COMMUNITY BEHAVIORDR IRFAN MOMIN      AND ITS DETERMINANTS
Dr. Muhammedirfan H. Momin                Assistant Professor        Community Medicine Department       Government Medica...
HUMAN BEHAVIOR Aims to understand others To determine how and why  people behave the way they  do.    DR IRFAN MOMIN
What is Behaviour?ORWhat do you mean by behaviour?
Behaviour Manners Actions Attitude Reactions Response Conduct             DR IRFAN MOMIN
What is Behaviour The aggregate of responses to  internal and external stimuli Different people, however, have  differen...
What do you mean by MODERN ADVANCE FORWARD            DR IRFAN MOMIN
What do you mean by NORMAL NATURAL COMMON            DR IRFAN MOMIN
NORMALLiving the life in a way which will scientifically beneficial to yourself and whole humanity.                     B...
NORMAL Whenever you go for acquiring new life style check whether it is scientifically beneficial to me and others or not...
NORMALIf you will look at one factor only it may look either beneficial or harmful but other factor may be counter balanc...
HUMAN BEHAVIOR Is a complicated phenomenon  influenced by many factors. A collection of activities  influenced by cultu...
WHAT DO WE WANT “?”Strength                        Health                    Happiness Beauty                         Ener...
We want…    Long life – 120 years    No disease, sickness at all    Diabetes, high BP, joint pain, cancer     etc – NOT...
WHAT WE NEEDKnowledgeWill powerAction              Health and intellect are the two              blessings of life. (Me...
Today we find…Majority addicted to excessive drinking, smoking, totally sedentary, overeating “wrong” foods, overly stres...
Can you say yes to ALL? I exercise ≥ 30min most days of the week I eat a healthy diet with 5 fruits most  days I don’t ...
 By age 50 they suffer either diabetes, or high blood pressure or both. By 60 or 65 they would have undergone heart trea...
Fact…  In the last century majority of deaths were   due to infections…which most were dealt   with using vaccines and ne...
DETERMINANTSFactors Responsible for Particular Health BehaviourBENEFICIALHARMFUL          DR IRFAN MOMIN
Figure 1.2 Key Determinants of Health         DR IRFAN MOMIN           Figure 1.2
Behavioral Determinants   Virtually ALL of the top 10 leading causes of    death among adults are moderately to    STRONG...
SMOKING   DR IRFAN MOMIN
MOVIESBOLLYWOOD   DR IRFAN MOMIN
WESTERN                 PEERINFLUENCEMOMIN     DR IRFAN    PRESSURE
FAMILYDR IRFAN MOMIN
DR IRFAN MOMIN
DR IRFAN MOMIN
ALCOHOL WESTERN INFLUENCE BOLLYWOOD MOVIES PEER PRESSURE FAMILY              DR IRFAN MOMIN
PREVENTION OF ALCOHOL      DR IRFAN MOMIN
DR IRFAN MOMIN
What are your favorite foods?     DR IRFAN MOMIN
DR IRFAN MOMIN
DR IRFAN MOMIN
Principles of Good Eating Variety Balance Moderation   Planning in advance is important General rule   Each and ever...
DR IRFAN MOMIN
Daily dietary requirements in IndianDietary Sources               RDAWheat, Rice, Dal, Juar,       400-500Bajra, maiz and ...
Active Living Do you get 60min of physical activity every day? Take up a sport that you enjoy and gives you a  good work...
Environment Think for a minute about the food:    in grocery stores    in corner stores    in movie theatres    at fa...
Benefits of healthy eating and active living?Those who do not find time for exercise will haveto find time for illness.   ...
Healthy lifestyle the image of a persons life aimed at disease prevention and health promotion i.e   optimal balance of ...
Tips on day-to-day living Postural check Drink plenty of water and very – very  slowly Laughter club, yoga, Namaz, spir...
Key behaviors to a healthy lifestyle Minimum of 7 hours of sleep a night Maintain healthy eating habits Weight manageme...
Key behaviors to a healthy lifestyle Control stressors in your life Form meaningful relationships with family and  frien...
Key Message   Healthy eating   Active living   Be Hygienic   Do Meditation ( Yoga Or Namaz)   Be Satisfied         We...
