Standards and Future Directions - ACHIEVE workshop

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An overview of current and emerging standards for accessible information in digital formats. Part of a series of workshops jointly organised by RNZFB and ACHIEVE in 2008-2009.

An overview of current and emerging standards for accessible information in digital formats. Part of a series of workshops jointly organised by RNZFB and ACHIEVE in 2008-2009.

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  • 1. RNZFB Standards and Future Directions
  • 2. DAISY
    • Open standard for digital books
    • Digital Accessible Information System
    • http://www.daisy.org
    • International consortium of print disability organisations
    • Working with International Digital Publishing Forum to align standards, http://www.openebook.org/
  • 3. DAISY
    • Open standard for digital books
    • Based on web standards
    • Structured audio, full text, multimedia
    • Designed for many ways of access
    • Flexibility of reading experience
  • 4. DAISY at RNZFB
    • Recorded talking books as DAISY since 2002
    • DAISY Textbook Pilot
    • Collaboration with NZETC
    • Neil Jarvis on DAISY Board
    • Standards development, software testing, Global Library, copyright reform, publisher collaboration
  • 5. Round Table
    • Round Table on Information Access for People with Print Disabilities
    • http://e-bility.com/roundtable/
    • Australia/ New Zealand
    • Annual conference
    • Standards for accessible formats – braille, e-text, large print, audio, describing visual material, exam guidelines
    • E-text and large print guidelines being revised, due early 2009
  • 6. Round Table e-text
    • General principles for digital accessibility
    • Guidance for plain text, word processing formats (RTF, Word, OpenDocument)
    • Appendices of production tips
  • 7. Round Table e-text
    • Equivalence to print:
      • Linearisation
      • Structure and Semantics
      • Text equivalents for visual elements
      • Include all meaningful elements of print document
      • Accuracy
      • Metadata
      • Use correct character sets
      • Producer's Notes
  • 8. Round Table e-text
    • Clear visual design:
      • simple and clear typeface
      • adequately large default text size
      • good spacing
      • adequate colour contrast
      • left-align
      • avoid italics, underline and block capitals
      • do not convey information solely through images or colours
      • allow user to change defaults
      • consistent appearance
  • 9. Round Table e-text
    • Follow existing standards:
      • Semantic HTML
      • WCAG (Web Content Accessibility Guidelines): http://www.w3.org/WAI/
      • DAISY: http://daisy.org/
      • Unicode: http://unicode.org/
    • Customise for an individual:
      • adaptive technology limitations
      • software availability
      • varying levels of computer literacy
      • reading preferences
  • 10. Web standards
    • HTML designed for universal access
    • “ The power of the Web is in its universality. Access by everyone regardless of disability is an essential aspect.” -Tim Berners-Lee
  • 11. Web standards: HTML
    • Structure separated from presentation
    • CSS stylesheets for visual appearance
  • 12.  
  • 13.  
  • 14.  
  • 15. Accessible websites
    • Can be designed for all
    • Encourage web developers, lecturers, libraries to use accessible electronic systems
  • 16. Other e-text formats
    • Word processing formats: Word, OpenDocument, RTF
    • Plain text
    • Maths formats: MathML, LaTeX
    • Can be read electronically or converted to braille, large print, audio
    • DAISY incorporates MathML
    • http://www.daisy.org/projects/mathml/
  • 17. Accessible PDF
    • Electronic text, not scanned images
    • “ Tagged” for reading order
    • Text equivalents available for all images
    • Only works with recent adaptive technology
    • Not optimal for viewing on screen