Spm module 1119

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Spm module 1119

  1. 1. FOREWORD FINAL LEAP: SPM 1119 MODULE 2010 The FINAL LEAP: SPM 1119 MODULE 2010 is produced with the intention of providing some assistance to English Language teachers in Kedah in preparing their students for the SPM English Language Examination 2010. It grew out of the concern over the unsatisfactory performance in the subject. It aims to provide focused and selected exercises which are accompanied by sample answers and useful notes as well as examination tips. This module consists of four components namely Reading Comprehension and Summary, Literature Component (Novel), Directed Writing and Continuous Writing. These components are deliberately chosen as they carry high weightage in the examination. Each component has a number of thoughtfully selected questions. Based on their teaching and marking experiences, the panel of module developers show, explain and guide how each question should be answered. Practical and handy examination tips are also offered together with sample answers that should allow the average and weak students to score at least the minimum marks in the SPM 1119 Examination. It is the ultimate hope of the Academic Sector (Language Unit), Kedah Education Department that English Language teachers make full use of the practices in this module. Each note and examination tip should be highlighted and reinforced among the students. The Department is confident that the preparation of this module will at least lend a hand to many English Language teachers through its valuable and enriching practices. Last but not the least, the Academic Sector (Language Unit) would like to acknowledge and appreciate the immense efforts of the panel of module developers who had come up with this production. The appreciation also goes to the Assistant District Education Officers (English Language) for their contribution in preparing this module. Comments and feedbacks on this module are truly welcomed. The Academic Sector (Language Unit), Kedah Education Department.
  2. 2. TABLE OF CONTENT Content Page Foreword i Table of content ii READING COMPREHENSION AND SUMMARY 1 Notes for teachers 2 Practice 1 4 Practice 2 10 Practice 3 16 Practice 4 21 LITERATURE COMPONENT (NOVEL) 26 Notes for teachers 27 Practice 1 28 Practice 2 28 Practice 3 29 Practice 4 30 Practice 5 31 Practice 6 32 Practice 7 33 Practice 8 34 DIRECTED WRITING 35 Notes for teachers 36 Practice 1 37 Practice 2 39 Practice 3 41 Practice 4 43 Practice 5 44 Practice 6 46 Practice 7 48 CONTINUOUS WRITING 50 Notes for teachers 51 Sample Essay 1 55 Sample Essay 2 55 Sample Essay 3 56 Sample Essay 4 56 Sample Essay 5 57 Sample Essay 6 57 Sample Essay 7 58 Sample Essay 8 58 Sample Essay 9 59 Sample Essay 10 59 Sample Essay 11 60 Sample Essay 12 60 Sample Essay 13 61 Sample Essay 14 61 Sample Essay 15 62
  3. 3. 1 READING COMPREHENSION AND SUMMARY
  4. 4. 2 NOTES FOR TEACHERS READING COMPREHENSION 1. Ask the students to read the summary question first (Question 31) before they read the passage in Section C. The summary question normally allows them to get some ideas of what the passage is all about. It is an advantage for weak students to know the general idea of the passage before they read it. Teachers must remind the students that they should not write the summary first but after reading the summary question, they should read the passage and answer all the comprehension questions. 2. Advise the students to read the passage paragraph by paragraph. After reading each paragraph, they should read and try to answer the question that is based on that paragraph. By doing so, the students will be more focused in finding the correct answer. 3. Students should be able to identify the keywords in each question. The keywords will be clues for them to find the correct answer in the passage. 4. Students should only copy out the sentence from the text once they have identified the sentence containing the answer. Of course, they must also be reminded that pronouns such as I, me, mine, my, our, us and ours must be changed accordingly. 5. Students must be taught to differentiate a word and a phrase. So, if there is a question asking for a word, they must only write a word for their answer. On the other hand, if they are supposed to write a phrase, they must only write down a group of words which is not a complete sentence such as ‘uncomplicated delivery’ or ‘indispensable part of our lives’. Similarly, if the question requires students to write words as the answer, teachers should guide students to copy a part of a sentence. Make sure they do not lift the whole sentence. In short, teachers must ensure students are aware of the differences of these terms: word, words, phrase and sentence. 6. Students must attempt to check the accuracy of all their answers. SUMMARY 1. Students must understand the requirement/s of the summary. 2. Students must mark the lines where the summary starts and ends. 3. Students should know that the first 3 lines normally contain the first point or at least a content point. 4. Students must refer to the summary requirement/s before they finally copy out any sentence as their content point. They must be encouraged to question themselves accordingly such as by asking “Is this a danger he faced?” or “Is this how they solved their problems?”. The questions they pose to themselves are their guide in selecting the relevant and accurate content points. 5. When students have picked a sentence as their content point, they should copy the sentence completely to avoid any distortion of meaning. 6. For weak or very weak students, they may copy the longest paragraph up to 130 words. By doing so, they should be able to score several marks for content points. 7. Students must also copy the punctuations accurately as they appear in the passage.
  5. 5. 3 8. They should try as far as possible to keep to the word limit. Exceeding it will just be a waste of time and effort as anything written beyond it will not be considered at all. However, no marks will be penalised for the extra words included. 9. By simply copying out sentences correctly, students will be able to earn 2 marks for Use of Language. Marks for summary: Paraphrasing (P) : 5 Use of Language (UE): 5 10 /2 = 5 (Language) Content points 10 Language 5 15 (Total marks ) LANGUAGE DESCRIPTORS Marks for language: 5 marks (Add marks for paraphrase and use of English and divide by two) MARK PARAPHRASE MARK USE OF ENGLISH 5 • sustained rephrasing • allow phrases from text  which are difficult to  substitute  • expression is secure 5 • language is accurate • occasional slips or minor errors • very well-organised and Coherent throughout • marked ability to use original Complex structures 4 • noticeable rephrasing • free from stretches of • concentrated lifting • expression is generally • sound 4 • language is largely accurate • isolated serious errors • well-organised and coherent in most parts • some ability to use original and complex structures 3  limited rephrasing • intelligent and selective lifting • expression is not always Secure 3 • language is sufficiently Accurate • some serious errors • fairly well-organised and coherent in some parts 2 • wholesale copying • attempts to substitute with own language limited to single word expression 2 • meaning is not in doubt • frequent serious errors • poorly organized and lacks Coherence • meaning is not in doubt • frequent serious errors • poorly organized 1and lacks Coherence 1 • more or less a complete transcript of text • originality barely noticeable • mindless lifting 1 • heavy frequency of serious errors • fractured syntax • incoherent
  6. 6. 4 PRACTICE 1 Section C [25 marks] Questions 26 – 31 are based on the following passage. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 When doctors told Jane Wilson-Howarth her baby needed surgery, she feared his life would not be worth living. So, she left behind the consultants, the needles, the tests and took him far away to live among the ‘sane, baby-loving’ people of Nepal. Here is her story. David, my son was born by emergency caesarean section in a hospital in Cambridge, England. I had returned from Nepal, where we had been living, for what I had hoped would be quick, uncomplicated delivery. The first thing I noticed when they pulled him into the world was a gaping black hole in the middle of his face. Strangely, I wasn’t shocked by his appearance. I was infatuated by the tiny life I held in my arms. We later told his brother Alexander that elves could do the fine stitching to repair the harelip. But things did not go well. David struggled to feed, he choked and slept a lot. I could no longer hide my fear I knew that he was ill. We were back in hospital before he was a month old. There we saw various specialists who meticulously catalogued a long list of abnormalities. But they could not convince us that something could be done to improve David’s quality of life. He had blood test after blood test. Food supplements were squirted into a tube that passed up his nose and into his stomach. These made him vomit. It tore me apart watching the terror in his eyes. After days of tests and consultations, the doctor told us among other things that David had holes in the heart, only one kidney, spinal abnormalities and the fibres connecting the two hemispheres of the brains were missing. Before he left, and he seemed to be in a hurry to leave, he said, “The baby has to have open-heart surgery – soon. We’ll prepare for it immediately.” His words sank in, but I had already made the decision. David was all right. I screwed up my courage and took a deep breath. “But he is so much more at ease away from here. We don’t want any more investigations and long-winded reports. No more needles or tests unless you can prove they will improve his quality of life.” He began to explain, but I interrupted. “No. We fly to Nepal this Sunday.” On the day of our flight back to Nepal we must have looked haggard. David looked beautiful despite the feeding tube in his nose, his harelip and his ‘defects’. The Nepalese saw his soft-unblemished complexion and blue eyes. On the plane, we had already entered sane, baby-loving Asia. Back in Nepal, we ventured out every weekend and some evenings. One stroll took us into a squatter settlement by the river where young mothers, surrounded us, giggling, wanting to compare babies. “How did you make such a beautiful baby?” “Can he speak Nepali?” I took him out of his pram to show him off and they said, “He is so handsome, so white, so clean!” Their admiration was a forgotten delight of having a new baby. No one in England dared talk about him or ask about him. The peace and pace of Nepal was healing for all of us, and David’s tube stayed in less and less. Sometimes I would slip it in when his appetite was poor, but I wasn’t convinced that it was necessary any more. He took a great liking to buffalo milk and yoghurt and by the time he was three months old he was chubby. By the time he was three-and-a-half months old he smiled. That was a milestone that severely handicapped children often never achieved. Things got better and better after this. His weight increased and he seemed to be doing so well that we decided to take a break and head into the mountains. We 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45
