Narration Of Direct And Indirect Speech in Urdu

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mohsin azeemi present direct and indirect speech in urdu

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Narration Of Direct And Indirect Speech in Urdu

  1. 1. Narration of Direct and Indirect Speech <br />کسیآدمیکےذریعہکیجانیوالیگفتگو ، صلاھ، خبروغیرہدوطرحسےکیجاتیہے۔<br />Direct Speech & Indirect Speech<br />
  2. 2. جبکسیآدمیکےقولکواُسیکےالفاظمیںبیانکریںتووہڈائریکٹاسپیچکہلاتیہے۔ جیسے<br />Ali said to Salma, “I am always with you.”<br />انڈائریکٹاسپیچہمکسیآدمیکےقولکواپنےالفاظوںمیںبیانکریںتووہانڈائریکٹاسپیچکہلاتیہے۔ جیسے<br />Ali told Salma that he(Ali) was always with her.<br />
  3. 3. Person<br />ہرجملےکودوحصوںمیںظاہرکرتےہیں۔ پہلاحصہکہلاتاہے۔ reporting speech <br />اسکوسمجھنےکےلیےہم<br />RV<br />سےظاہرکرتےہیں۔<br />
  4. 4. اوردوسراحصہجسکو<br />COMMAS<br />میںلکھتےہیں۔ یہاںاسکوہم<br />RS<br />سےظاہرکرتےہیں۔ مثلا<br />He says, “ I am Writing a book” <br />Reported Speech (Rs)<br />Reporting Verb (Rv)<br />
  5. 5. First PersonکےRvکوجملہکےsubject کےمطابقبدلاجاتاہے۔ subject کاجوبحیpersonہوگاR.s کےfrist person pronounکاوہیpersonہوجائےگا۔<br />
  6. 6. He Says, “I am writing a book(D. S)He says that he is writing a book(ind. S)They say, “we don’t want any more”they say that they don’t want any more<br />
  7. 7. second person (you, your, thou, thy, thine)کےRv Pronounکےobject یعنیکہRsکےپہلےآنیوالےobject کےمطابقبدلجاتاہے۔ objectکاجوبحیpersonہوگا۔ Rs میںآنیوالےsecond person کےpronoun کاوہیpersonہوجاءےگا۔<br />
  8. 8. جیسے1) She says to me, “you write a letter”she tells me that I write a letter.2) Ali says to Umar, “you are my friend”Ali tells Umar that he(umar) is his friend<br />
  9. 9. یادرکحوسارےنامThird personہوتےہیںجیسےAli says, “He is my friend .”Ali Says that he is his (ali’s) friendThird Person can’t changed<br />
  10. 10. Change of TenseجبPresent( says, say, tells, tell, will tell, shall say etc) or R.vin future tenseمیںہوR.sکاجملہنہیںبدلتاہے۔ pronounکےchangeاصولوںکےمطابقہوتےہیں۔ جیسے<br />
  11. 11. 1) Najma will say, “I see a picture”Najma will say that she sees a picture2) Alia says, “ I love my children.”Alia says that she loves her children<br />
  12. 12. جبPast Tense( said, asked, told etc.) R.vمیںہوتوRs کےTense اُسیکےtenseکےمطابقpast میںبدلدیتےہیں<br />
  13. 13. اگرRV کےبعدOBJECT ہوتوsaidکوtoldمیںبدلتےہیںورنہنہیں<br />
  14. 14. 1) Present indfinite change into past indefinite2) Present continuous change into past continuous3) present perfect change into past perfect 4) Present prefect continuous change into past perfect continuousلکیناگرRsکاpast ind. Tense ہوگاتوRs کےجملہکوpast perfectبدلتےہیں<br />
  15. 15. لیکناگرRs کاpast indefinite tenseہوگا۔ توRsکےجملےکوpast perfectبدلتےہیںpast continuous کوpast perfect continuous میںبدلدیتےہیں<br />
  16. 16. اگرRsکاTense past perfectیاpast perfect continuous ہوتوindirect کرتےوقتیہنہیںبدلتا<br />
  17. 17. اگرکوئیhabitual fact, historical fact, universal truth وغیرR.s میںہوتوجملےمیںکوئیفرقنہیںپڑتاجیسےThe teacher sasid, “Honesty is the best policy.”The teacher said that honesty is the best policy<br />
  18. 18. حسبذیلکودھیانسےپڑحواورسمجحو<br />
  19. 19. Interrogative sentences <br />اگرسوالکاجوابہاںیانامیںتو<br />Rv<br />کو<br />Asked, enquired of <br />میںبدلکر<br />Inverted commas<br />ہٹاکر<br />If<br />کااستعمالکرتےہیں۔ اورسوالیہجملہکوسادہفقرےمیںبدلتےہیںاورباقیقواعدبدستوررہتےہیں۔<br />
  20. 20. 1) He said to me, “ can you help me?”<br />He asked me if I could help him <br />2) Zafar said to me, “ What is your name.”<br />Zafar asked me what my name was.<br />Zafar asked my name.<br />
  21. 21. Imperative Sentences <br />انجملوںمیںالتجاءاجازتحکمصلاھوغیرہکااظہارہوتاہے۔ انکوبدلتےوقت<br />RV <br />کوموقعکےمطابق<br />Request, advise, forbid, command, ask, order<br />میںبدلدیتےہیںاوروربکیپہلیفامسےپہلے<br />To <br />لگادیتےہیں۔ <br />
  22. 22. Imperative Sentences <br />1) He said to me, “ Bring me a glass of water”<br />He ordered me to bring him a glass of water<br />2) Ali said to me, “ Please help me”<br />Ali requested me to help him (Ali)<br />3) Ali said to me, “do not go there”<br />Ali forbade me to go there.<br />
  23. 23. Exclamatory sentences<br />انجملوںمیںافسوس ،دکح، خیرت، تعجبغصہوغیرہکیحالتظاہرکرتیہے۔ انجملوںمیں<br />Hurrah, alas, oh, ah, bravo <br />وغیرہلگادیتےہیں۔ انجملوںکوبدلتےوقت<br />Rvکو<br />Exclaimed میں<br />بدلدیتےہیں۔ اور<br />
  24. 24. Exclamatory sentences<br />Rs<br />کے<br />Interjection Alas <br />کو<br />Oh, with sorrow, hurrah <br />کو<br />With joy, with surprise <br />میںبدلکر<br />Rv<br />کےساتحجوڑدیتےہیں۔ اور<br />That<br />لگاتےہیں۔ <br />They said, “ alas! My only son is dead.”<br />She exclaimed with sorrow that her only son was dead<br />

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