Thank You!!!Wish you a Healthy and Happy Life….
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Community behaviour and life style diseases

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  • Figure adapted from: www.balancedweightmanagement.com/TheSocio-EcologicalModel.htm
  • Community behaviour and life style diseases

    1. 1. COMMUNITY BEHAVIORDR IRFAN MOMIN AND ITS DETERMINANTS
    2. 2. Dr. Muhammedirfan H. Momin Assistant Professor Community Medicine Department Government Medical College, Surat.Mobile: 9426845307 E-mail: drmhmomin@yahoo.co.in
    3. 3. HUMAN BEHAVIOR Aims to understand others To determine how and why people behave the way they do. DR IRFAN MOMIN
    4. 4. What is Behaviour?ORWhat do you mean by behaviour?
    5. 5. Behaviour Manners Actions Attitude Reactions Response Conduct DR IRFAN MOMIN
    6. 6. What is Behaviour The aggregate of responses to internal and external stimuli Different people, however, have different responses to particular stimuli. In any given situation, different people may react in different ways. Behaviour = The sum of all of a persons varying response styles to varying stimuli. DR IRFAN MOMIN
    7. 7. What do you mean by MODERN ADVANCE FORWARD DR IRFAN MOMIN
    8. 8. What do you mean by NORMAL NATURAL COMMON DR IRFAN MOMIN
    9. 9. NORMALLiving the life in a way which will scientifically beneficial to yourself and whole humanity. By- Dr Irfan Momin DR IRFAN MOMIN
    10. 10. NORMAL Whenever you go for acquiring new life style check whether it is scientifically beneficial to me and others or not? Think always in a comprehensive way and approach should be holistic because we have a single body with multiple factors playing and also interacting with each other. DR IRFAN MOMIN
    11. 11. NORMALIf you will look at one factor only it may look either beneficial or harmful but other factor may be counter balancing bad effect of the first one.Example :1) Medicines and Side effects2) Non vegetarian food and exercise DR IRFAN MOMIN
    12. 12. HUMAN BEHAVIOR Is a complicated phenomenon influenced by many factors. A collection of activities influenced by culture, religion, attitude, emotions, values, ethics, authority, urbanization, politics and surrounding. DR IRFAN MOMIN
    13. 13. WHAT DO WE WANT “?”Strength Health Happiness Beauty Energy DR IRFAN MOMIN
    14. 14. We want… Long life – 120 years No disease, sickness at all Diabetes, high BP, joint pain, cancer etc – NOT at all Lots of energy, stamina, joy, Happiness DR IRFAN MOMIN
    15. 15. WHAT WE NEEDKnowledgeWill powerAction Health and intellect are the two blessings of life. (Menander ca. 342– 291 BC) DR IRFAN MOMIN
    16. 16. Today we find…Majority addicted to excessive drinking, smoking, totally sedentary, overeating “wrong” foods, overly stressed.A minority try to follow all the rules of eating, exercise, sleep etc.Almost extinct - exceptionally knowledgeable & disciplined. Analyse your lifestyle DR IRFAN MOMIN
    17. 17. Can you say yes to ALL? I exercise ≥ 30min most days of the week I eat a healthy diet with 5 fruits most days I don’t use tobacco products I don’t drink alcohol I am within 2Kg of my ideal body weight These are the drivers of health care costs! DR IRFAN MOMIN
    18. 18.  By age 50 they suffer either diabetes, or high blood pressure or both. By 60 or 65 they would have undergone heart treatment & most likely would suffer joint pains. Occasional frequent fevers, cough etc. Lack of energy to work long hours or to exercise or play games. DR IRFAN MOMIN
    19. 19. Fact…  In the last century majority of deaths were due to infections…which most were dealt with using vaccines and new advancements in pharmacology  Now…Major killers are Malnutrition, Cardiovascular Diseases, Cancer, Diabetes, Stroke and HIV/AIDSMisfortunes always come in through the door left open forthem (Czechoslovakian proverb) DR IRFAN MOMIN
