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Gourova bulgaria

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  • 1. Industry-academia collaboration – cases of three Bulgarian universities Assoc. Prof. Elissaveta Gourova Sofia UniversityMoldova, 16-17.05.2012
  • 2. Main topics Introduction Bulgarian environment for industry-academia collaboration Cases for industry involvement in HE – Management skills for software engineers – Interdisciplinary skills of telecom specialists – Industrial practice for industrial engineers Further Challenges
  • 3. Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski” • The first school of higher education in Bulgaria • The largest and most prestigious university in Bulgaria, a big academic and scientific centre • 16 Faculties on humanities and scientific disciplines • More than 18 000 students and 3000 lecturers and administrative staff
  • 4. Macroeconomic framework GDP structure – Agriculture – 6% – Industry – 17% – Public sector – Services – 61% Export – main part of raw or unprocessed products – Typical for less developed countries Import – technology, machines, equipment, vehicles Rather good investment climate – law corporate taxation, law income taxation (10%), stability, access to financing Foreign investments – telecommunications (18%), real estate (15%), trade and vehicles (15,66%), electricity production (6,78%), construction (6%), services (5%), textile (4, 36%), food production (3,72%), production of rubber, plastics (3,99%), metal production (3,27%), chemistry (2,65%)
  • 5. Structure 53 higher education institutes – 43 universities, 10 colleges (16 private) Bulgarian Academy of sciences – 73 independent legal bodies (institutes, labs, centres, etc. ) – 66% of all publications – Institute for parallel information processing – Institute of electronics – Institute for nuclear research and atom energy – Institute for microbiology – Institute for organic chemistry Agriculture Academy – 27 research institutes, 19 experimental facilities
  • 6. Research environment changes Law on Academic staff development (2010) – Allocation of scientific degrees and titles – Recruitment of researchers (long-term) – Selection of PhD students Law on Higher education (under revision) – Academic freedom – Rights and responsibilities of universities – Regular assessment of researchers – Career development (sabbatical leave) – 10% of state subsidy for research Law on Research Promotion – National Science Fund
  • 7. Main weaknesses in Bulgaria(European Innovation Scoreboard) Weak links between science and businesses Not sufficient measures to develop innovation infrastructure, support services, technological brokerage, intermediary services, etc. Not involvement of university students in scientific and technological activities Low innovative culture of researchers and weak innovative culture of businesses Low level of investment in new products and processes Slow implementation of measures and not systematic and transparent evaluation, etc.
  • 8. Innovation firms by number ofemployees
  • 9. Knowledge creation in Bulgariaamong 145 countries: 39 place in Physics 45 in Mathematics and Chemistry, growing publications and their citation by other researchers 47 in Computer Science and Engineering, with decreasing from 1995 to 2003 publications and their citations very low commercialization of research results
  • 10. Type of academia-industrycollaboration in BulgariaConsultations 17%Training, seminars, conferences 13%Organization of student, doctoral, etc. practices 11%Assisting the management of business processes 8%Studies of the effectiveness of technologies/ 7%products/servicesCreation of new technologies 6%
  • 11. Main topics Introduction Bulgarian environment for industry-academia collaboration Cases for industry involvement in HE – Management skills for software engineers – Interdisciplinary skills of telecom specialists – Industrial practice for industrial engineers Further Challenges
  • 12. Centre of Information Society Technology BSc and MSc Programs on Industry •Software engineering •Computer Sciences Faculty of Mathematics and Informatic •Technology Entrepreneurship •E-Business … Sofia University “St. Kl. Ohridski” Centre of IST Scientific Research Departmen Research and education EU / MES projects
  • 13. Role of FMI Strategy for ICT education in secondary schools Curricula development for schools Teachers higher education and training E-Learning technology and methodology Building ICT professional skills ICT research and innovation
  • 14. Implementing ACM / IEEE curricula atSofia University Computer Science Software Engineering Information Systems – BSc, MSc & PhD Technology entrepreneurship e-Business e-Learning
  • 15. BSc students of FMI very good level of skills in information technology, computer networks and data bases more efforts in business intelligence
  • 16. Innovation skills of FMI students  product commercialization and business process reengineering
  • 17. Management skills for softwareengineers New MSc programme on Technology Entrepreneurship and Innovation in IT – Sofia University, Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics – Intel Europe – Training of professors at University of California, Berkley Launched in 2008, most demanded by students – Course on Technology Entrepreneurship (Intel Europe) – Course on Establishing students company (Junior achievement - Bulgaria) – Involvement of students in world competitions (HP, Intel)
  • 18. ENTREPRENEURSHIP CURRICULUM,UC BERKELEY
  • 19. MSc on Technology Entrepreneurship and Innovation in IT Basic courses Core course on Elective courses entrepreneurship Innovation Management Technology Business Process ManagementFinancial management and entrepreneurship CRM venture capital Organizational Behavior Marketing management Knowledge management Strategic management Business Intelligence Project management e-Business Bases of e-governance Internet and law Graduate Student Company
  • 20. Graduate Student CompanyLearning processes
  • 21. Main topics Introduction Bulgarian environment for industry-academia collaboration Cases for industry involvement in HE – Management skills for software engineers – Interdisciplinary skills of telecom specialists – Industrial practice for industrial engineers Further Challenges
  • 22. New Bulgarian UniversityDepartment of Telecommunications New Bulgarian University – First Bulgarian private university – Flexible and efficient management structure – Readiness to respond to knowledge and skills needs Department Telecommunications – Unique programme on Telecom management – High-qualified professors with experience in Telecom and postal reforms, BTC, BNT, etc. – Close collaboration with Telecom Industry and Regulatory Bodies – Close collaboration with Broadcasting stakeholders – Close collaboration with ICT Cluster
