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Stress Management

Stress Management






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    Stress Management Stress Management Presentation Transcript

    • Definition
      • Stress has been defined as a physical, mental or emotional response to events which cause mental or bodily tension.
      • stress is a condition or feeling experienced when a person perceives that demands exceed the personal and social resources the individual is able to mobilize.
    • Problems with definition
        • One problem with a single definition is that stress is made up of many things It is a family of related experiences, pathways, responses and outcomes caused by a range of different events or circumstances. Different people experience different aspects and identify with different definitions
    • Types of stress
      • Physical
      • Emotional
      • Psychological
    • Classified in to two
      • Positive stress (Eustress )
      • Enjoyment
      • Satisfaction
      • Excitement
      • Negative stress (distress)
      • Unpleasant feeling
      • Physical damage
      • Death of an individual
    • Sources of stress
      • Environmental factors
      • Organizational factors
      • Individual factors
      • Environmental factors
      • Environmental uncertainties
      • Changes in business cycles
      • Political uncertainties
      • Technical uncertainties
      • 2. Organizational factors
      • Pressure to avoid errors or complete task in limited time period
      • Task demands are factors related to a persons job
      • Role of individuals to play in an organization
      • 3. Individual factors
      • Employees personal life like family issues, economic problems and personality characteristics
      • Broken families, wrecked marriages and other family issues
      • Economic problems created by individuals
      • A persons basic dispositional nature
      • Stressors are additive – stress builds up
    • Potential stressors and experienced stressors
      • a) Internal
      • perception
      • Job experience
      • Locus of control
      • b) Externals
      • Self – efficacy
      • Hostility
    • Consequences of stress
      • Physiological symptoms
      • Psychological symptoms
      • Behavioral symptoms
      • People feel little stress when they have the time, experience and resources to manage a situation. They feel great stress when they think they can't handle the demands put upon them. Stress is therefore a negative experience
      • Physiological symptoms:
      • Specialists in the health and medical sciences researched topics
      • Least direct relevance to students of O B
      • 2. Psychological symptoms
      • Job – related stress cause job dissatisfaction
      • Job dissatisfaction is the most obvious psychological stress
      • Authority and responsibility, lack of clarity in their duties
      • Less control over the pace of their work
      • Behavioral symptoms
      • It includes changes in productivity, absence and turn over as well as changes in eating habits, increased smoking and consumption of alcohol and sleep disorder
    • Managing stress
      • Individual approaches
      • Organizational approaches
      • Individual approaches
      • Effective individual strategies include time management techniques, physical exercise, relaxation, training
      • Practicing time management principles like making daily list of activities, prioritizing it by importance and urgency, knowing what the work to be done.
      • Non competitive physical exercise to deal with excessive stress levels
      • Reduce tension through relaxation techniques such as meditation, hypnosis and biofeedback
      • Organizational approach
      • Improved personnel selection and job placement
      • Use of realistic goal setting and redesigning of jobs
      • Training in stress management techniques
      • Increased employee involvement improves motivation, morale and commitment
      • Improved organizational communication
      • Establishment of corporate wellness programs
    • How can one manage stress better?
      • Become aware of the stressors and the emotional and physical reactions
      • Recognizing what can be changed
      • Reduce the intensity of the emotional reactions to the stress
      • Learning to moderate our physical reserves
      • Maintaining our emotional reserves