  7. 7. 5 12 flew to Pokhara and, with two guides carrying all our luggage we walked north towards the grand Annapura, through the deepest gorge in the world. Whilst I gasped for every breath, I could hear David amusingly chatting softly to himself. At a height of 2807 m above sea level, we were short of breath but the holes in David’s heart had stimulated him to produce more red blood cells to cope in the thin mountain air. When David was five months old, we took him back to the Cambridge hospital. The clinical staffs were amazed at how well David had done. They were astonished that his growing heart had repaired the holes. He no longer needed the medicines – and he never had that open heart surgery. Adapted from an article “Mountain Baby” in the Guardian by Dr. Jane Wilson Howarth 50 55 26 From paragraph 2, (a) Before David was born, where were his parents living? _________________________________________________________________ (1 mark) (b) When David was born, what did the writer notice about the baby? _________________________________________________________________ ( 1 mark) 27 (a) From paragraph 3, how did the parents know that David was ill? ________________________________________________________________ (1 mark) (b) From paragraph 4, there were a lot of problems with David’s health. Name 2 of them. ________________________________________________________________ (1 mark) 28 From paragraph 5, (a) what was the doctor’s decision after checking David’s condition? _______________________________________________________________ (1 mark) (b) what does it refer to? _______________________________________________________________ (1 mark) 29 From paragraph 10, (a) what did David love to eat? ________________________________________________________________ (1 mark)
  8. 8. 6 (b) What had David done to be considered a milestone? _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ (1 mark) 30 Do you think it was wise for the family to take David up the mountains? Why? _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ (2 marks) 31. Based on the passage given, write a summary on:  what happened at the time of David’s birth  his development until he was five months old Credit will be given for use of own words but care must be taken not to change the original meaning. Your summary must be:  in continuous writing (not in note form)  use only the material from lines 12 to 56  not longer than 130 words, including the 10 words given below Begin your summary as follows: Jane knew things did not go well for David when…………………………………………. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  9. 9. 7 …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  10. 10. 8 MARK SCHEME FOR PRACTICE 1 READING COMPREHENSION No. Suggested answers Lifting/source Notes for teachers 26(a) Nepal Line 6: She had returned from Nepal where they had been living. Pronouns ‘I’ and ‘we’ must be changed. 26(b) There was a gaping black hole in the middle of his face. Lines 7-8: The first thing she noticed when they pulled him into the world was a gaping black hole in the middle of his face. Pronoun ‘I’ must be changed. 27(a) He struggled to feed, choked and slept a lot. Line 12: David struggled to feed, he choked and slept a lot. 27(b) Holes in the heart and only one kidney Lines 19-22: After days of tests and consultations, the doctor told us among other things that David had holes in the heart, only one kidney, spinal abnormalities and the fibres connecting the two hemispheres of the brain were missing, Choose any two out of the four. 28(a) He had to have open- heart surgery soon. Lines 23-24: The baby had to have open-heart surgery soon. 28(b) Surgery/open-heart surgery No lifting Teach the students to always refer to the sentence just before. (anaphoric reference) Remind them too that “it” refers to something singular and ‘they’ is for something plural. 29(a) Buffalo milk and yoghurt Lines 42-43: He took a great liking to buffalo milk and yoghurt. If students include the second half of the sentence (and by the time…chubby), it is considered overlifting /irrelevant 29(b) He smiled By the time he was three and a half months old, he smiled. 30 Yes, because his heart had improved. Answer can be lifted from ‘The clinical staffs….(line 49) until the end of the paragraph. Answer must begin with a ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ then followed by the reason.
  11. 11. 9 SUMMARY 1. he struggled to feed 2. he choked (and) 3. slept a lot 4. had a list of abnormalities 5. had to have open-heart surgery 6. David’s tube stayed in less and less 7. by the time he was three months old he was chubby 8. by the time he was three and half months old he smiled 9. his weight increased 10. he seemed to be doing so well that his parents took him up the mountains 11. David amusingly chatted softly to himself 12. When he was five months old his growing heart had repaired the holes 13. he no longer needed the medicines and the surgery
  12. 12. 10 PRACTICE 2 Section C [25 marks] Questions 26 – 31 are based on the following passage. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Just like any other modern devices, the mobile phone has become an indispensable part of our lives. These days, we trade our phones for newer units, with sharper colour screens, digicams, as well as more polyphonic ringtones. We seem to be getting new phones faster than we get new clothes. However, not all old mobile phones go back to the market to be resold when the owner decides to get a new unit. Some are left at home to rot in the drawer while others are sent to the garbage bin, a practice which, at the end of the day, adds to the growing volume of toxic waste in our country’s landfills. The fear by environmentalists is that as millions of mobile phones are disposed of with other trash, the possibility exists for their toxins to be released into the air and even ground water. Mobile phones are full of pollutants such as lead (primarily from soldering), arsenic, antimony, beryllium, copper, nickel, mercury and brominated flame retardants. Older phone models use nickel-cadmium batteries which contain cadmium, a toxin and suspected carcinogen. Therefore, the fear of the environmentalists is genuine. Even if Malaysians want to do the ‘right thing’, most are just too engrossed to figure out the right way to get rid of their phones. A private college student, who likes to follow the latest trends when it comes to mobile phones, disclosed that when she buys a new one, the old one goes to her favourite charity. The managing director of the Petaling Jaya Community Centre’s Environment Centre, said that unfortunately it is not often that his office gets unused or old mobile phones from the public. The few times that it does receive mobile phones, the units are totally unusable and irreparable and there’s nothing that can be done apart from tossing them into the centre’s ‘scrap metal’ bin to be sold for their weight. If there are any that can be used, they are sent to the shop to be repaired. Nokia Malaysia offers a wide range of electronic waste management services including recycling, processing and refining. According to Nokia, a typical mobile phone recycling process involves the material being shredded into scrap. Metal and plastic parts are then separated. The metals are sold to metal refineries, where they are melted and purified for reuse. However, the recycling rate of plastics is low, partly because recovered plastics often contain impurities. Fortunately, most recycled plastics are suitable as a fuel replacement for oil. In addition, the plastic scraps can also be turned into plastic benches and fences. Nokia encourages its mobile phone users to send mobile phones which are beyond repair to them for proper disposal. If not stored in the correct conditions, old and unused phone batteries may leak and toxic chemicals will be released into homes. Even if stored in the best conditions, what happens to these phones eventually? One day, they will probably be discarded with the trash and end up in landfills. 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40
  13. 13. 11 7 Mobile phone sales continue to climb, making it unlikely that the number of used phones will decline. All too often the one you used to love and take everywhere with you, is now left at home, in a drawer, unwanted and abandoned. However, attitudes are beginning to change as awareness and education grow. Ongoing campaigns by various governments as well as by companies and organizations within the telecommunications industry can and will help prevent old mobile phones from making their way to landfills. Hence, it is our social responsibility as users to help protect the environment for future generations. Remember: reclaim, reuse and recycle for a greener earth. (Adapted from The Star, 8 July 2004) 45 50 Questions 26 – 30 Answer all questions. You are advised to answer them in the order set. 26 (a) In paragraph 1, why do people trade in their mobile phones for newer units? …………………………………….……………………………………………… [1 mark] (b) Not all mobile phones are traded for newer units. What happens to most of them when owners get a new one? …………………………………….……………………………………………… [1 mark] 27 (a) From paragraph 2, give two reasons why mobile phones are considered dangerous. (i) …………......................……………………………..……………………… [1 mark] (ii) …….......................…………………………………..…………..………….. [1 mark] (b) From paragraph 3, find a word which has the same meaning as preoccupied. ………………………………………………………………….……………….… [1 mark] 28 In paragraph 4, what happens when people donate their handphones to the Petaling Jaya Community Centre’s Environment Centre? (i) ………………………………………………………..……………………… [1 mark] (ii) ………………………………………………………..…………..…….…….. [1 mark]
  14. 14. 12 29 From paragraph 5, state one use of recycled plastics. …………………………………………………….……………………………….. [1 mark] 30 In your own words, state how we can educate the public to recycle their mobile phones. ………………………………………………………………………..……...………………… ………………………………………………………………………..……...………………… ………………………….………………………………..…………..…………… [2 marks] Question 31 This article describes the threats posed by mobile phones to the environment and the solutions to the problems. Based on the text, write a summary of:  the dangers posed by improper disposal of mobile phones  how they are recycled Your summary must  be in continuous writing (not in note form)  not be longer than 130 words, including the 10 words given below  draw material from lines 8 to 42 Begin your summary as follows: Unused mobile phones pose a threat to the environment by …………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  15. 15. 13 ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [15 marks]
  16. 16. 14 MARK SCHEME FOR PRACTICE 2 READING COMPREHENSION No. Suggested answers Lifting/source Examination tips 26 (a) They want sharper colour screens, digicams, and more polyphonic ringtones. Lines 2 – 4 These days, we trade our phones for newer units, with sharper colour screens, digicams as well as more polyphonic ringtones. 1 mark 26 (b) They are left in drawers or sent to garbage bins. Lines 6 -7 Some are left at home to rot in the drawer……. Landfills. 1 mark 27 (a) - full of pollutants. Lines 12 – 14 Mobile phones……flame retardants. - old phones use nickel- cadmium batteries which contain a toxin and a suspected carcinogen. Lines 14-15 Older phone models …………….suspected carcinogen. 27 (b) engrossed No lifting of sentence Only one word must be given. 28 (i) tossed into the centre’s scrap metal bin. Lines 23 – 26 The few times …….for their weight 28 (ii) sent to a shop to be repaired if they can be used. Lines 26 – 27 If there are …….. to be repaired. 29 fuel replacement for oil / plastic benches / plastic fences Lines 34 – 35 Fortunately, …….for oil. Lines 35 – 36 In addition, …….. and fences. Any ONE answer (1 mark) 30 By running campaigns / advertisements / locate collection centres at Malls or public places / Rewards for sending in old mobile phones, etc. Any acceptable answer. Marks awarded will be only 2 or 0.
