Good governance in pakistan


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Good governance in pakistan

  1. 1. GOOD GOVERNANCE ISSUES AND POLICIES IN IMPERATIVES Done by: M.Mohsin Shahzad From: Lahore, Pakistan
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION  Exercise of political, economic and administrative authority  Complex mechanisms, processes, relationships and institutions  Exercise of rights and obligations and mediating their differences  Continuing process of divergent opinions and desires
  3. 3. Dimensions of Governance  The political regime  The systems and procedures for exercising authority  The capacity of governments
  4. 4. Good Governance  Subset of governance  Effectively managing public resources and problems  Public participation, accountability and transparency  Effective and equitable  Promotes the rule of law fairly
  5. 5.  Sustaining human development  Consensus among stakeholders  State  Creates conducive political and legal environment  Private sector  Generates jobs and income  Civil society  Facilitates political and social interaction  Balance between taking advantage of emerging market opportunities and providing a secure and stable social and economic environment domestically
  6. 6. GOOD GOVERNANCE-ACONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK  Foundations of good governance  Principle of freedom of thought  Principle of freedom of speech  Equality  Equity  Justice  Honesty  Transparency  Accountability  Based on lessons from history
  7. 7.  Definition used by the World Bank  The manner in which power is exercised in the management of a country’s economic and social resources  Definition adopted by the Commission on Global Governance  The sum of the many ways in which individuals and institutions, public and private, manage their common affairs  Good Governance in the context of Pakistan  To go well beyond ‘good’ politics or even the creation of a ‘decent’ society  Enable the state, civil society and the private sector to enhance both social development and economic growth as a means to greater human development and increased levels of human welfare
  8. 8. Six components of a broad conceptual framework for good governance  Leaders/Decision makers  Constituencies  Agenda  Institutions  Information  Accountability Processes
  9. 9. Core characteristics of good governance  Participation  Rule of law  Transparency  Responsiveness  Consensus orientation
  10. 10. Core characteristics of good governance continued  Equity  Effectiveness and efficiency  Accountability  Strategic vision
  11. 11. Issues Of Good Governance  Institutional Imbalance  Poor relations between center and federating units  Political Instability  Poor planning and development  Inability to provide justice
  12. 12. Issues of Good Governance Continued  Corruption  Poor Fiscal Administration  Inefficient Economic Management  Expenditure Mismanagement
  13. 13. Policies to be implemented for Good Governance  Balance between the institutions  Good relations between the centre and the federation units  Equal distribution of resources  Equal justice  Reforms in Fiscal policies  Reforms in Economic policies  Expenditures should be cut down
  14. 14. Policies Continued  Accountability from the top  Establishment of anti-corruption courts  Exclusive corruption courts  Enact legislation to improve accountability.  Independent private sector auditors  Diagnosing corrupt systems by people  Implementation of core institutional reforms and repairing of corruption courts  Freedom of media
  15. 15. Conclusion  The government should not expand in the scale of government activity, but an increase in its effectiveness and a major reallocation of its resources  Failure to establish a framework of law and government behavior conduce to development
  16. 16. Economic Crisis can be traced by following Reforms Political stability Stable macroeconomic environment The outward-looking trade strategies as opposed to the protectionist strategies The quality of primary education Effective land reforms
  17. 17. Economic Crisis can be traced by following reforms  Credit reforms  A merit based, efficient and competent bureaucracy  Well-functioning institutions  Identification and development of core areas of comparative advantage
  18. 18. Solutions  Pakistan needs to redirect its priorities  Invest in basic human needs  Government must ensure equity and social justice  Provide a major stimulus to economic growth