Mohsin ali 3r a
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Mohsin ali 3r a

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Mohsin ali 3r a Mohsin ali 3r a Presentation Transcript

  • The Slave Trade US History McIntyre
  • The Atlantic Slave Trade When?
    • 1450 - Spanish & Portuguese start slaving in Africa
    • 1865 - still smuggling slaves until the end of the civil war (technically illegal in 1808)
  • The Atlantic Slave Trade Why? (3 reasons combined)
    • Labor shortage (not enough workers)
    • Ethnocentrism –(feelings of superiority)
    • Greed
  • The Atlantic Slave Trade
    • Where to?
    5% 60% 35% 65% 30% 5% Where from?
  • Phases of the Slave Trade
    • Capture:
    • Tribes often did not have a choice in helping capture neighbors “divide and conquer”
    • Most captured 50-100 miles inland
  • Phases of the Slave Trade
    • West African expectations about slavery:
    • A slave’s child would not be a slave
    • Slaves were not slaves for life
  • Phases of the Slave Trade
    • 2. The Middle Passage
    • Journey over the Atlantic Ocean
    • 400-500 people in a boat with little air & much disease
  • Phases of the Slave Trade
    • 2. The Middle Passage - Tight Pack
      • Higher mortality, higher profits
  • Phases of the Slave Trade
    • 3. “Seasoning” -
      • Brutal work camps, 4-5 months in Caribbean
      • Meant to train people to be slaves
  • Thinking Question:
    • (Don’t write down – just think!)
    • Given how many people died during the “Capture phase” or on the “Middle passage,” what do you think went on in the minds of the slave catchers and slave traders?
  • Growth of Slavery
    • Why Africans?
    • Americas are desperate for labor
    • Harder for Africans to run away than Native Americans
    • African strengths - agricultural practices, resistance to diseases
  • Growth of Slavery
    • How did African slaves fight back?
    • Open revolt (rare)
    • Work slowdowns
    • Breaking Tools
    • Poisoning food
    • (Don’t write down – just think!)
    • While many slaves resisted, not all of them did. What did they have to lose?
  • Growth of Slavery
    • How much did it grow?
    • 1800 - 1 million in slavery
    • 1860 - 4 million (1/3 of Southern population)
  • Growth of Slavery
    • Why?
    • Invented 1793 - made slavery VERY productive
    • 100x faster than by hand
    • More efficient = more $ (so need more slaves)
    Cotton Gin