  17. 17. 15 SUMMARY POINTS Dangers posed by improper disposal of mobile phones 1. growing volume of toxic waste (in our country’s landfills) 2. possibility exists for toxins to be released into the air 3. and ground water 4. full of pollutants 5. nickel-cadmium batteries contain cadmium, a toxin (and a suspected carcinogen) 6. if not stored in correct conditions, (old and unused phone) batteries may leak 7. and toxic chemicals will be released into homes How they are recycled 8. the old one goes to charity 9. the material is shredded into scrap 10. metal and plastic parts are then separated 11. the metals are sold to metal refineries 12. where they are melted 13. and purified for reuse 14. recycled plastics are suitable as fuel replacement for oil 15. plastic scraps can be turned into plastic benches and fences
  18. 18. 16 PRACTICE 3 Section C [25 marks] Questions 26 – 31 are based on the following passage. 1 Work-related stress is a common problem among employees. It can result in feelings of depression, frustration and demotivation. Stress management therapist, Mahes Karuppiah recommends laughter therapy to deal with this problem. Mahes says that laughter helps to reduce levels of cortisol, a stress hormone that weakens the immune system. 5 2 Studies have found that a good laugh session can lead to a sense of well- being and optimism. It can also reduce blood pressure, increase circulation and relax the muscles. Mahes, who began using laughter as therapy four years ago says laughter is the easiest and most practical way to manage stress. It is also inexpensive as everyone possesses the natural ability to laugh. “You don’t have to learn how to do it or buy equipment to help you laugh; it is in you. If you look at children, they laugh at the simplest things while adults are finding it difficult even to smile.” 10 3 Mahes says employees who are facing pressure and stress usually cannot cope with their work. This drags down their productivity and may even compel them to come up with excuses not to come to work. “If you start work at the age of 25 and retire at 55, you would be spending 30 years of your life at the office. And you work about nine hours or more there every day. So, if you are unhealthy and unhappy during this period which is the prime time of your life, you have wasted the bulk of your life with these emotions.” 15 20 4 To make the office a fun place, she suggests the establishment of a laughter club at each company. “Get a few people together every morning and have a laughter therapy session for about 15 minutes. All the laughter club members should try to identify and remove negative feelings such as guilt, anger, fear, jealousy and ego,” she says. 25 5 According to Mahes, there are a few types of laughter therapy. Among them are putting a pen between your teeth to simulate a smile and the “Ho, Ho, Ha, Ha,” which involves laughing while clapping your hands. You don’t need to listen to a joke or look at something funny. You can do it as a form of exercise just like aerobics. It is said that laughter is like internal jogging. It keeps the mind and body fit. 30 6 “There should also be a laughter room in every office,” she says. “You’ve heard of people screaming to release their tension. Why not have a laughter room where instead of screaming, they can laugh?” Employees can use the room to practise laughter exercises, watch a funny video or sit there and just laugh their frustrations away. The cost of having this room is small. And in return it will help boost morale among the workers, reduce absenteeism and increase productivity. 35 7 Another suggestion is to have a Public Announcement or P.A. system in the office so that someone can tell a joke of the day or just begin laughing. Laughter is contagious. Once you get someone to laugh, soon everyone in the room will be laughing or smiling as well. Post funny jokes or cartoons on a bulletin board, as long as they are not lewd or offensive. Employees can rotate the postings every week. The best joke or cartoon should be declared the “Humour of the week”. This is the cheapest way to bring fun into the office. 40
  19. 19. 17 8 According to a study by David Abrams of California State University in the United States, people who have fun on the job are more creative and productive, are better decision-makers and get along better with co-workers. So, start the day with a laugh and you’ll find the saying “Laughter is the best medicine” is really true. 45 (Adapted from The New Straits Times, July 2003) 26 (a) From paragraph 1, what problem do most employees face? ………………...………………………...……………………………………….…... [1 mark] From paragraph 2, 27 (a) find a word that means hopefulness. …………………………………...…………………………………………………..[1 mark] (b) why is laughter therapy a cheap way to manage stress? ………………………………..………………...……………………………………[1 mark] 28 (a) From paragraph 3, which period is considered as the prime time of one’s life? …………………………………………………………………………………………[1 mark] (b) From paragraph 5, why is laughter referred to as ‘internal jogging’? …………………………………………...…………………………………………….[1 mark] 29 (a) From paragraph 6, how can a laughter room benefit a company? State two ways. (i) ……..………………………………...……………………..………………………[1 mark] (ii) ……………………………………...………………………………..…...……… [1 mark] (b) From paragraph 7, what is laughter contagious? ………………..…………………..……………………………………………………[1 mark] 30 Do you think “Laughter is the best medicine” for students who are under stress? Give a reason for your answer. .………………………………………………………………….……………………………… ………………………………………………………….………………………………………. …………..……………………………………………………………………………[2 marks]
  20. 20. 18 Question 31 Based on the passage, write a summary on: • the suggestions given by Mahes to promote laughter therapy at the office. Credit will be given for use of own words but care must be taken not to change the original meaning. Your summary must: • be in continuous writing form (not in note form) • use material from lines 21 to 49 • not be longer than 130 words, including the 10 words given below Begin your summary as follows: Mahes suggests that laughter clubs be set up to make …………….…………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… .......................................................................................................................................................... ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..
  21. 21. 19 MARK SCHEME FOR PRACTICE 3 READING COMPREHENSION No Suggested answers Lifting / Source Examination tips 26 Work-related stress Line 1: Work-related stress is a common problem among employers The phrase ‘work-related’ is mandatory. 27(a) Optimism No lifting Only I word must be given. 27(b) Everyone possesses the natural ability to laugh Lines 9 – 1: It is also inexpensive as everyone possesses the ability to laugh. Lines 10 – 11: You don’t have to learn how to do it or buy equipment to help you laugh : it is in you. If students are lifting, make sure that they copy exactly the whole sentence as leaving out something may cause them to lose the answer. (This tip refers to all answers that can be lifted) 28(a) The period between the ages of 25-55 Lines 16 – 17: If you start work at the age of 25 and retire at 55, you would be spending 30 years of your life at the office. 28(b) It keeps the mind and body fit Line 30: It keeps the mind and body fit. 29(ai) Help boost morale among the workers Lines 36-37; And in return it will help boost morale among the workers, reduce absenteeism and increase productivity. Choose any 2 out of the 3 answers. Students can lift this whole sentence, fill up the first blank 29a(i) and get the 2 marks for both blanks. 29(aii) Reduce absenteeism / increase productivity 29 (b) Laughter spreads or is passed on easily Lines 40-41: Once you get someone to laugh, soon everyone in the room will be laughing or smiling as well 30 (Any acceptable answer) Answer must start with a ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ followed by the reason.