  • 23. Telecommunications programmes Bachelor Programs specialization: Telecommunication technologies and services Regulation and management in electronic communications Postal and currier technologies and services Master Programs specialization: Telecommunication systems and technologies Radio communications and electronic media Regulation and management in Telecommunications Implementation of telecommunications projects PhD Program scientific area: Communication and computer technologies
  • 24. Collaboration with stakeholders Collaboration: Bulgarian Ministry of Transport, Information Technology and Communications Commission on regulation of telecommunications International Telecommunications Union Students Practice: On the basis of frame contracts: in Bulgarian Posts, Siemens, Ericsson, Electron-Radiocom, Vivacom, M-Tel, Germanos, etc. Telecommunications Laboratory at NBU
  • 25. Interdisciplinary skills of telecomspecialists new interdisciplinary programme ‘Innovation and entrepreneurship in high tech’ elaborated in 2012 in collaboration with the ICT cluster Programme topics: – Economic and legal environment – Management, finance and market specificity – Strategic management – Innovation and technology transfer – Competitiveness and IPR management – Web-based marketing – Engineering design – Software architectures – Project funding for innovations – Cultural and ethical issues of entrepreneurship
  • 26. Main topics Introduction Bulgarian environment for industry-academia collaboration Cases for industry involvement in HE – Management skills for software engineers – Interdisciplinary skills of telecom specialists – Industrial practice for industrial engineers Further Challenges
  • 27. Technical University – Sofia established in 1945, the leading Bulgarian engineering university competitive in engineering research and training - more than 1200 international projects, and many national projects funded by industry dominance of projects funded by industry – only 25% funding from international sources national award of the Agency for Energy efficiency award of Ministry of Education and Science for highest financial contribution gained from international projects award ‘ICAR’ of the Bulgarian Industrial Association – for its scientific and applied research
  • 28. English Language Faculty of Engineering Technical University - Sofia NIS Faculty of … ELFE Faculty of AutomaticsDepartment Department Department DEM TOE Department 1 2 ? ?
  • 29. Industrial practice for engineers Compulsory for students specialty Industrial Engineering BSc program of ELFE Goal: to acquaint students with real production, enterprise organization, marketing, human resourses, company policy, etc. Teaching methodology: Visits to real production facilities, explanations from accompanying lecturers and enterprise staff Enterprises: produce machine tools, DC motors, machinery and automatic transfer lines for packing, bottling and labeling, automatic transfer lines and machines for recycling of industrial goods Bulgarian institute of metrology: visits to labs for measurement of time and frequency, acoustics, vibrations, optics, electricity, temperature, pressure, electrochemistry, etc.
  • 30. Main topics Introduction Bulgarian environment for industry-academia collaboration Cases for industry involvement in HE – Management skills for software engineers – Interdisciplinary skills of telecom specialists – Industrial practice for industrial engineers Further Challenges
  • 31. Survey goals Main goal: – to collect quantitative data provided by researchers, – to summarize the personal attitudes of the staff and their approach to research activities Main issues studied: – Faculty staff experience, skills, and research interests and needs; – research priorities according to the staff – on European, on national, and on personal short-term and long-term levels; – personal assessment of the organization and work within Faculty; – evaluation of the overall national environment and attitudes toward researchers and research career in Bulgaria.
  • 32. Needs for additionaltraining
  • 33. FA collaboration with stakeholders FA Weak FA Average FA Strong 21% 29% 27% 31% 33% 27% 23% 19% 19% 27% 14% 12% 10% 8% 4% methodical well informed availability of feedback from awareness for approach for about needs and feedback from FMI collaboration with stakeholdersstakeholders is improvingaquiring needs expectation of FMI  Wea k stakeholders FMI  Strong for raising FMI  Avera ge used communicationand expectation stakeholders performance of with stakeholdersof stakeholders 7% 7% 7% the faculty 3% 5% 27% 23% 32% 32% 41% 23% 25% 21% 21% 16% methodical well informed availability of feedback from awareness for approach for about needs and feedback from stakeholders is improvingaquiring needs expectation of stakeholders used for raising communicationand expectation stakeholders performance of with stakeholdersof stakeholders the faculty
  • 34. Summary TU and SU have achieved many successes – Linking education programs to labour market needs and students demands – University strategies in place – Well positioned in Bulgaria and the region Driven by leaders understanding global challenges for research and industry organizations A lot of challenges remain: – for the teaching staff to improve and widen competences – Strengthening collaboration with stakeholders – for changing of universities environment to motivate the staff and attract young researchers
  • 35. The way ahead Undertake continuous efforts to progress the quality of Faculty’s education, training, information and research services to gain program competitiveness, high levels of achievement and a knowledgeable community. Ensure that education and research services are relevant to the needs of Bulgarian people, workforce, industry and local and state government. Release individuals of all ages with access to education, training and information services to develop their competences in order to be globally competitive workers, responsible citizens, and lifelong learners. Ensure greatest benefit from education and research resources through efficient operation and management of the education and research system and investments in student learning centered ICT.
  • 36. Thank you for your attention! Questions? For contacts: elis@fmi.uni-sofia.bg