OSCE is a form of performance-based testing used to measure candidates’ clinical competency.
During an OSCE, candidates are observed and evaluated as they go through a series of stations in which they interview, examine and treat standardized patients (SP) who present with some type of a medical problem.
“The OSCE is an approach to the assessment of clinical competence in which the components of competence are assessed in a planned or structured way with attention being paid to the objectivity of the examination”. Harden, 1988
“The OSCE examination tests a wide range of skills thus greatly reducing the sampling error. This very significantly improves the reliability of the examination” Harden, 1988.
“The real power of this type of examination lies in the ability of those responsible for teaching and testing to examine their trainees with imagination and forethought, in a reliable way, in areas seldom or never tested before”. Hart, 2001.
The Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) is a training program for doctors and Advanced Practice/Critical Care Paramedics in the management of acute trauma cases, developed by the American College of Surgeons in 1980.
The program has been adopted worldwide in over 40 countries; its goal is to teach a simplified and standardized approach to trauma patients. Originally designed for emergency situations, ATLS is now widely accepted as the standard of care for initial assessment and treatment in trauma centers.
Similarly, Advanced cardiac life support or (ACLS) was developed by American Heart Association, and a similar one by European Resuscitation Council.
It refers to a set of clinical interventions for the urgent treatment of cardiac arrest and other life threatening medical emergencies, as well as the knowledge and skills to deploy those interventions.
The Systematic Approach to clinical practice The Systematic Approach to clinical practice
Both ATLS and ACLS follow a step by step systematic approach in which the healthcare provider will follow the SAME way EVERY time in clinical patient emergencies.