  22. 22. 20 SUMMARY 1. the office a fun place 2. (get a few people) and have a laughter therapy session for 15 minutes 3. members should try to identify and remove negative feelings 4. putting a pen between your teeth to simulate a smile 5. (the “Ho, Ho, Ha, Ha,” which involves) laughing while clapping your hands 6. you can laugh as a form of exercise (the word ‘laugh’ is mandatory) 7. a laughter room in every office 8. employees can use the room to practise laughter exercises/ watch a funny video/ sit there / just laugh their frustrations away 9. have a P.A. system so that someone can tell a joke of the day 10. just begin laughing as laughter is contagious) / (‘ P.A. system’ must be mentioned before this point is accepted) 11. post funny jokes or cartoons on bulletin board 12. rotate postings 13. best joke declared “Humour of the Week”
  23. 23. 21 PRACTICE 4 Section C [25 marks] Questions 26 – 31 are based on the following passage. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 When will I be released? I have another three months to serve until I am freed. I have messed up my life and true enough, my mother’s curse really worked. That must have been because I have hurt her feelings a lot. My father had left my mother when she was pregnant with me. She played the role of a single parent very well until I started mixing with some notorious boys in school. She warned me to keep away from them but I insisted that they were part of my life. I idolized them because they always had the money to spend and used expensive handsets. My mother worked as an operator in a small industry and earned very little. We lived from hand to mouth. I was never given any luxury and I always blamed her for it. I felt that she did not work hard enough to give me the luxury. At that time, I despised her so much that I even told her that I hated the sight of her. Then, she found a second job as a washerwoman in the neighbourhood. I started stealing money from her savings and once I even pawned her only wedding ring to get extra pocket money to impress my rich friends. I spent it at expensive ‘Nasi Kandar’ restaurants. At school, I became famous among friends and started missing classes to join my friends at shopping complexes. Slowly, I stopped going to school and when mother found out, she scolded and even begged me to go back to school. I told her to get lost and packed my bags to leave home. She cried and promised to provide me with all the luxuries I needed. I went near her and slapped her on the face. That was when she cursed me that I would regret one day when the whole world would turn its back on me. I left home and found myself a job as a foreman. The boss sacked me when I started laying hands on his earnings. Then I became a contract worker and stayed with the other contract workers. The workload was too heavy for me and I started playing truant from work. I got myself fired again and had no home to stay. I went back to my so-called friends for money and shelter but they turned me down and some did not even acknowledge me. They stared at me as if I was a filthy thing. I was hungry and became desperate. I needed food, money and shelter but I didn’t want to return to my mother because I was ashamed of myself. I had to do something. I walked up to the wet market in town, hoping to get myself a job there. I saw an Indian lady with things in both hands walking alone towards her car. An evil idea striked my mind. She had her purse under her armpit. I walked slowly towards her, snatched her purse and fled on foot. I could hear her shouting for help and some even chased after me but I managed to escape. I hid myself at a construction site and I rummaged through the contents of the purse. She had almost RM200.00 and that kept me alive for another twelve days. I became excited because that was easy money and I felt like doing it again. This time I went to the Mega Mall and tried my luck. I snatched a Chinese lady’s handbag and tried to flee but this time I was unlucky. Some passersby and the security guard managed to get me. I got myself behind bars, sentenced for a year. I truly regret now. Once I am out, I want to go back to my mother. I have been really cruel to her. I need to take care of her. I will go back to school and at the same time I will work to cope with our expenditure. I will do well in school 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45
  24. 24. 22 and further my education. I want to be an engineer and make my mother proud. I will get her everything, everything that she needs. I need to get out of this place. Mother, please forgive me. 50 26 (a) From paragraph 1, what has the writer done to himself? ___________________________________________________________________ (1 mark) (b) From paragraph 2, what did the mother do when the writer started mixing with some notorious boys? ____________________________________________________________________ (1 mark) 27 From paragraph 3, give ONE reason why the writer despised his mother so much. _________________________________________________________________________ (1 mark) 28 From paragraph 4, which word has the same meaning as the word ‘pleaded’? _________________________________________________________________________ (1mark) 29 From paragraph 5, (a) Why did the writer lose his job as a foreman? ____________________________________________________________________ (1 mark) (b) How did the writer’s friends treat him when he went back to them to get some help? State two ways. (i)__________________________________________________________________ (1 mark) (ii)__________________________________________________________________ (1 mark) 30 (a) From paragraph 7, why is the writer behind bars? _______________________________________________________________________ (1 mark) (b) From paragraph 8, the writer says that he wants to go back to his mother. Do you agree with him? Give a reason using your own words. ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ (2 marks)
  25. 25. 23 31 Based on the passage given, write a summary on:  how the writer has messed up his life  what he is planning to do for his mother when he is out of prison Credit will be given for use of own words but care must be taken not to change the original meaning. Your summary must  be in continuous writing(not in note form)  use materials from lines 14 – 46  not be longer than 130 words including the 10 words given below Begin your summary as follows: The writer has messed up his life when he started _________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________
  26. 26. 24 MARK SCHEME FOR PRACTICE 4 READING COMPREHENSION No. Suggested answers Lifting/source Notes for teachers 26(a) He has messed up his life. Line 2 Pronouns ‘I ‘and ‘my’ must be changed to ‘he’ and ‘his’ 26(b) She warned him to keep away from them. Line 6 Pronoun ‘me’ must be changed to ‘him’ 27 His mother earned very little/ They lived from hand to mouth/ He felt that she did not work hard enough to give him the luxury. Lines 9-11 If more than one reason is lifted, award 0 for overlifting. Pronouns ‘I’ and ‘me’ are changed. Accept any one 28 begged Write only one word as the answer 29(a) The boss sacked him when he started laying hands on his income. Line 20 The pronoun ‘me’ and ‘I’ are changed . 29(b) (i) They turned him down. (ii)They did not acknowledge him. (iii) )They stared at him as if he was a filthy thing. Lines 28-30 Choose any two only preferably (i) and (ii) as they can be found in one sentence in the passage. 30(a) He snatched a Chinese lady’s handbag and was caught. Line 42 30(b) Yes, he should go back to her and apologise. Any acceptable answer starting with ‘Yes’ or ‘No’
  27. 27. 25 SUMMARY 1 stealing money from his mother 2 started missing classes 3 stopped going to school 4 when his mother scolded him, he slapped her on the face 5 left home 6 found himself a job as foreman but was sacked when he started stealing money 7 became contract worker but played truant and was fired 8 went back to his friends but they turned him down 9 needed food, money and shelter 10 snatched a Chinese lady’s handbag but was caught 11 got himself behind bars 12 when he is out, he wants to go back to his mother 13 wants to be an engineer and make his mother proud 14 will get her everything that she needs
  28. 28. 26 LITERATURE COMPONENT (NOVEL: THE PEARL)
  29. 29. 27 NOTES FOR TEACHERS: 1. This novel section consists of 10 practices. 2. Drill students on how to identify the keywords in the questions. 3. Students should present their answers in three parts – introduction, content and closing. EXAMINATION TIPS FOR TEACHERS: 1. Ask students to identify keywords in the question. 2. For introduction - students should state the novel and the (author) 3. For content - state ideas / opinions with examples / evidences from the text/ novel. - For weak students, state at least one or two ideas. - For average students, use as many ideas as possible. 4. For closing - conclude by stating personal responses / opinions. 5. Students may answer the question using present or past tense. But, bear in mind they have to be consistent in using one form of tense throughout their response.
  30. 30. 28 PRACTICE 1 show bravery/courage/ be courageous QUESTION “One has to be brave in trying to achieve one’s dream.” How is this shown in the novel you have studied .Support your answer with close reference to the text. Guidelines:  State the novel and the author  State the character who was brave in trying to achieve his/her dream.  Describe the character’s actions.  Give your views with examples from the text. SAMPLE ANSWER: PRACTICE 2 QUESTION hardships / obstacles “Life is full of challenges”. Explain how this is shown in the novel that you have studied. Support your answer with close reference to the text. Guidelines:  State the novel and the author  State the character who faced many challenges.  Give your views with examples from the text. Introduction In the novel the Pearl by John Steinbeck, Kino was brave to face his enemies in trying to achieve his dreams. Content -ideas Kino’s troubles began with his finding of the pearl. First, evil men tried to take away his pearl from him. The first attempt to steal Kino’s pearl came after the doctor’s visit. Kino fought the attacker bravely, but he received a painful blow on his head. In the second attempt to steal the pearl, Kino was injured even more badly. When the third attempt was made, Kino fought bravely and killed the attacker. The killing of the man forced Kino and his family to flee from his village. When he was running away, three evil trackers followed him to take the pearl away from him. Once again Kino fought the three men bravely and killed them all. Closing Because of his bravery, Kino was able to save his pearl. But unfortunately, his son, Coyotito got killed. Kino and Juana returned to La Paz and flung the pearl back into the sea. In my opinion, Kino was brave in trying to achieve his dreams but sadly, his dreams were not achieved.
