SMART Defined S.M.A.R.T is a mnemonic used to set objectives, for example for project management, employee performance management and personal development. The first known uses of the term occur in the November 1981 issue of Management Review by George T. Doran.
Terms behind the letters There is no clear consensus about precisely what the five keywords mean, or even what they are in any given situation. Typically accepted values are:
Major terms Minor TermsS Specific Significant, Stretching, SimpleM Measurable Meaningful, Motivational, ManageableA Attainable Achievable, Appropriate, Agreed, Assignable, Actionable, Ambitious, Aligned, AspirationalR Relevant Reliable, Realistic, Resourced, ResonantT Time limited Time-oriented, Time framed, Timed, Time- based, Timely, Timetabled, Time bound
SMART Specific: A specific goal has a much greater chance of being accomplished than a general goal; To set a specific goal you must answer the six "Wh" questions:1. Who: Who is involved?2. What: What do I want to accomplish?3. Where: Identify a location.4. When: Establish a time frame.5. Which: Identify requirements and constraints.6. Why: Specific reasons, purpose or benefits of accomplishing the goal.
SMART Measurable: Establish concrete criteria for measuring progress toward the attainment of each goal you set; To determine if your goal is measurable, ask questions such as; How much? How many? How will I know when it is accomplished?
SMART Attainable: When you identify goals that are most important to you, you begin to figure out ways you can make them come true; You develop the attitudes, abilities, skills, and financial capacity to reach them; How can the goal be accomplished?
SMART Relevant: A relevant goal must represent an objective that the goal-setter is willing and able to work towards; This does not mean the goal cannot be high; A goal is probably relevant if the goal-setter believes that it can be accomplished; Does this seem worthwhile?
SMART Time Limited: the importance of grounding goals within a time frame; giving them a target date . A commitment to a deadline helps Students focus their efforts on completion of the goal on or before the due date. When? What can I do 6 weeks from now? What can I do 6 days from now? What can I do today?
You can achieve any goal you set when you plan your steps wisely and establish a time frame that allows you to carry out those steps. Goals that may have seemed far away and out of reach eventually move closer and become attainable, not because your goals shrink, but because you grow and expand to match them. When you list your goals you build your self- image. You see yourself as worthy of these goals, and develop the traits and personality that allow you to possess them.
References Doran, G. T. (1981). Theres a S.M.A.R.T. way to write managements goals and objectives. Management Review, Volume 70, Issue 11(AMA FORUM), pp. 35-36. Paul J. Meyer . What would you do if you knew you couldn’t fail? Creating S.M.A.R.T. Goals, "Attitude Is Everything.“ http://www.oma.ku.edu/soar/smartgoals
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