Codes and conventions of interviewPresentation Transcript
Codes and Conventions of Interviews
Interviewee positioned to the left or right of theframe A lot of interviews also shift positions so there is a mixture of left and right and it does not get boring.
The interviews are filmed in a medium close upor close up. Although big close ups aresometimes used.
The interviewee is looking at the interviewerinstead of looking directly into the camera. Sothe position of the camera is therefore crucialand the interviewer should be on the same eyeline as the interviewee.
Interviews must follow the rule of third whichmeans that the eye line of the interviewee mustbe 1/3 of the way down the frame.
The mise-en-scene reinforces the content of theinterview, or is relevant to the intervieweeproviding more information about them interms of occupation, personal environment etc.Chromakey can be used to create mise-en-scene
Interviewee`smust beseated on a“immovable” Filmed withchair. the light source behind the interviewee
Questions areedited out so theaudience can onlyhear the answer to Cutaways are editedthe question into interviews for two reason: • To avoid jump cuts • To break up an interview and illustrate what the interviewee is talking about Cutaways are either: • Archive material • Something suggested by what the interviewer said and is filmed later.
Sometimes aspects ofan interview arefilmed with anothercamera. For examplean extreme close upof eyes, mouth andhands( which are laterused as cutaways Open questions are asked because it forces the interviewee to give a detailed answer
Graphics are used on screen to anchor who theperson is and their relevance to the topic of thedocumentary.