  31. 31. 29 SAMPLE ANSWER PRACTICE 3 QUESTION: “The weak and the poor will always remain weak and poor” Using the evidence from the novel, explain how this is true. Support your answer with close reference to the text. Guidelines:  State the novel and the author  Identify the weak and the poor.  Give your views with examples from the text. SAMPLE ANSWER Introduction In The Pearl by John Steinbeck, Kino’s life was full of challenges. He faced many challenges, one after another. Content -ideas First, when his son, Coyotito was stung by a scorpion, he went to the doctor to ask for help. But the doctor refused to treat Coyotito because Kino had no money. So, he had to dive for pearls in the hope to get some money. Later, Kino faced more challenges when the enemies were trying to steal the pearl that he had found. His life was in danger. Kino also faced challenges when the pearl buyers were trying to cheat him. Then, his canoe and home were destroyed. When Kino took his family to flee from the village, he was followed by three trackers. Once again, Kino had to face challenges in protecting his family from being killed by the trackers. Closing Therefore, it is true that life is full of challenges. Introduction In The Pearl by John Steinbeck, the weak and poor in the story were the Mexican Indians. Content -ideas They would always remain weak and poor because they were oppressed and treated unfairly by the Mexican Spanish. For example, the doctor would not treat Coyotito because Kino had no money to pay him. However, he was willing to treat Coyotito when he found out that Kino had found the Pearl of the World. Besides, the priest who was supposed to defend and help the poor took advantage and kept them in ignorance instead. Another example is the pearl buyers. In Kino’s case, they conspired to keep the price as low as possible. When Kino refused to sell the pearl, they sent attackers and trackers after Kino. This led to the accidental shooting of Coyotito. So, Kino gave up his dreams of a better life for him and his family when he threw the pearl back to the sea.
  32. 32. 30 PRACTICE 4 QUESTION: Choose a character in the story who has made sacrifices for his or her family. Describe in detail the sacrifices that have been made. Support your answer with close reference to the text. Guidelines:  State the novel and the author  State the character that has made sacrifices for his/her family.  Describe the character’s actions.  Give your view with examples from the text. SAMPLE ANSWER: Introduction In ‘The Pearl’ by John Steinbeck, the character that has made sacrifices for her family is Juana. Juana is Kino’s wife and Coyotito’s mother. Content -ideas She does everything for her family. She always wakes up early in the morning and prepares corncakes for breakfast. She also cleans and feeds Coyotito. When a scorpion bites Coyotito, Juana sucks the poison out. To me, Juana sacrifices herself because she puts herself in danger by sucking the poison. Then, she insists to get a doctor but is told that the doctor will not come. So, she takes Coyotito to the doctor. The doctor refuses to treat him because they do not have money. This clearly shows that Juana will do anything to save the baby’s life. Juana also makes her sacrifice when she is willing to flee with Kino after he kills a man who tries to steal his pearl. She stays with Kino in good and bad times. Juana also refuses to leave Kino alone in the mountain. She says the trackers would never let them stay alive. She hides with Coyotito in the cave and later Coyotito is killed by a stray bullet. Kino and Juana return to La Paz and throw the pearl back into the sea. Closing I think Juana has made sacrifices in trying to keep her family together. Closing As Thus, with the pearl gone, Kino and Juana remained weak and poor just like the other Mexican Indians.
  33. 33. 31 PRACTICE 5 QUESTION Do you enjoy reading the novel? Would you suggest the novel to other people to read? Give reasons for your answer. Guidelines: Task 1  State the novel and the author  Explain why you enjoy reading the novel  Support your answer with evidence from the text Task 2  Explain why you recommend the novel  Give reasons with examples from the text SAMPLE ANSWER Introduction I would choose ‘The Pearl’ by John Steinbeck. I enjoy reading the pearl as it has an interesting story and I learn valuable lessons from it. Content -ideas I also like the storyline, which is about how Kino finds the pearl which changes his character. The Pearl seems to possess Kino and when his baby is killed, he comes to his senses and sees that the pearl has brought no good to his life. Kino throws the pearl back to the sea. I also learn that love is important in a family. The first is the fatherly love. Kino kills the scorpion by catching and smashing it angrily. He also smashes his fist at the doctor’s gate after the doctor refuses to treat Coyotito because he is poor and does not have money. Here we can see that Kino is protective and willing to do anything for his son. It also shows that family support and loyalty are important during difficult times. When Kino is in trouble, Juan Tomas and his wife provide support and help. He allows Kino and his family to stay in his house although they know the attackers are looking for them. They also help Kino and his family to escape early in the morning. Juana also refuses to leave Kino in the mountains to face the trackers. She is determined to stand by him. These two instances make me realise that that family support and loyalty are very important. Closing To me, I would suggest/ recommend to other people because there are many valuable lessons that we can learn from the novel. In the end, it has saved Kino’s life and this gives him a chance to begin a new life.
  34. 34. 32 PRACTICE 6 QUESTION Write about the theme of hope and give evidence from the novel to support your answer. Guidelines:  State the novel and the author  Describe the hopes  Give examples from the novel SAMPLE ANSWER Introduction In ‘The Pearl’ by John Steinbeck, there is the theme of hope. Content -ideas First, the pearl in this story is a symbol of hope for many people. To me, it is seen as a valuable object that guarantees comfort and security for a better future. When Coyotito is stung by a scorpion, they go to the doctor’s house to get treatment. But the doctor refuses to treat Coyotito because Kino is unable to pay. Later Kino dives into the sea and hoping to get pearls to pay for Coyotito’s treatment. After Kino finds the pearl, he places all his hopes on it. For Kino it means a new life for his family. He wants to send Coyotito to school and learn to read and write. He hopes through Coyotito’s education, they can break free from the system that has trapped Kino and his family in poverty. Kino also hopes to marry Juana in church and get Coyotito baptized. He sees his family dressed in new clothes and shoes. In addition, he also wants to have a new harpoon and even dreams of owning a rifle. When everyone in town finds out about Kino’s ‘Pearl of the World’, they also start making their own plans and having high hopes. For example, the beggars hope to get more donations from a poor man, Kino who has suddenly become rich. The doctor hopes to return to Paris where he once had a good life through the payment for curing Coyotito. All the pearl buyers hope to make a profit from the sale of the pearl so that they can start their own business. The shopkeeper wants to sell all his unsold men’s clothes. The priest also wants money to repair the church. The neighbours also hope to achieve their own dreams through the possession of the pearl. However, all their dreams are shattered when Coyotito is killed. Closing At the end, Kino and Juana return to La Paz and throw the pearl back into the sea. Hence, Kino’s and other people’s hopes are not fulfilled.
  35. 35. 33 PRACTICE 7 QUESTION Describe how the novel you have studied can help someone be a better person. Support your answer with close reference to the text. Guidelines:  State the novel and the author  Describe the novel can help someone be a better person.  Give your views with examples from the text. SAMPLE ANSWER Introduction The novel I have read is “The Pearl” by John Steinbeck. In my opinion, reading “The Pearl” can help someone to be a better person. It actually helps me to be a better person. Content - ideas Reading through the novel, I learn to be a better person through the character of Juan Tomas. From Juan Tomas, I learn the importance of helping people in trouble or in need. For example, Juan Tomas does not hesitate to help his brother, Kino to flee from the village even though he puts himself in danger. He hides Kino in his house after Kino kills the man in self-defense. I also learn to be a person of strong principles through the character of Juana. For example, Juana has strong principles and is brave to stand by them. She does not like Kino keeping the pearl because she believes the pearl brings bad luck. She makes the decision to throw the pearl herself when Kino refuses to listen to her. Reading the novel also teaches me to be brave. Throughout the novel, it can be seen that Kino and Juana are brave because they dare to fight back and not give up. For example when Coyotito is stung by the scorpion, Juana is determined to get treatment for Coyotito. She knows the doctor would not come to the brush house. So, she makes the decision to take the baby to the doctor. Kino is also brave to fight the attackers and trackers. He believes that the pearl will be able to give him a better life. From Kino, I learn that I need to be brave when I face difficulties or problems. Reading the novel also teaches me not to be selfish and greedy. Throughout the novel, the writer wrote about many selfish and greedy people for example the doctor, the priest and the pearl buyers. They are all greedy for the pearl. The attackers and trackers even try to hurt and kill Kino and his family just because they want the pearl. I learn that being greedy will not benefit anyone. They do not get what they want most that is the pearl. Closing In my opinion, reading “The Pearl” can help someone to be a better person.
  36. 36. 34 PRACTICE 8 QUESTION Using the details from the novel that you have studied,  describe the significance of the title of the novel  explain why you find the title suitable or unsuitable Support your answer with close reference to the text. Guidelines:  State the novel and the author  Describe the significance of the title of the novel  Explain and give reasons why the title is suitable or unsuitable.  Give your views with examples from the text SAMPLE ANSWER Introduction The novel I have read is “The Pearl” by John Steinbeck. In my opinion, I think the title of this novel is significant and related to the story because everything centres around the pearl. Content - ideas Throughout the novel, the writer keeps referring to the pearl. At the beginning of the story, after the discovery of the pearl, the writer describes the pearl as a symbol of hope. It gives hope to Kino. With the discovery of the pearl, Kino dreams of getting married in church, buying clothes, a new harpoon and a rifle. But the most important dream is to give education to Coyotito. Other than that, everyone hopes to benefit from Kino’s Pearl of the World. They begin to plan how to get the pearl from Kino. Slowly, the pearl which was at first described as giving hope, is now seen as a symbol of destruction. Attackers start to attack Kino and his family. The trackers hunt them down. They have to flee in order to save themselves. Kino also becomes obsessed with the pearl. He does not want to throw away the pearl. He even beats Juana when she tries to throw away the pearl. Kino becomes a changed man because of the pearl. His family is no more his top priority. Keeping the pearl becomes his top priority. In the end, when Coyotito gets killed by the stray bullet. Kino finally realises his mistake of keeping the pearl. Closing I think the title is suitable because the writer keeps on referring to the pearl throughout the novel.
