Imperialism• Imperialism (n) A policy of extending a country’s power and inﬂuence through diplomacy or military force• Colonialism (n) The policy or practice of acquiring full or partial political control over another country, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically• Annexation (n) to incorporate territory into an existing political unit such as a country, state, county, or city
Social• the theory that individuals, groups, and peoples are subject to the same Darwinian laws of natural selection as plants and animals• “Survival of the Fittest”• This justiﬁes the taking over of another country through the belief that since they are the “ﬁttest,” they should rule the weaker societies.
White Man’s• the task that white colonizers believed they had to impose their civilization on the black inhabitants of their colonies• While Americans were taking over other countries, they believed that they knew what was best for the other races.
Racism and• Racism (n) prejudice, discrimination, or antagonism directed against someone of a diﬀerent race based on such a belief• Paternalism (n) the policy or practice on the part of the people in positions of authority of restricting the freedom and responsibilities of those subordinate to them in the subordinate’s supposed best interest• Missionaries could be considered paternalistic because they believe that they know best for the people they are preaching to, and would change their lives
The Scramble• It occurred from 1880-1900• It was a process of invasion, occupation, colonization, and annexation of Africa• The Berlin Conference was a time from November 1884 to February 1885 when European countries met in Berlin to divide Africa among themselves• Ethiopia and Liberia were the countries not colonized
Nationalis• Nationalism (n) An extreme form of patriotic feelings, principles, or eﬀorts, especially marked by a feeling of superiority over other countries
Colonized vs.• Industrialized nations often thought that they knew what was best for the countries that they colonized, so they believed that colonizing them would make the colonized countries a better place. (i.e. White-man’s Burden)• The people were probably upset, and would most likely revolt.