Chapter 3 Islamic Economic System and Conventional
Chapter 3: Islamic Economic
Sstem and Conventional
Islamic Business School (IBS), UUM
BPMS1013 Theor & Practice of Islamic Business1
Conventional economy is an economy that already been
adopted and applied in an economic society
So, when it linked with the economy the conventional system
can be considered as an economic system that has been
Does not have absolute standard but nature flexible and can
change according to a conditions in a society.
Islamic economic system is based on the proceedings of Al-
Quran and Al- Sunnah.
The Direction of economic systems is to bring Al-Falah
concept of success in this world and hereafter.
Prohibition of usury , gambling and many more.
BPMS1013 Theor & Practice of Islamic Business2
Definition and Concepts of
Definition of Economics
“Study of how societies use scarce resources to produce valuable
commodities and distribute them among different people.“
Concepts of Economics
Scale of preference
BPMS1013 Theor & Practice of Islamic Business3
Capitalism Economic System
An economic system based on a free market, open competition,
profit motive and private ownership of the means of production.
Capitalism encourages private investment and business, compared
to a government-controlled economy. Investors in these private
companies also own the firms and are known as capitalists.
Principle of Capitalism
Belief in economic freedom
Competition or economic rivalry in the market place
BPMS1013 Theor & Practice of Islamic Business4
Problems of Capitalism
BPMS1013 Theor & Practice of Islamic Business5
The command economic system
(Communism & socialism)
A command economy is where economic decisions are planned out
in detail by a central government authority.
Also known as planned economic.
Example: North Korea, Soviet Union , China ,Cuba
The principle of Communism & socialism
Nationalization of property
BPMS1013 Theor & Practice of Islamic Business6
Advantages and Disadvantages
Communism & Socialism
Services and goods provided are for the benefit of community and not to make
Profit in not the main objective, instead the government aims to provide goods
and services to everybody
Less inequality of wealth
Low level of unemployment
No duplication as the allocation of resources is centrally planned
Lack of innovation
Limited consumer choice
Lack of efficiency
Neglect of moral education
BPMS1013 Theor & Practice of Islamic Business7
The Mixed Economic System
Mixed economic is an economy system that combine or mixture of
capitalism and socialism
Industries are privately owned and others are publicly owned or
Malaysia, England, Germany, Sweden
Efficient use of resources to produce goods and services.
BPMS1013 Theor & Practice of Islamic Business8
Advantages and Disadvantages
Less income inequality
Helping Producers and Consumers
Protecting the Economy
Benefits of taxes for social program
Unsuccessful regulations may paralyze features of production
BPMS1013 Theor & Practice of Islamic Business9
Islamic Economic System
Definition and philosophy of Islamic economic system
resources for the benefit of themselves and the community’s interest to seek the blessing
of Allah s.w.t. (Hailani Muji Tahir, 1991)
Philosophy of Islamic Economic System
- Concept of faith - Equality and brotherhood of man
- Concept of authority (Rububiyah) - The Day of Judgement
- Concept of property rights - Human as khalifah
- Concept of moral purification (Tazkiyyah)
Principles of Islamic Economic System
1) Individual freedom 2) The right to own property
3) Controlled economic inequality 4) Social justice and equality
5) Social Security 6) Widespread distribution of wealth
7) Wealth accumulation uncertain ban 8) The ban on the anti – social institutions
9) Individual and social welfare
BPMS1013 Theor & Practice of Islamic Business10
Structure and implementation
(Government, Private Sector, NGO)
- Implemented by the government directly
2) Private sector
- Performed by individuals who seek to use the energy, ability and property in various
- Implemented by using private property, public @ baitulmal.
Implementation islamic economic system
Maqasid syari’ah concepts and goals
Three principles :
BPMS1013 Theor & Practice of Islamic Business11
(Purposes of Sharia)
Maintain and preserve religious
Keep and preserve sanit sense
Care and look after their own safety and lives
Protect and safeguard the security of property
Care and maintaining dignity
BPMS1013 Theor & Practice of Islamic Business12
Generally both forms of business wants to generates profit but the
differ between them is Islamic economy look more on human
behaviour in manage natural resources for the benefit of
themselves and community.
While a freedom in conventional economy will eventually create a
different economic system and policy basis.
BPMS1013 Theor & Practice of Islamic Business13
Q & A
BPMS1013 Theor & Practice of Islamic Business14
A particular slide catching your eye?
Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.