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  1. 1. TURKEY
  2. 2. Officially the Republic of Turkey
  3. 3. Location Is a contiguous transcontinental country, located mostly on Anatolia (in geography it is known as Asia Minor) in Western Asia, and on East Thrace in Southeastern Europe. Turkey is bordered by eight countries: Bulgaria to the northwest; Greece to the west; Georgia to the northeast; Armenia, Iran and the Azerbaijani to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the southeast. The Mediterranean Sea is to the south; the Aegean Sea is to the west; and the Black Sea is to the north.
  4. 4. Turkey is subdivided into 81 provinces for administrative purposes. Each province is divided into districts, for a total of 923 districts. An estimated 75.5% of Turkey's population live in urban centers
  5. 5. Population • Turkey is a democratic, secular, unitary, constitutional republic with a diverse cultural heritage. The country's official language is Turkish, a Turkic language spoken natively by approximately 85% of the population. Turks constitute 70% to 75% of the population. Minorities include Kurds (18%) and others (7–12%). The vast majority of the population is Muslim.
  6. 6. • The area of Turkey: 783,562 km2 • Population in 2013: 76,667,864 (18th) • Density population: 100/km2 (108th) • The currency in Turkey is: Turkish lira (2012 – 1 U.S. dollar = 1.80 Turkish lira) • GDP: $789.257 billion (17th) • GDPPC: $10,666 (64th)
  7. 7. Life Quality Turkey has made considerable progress in improving the quality of life of its citizens over the last two decades. Notwithstanding, Turkey ranks low in a large number of topics relative to most other countries in the Better Life Index. *The average household net-adjusted disposable income is lower than the OECD average of 23 047 USD a year. *The average household net-adjusted disposable income is lower than the OECD average of 23 047 USD a year. *48% of people aged 15 to 64 in Turkey have a paid job, less than the OECD employment average of 66%
  8. 8. Political Context • Turkey is a parliamentary representative democracy. Since its foundation as a republic in 1923, Turkey has developed a strong tradition of secularism. Turkey's constitution governs the legal framework of the country. It sets out the main principles of government and establishes Turkey as a unitary centralized state. • • The President of the Republic is the head of state and has a largely ceremonial role. The president is elected for a seven-year term by direct elections. Abdullah Gül was elected as president on 28 August 2007, by a popular parliament round of votes
  9. 9. Socio - Economical Turkey has the world's 64th largest GDPPC and 17th largest nominal GDP. The country is among the founding members of the OECD and the G-20 major economies. The real GDP growth rate from 2002 to 2007 averaged 6.8% annually, which made Turkey one of the fastest growing economies in the world during that period. However, growth slowed to 1% in 2008, and in 2009 the Turkish economy was affected by the global financial crisis, with a recession of 5%. The economy was estimated to have returned to 8% growth in 2010.
  10. 10. Main Economic Activities • The economy of Turkey is defined as an emerging market economy • Turkey has a large automotive industry, which produced 1,072,339 motor vehicles in 2012, ranking as the 16th largest producer in the world • Other key sectors of the Turkish economy are banking, construction, home appliances, electronics, textiles, oil refining, petrochemical products, food, mining, iron and steel, machine industry and tourism.
  11. 11. Main Economic Centers The country's wealth is mainly concentrated in the northwest and west, while the east and southeast suffer from poverty, lower economic production and higher levels of unemployment. However, in line with the continuous economic growth in Turkey during the recent decade, parts of Anatolia began reaching a higher economic standard. These cities are known as the Anatolian Tigers. The main economic centers are Istanbul and Ankara
  12. 12. Environmental Problems • The main environmental issues in Turkey are the conservation of biodiversity, water pollution from the dumping of chemicals and detergents, air pollution, greenhouse gases and land degradation