(2006) XML: Converting the publishers and their files

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Advocating for blindness agencies to work with publishers to move towards XML-based processes which facilitate production of multiple output formats, including accessible formats like DAISY, braille and large print. Presented at Round Table conference 2006. The full paper is available on the Round Table website: http://www.e-bility.com/roundtable/conf_proceedings06.php

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(2006) XML: Converting the publishers and their files

  1. 1. XML: Converting the publishers and their files Moira Clunie Royal New Zealand Foundation of the Blind
  2. 2. "[we should] … consciously disabuse ourselves of the historic notion that regards a printed publication as the true source document and all other media as variants. In truth, the true source already is, and must remain, an electronic file. Our task is to understand that it must be an accessible electronic file, and that all media representations of this file - whether hardbound standard print books, large print, braille, recorded audio, or synthesized audio - are all alternative media to a single electronic source;" from Janina Sajka & George Kerscher, Surpassing Gutenberg--Access to Published Information for Blind Readers , JVIB
  3. 3. XML: Content and Structure <structure> Content </structure> <h1> This is a heading </h1> <p> This is a paragraph, containing an <em> emphasised </em> word. </p>
  4. 4. Microsoft Word and XML <ul><li>“ styles” and templates </li></ul><ul><li>Export to (limited) XML </li></ul><ul><li>Understands HTML input </li></ul><ul><li>Large print, electronic text </li></ul><ul><li>Export to braille, PDF, webpage, print software (InDesign), Open Office </li></ul>
  5. 5. InDesign and XML <ul><li>Templates and styles </li></ul><ul><li>Input: XML, HTML, Word with styles </li></ul><ul><li>Large print </li></ul><ul><li>Export to XML </li></ul>
  6. 6. XHTML <ul><li>Type of XML </li></ul><ul><li>Widely understood, well supported </li></ul><ul><li>Convert to Microsoft Word (large print, electronic text), InDesign (large print), Duxbury (braille), DAISY, customised electronic text </li></ul><ul><li>Convert to other XML vocabularies </li></ul>

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