Stress Management
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Stress Management






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Stress Management Stress Management Presentation Transcript

  • Definition
    • Stress has been defined as a physical, mental or emotional response to events which cause mental or bodily tension.
    • stress is a condition or feeling experienced when a person perceives that demands exceed the personal and social resources the individual is able to mobilize.
  • Problems with definition
      • One problem with a single definition is that stress is made up of many things It is a family of related experiences, pathways, responses and outcomes caused by a range of different events or circumstances. Different people experience different aspects and identify with different definitions
  • Types of stress
    • Physical
    • Emotional
    • Psychological
  • Classified in to two
    • Positive stress (Eustress )
    • Enjoyment
    • Satisfaction
    • Excitement
    • Negative stress (distress)
    • Unpleasant feeling
    • Physical damage
    • Death of an individual
  • Sources of stress
    • Environmental factors
    • Organizational factors
    • Individual factors
    • Environmental factors
    • Environmental uncertainties
    • Changes in business cycles
    • Political uncertainties
    • Technical uncertainties
    • 2. Organizational factors
    • Pressure to avoid errors or complete task in limited time period
    • Task demands are factors related to a persons job
    • Role of individuals to play in an organization
    • 3. Individual factors
    • Employees personal life like family issues, economic problems and personality characteristics
    • Broken families, wrecked marriages and other family issues
    • Economic problems created by individuals
    • A persons basic dispositional nature
    • Stressors are additive – stress builds up
  • Potential stressors and experienced stressors
    • a) Internal
    • perception
    • Job experience
    • Locus of control
    • b) Externals
    • Self – efficacy
    • Hostility
  • Consequences of stress
    • Physiological symptoms
    • Psychological symptoms
    • Behavioral symptoms
    • People feel little stress when they have the time, experience and resources to manage a situation. They feel great stress when they think they can't handle the demands put upon them. Stress is therefore a negative experience
    • Physiological symptoms:
    • Specialists in the health and medical sciences researched topics
    • Least direct relevance to students of O B
    • 2. Psychological symptoms
    • Job – related stress cause job dissatisfaction
    • Job dissatisfaction is the most obvious psychological stress
    • Authority and responsibility, lack of clarity in their duties
    • Less control over the pace of their work
    • Behavioral symptoms
    • It includes changes in productivity, absence and turn over as well as changes in eating habits, increased smoking and consumption of alcohol and sleep disorder
  • Managing stress
    • Individual approaches
    • Organizational approaches
    • Individual approaches
    • Effective individual strategies include time management techniques, physical exercise, relaxation, training
    • Practicing time management principles like making daily list of activities, prioritizing it by importance and urgency, knowing what the work to be done.
    • Non competitive physical exercise to deal with excessive stress levels
    • Reduce tension through relaxation techniques such as meditation, hypnosis and biofeedback
    • Organizational approach
    • Improved personnel selection and job placement
    • Use of realistic goal setting and redesigning of jobs
    • Training in stress management techniques
    • Increased employee involvement improves motivation, morale and commitment
    • Improved organizational communication
    • Establishment of corporate wellness programs
  • How can one manage stress better?
    • Become aware of the stressors and the emotional and physical reactions
    • Recognizing what can be changed
    • Reduce the intensity of the emotional reactions to the stress
    • Learning to moderate our physical reserves
    • Maintaining our emotional reserves