Power Sector Reform in India

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Reforms Taken In Power sector - India

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Power Sector Reform in India

  1. 1. • The Expert Committee submitted the report in August’06. • India needs to sustain 8-10% growth rate over the next 25 years for eradicating poverty and meeting its human development goals. • This would require, at least, enhancing primary energy supply by 3-4 times and the electricity supply by 5 times ,of 2003-04 level. Integrated Energy Policy
  2. 2. • Power generation capacity would need be in the order of 8,00,000 MW in year 2031-32 from the current installed capacity of about 1,39,000 MW. • Main objectives have to be energy security, reliability, competitive prices and meeting lifeline energy needs in a technically efficient, economically viable and environmentally sustainable manner. Integrated Energy Policy
  3. 3. • National Electricity Policy (NEP)- notified in year 2005. • Competitive Bidding Guidelines – notified in year 2005. • Tariff Policy – notified in year 2006. • Rural Electrification (RE) Policy – notified in year 2006. Electricity Act 2003
  4. 4. • Regulations for inter state transmission issued by CERC -2004. • Open access to consumers above 1 MW within 5 years (by January, 2009). • Regulation for open access in distribution issued by 23 SERCs. • 26 licenses awarded by CERC for inter state power trading. Electricity Act 2003
  5. 5. • Present trading volume ~ 2.5% of total power generated. • Theft of electricity made a cognizable & non- bail able offence. • Commercial losses of state power utilities on the decline. Electricity Act 2003
  6. 6. • Generating Capacity to be increased from 105,000 MW to 212,000 MW • Share of the Private Sector to be increased from 10% to 16.5% • Hydel Generation to be increased from 25% to 30%. • Inter-regional transfer capability to be increased from 4850 MW to 30,000 MW. Vision 2012 ( G O I ) “ Power for All by 2012 ”
  7. 7. • Recovery of the power cost through the realized tariff from 70% to 100%. • T. & D. Losses to be reduced from 40% to 13%. • 100% rural electrification from the existing 86%. • Peak Energy Shortage to be brought down to 0 from the existing 13%. • Average Energy Shortage to be brought down to 0 from the existing 8%. Vision 2012 ( G O I ) “ Power for All by 2012 ”
  8. 8. • Major national effort to universalize access to electricity – 57% of rural households were without access in 2001. • Launched in 2005. Targets : • 1,00,000 un-electrified villages. • 78 million rural households in un-electrified and electrified villages. • Provides 90% capital subsidy. 100% capital subsidy for electrification of Below-Poverty-Line (BPL) rural households. Rural Electrification : Rajiv Gandhi Gramin Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY)
  9. 9. • 44,000 villages electrified. Another 22,000 villages covered under intensive electrification. About 2 million connections given. • USD 1.5 billion invested. Another USD 6.75 billion provided. • National programme for Franchisee development launched. Rural Electrification : Rajiv Gandhi Gramin Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY)
  10. 10. • Franchisees in place in 14 states, covering 63,000 + villages. • Generated employment for villagers and improved consumer services. • Resulted in significant improvement in revenue collection. • Some examples: • Dibrugarh 89% • Bulandshahar 100% • Bijapur 103% Rural Electrification : Rajiv Gandhi Gramin Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY)
  11. 11. • The Central Electricity Regulatory Commission established and functional • 9 States have passed reform law. • 9 States have unbundled State Electricity Boards. • 21 States have constituted State Electricity Regulatory Commissions. • 12 State Electricity Regulatory Commissions have issued tariff orders. Reforms - So Far
  12. 12. • Flagship programme of the Central Government to support States in strengthening distribution networks and improving operational efficiency. • 571 projects totaling USD 4.3 billion sanctioned. • 9 states demonstrated reduction in cash losses of USD 1.4 billion in last five years. USD 490 million released cash incentive. Accelerated Power Development and Reforms Programme (APDRP)
  13. 13. • 100% feeder metering completed in 23 states. 90%+ feeder metering in another 3 states. • 100% consumer metering in 3 states. 90%+ consumer metering in another 12 states. • Aggregate Technical & Commercial (AT&C) losses brought down to below 20% in 212 APDRP towns. Below 15% AT&C losses in 169 towns. National average is about 34%. Accelerated Power Development and Reforms Programme (APDRP)
  14. 14. • Reduction of T. & D. losses to around 13%. • Up-gradation of sub-transmission and distribution system. • 100% metering (AMR – Automated Meter Reading) • Renovation and modernization of power plants. • Improving the quality and reliability of power supply Restructuring of APDRP
  15. 15. • TOD – Time of the concept introduction. • Bifurcate agricultural pumping load from the non-pumping load in all rural feeders. • Investment Assistance  25% grant, 25% loan from GOI.  Balance 50% IG / FIs • Incentive Scheme  Reward for actual cash loss reduction • Fund release based on achievement of milestones Restructuring of APDRP
  16. 16. • Hydro share to be raised from 24% to 27% in next five years. • Expansion of existing stations. • Coal Pit head stations. • Coastal stations. • Generation de-licensing. • Captive capacity utilization. • Joint Ventures of Central Undertakings with States Sectoral Opportunities – Generation
  17. 17. • National Grid  4950 MW to 30,000 MW of interregional transfer capability by year 2012 . • Technology up-gradation – 800 KV A.C. and 500 KV D.C. • RLDCs modernization. • Reliability improvement, reactive compensation. • Private participation via  Independent Power Transmission Co.  Joint Venture with Power Grid Sectoral Opportunities – Transmission
  18. 18. • Refurbishment of sub-transmission and distribution networks. • Energy accounting and MIS • Metering and meter reading systems. • Less High Voltage Distribution Systems • Technology enhancement for improved reliability • SCADA, Advanced Communications, Mobile Facilities and GIS. • Web enabled facilities for consumers. Sectoral Opportunities – Distribution
  19. 19. Electricity – Lighting up INDIA

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