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Study Notes for Seton History 5 Chapter 2

Study Notes for Seton History 5 Chapter 2

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  • 1. The First Cabinet
    Edmund Randolph
    Attorney General
    Thomas Jefferson
    Secretary of State
    Advises the president on legal matters
    Attorney for the government
    In charge of foreign affairs
    Helped work out treaties & agreements with other countries
    Became the 3rd president
  • 2. The First Cabinet
    Henry Knox
    Secretary of War
    Alexander Hamilton
    Secretary of the Treasury
    In charge of the Army & the Navy
    Later this post would be called Secretary of Defense
    Oversee financial affairs
    Pay off war debts
    Brilliant in money matters
  • 3. Washington D.C.(District of Columbia)
    Located in the South between Maryland & Virginia
    Thomas Jefferson & Alexander Hamilton worked this compromise out
    The Southern states agreed to help pay the war debts
  • 4. Taxes
    Tariff
    Excise Tax
    Hamilton proposed a tax on imported goods
    Hoped to raise money & help establish American business
    Did not produce enough revenue
    When the tariff failed to produce enough money, Hamilton proposed an excise tax
    This would products made in America
    $
  • 5. Early Treaties
    The Jay Treaty
    Washington sent Chief Justice of the Supreme Court John Jay to England
    England agreed to withdraw its troops and give up its forts around the Great Lakes.
    It didn’t deal with the issue of England taking American sailors.
    The Pinckney Treaty
    The coast of the Gulf of Mexico belonged to Spain
    Spain controlled trade along the Mississippi River
    Spain signed a treaty with Thomas Pinckney settling the area in the Florida panhandle and making New Orleans a free port
  • 6. John Adams
    Became the 2nd president
    Ran as a Federalist
    Ran against Thomas Jefferson who was a Democratic-Republican
    Jefferson became his Vice President
    They had once been friends but now disagreed over many things
  • 7. The XYZ Affair
    America refused to pay a bribe to France.
  • 8. Unpopular Laws
    President given power to expel any foreigner with the Alien Act
    Freedom of speech and freedom of the press were taken away with the Sedition Act