  37. 37. 35 DIRECTED WRITING
  38. 38. 36 NOTES FOR TEACHERS 1. Students must know the various formats of a directed writing essay such as informal letter, speech, report and formal letter. 2. When reading the question, students must know exactly what they are supposed to write. 3. Rewrite all the points given in complete sentences. 4. Provide two further details for each point. Weak students should also attempt to give one elaboration for each point. 5. Asking wh-questions will help students to give elaboration. 6. Students must also be aware of other requirements of the question such as providing a title and adding two new suggestions. 7. Students are strongly not encouraged to change the words given. Changing them may distort meaning and eventually affect their content mark.
  39. 39. 37 PRACTICE 1: INFORMAL LETTER Your father wants to buy a computer but he is not sure whether it is better to buy a laptop or a desktop computer. He asks for your opinion. After doing some research, you come up with some information on both computers. Using the notes given below, write an informal letter to your father stating your choice and supporting it with reasons. LAPTOP COMPUTER DESKTOP COMPUTER  Portable  Slim and light  Can function on battery  More expensive  More fragile  Easier to steal  Cheaper  Easier to upgrade  Harder to steal  Bulkier- difficult to carry around  Require more space  Rely on direct supply of electricity When writing out your letter, you should remember to include the following:  To state your choice  To make comparisons  To state the purpose of the letter  To give appropriate greeting and closing  Use all the points given SAMPLE ANSWER 122,Taman Pearlview Avenue, High Tech Park, 09000 Kulim, Kedah Darul Aman. 30/8/10 Dear father, How are you over there? I hope you are fine. I am doing okay here. I am writing this letter to let you know about my opinion on whether to buy a laptop or a desktop computer. I think you should buy a desktop computer. Firstly, desktop computers are cheaper. They are also easier to be upgraded. It is harder to steal desktop computers because they are heavy. However they have some weaknesses too. They are bulkier and difficult to be carried around. They also require more space and rely on direct supply of electricity.
  40. 40. 38 On the other hand, laptops are portable, slim and light and can function on battery. However I do not recommend it to you because laptops are more expensive and fragile. Besides, they are easier for people to steal. I hope that I have been helpful. I know that you will make a right choice. If you still have doubts, feel free to contact me again. Till then. Goodbye . Your loving son / daughter, signature ….………………. EXAMINATION TIPS Format 1. Informal letter is written to pen pals, friends, relatives and family members. 2. The format of an informal letter has the following features. a) Sender’s address b) Date – any form – but avoid writing in the formal form – 30 August 2010 Both a) and b) must be written on the top right-hand corner of the letter c) Salutation – on the left hand side of the letter – Dear mum, Dear sister, d) Start your letter asking about the receiver’s well-being – How are you? e) If you are replying a letter you may start like this – I received your letter… f) State the purpose of your letter – I am writing this letter because………. g) Closing – Yours sincerely (for friends, pen-pals, etc.), Your loving daughter, etc. Do not use Yours faithfully as it is used for formal letter. 3. 3 marks are usually awarded for format although there are more than 3 features. 4. Write your letter in 3 - 4 paragraphs. 5. Informal language can be used in an informal letter – I’ve, dad, mum, sis, be happy, etc. 6. Do not use “sms language” such as “u” for “you” and “b4” for “before” Body 1. Refer to other model letters to see how the given content points are constructed into meaningful sentences. 2. Sentences need not be long. 3. Just add phrases like “They are” or “Desktop computers” to the given content points. 4. Remember there would be 12 content points and it is easy to get marks for all the content points. 5. End your letter in a friendly, informal manner – Well, till we meet again, Goodbye.
  41. 41. 39 PRACTICE 2: FORMAL LETTER OF COMPLAINT There are a few matters in your school which could be improved. You and your classmates have had a meeting and decided to write a formal letter of complaint to the principal. As the class monitor, you have been asked to write the letter. In your letter, include the following: Classroom:  Unsafe wooden chairs  Fans not working Toilets:  Broken doors  Unhygienic Canteen  Limited choices of foods  High price of foods When writing the letter, you should remember to:  Set out the letter correctly  Use all the notes given  Elaborate each note appropriately SAMPLE ANSWER Abdul Halim bin Hamzah, Class 5 Indah, Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Seri Bayu, 08000 Sungai Petani, Kedah Darul Aman. Principal, Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Seri Bayu, 08000 Sungai Petani, Kedah Darul Aman. 26 JULY 2010 Dear Sir, COMPLAINTS ABOUT SCHOOL MATTERS I, the monitor of 5 Indah, on behalf of my classmates, would like to complain about a few matters that my friends and I are not happy with. We would like to highlight several issues about classrooms, toilets and canteen. 2. First of all, it is about the unsafe wooden chairs in our classroom. We have no problems sitting on wooden chairs but the chairs must be safe. The chairs are easily broken. [What happened? When?] Six of my classmates accidentally fell down from the unstable chairs last month. Besides, all the fans are not working. [How is the situation?] The fans were repaired a few times but they only functioned well for a few days. [What is the effect?] We really feel uncomfortable especially during hot days.
  42. 42. 40 3. Our next complaint is about the school toilets. [Which toilets?] The boys’ and girls’ toilets at Block A are in a very bad condition. The doors are broken. [How were the doors broken?] Last week, my friends and I saw some bad-tempered students kick and damage the toilet doors. Moreover, all the students’ toilets are unhygienic [When?] most of the time. [Why unhygienic?] We rarely see workers cleaning the toilets. [What is the effect?] We cannot stand the smell anymore. 4. Finally, we are unhappy about the school canteen. There are limited choices of foods. [What are the examples of foods served?] For your information, the canteen only sells fried rice and fried noodle. [Since when?] We have been eating the same foods since last year. In addition, you must also know about the high prices of foods. [How much do the foods cost?] One small plate of fried rice is RM2.50 and a plate of plain noodle is RM2.00. 5. We really hope you will look into our complaints and take actions immediately. Thank you for your attention and support. Yours faithfully, Abdul Halim (ABDUL HALIM BIN HAMZAH) Monitor of 5 Indah EXAMINATION TIPS: 1. Make a simple introduction. Use the information in the question to write your introduction. 2. Rewrite the points given in complete sentences. Elaborate each of the points given by giving simple details. Ask wh-questions to help you to elaborate. 3. Organise the letter into several paragraphs. 4. You should be able to differentiate between ‘complain’ and ‘complaint’ and use them correctly. 5. Make sure the correct format is used in writing the formal letter.
  43. 43. 41 PRACTICE 3: FORMAL LETTER OF REQUEST The Parent-Teacher Association of your school is organising a food fair to raise funds for various projects. As the Secretary of the Interact Club, you are in charge of writing a letter to a fast-food restaurant asking them to sponsor the food. In your letter, include the following:  date, day, time and venue of the food fair  2 objectives of the food fair – learn to share, experience the importance of cooperation  further details about the food fair - involve all clubs and societies - expected crowd: 1,000 people - amount of money to be raised: RM10,000  request for sponsorship of food  request for lucky draw hampers When writing the letter, you should remember to:  Address the letter to the manager  Use appropriate opening and closing  Include other relevant details SAMPLE ANSWER: Interact Club, Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Cempaka, 11900 Bayan Lepas, Pulau Pinang. The Manager, KKC Fast Food Sdn. Bhd., 28, BL Free Trade Zone, 11900 Bayan Lepas, Pulau Pinang. 12 JULY 2010 Dear Sir, A REQUEST TO SPONSOR FOOD AND DRINKS FOR THE FOOD FAIR Our school is organising a food fair to raise funds for various projects. Here are the details of the food fair: Date : 5 August 2010 Day : Thursday
  44. 44. 42 Time : 9.00 am – 2.00 pm Venue : School Hall 2. The food fair has two objectives. First of all, the club aims to encourage the students to learn to share with others. [How can they share with others?] They must learn not to be selfish and help others in any way they can. Another objective is to allow students to experience the importance of cooperation. [With whom will they cooperate?] Through this food fair we are sure the students will learn how to work with other students of different clubs and societies. 3. The followings are further details of the food fair. This project will involve all clubs and societies. [How many?] So far 12 clubs and 9 societies have confirmed their participations. They will sell different kinds of foods to the expected crowd which is about 1,000 people. [Who are they?] The fair is open to all the students and their parents. Our target amount of money to be raised is RM10,000. [Why RM10,000?] We need that amount of money to organise various projects that will benefit the students. 4. We would like to make two humble requests here. The first is to request for your sponsorship of food. [How much? What kind of food?] We really appreciate if you could sponsor 100 pieces of fried chickens and 100 pieces of fish burgers. There is also a request for your company to sponsor lucky draw hampers. [How many? What is the cost?] It would be good if you can sponsor 3 hampers. Each hamper may cost RM20.00 each. 5. Every member of the Interact Club prays hard that your company would be able to sponsor the food and hampers. We put a very high hope that you will be part of our fund-raising activity. Your generosity is truly appreciated. Yours faithfully, Ssyyyysweirtv (SYLVIA DIANA BT WIRA) Secretary, Interact Club, Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Cempaka. EXAMINATION TIPS: 1. Make a simple introduction. Refer to the question for the key ideas to be written in the introduction. 2. Rewrite the points given in complete sentences. Elaborate each of the points given by giving simple details. Ask wh-questions when giving elaboration. Certain wh-questions are much easier for you to answer such as when, who, how many and where. Answering why is normally more challenging. 3. Plan the organisation of each point.
