Mohsin ali 3r a

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Mohsin ali 3r a

  1. 1. The Slave Trade US History McIntyre
  2. 2. The Atlantic Slave Trade When? <ul><li>1450 - Spanish & Portuguese start slaving in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>1865 - still smuggling slaves until the end of the civil war (technically illegal in 1808) </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Atlantic Slave Trade Why? (3 reasons combined) <ul><li>Labor shortage (not enough workers) </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnocentrism –(feelings of superiority) </li></ul><ul><li>Greed </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Atlantic Slave Trade <ul><li>Where to? </li></ul>5% 60% 35% 65% 30% 5% Where from?
  5. 5. Phases of the Slave Trade <ul><li>Capture: </li></ul><ul><li>Tribes often did not have a choice in helping capture neighbors “divide and conquer” </li></ul><ul><li>Most captured 50-100 miles inland </li></ul>
  6. 6. Phases of the Slave Trade <ul><li>West African expectations about slavery: </li></ul><ul><li>A slave’s child would not be a slave </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves were not slaves for life </li></ul>
  7. 7. Phases of the Slave Trade <ul><li>2. The Middle Passage </li></ul><ul><li>Journey over the Atlantic Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>400-500 people in a boat with little air & much disease </li></ul>
  8. 8. Phases of the Slave Trade <ul><li>2. The Middle Passage - Tight Pack </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher mortality, higher profits </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Phases of the Slave Trade <ul><li>3. “Seasoning” - </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brutal work camps, 4-5 months in Caribbean </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meant to train people to be slaves </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Thinking Question: <ul><li>(Don’t write down – just think!) </li></ul><ul><li>Given how many people died during the “Capture phase” or on the “Middle passage,” what do you think went on in the minds of the slave catchers and slave traders? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Growth of Slavery <ul><li>Why Africans? </li></ul><ul><li>Americas are desperate for labor </li></ul><ul><li>Harder for Africans to run away than Native Americans </li></ul><ul><li>African strengths - agricultural practices, resistance to diseases </li></ul>
  12. 12. Growth of Slavery <ul><li>How did African slaves fight back? </li></ul><ul><li>Open revolt (rare) </li></ul><ul><li>Work slowdowns </li></ul><ul><li>Breaking Tools </li></ul><ul><li>Poisoning food </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>(Don’t write down – just think!) </li></ul><ul><li>While many slaves resisted, not all of them did. What did they have to lose? </li></ul>
  14. 14. Growth of Slavery <ul><li>How much did it grow? </li></ul><ul><li>1800 - 1 million in slavery </li></ul><ul><li>1860 - 4 million (1/3 of Southern population) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Growth of Slavery <ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><li>Invented 1793 - made slavery VERY productive </li></ul><ul><li>100x faster than by hand </li></ul><ul><li>More efficient = more $ (so need more slaves) </li></ul>Cotton Gin

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