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Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
Community behaviour and life style diseases
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Community behaviour and life style diseases

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  • Figure adapted from: www.balancedweightmanagement.com/TheSocio-EcologicalModel.htm
  • Transcript

    • 1. COMMUNITY BEHAVIORDR IRFAN MOMIN AND ITS DETERMINANTS
    • 2. Dr. Muhammedirfan H. Momin Assistant Professor Community Medicine Department Government Medical College, Surat.Mobile: 9426845307 E-mail: drmhmomin@yahoo.co.in
    • 3. HUMAN BEHAVIOR Aims to understand others To determine how and why people behave the way they do. DR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 4. What is Behaviour?ORWhat do you mean by behaviour?
    • 5. Behaviour Manners Actions Attitude Reactions Response Conduct DR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 6. What is Behaviour The aggregate of responses to internal and external stimuli Different people, however, have different responses to particular stimuli. In any given situation, different people may react in different ways. Behaviour = The sum of all of a persons varying response styles to varying stimuli. DR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 7. What do you mean by MODERN ADVANCE FORWARD DR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 8. What do you mean by NORMAL NATURAL COMMON DR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 9. NORMALLiving the life in a way which will scientifically beneficial to yourself and whole humanity. By- Dr Irfan Momin DR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 10. NORMAL Whenever you go for acquiring new life style check whether it is scientifically beneficial to me and others or not? Think always in a comprehensive way and approach should be holistic because we have a single body with multiple factors playing and also interacting with each other. DR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 11. NORMALIf you will look at one factor only it may look either beneficial or harmful but other factor may be counter balancing bad effect of the first one.Example :1) Medicines and Side effects2) Non vegetarian food and exercise DR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 12. HUMAN BEHAVIOR Is a complicated phenomenon influenced by many factors. A collection of activities influenced by culture, religion, attitude, emotions, values, ethics, authority, urbanization, politics and surrounding. DR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 13. WHAT DO WE WANT “?”Strength Health Happiness Beauty Energy DR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 14. We want… Long life – 120 years No disease, sickness at all Diabetes, high BP, joint pain, cancer etc – NOT at all Lots of energy, stamina, joy, Happiness DR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 15. WHAT WE NEEDKnowledgeWill powerAction Health and intellect are the two blessings of life. (Menander ca. 342– 291 BC) DR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 16. Today we find…Majority addicted to excessive drinking, smoking, totally sedentary, overeating “wrong” foods, overly stressed.A minority try to follow all the rules of eating, exercise, sleep etc.Almost extinct - exceptionally knowledgeable & disciplined. Analyse your lifestyle DR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 17. Can you say yes to ALL? I exercise ≥ 30min most days of the week I eat a healthy diet with 5 fruits most days I don’t use tobacco products I don’t drink alcohol I am within 2Kg of my ideal body weight These are the drivers of health care costs! DR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 18.  By age 50 they suffer either diabetes, or high blood pressure or both. By 60 or 65 they would have undergone heart treatment & most likely would suffer joint pains. Occasional frequent fevers, cough etc. Lack of energy to work long hours or to exercise or play games. DR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 19. Fact…  In the last century majority of deaths were due to infections…which most were dealt with using vaccines and new advancements in pharmacology  Now…Major killers are Malnutrition, Cardiovascular Diseases, Cancer, Diabetes, Stroke and HIV/AIDSMisfortunes always come in through the door left open forthem (Czechoslovakian proverb) DR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 20. DETERMINANTSFactors Responsible for Particular Health BehaviourBENEFICIALHARMFUL DR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 21. Figure 1.2 Key Determinants of Health DR IRFAN MOMIN Figure 1.2
    • 22. Behavioral Determinants  Virtually ALL of the top 10 leading causes of death among adults are moderately to STRONGLY influenced by lifestyle patterns and behavioral factors BEHAVIOR DISEASE Tobacco Use Heart DiseasePhysical Activity Stroke Diet CancersPreventive Services Diabetes DR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 23. SMOKING DR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 24. MOVIESBOLLYWOOD DR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 25. WESTERN PEERINFLUENCEMOMIN DR IRFAN PRESSURE
    • 26. FAMILYDR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 27. DR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 28. DR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 29. ALCOHOL WESTERN INFLUENCE BOLLYWOOD MOVIES PEER PRESSURE FAMILY DR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 30. PREVENTION OF ALCOHOL DR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 31. DR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 32. What are your favorite foods? DR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 33. DR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 34. DR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 35. Principles of Good Eating Variety Balance Moderation  Planning in advance is important General rule  Each and every food item is special because some of them had good quality nutrient and some of them had good quantity of nutrients. DR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 36. DR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 37. Daily dietary requirements in IndianDietary Sources RDAWheat, Rice, Dal, Juar, 400-500Bajra, maiz and any gm/dayvariety of pulses andvegetablesFresh Fruits 300-500gdLow fat diet 30-50g/dLean meat, poultry, 30-50chicken, fishDR IRFAN MOMIN gm/day
    • 38. Active Living Do you get 60min of physical activity every day? Take up a sport that you enjoy and gives you a good work out. Go to the Gym! A vigorous five-mile walk will do more good for an unhappy but otherwise healthy adult than all the medicine and psychology in the world. (Paul Dudley White)
    • 39. Environment Think for a minute about the food:  in grocery stores  in corner stores  in movie theatres  at fast food restaurants  at sports events  at school DR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 40. Benefits of healthy eating and active living?Those who do not find time for exercise will haveto find time for illness. (Edward Smith-Stanley) DR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 41. Healthy lifestyle the image of a persons life aimed at disease prevention and health promotion i.e  optimal balance of work & rest  a balanced composition of energy and nutrition  physical activity  compliance with the rules of hygiene  lack of addictions  family well-being  enthusiasm for business DR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 42. Tips on day-to-day living Postural check Drink plenty of water and very – very slowly Laughter club, yoga, Namaz, spiritual Reduce processed sugars, preserved or deep fried items Chew food at least 30 times each morsel. Read a lot, look for new ideas and challenges 2 meals and in-between light portions of fruit snack Develop some good purpose & meaning in life DR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 43. Key behaviors to a healthy lifestyle Minimum of 7 hours of sleep a night Maintain healthy eating habits Weight management Physical recreational activities Avoiding tobacco products Practicing safer sex Limiting intake of alcohol Scheduling regular self exams and medical check ups
    • 44. Key behaviors to a healthy lifestyle Control stressors in your life Form meaningful relationships with family and friends Make time for yourself Participate in at least one fun activity each day Respect the environment and people in it Be a decision maker Value each day and make the best of opportunities View mistakes as opportunities to learn and grow Be kind to self and others Understand healthcare system as use it wisely
    • 45. Key Message Healthy eating Active living Be Hygienic Do Meditation ( Yoga Or Namaz) Be Satisfied We can all be agents of change!! DR IRFAN MOMIN
    • 46. Thank You!!!Wish you a Healthy and Happy Life….

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