  45. 45. 43 PRACTICE 4: LETTER TO THE EDITOR There has been a plan to build a mega shopping complex near the public beach in your neighbourhood. As a concerned citizen, write a letter to the editor of a local newspaper protesting against the plan. Write the letter based on the notes below:  A shopping complex already exists  Spoil the beauty of the beach  Increase traffic flow in the area  Project may drive tourists away  Local businesses affected  Social ills will increase When writing the letter, you should remember to:  Address the letter to the editor of a local newspaper  Use all the notes given  Elaborate all the notes SAMPLE ANSWER Jason James, 5 Kampung Pantai Merdeka, 08100 Pantai Merdeka, Kedah Darul Aman. Editor, The Star, 08000 Sungai Petani, Kedah Darul Aman. 26 MAY 2010 Dear Sir, PROTESTING AGAINST A PLAN TO BUILD A MEGA SHOPPING COMPLEX I am writing this letter on behalf of the residents of Kampung Pantai Merdeka. It has come to our knowledge that the local authority has already given the green light to build a mega shopping complex near the public beach of Pantai Merdeka. We are totally against the mega project. These are our reasons. 2. Firstly, we do not need a mega shopping complex as a shopping complex already exists in our area. [Where?] The existing shopping complex is only 1 kilometre from the proposed site. Secondly, the new shopping complex will spoil the beauty of the beach. [What will happen?] The swaying coconut and casuarina trees will be cut down. Besides, there will be more rubbish on the white sandy beach. 3. Next, the project may drive tourists away. [How?] The beach area will be reduced and the shady areas will be demolished. With the mega project, there will also be an increase of traffic flow in the area. [How?] [When?] More heavy vehicles such as lorries
  46. 46. 44 and trailers will use the village road throughout the construction period. [What effect?] This will increase the number of road accidents. 4. Furthermore, local business will also be affected. [Who are involved?] Ten hawkers who sell foods and drinks along the beach will be affected. [What are the effects?] They will lose their income and will be unable to support their families. Finally, we believe social ills will increase. [How?] The mega shopping complex will have a big cinema and a bowling arena. These kinds of places may attract more teenagers to loiter and play truant. These may lead to an increase in social ills. 5. We appeal to the authorities to shelve their plans without any further delay as it would mar the beauty of the beach. Yours faithfully, Jason James (JASON JAMES) EXAMINATION TIPS: 1. Make a simple introduction. Explain more about the location of the neighbourhood. 2. Rewrite the points given in complete sentences. Elaborate each of the points given by giving simple details. Ask wh-questions to help you to elaborate. 3. Plan the organisation of each point. 4. If you do not have any personal experience regarding the issue, try to be imaginative. Your imagination may help you to provide some relevant details. PRACTICE 5: SPEECH As the President of the Environment Club, you have been asked by your teacher to give a speech to all students in your school on how they can help to reduce environmental problems. In your speech, include the following notes: HOW TO REDUCE ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS Reduce air pollution  Avoid open burning  Use unleaded petrol  Practise car pooling Reduce energy usage  Do not waste electricity  Use products that have timers  Use energy saving appliances Reduce waste  Use environmental friendly products  Use recycled materials  Use washable items
  47. 47. 45 When writing your speech text, you should remember to:  use the appropriate greeting and closing  state the purpose of the speech  use all the notes given  write in paragraphs SAMPLE ANSWER: Good morning to the Principal, teachers and friends. My name is Labu bin Labi from class 5 Science. As the President of the Environment Club, I have been asked by my teacher to give a speech to all students in my school on how they can help to reduce environmental problems. Firstly, we have to reduce energy usage. Do not waste electricity. For example we must switch off the lights and fans before we leave the classroom. We should use products that have timers so they will switch off automatically when the time is up. We should also use energy saving appliances like light bulbs and many others. Secondly, we have to reduce air pollution. For example, we should avoid open burning. It is better to bury than to burn rubbish in the open. We should also use unleaded petrol for our cars. It is also good to practise car pooling to work. Fewer cars on the road means less traffic and less pollution. Thirdly, we have to reduce waste. We must use environmental friendly products that do not harm the environment. We should also use recycled materials like paper bags instead of plastic bags. We should also use washable items to reduce waste. That is all for now. Thank you everyone for listening. EXAMINATION TIPS 1. Remind students to write an appropriate greeting according to the question requirement. 2. All points should be written in complete sentences in order to be awarded marks for content points. 3. Remind students to write simple sentences instead of lengthy ones to avoid grammar mistakes. 4. Giving examples is considered as an elaboration.
  48. 48. 46 PRACTICE 6: ARTICLE Many students feel that they have too many things to do in one day. Many of them really do not manage their time wisely and end up not completing their homework or school projects on time. You want to make a few suggestions on how they can manage their time in a better and more effective way. Write an article for your school magazine giving your suggestions on how to manage time. Include the following points.  Change attitude  Pay attention in class  Try to complete as much homework as possible during school hours  Make a ‘To do list’  Set priorities right  Set a realistic target for examination  Plan a personal timetable  Make time for rest and relaxation  Join study groups  Seek help from parents, teachers or friends  Speak to school counsellor  Stay happy and healthy When writing the article, you should remember to: - Include the title - Include the writer’s name - Include all the points given - Write in the format of an article SAMPLE ANSWER How to Manage Time By Albert Moss Today many students feel that they have too many things to do in one day. Many of them really do not manage their time wisely and end up not completing their homework or school projects on time. So, here I would like to give some suggestions to students on how to manage time. Firstly, students must change their attitude. Next, students should pay attention in class. Thirdly, students must try to complete as much homework as possible during school hours. Furthermore students can make a ‘To do list’. Students ought to set their priorities right. Students should set a realistic target for their coming examination. Furthermore, students can plan a personal time table. Students must also make time for rest and relaxation. Students can join study groups. All students should seek help from parents, teachers or friends if needed. Students should speak to the school counsellor if
  49. 49. 47 necessary. Finally students should be happy and healthy when they spend their time wisely. EXAMINATION TIPS 1. Articles are pieces of writing giving information, advice or suggestions to the readers. 2. They are usually written for the school magazine or school newsletter. 3. The tone and style are formal. 4. An article’s format consists of two items: a) Title – can be taken from the rubric b) Writer’s name – Just write ‘By,’ and then followed by your name just below the title. 5. Introduction of the article can be taken from the rubric as shown in the sample. 6. All students need to do is to add the phrase students followed by a modal, in front of the given content points to create meaningful sentences. e.g – Students should, Students must etc. 7. Use conjunctions and sequence connectors
  50. 50. 48 PRACTICE 7: REPORT You are the Secretary of the Environment Club in your school. Your club has successfully organized Environment Week in your school. Write a report to the principal about the event. Include the following information in your report: When writing the report, you should remember to:  give the report a title  address the report accordingly  provide an appropriate ending  use all the information given  write in paragraphs Duration  3rd – 7th March 2010 Objectives  raise awareness  beautify school compound Activities  paint murals  plant trees  recycle old newspapers  poster drawing competition  speech by invited guest Advantages  create conducive environment  instil love for nature  foster closer relationship  develop co-operation ENVIRONMENT WEEK
  51. 51. 49 SAMPLE ANSWER To: Principal SMK Gemilang From: Secretary The Environment Club Environment Week In My School The Environment Club in my school has successfully organized an Environment Week. The duration of the Environment Week was from 3rd - 7th March 2010. The first objective of the programme was to raise awareness about the environment among the students. The second objective was to beautify the school compound with as many plants as possible. There were many activities organized by the Environment Club during the week. Students painted colourful murals on the wall about environment. They also planted trees around the school with the help of the school gardeners. They brought old newspapers from home to be sent for recycling. They took part in poster drawing competition on environment and they also listened to a speech by an invited guest during the closing ceremony. The advantages of the Environment Week are as follows. Firstly. it creates conducive environment to the students. Secondly, it instils love for nature in everyone. Thirdly, it fosters closer relationship between students and teachers in the school. Fourthly, it develops co-operation among students. The Environment Week was successful and hopefully the programme will be held every year as an annual event. Reported by, 15 March 2010 Labu bin Labi Labu bin Labi EXAMINATION TIPS 1. Remind students that they should use the words in the rubric to help them with their introductory paragraph. 2. All points should be written in complete sentences in order to be awarded marks for content points. 3. Remind students to write simple sentences instead of lengthy ones to avoid grammar mistakes.
