James Madison <br />Fourth president <br />1809-1817<br />Had problems with both England & France<br />England was worse <br />They impressed (forced them into) Americans into the English Navy<br />
War HawksWanted to go to war with England<br />John C. Calhoun <br />Henry Clay<br />
Indian Trouble <br />In 1811 Tecumseh, a Shawnee Indian, organized a league of tribes to keep white people out of tribal lands.<br />General William Henry Harrison attacked and burned Tecumseh’s village when he was away. <br />General <br />William Henry Harrison <br />Tecumseh <br />
War of 1812America’s Second War for Independence<br />June 18, 1812 war declared against England<br />Began with an unsuccessful invasion of Canada<br />
The Star Spangled Banner<br />Francis Scott Key wrote this poem while on a British ship during a battle in Boston Harbor<br />He knew that while the bombs sounded that the Americans had not given up Fort McHenry<br />In the morning he saw the American flag still flew above the fort!<br />Later the poem would become our national anthem<br />
America’s Navy <br />War began to gain freedom of the seas, and the Navy had more success than the army<br />Privateers: America captured many merchant ships, and converted some to warships by mounting cannons on the deck. <br />
Old Ironsides<br />The Constitution was commanded by Captain Isaac Hull<br />The ship defeated the Guerriere and Java with little damage <br />
The Battle of Lake Erie “We have met the enemy and they are ours”<br />Oliver Hazard Perry was made a commodore without a fleet<br />He and his men built their own fleet of ships <br />With only nine boats he managed to defeat the British on Lake Erie <br />
The Battle of New Orleans <br />The British wanted to control the Mississippi River by capturing New Orleans <br />General Andrew Jackson commanded the Americans <br />Protected by cotton bales, surrounding the city, they were able to shoot down 2,000 troops <br />The battle was won, but the war had already ended in weeks before.<br />
James Monroe <br />The Federalist party disappeared with his election <br />The Democratic-Republican party was the only political party in America <br />“The Era of Good Feeling” was a time when Americans felt a sense of nationalism and happiness <br />
Monroe Doctrine 1823<br />Nations of Europe must not try to conquer independent countries in America <br />They could keep the colonies that they already had, but not add new ones <br />The United States would not interfere with European affairs <br />
Bishop John England <br />Established first Catholic newspaper <br />Founded a school for American boys & girls <br />
Growing Pains <br />The North favored high tariffs, but the South & the West wanted low tariffs <br />Factory owners paid low wages to workers instead of having slaves <br />Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin, which made cotton farming & the need for slaves important <br />
John Quincy Adams <br />The sixth president <br />Only one political party, the Democratic-Republican party existed <br />Four of these members wanted to be president <br />Andrew Jackson had the most votes but not the majority <br />The House of Representatives chose JQ Adams to be president <br />Jackson was mad & did everything he could to make Adams’ presidency look bad <br />
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