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Good governance in pakistan

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Good governance in pakistan Presentation Transcript

  • 1. GOOD GOVERNANCE ISSUES AND POLICIES IN IMPERATIVES
    Done by:
    • M.Mohsin Shahzad
    From:
    • Lahore, Pakistan
  • INTRODUCTION
    Exercise of political, economic and administrative authority
    Complex mechanisms, processes, relationships and institutions
    Exercise of rights and obligations and mediating their differences
    Continuing process of divergent opinions and desires
  • 2. Dimensions of Governance
    The political regime
    The systems and procedures for exercising authority
    The capacity of governments
  • 3. Good Governance
    Subset of governance
    Effectively managing public resources and problems
    Public participation, accountability and transparency
    Effective and equitable
    Promotes the rule of law fairly
  • 4. Sustaining human development
    Consensus among stakeholders
    State
    Creates conducive political and legal environment
    Private sector
    Generates jobs and income
    Civil society
    Facilitates political and social interaction
    Balance between taking advantage of emerging market opportunities and providing a secure and stable social and economic environment domestically
  • 5. GOOD GOVERNANCE- A CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
    Foundations of good governance
    Principle of freedom of thought
    Principle of freedom of speech
    Equality
    Equity
    Justice
    Honesty
    Transparency
    Accountability
    Based on lessons from history
  • 6. Definition used by the World Bank
    The manner in which power is exercised in the management of a country’s economic and social resources
    Definition adopted by the Commission on Global Governance
    The sum of the many ways in which individuals and institutions, public and private, manage their common affairs
    Good Governance in the context of Pakistan
    To go well beyond ‘good’ politics or even the creation of a ‘decent’ society
    Enable the state, civil society and the private sector to enhance both social development and economic growth as a means to greater human development and increased levels of human welfare
  • 7. Six components of a broad conceptual framework for good governance
    Leaders/Decision makers
    Constituencies
    Agenda
    Institutions
    Information
    Accountability Processes
  • 8. Core characteristics of good governance
    Participation
    Rule of law
    Transparency
    Responsiveness
    Consensus orientation
  • 9. Core characteristics of good governance continued
    Equity
    Effectiveness and efficiency
    Accountability
    Strategic vision
  • 10. Issues Of Good Governance
    Institutional Imbalance
    Poor relations between center and federating units
    Political Instability
    Poor planning and development
    Inability to provide justice
  • 11. Issues of Good Governance Continued
    • Corruption
    Poor Fiscal Administration
    Inefficient Economic Management
    Expenditure Mismanagement
  • 12. Policies to be implemented for Good Governance
    Balance between the institutions
    Good relations between the centre and the federation units
    Equal distribution of resources
    Equal justice
    Reforms in Fiscal policies
    Reforms in Economic policies
    Expenditures should be cut down
  • 13. Policies Continued
    Accountability from the top
    Establishment of anti-corruption courts
    Exclusive corruption courts
    Enact legislation to improve accountability.
    Independent private sector auditors
    Diagnosing corrupt systems by people
    Implementation of core institutional reforms and repairing of corruption courts
    Freedom of media
  • 14. Conclusion
    • The government should not expand in the scale of government activity, but an increase in its effectiveness and a major reallocation of its resources
    • 15. Failure to establish a framework of law and government behavior conduce to development
  • Economic Crisis can be traced by following Reforms
    • Political stability
    • 16. Stable macroeconomic environment
    • 17. The outward-looking trade strategies as opposed to the
    protectionist strategies
    • The quality of primary education
    • 18. Effective land reforms
  • Economic Crisis can be traced by following reforms
    • Credit reforms
    • 19. A merit based, efficient and competent bureaucracy
    • 20. Well-functioning institutions
    • 21. Identification and development of core areas of comparative advantage
  • Solutions
    Pakistan needs to redirect its priorities
    Invest in basic human needs
    Government must ensure equity and social justice
    Provide a major stimulus to economic growth