  52. 52. 50 CONTINUOUS COMPOSITION
  53. 53. 51 NOTES FOR TEACHERS Weak students are encouraged to write narratives essays Useful Guide For Students When Writing NARRATIVE ESSAYS THE WRITING PROCESS  Brainstorm by asking all the WH-questions.  Encourage students to use adjectives and adverbs.  Students are encouraged to use some direct speeches.  Remember to write in paragraphs.  Use simple active sentences.  Avoid too many conjunctive sentences (sentences tied together with “and”.) -- Break any long sentences into two or three sentences. Avoid starting sentences with But or And. THE EDITING PROCESS  Check your spelling - Pay extra attention to unfamiliar words and complicated words. - Pay extra attention to the words that you always misspelled.  Check your tenses. - It is better to use past tense (simple past, past continuous and past perfect) for this type of essay. (not mentioned earlier) - Check the use of modals and infinitives too  Make sure each sentence has a subject and a verb.  See if the subjects and verbs agree with each other. - Pay attention to the singular and plural nouns  Make sure that each sentence makes sense.  Check the pronouns you use) - Make sure you use them correctly. For example: a mother MUST be a ‘she’ and other pronouns that can be used are ‘her’, ‘hers’, ‘herself’. Possible topics  Your proudest, happiest, or saddest moment  A triumph or failure  A "first" -- date, dance, job interview, day at work, etc.  Your funniest or most embarrassing mistake  A disaster: fire, accident, flood, storm  An argument with a relative or friend  A difficult decision
  54. 54. 52 Techniques of writing  The teacher writes a target topic on the blackboard for example ‘ A Bank Robbery”  The teacher has a brainstorming session for verbs, nouns, adjectives and adverbs. Suggested verbs, nouns, adjectives and adverbs are written on the board. Nouns robbers gunman cashier customers counter gun knife money phone security guard bag car Verbs grabbed panicked screamed fell hit ran held shouted shot rushed entered saw Adjectives afraid big quiet fierce sharp frightened Adverbs suddenly quickly quietly carefully loudly fiercely  The teacher goes over the items and adds some of hers which she/he wishes students to use in the composition.  Students are asked to brainstorm some simple sentences using any of the words on the board. (Students are encouraged to form simple sentences of the subject + verb + object pattern.)  Students are encouraged to form simple sentences of the subject + verb + object pattern.
  55. 55. 53 Example 1. Three robbers suddenly rushed into the bank. 2. One robber had a gun. 3. There was a car waiting outside. 4. They shouted at the customers. 5. The customers were afraid. 6. One robber slashed the cashier. 7. He had a sharp knife. 8. One gunman guarded the door. 9. They shot the security guard. 10. They demanded cash. 11. He put all the money in a bag. 12. They ran quickly out of the bank. 13. They drove off in their car. 14. The manager phoned the police. 15. The police rushed to the bank.  The teacher goes through each sentence to correct any errors.  Students read through all the sentences and rearrange the jumbled up sentences. NOTE: This is for students who are very weak in writing. The key to good narrative is to bring the incident to life for your reader. HELPFUL SENTENCES Emotions: Various sentences can be used to describe the same emotions. Avoid repeating words or expressions. I was happy. I was sad. I was surprised. I was angry. I felt glad. I felt depressed. I felt alarmed. I felt irritated. She felt pleased. He was disappointed. He was shocked. He was annoyed. We were delighted. We were dejected. We were stunned. We were furious. They were overjoyed. They were miserable. They were taken aback They were mad at me
  56. 56. 54 More Helpful Sentences It was a special occasion. The occasion was special to us. It is/was easy to do the work. The work is easy. That made us overjoyed. We were overjoyed because of that It was a joyful occasion. The occasion was a joyful one. It was easy for me to understand what the teacher was teaching. I could understand the teacher well. It made us angry. We were angry because of it. It was an extraordinary event. The event was extraordinary. It was difficult to learn how to survive. Learning how to survive was difficult. That made it easy for us to understand. It was a memorable incident. The incident was memorable. It was difficult to eat the horrible tasteless food. The noise made it difficult for us to focus on our studies. It was a terrific event. The event was terrific. It is difficult to prevent that from happening. His explanation made it easy for us to know what he wanted. It was an unforgettable moment. The moment was unforgettable. It was hard to prevent him from going. To recycle is to make the world a better place to live in. It was a superb night. The night was superb. It is difficult to avoid accidents. They made it difficult for us to complete our work.
  57. 57. 55 SAMPLE ESSAYS (1) A Dream/ An Unexpected Visitor/Home Alone The doorbell rang loudly. It rang again almost immediately. The sound was asking for attention, but little Ramya hardly heard it. She was watching a funny cartoon. Reluctantly Ramya dragged herself to the door. Her right hand touched the knob and she found herself opening the door. Suddenly she remembered her mother’s strict instructions. Never open the door before you see who is outside through the keyhole. It was too late. The door was pushed open and a strange man rushed into the room. She stepped away. The man looked weird as he had very big ears like those of an elephant. On his head he had only one eye instead of two. His neck was very long. He was only a little taller than Ramya. Ramya realised he was an alien. She also suddenly remembered she was alone at home. What was she to do now? She wished she had been more careful and looked through the key-hole before opening the door. The bell was ringing again, more insistently. Someone was also banging on the door. The person outside was losing her patience. Ramya woke up with a start at the ringing of the bell. She had been sleeping on the couch watching television. She hobbled to the door. She saw through the keyhole. It was her mother. Ramya opened the door. What a relief. It had all been a dream (2) An Interesting Person I Once Met / Never give up / Perseverance/A person who has influenced/changed me/ Write a story ending with ‘He made a difference in my life’ During the last school holidays, I often went out for walks at the beach. It was there that I met an interesting person. He was sitting under a coconut tree. His gaze was fixed on something far away. He was hardly aware of my approach. But, when I was about two metres away from him, he turned and greeted me with a toothless smile. I guessed he must be in his early 70’s. He was cheerful and friendly as I talked to him. During our conversation, he told me certain parts of his personal history. He had been a fisherman all his life. In fact, he started learning the trade ever since he was a young boy of thirteen when he helped his father to earn a living. It had been a very tough life at sea, getting up as early as two or three in the morning to go out fishing. Then with a twinkle in his eyes, he began to relate to me some of his adventures at sea. Once, during a storm, his boat was smashed up. He managed to cling onto a piece of plank for one day and one night. Then he was finally rescued by a passing boat. Another time, he came face to face with a hungry shark in the rough sea. He had fallen into the water from his boat but he managed to escape death when a friend in another fishing boat helped him out of the water in time. Here was a humble man who had come through life with a smile in spite of its many dangers and hardships. Since then I decide to face life bravely.
  58. 58. 56 (3) A Frightful Experience / A Scary Day One day, as I was returning home late from school at about 7.30pm, I was shocked to discover a group of rough-looking boys following me. As I quickened my steps, one of them, apparently the leader stopped me. He ordered me to surrender my watch and my wallet. At first I resisted. When he threatened to cause me harm, I quickly handed over the items. I felt frightened and, at the same time, mad because I had to part with my possessions. They laughed and made their way to a coffee shop nearby while I was left by the road feeling angry. At first I wanted to report the incident to the police but later, I decided against it and went straight home. I told my parents about it and they concluded that it was unsafe for me to walk alone. They then arranged for me to go in my neighbour’s car and that solved the problem. (4) An Idea/ A dream / Ambition / Motivation/ Never give up / Success / Future plan Everyone has a dream but Ben’s dream made him successful. When Ben was in his final year in school, he had an idea to sell something. He wanted to sell toys but he had no money. He talked to his parents and they agreed to lend him RM5000 to start his business. His mother said, “When you see someone who has a dream and a great idea, you don’t want to stop him. “ His business in toys turned out to be a success. Ben started by selling a few types of toys he bought from a factory in China. His sales were good. He made a lot of trips to China to learn how toys were made. He learnt very quickly. Later, he designed and manufactured his own toys. The sales of his products increased very fast. Two things motivated him: a lot of money and no money. He knew that without money he could not run his business well so he worked very hard.He had the confidence and was not afraid of failing. To make his sales even better, he kept on coming up with new ideas and products. People liked his new products. Ben now has three factories operating in the country. When interviewed, he said he wanted to start another factory in the south. He said, “There are so many people and I have so many ideas”. Hint for teachers: Essays can be modified to suit the title ‘Future Plan” by changing the past tense to future tense.

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