Iic 2010


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IIC Telecom and Media Forum, Hong Kong
Digital Content and Copyright
Hong Kong Consultation and Legislation, 2006-2010

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Iic 2010

  1. 1. Digital Content and Copyright – A User's View Charles Mok Chairman Internet Society Hong Kong @ IIC Hong Kong Telecommunications and Media Forum June 10 2010
  2. 2. A perspective of today's digital environment <ul><li>Web 2.0 means... </li></ul><ul><ul><li>User-created/generated content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing culture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free content </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Users are pro-sumers </li></ul><ul><li>Rethinking on what drives creativity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Remix, reuse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What dominates? Mainstream, commercialized content, or the long tail of content? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is copyright protection the only way to go? </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Hong Kong government's digital copyright consultation <ul><li>Strengthening Copyright Protection in the Digital Environment' </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consultation paper: December 2006 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>'For sustainable development of creative industries' </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Balancing with: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dissemination of information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Safeguarding personal privacy on the Internet </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Developing Hong Kong as a Internet service hub </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Preliminary proposals (2007) <ul><li>April 2008: Preliminary proposals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduce a right of communications covering all modes of electronic transmission for copyright works, with related criminal sanctions against the breach of this right </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Where communication is made for the purpose or in the course of business </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Otherwise, if communication is made by 'streaming' </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduce a copyright exemption for temporary reproduction of copyright works by online service provider (OSPs), e.g. caching </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Preliminary proposals (2007) <ul><ul><li>Facilitate to draw up a voluntary code of practice for OSPs in combating infringements, the compliance with which or otherwise will be prescribed in law as a factor for the court to take into account </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Setting up a Tripartite Forum (of OSPs, copyright owners and users) to explore various systems (e.g. notice and notice, notice and takedown etc.) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Continue to rely on the 'Norwich Pharmacal' principles, as opposed to introducing an alternative infringer identity disclosure mechanism that is not subject to scrutiny by the court </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Preliminary proposals (2007) <ul><ul><li>Describe in law additional factors to assist the court in considering the award of additional damages, instead of introducing statutory damages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Refrain from introducing new criminal liability pertaining to unauthorized downloading and P2P </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Introducing the new issue of Media Shifting </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Tripartite Forum <ul><li>Original task was to draw up a voluntary code of practice for OSPs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Notice and notice? Notice and takedown? Or ? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dilemma: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From copyright owners' point of view: more protection, faster speed of response, etc. sought </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>From OSPs point of view: an MOU does not provide legal safe harbour, hence no incentive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Users' rights: left out? </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Current proposals (2010) <ul><li>Recognize copyright owners' right to communicate their works through any mode of electronic transmission, with criminal sanctions against infringement: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In the course of business conducted for profit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where made to such an extent as to affect prejudicially the copyright owners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reference to 'streaming' is dropped </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Current proposals (2010) <ul><li>Introduce statutory limitation of liability regime for OSPs in dealing with online piracy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Underpinned by a code of practice based on notice and notice / notice and takedown </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>'No' to graduated response </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Introduce a copyright exemption for temporary reproduction of copyright works by OSPs </li></ul><ul><li>Prescribing additional factors for considering the award of additional damages </li></ul>
  10. 10. Current proposals (2010) <ul><li>Introduce media shifting exemption for sound recordings </li></ul><ul><li>'No' to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alternative to 'Norwich Pharmacal' </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Statutory damages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New criminal liabilities to P2P </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bill to Legislative Council in late 2010 </li></ul>
  11. 11. Reactions to proposals: Is a balance reached? <ul><li>Copyright owners want graduated response </li></ul><ul><li>Users are concerned about criminal liabilities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unclear as to what may constitute infringement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impact on remix or reuse of content including for political parody – 'chilling effect'? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>OSPs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Definition of OSPs? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How to enforce? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Public: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Takes too long? Behind the curve of technology? </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. What's next? <ul><li>Government's delicate role to balance </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright owners' demands </li></ul><ul><li>Striking a balance </li></ul><ul><li>Education and awareness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protecting copyright </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creative Commons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>User's rights </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Copyright's relationship with creativity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic and social perspectives/impacts </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>莫乃光 Charles Mok </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.charlesmok.hk </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.isoc.hk </li></ul>
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