
  • 26. What are these Words?
    Just looking at the endings, what types of words are these?
    Sana hundo
    Healthy dog
  • 27. Ŝ
    like English sh
    ŝipo - ship
  • 28. Ŭ
    Like the English w.
    aŭto - car
  • 29. Verbs End in I
    Ataki – to attack
    Baki – to bake
    Havi – to have
    Inviti – to invite
    Lerni – to learn.
    Rapidi – to rush or hurry.
    Kuraci – to cure or heal.
  • 30. Verbs
    Verbs in the infinitive end with an I.
    To write.
    Skribi.
    Verbs in the present tense end with –as.
    Writes
    Skribas
    Verbs in the past tense end with –is.
    Wrote
    Skribis
  • 31. Verbs
    Verbs in the future tense end with an –os.
    Will write.
    Skribos.
    Verbs as a command end with –u.
    Write!
    Skribu
  • 32. Prefixes
    You can change the meaning of words by adding a prefix.
    For example
    Add “mal” to make a word into its opposite.
    Granda
    Big
    Malgranda
    Small
  • 33. Prefixes
    Add “bo” to indicate relationship by marriage.
    Patro – father
    Bopatro – father-in-law
    Patrino – mother
    Bopatrino – mother-in-law
  • 34. Adverbs
    Adjectives become adverbs when you use the E ending instead.
    Pura
    • Clean
    Pure
    • Cleanly
    Bela
    • Beautiful
    Bele
    • Beautifully
  • Translate
    La infanoj amis la blua maron.
    The children loved the blue sea.
  • 35. Suffixes
    You can change the meaning of nouns by adding a suffix.
    For example you end with “ajo” to make a verb into a continuous action.
    Kuri – to run
    Kurajo – running.
    Dormi – to sleep
    Dormajo- sleeping.
  • 36. Finally, a Few Useful Words
    Mia – my
    Kun – with
    Mi – I
    Vi – you
    Ili – they
    Kaj - and
    Mia malbela hundo amis la granda katon.
    My ugly dog will love the big cat.
  • 37. English to Esperanto
    The children will write.
    My mother-in-law sleeps beautifully.
    La infanoy skribos.
    Mia bopatino dormas bele
  • 38. Last Activity
    La viro kaj infanoy rapidas la bele madrapide hundon.
    The man and children rush the beautiful, slow dog.