The Principle of UnityUnity is the hallmark of a good design. Its the final result in acomposition when all the design elements workharmoniously together giving the viewer a satisfying sense ofbelonging and relationship. Unity has been achieved when allaspects of the design complement one another rather thancompete for attention. It serves to reinforce the relationshipbetween the design elements and relates them to the keytheme being expressed through a dress.
• Unity in a composition is achieved when all of the design principles (balance, movement, emphasis, visual economy, contrast, proportion and space) have been correctly applied.• Everything selected for use in a composition must complement the key theme and must also serve some functional purpose within the design.• Achieving unity in compositions will only result from practicing, knowing and selecting the right visual elements and using the best principles of design to relate them.
Unity within a well composed designaccomplishes two things: Unity creates a sense of order. When a design possesses unity there will be a consistency of sizes and shapes, as well as a harmony of color and pattern. One way this is accomplished is by repeating the key elements, balancing them throughout the composition, and then adding a little variety so that the design has its own sense of personality. Learning to juggle the elements and principles in such a way as to achieve the right mix is a key to good design.
Unity also gives elements the appearance of completeness, that they belong together. When a composition has unity the design will be viewed as one piece, as a whole, and not as separate elements with the dress. Using too many shapes and forms may cause a design to be unfocused, cluttered and confusing. A well organized design will be achieved by using a basic shape which is then repeated throughout the composition.
When unity is achieved:•The individual elements with in a composition willnot be competing for attention.•The key theme will be communicated moreclearly.•The design will evoke a sense of completeness andorganization.
Some easy ways to achieve unity include:• Similarity: Try repeating colors, shapes, values, textures, or lines to create a visual relationship between the elements. Repetition works to unify all parts of a design because it creates a sense of consistency and completeness.• Continuity: Treat different elements in the same manner. Continuity helps to create "family resemblances" between different forms. This helps to tie them together by creating an uninterrupted connection or union.• Alignment: Arranging shapes so that the line or edge of one shape leads into another helps creates unity in your design. When an element is placed in a composition, it creates an implied horizontal and vertical axis at its top, bottom, center and sides. Aligning other elements to these axes creates a visual relationship which unifies them.
• Proximity: Group related items together so that these related items are seen as one cohesive group rather than a bunch of unrelated elements. Elements that are positioned close to one another are perceived as being related while elements that are farther apart are considered less related. How close together or far apart elements are placed in a composition suggests a relationship (or lack of) between otherwise disparate parts. Using a "third element" such as a road to connect near-by elements with distant ones also helps to create a sense of relationship between the forms which are not grouped together.
IN CONCLUSION: USING The Design Principles This study on the design principles would not be complete without giving some practical guidelines on the use of the principles of design:1. Apply the principles in every assignment either consciously or subconsciously.2. Dont apply the principles equally, because one may be more important than another depending on the mood and purpose of the design. One design may be strong in balance, another in proportion, another in movement and so on.3. Try to include as many, and as much as will work of each principle into each design.4. You, as the designer, should always add a bit of your own personality into your designs. Without this touch, your work may be well designed, but lack character.
5. As you become more self confident, then you should dare to violate one or more of the principles of design to promote growth in your creativity. Once the designer has an objective in mind, the effective use of the design principles of balance, movement, emphasis, contrast, proportion, and space will aid in the achievement of unity in a work of art. Whether an artist uses the principles consciously or subconsciously, unity should always be the goal of every artist.
Examples of the effective use of Unity:The painting on the left creates a sense of unity by the effective use ofrepetition. See how the artist has repeated similar forms (ducks) andcolor (brown) throughout the composition.On the right grouping of similar objects (proximity) was used to createunity within this painting.
UNITY AT LAST SIMPLE BULLET POINTS• Unity is the underlying principle that summarizes all of the principles and elements of design.• It refers to the coherence of the whole, the sense that all of the parts are working together to achieve a common result; a harmony of all the parts.
Unity can be achieved through the effective andconsistent use of any of the elements, but patternthat is, underlying structure is the mostfundamental element for a strong sense of unity.Consistency of form and color are also powerfultools that can pull a composition together.
• However, unity also exists in variety. It is not necessary for all of the elements to be identical in form providing they have a common quality of meaning or style.
For example, fashionsfrom a specific periodshare common featuresof silhouette, materials,and color that identify thestyle of the day, or thelook of a particular designer.
Unity can also be a matter of concept. The elementsand principles can be selected to support the intendedfunction of the designed object; the purpose of theobject unifies the design. Mark Newport – knitted super hero wearables.