History Of Design Overview Of Movement And Designers

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Art history lecture series on design, lecture 1

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History Of Design Overview Of Movement And Designers

  1. 1. What is design?An overview of design history.<br />
  2. 2. Design history is not solely concerned with the line up of facts,<br />It is about understanding , finding explanations, evaluating the past and opinion.<br />
  3. 3. Industrial Revolution.18th-19thCentury.<br />Influenced almost every aspect of daily life.<br />
  4. 4. Arts and Crafts Movement.1880-1910<br />The Arts and Crafts Movement began as a reaction to "soulless" machine-made production of the Industrial Revolution. <br />Instigated by William Morris.<br />Considered the machine to be the root cause of all repetitive and mundane evils.<br />
  5. 5. Arts and Crafts Principles.<br />Importance of the natural qualities of the materials used.<br />In favour of the master craftsman.<br />Decanter by Charles Ashbee.<br />
  6. 6. Inspired by British flora and fauna.<br /> Many of those involved set up workshops in rural areas and revived old techniques.<br />“Ampelopis” Desk by Zulma Steele, circa 1904.<br />
  7. 7. The Honan Chapel, 1916.<br />
  8. 8. William Morris -1834-1896.<br />William Morris & Co. manufactured tapestries, furniture and stained glass.<br />Campaigned for a return to traditional craftsmanship.<br />
  9. 9. The Red House -Interior<br />
  10. 10. Art Nouveau<br />]<br /> The origins of Art Nouveau can be found in the work of William Morris.<br />1985,Czech artist Alphonse Mucha, produces a poster for a play entitled Gismonda.<br />
  11. 11. L’ExpositionUniverselle, Paris, 1900.<br />
  12. 12.
  13. 13. Charles RennieMackintosh,Glasgow, 1868-1928.<br />Mackintosh preferred the strength of the rectilinear line.<br /> Interestingly, he also used patterns from sources such as the Irish Book of Kells (800AD).<br />
  14. 14. House for an Art Lover, 1986.<br />
  15. 15. Mackintosh, Bedroom Furniture.<br />
  16. 16. Bauhaus, The International Style,Germany,1920’s.<br />Influenced by Arts and Crafts movement<br />Notable absence of ornamentation.<br /> Bauhaus embraced the industrial atmosphere of its time and attempted to transcend it.<br />
  17. 17. Ludwig Mies van derRohe,1986-69.<br />Last director of the Bauhaus.<br />Created an iconic image of modernity with his MR Chair.<br />Minimalist architect and furniture designer.<br />

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