    20. 20. DETERMINANTSFactors Responsible for Particular Health BehaviourBENEFICIALHARMFUL DR IRFAN MOMIN
    21. 21. Figure 1.2 Key Determinants of Health DR IRFAN MOMIN Figure 1.2
    22. 22. Behavioral Determinants  Virtually ALL of the top 10 leading causes of death among adults are moderately to STRONGLY influenced by lifestyle patterns and behavioral factors BEHAVIOR DISEASE Tobacco Use Heart DiseasePhysical Activity Stroke Diet CancersPreventive Services Diabetes DR IRFAN MOMIN
    23. 23. SMOKING DR IRFAN MOMIN
    24. 24. MOVIESBOLLYWOOD DR IRFAN MOMIN
    25. 25. WESTERN PEERINFLUENCEMOMIN DR IRFAN PRESSURE
    26. 26. FAMILYDR IRFAN MOMIN
    27. 27. DR IRFAN MOMIN
    28. 28. DR IRFAN MOMIN
    29. 29. ALCOHOL WESTERN INFLUENCE BOLLYWOOD MOVIES PEER PRESSURE FAMILY DR IRFAN MOMIN
    30. 30. PREVENTION OF ALCOHOL DR IRFAN MOMIN
    31. 31. DR IRFAN MOMIN
    32. 32. What are your favorite foods? DR IRFAN MOMIN
    33. 33. DR IRFAN MOMIN
    34. 34. DR IRFAN MOMIN
    35. 35. Principles of Good Eating Variety Balance Moderation  Planning in advance is important General rule  Each and every food item is special because some of them had good quality nutrient and some of them had good quantity of nutrients. DR IRFAN MOMIN
    36. 36. DR IRFAN MOMIN
    37. 37. Daily dietary requirements in IndianDietary Sources RDAWheat, Rice, Dal, Juar, 400-500Bajra, maiz and any gm/dayvariety of pulses andvegetablesFresh Fruits 300-500gdLow fat diet 30-50g/dLean meat, poultry, 30-50chicken, fishDR IRFAN MOMIN gm/day
    38. 38. Active Living Do you get 60min of physical activity every day? Take up a sport that you enjoy and gives you a good work out. Go to the Gym! A vigorous five-mile walk will do more good for an unhappy but otherwise healthy adult than all the medicine and psychology in the world. (Paul Dudley White)
    39. 39. Environment Think for a minute about the food:  in grocery stores  in corner stores  in movie theatres  at fast food restaurants  at sports events  at school DR IRFAN MOMIN
    40. 40. Benefits of healthy eating and active living?Those who do not find time for exercise will haveto find time for illness. (Edward Smith-Stanley) DR IRFAN MOMIN
    41. 41. Healthy lifestyle the image of a persons life aimed at disease prevention and health promotion i.e  optimal balance of work & rest  a balanced composition of energy and nutrition  physical activity  compliance with the rules of hygiene  lack of addictions  family well-being  enthusiasm for business DR IRFAN MOMIN
    42. 42. Tips on day-to-day living Postural check Drink plenty of water and very – very slowly Laughter club, yoga, Namaz, spiritual Reduce processed sugars, preserved or deep fried items Chew food at least 30 times each morsel. Read a lot, look for new ideas and challenges 2 meals and in-between light portions of fruit snack Develop some good purpose & meaning in life DR IRFAN MOMIN
    43. 43. Key behaviors to a healthy lifestyle Minimum of 7 hours of sleep a night Maintain healthy eating habits Weight management Physical recreational activities Avoiding tobacco products Practicing safer sex Limiting intake of alcohol Scheduling regular self exams and medical check ups
    44. 44. Key behaviors to a healthy lifestyle Control stressors in your life Form meaningful relationships with family and friends Make time for yourself Participate in at least one fun activity each day Respect the environment and people in it Be a decision maker Value each day and make the best of opportunities View mistakes as opportunities to learn and grow Be kind to self and others Understand healthcare system as use it wisely
    45. 45. Key Message Healthy eating Active living Be Hygienic Do Meditation ( Yoga Or Namaz) Be Satisfied We can all be agents of change!! DR IRFAN MOMIN
    46. 46. Thank You!!!Wish you a Healthy and Happy Life….

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