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Microsoft Excel

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Microsoft Excel

Microsoft Excel

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  • 1. Microsoft Excel 1 XP Microsoft Excel Mohan BangMohan Bang
  • 2. Microsoft Excel 2 XP Agenda: Discussion on Microsoft Excel 1. Developing a Professional Looking Worksheet 2. Working With Charts and Graphs 3. Working With Excel Lists 4. Working With Multiple Worksheets and Workbooks 5. Working With Excel’s Editing and Web Tools 6. Developing an Excel Application 7. Importing Data Into Excel 8. Excel Shortcut keys and Cheat Sheet
  • 3. Microsoft Excel 3 XP Microsoft Excel 1 – Developing a Professional Looking Worksheet
  • 4. Microsoft Excel 4 XP Open the Format Cells dialog box • Formatting is the process of changing the appearance of your workbook. • A properly formatted workbook can be easier to read, appear more professional, and help draw attention to important points. • The formatting toolbar is the fastest way to format your worksheet. • With buttons on this toolbar, you can apply a comma format, adjust the number of decimal places in a number, apply Currency and Percent formats and even quickly copy formats. • If you select a cell or range, click Format on the menu bar and then click Cells, the Format Cells dialog box opens.
  • 5. Microsoft Excel 5 XP The Format Cells dialog box The Format Cells dialog box has six tabs, each dedicated to a different set of format properties. The Font tab will be used to format the font, size and style of text in your worksheets.
  • 6. Microsoft Excel 6 XP Format data using different fonts, sizes and font styles • A font is the design applied to letters, characters and punctuation marks. Each font is identified by a font name or type face. • Fonts can be displayed in various sizes and you can even change the color of the font or the background color in the cell. • These options are available in the Format Cells dialog box and there are also buttons available for the formatting toolbar to make formatting faster.
  • 7. Microsoft Excel 7 XP Examples of various formats Excel, by default, will format all your entries using a style called the General format. This figure shows examples of some items formatted with the General format. You can also see the Percent Style and Currency Style applied to various cells.
  • 8. Microsoft Excel 8 XP Copy existing formats to other cells • One way to copy a format is to use the Format Painter button. To use the Format Painter: – Select a cell, then click the Format Painter button, which has a picture of a paintbrush on it – Select the cell or range you wish to format and the operation is complete • Another way to copy a format is to drag the fill handle and click the Auto Fill Options button, then click the Fill Formatting Only option. • Another way to format cells is through the Format Cells dialog box.
  • 9. Microsoft Excel 9 XP Align cell contents • When you enter numbers and formulas into a cell, Excel automatically aligns them with the cell's right edge and bottom border, while text entries are aligned with the left edge and bottom border. • You can control the alignment of data within a cell horizontally and vertically. • Left, Right and Center alignments can be selected using their respective alignment buttons on the Formatting toolbar. • To align the cell's contents vertically, open the Format Cells dialog box and choose the vertical alignment options on the Alignment tab.
  • 10. Microsoft Excel 10 XP Align using Merge and Center • Another option available for alignment in the Format Cells dialog box and on the Format toolbar is the Merge and Center option, which centers text in one cell across a range of cells. • If you want to fit a lot of text within a cell but without having to expand the column width to be very large, you can use the text wrapping option on the Alignment tab, or even choose to indent text. • You can also have Excel shrink the text to fit within the given column width you have chosen or even rotate text from -90 to +90 degrees.
  • 11. Microsoft Excel 11 XP The Alignment tab of the Format Cells dialog box The Alignment tab provides many options for aligning data. Click the check boxes to select these options. Rotate text by moving the arrow with the mouse, or specify the number of degrees in the text box.
  • 12. Microsoft Excel 12 XP Examples of text formatting This column header shows an example of text wrapping. The text in column A is indented.
  • 13. Microsoft Excel 13 XP Add cell borders and backgrounds • Excel provides a range of tools to format not only the contents of a cell, but also the cells themselves. • The gridlines you see in Excel in a new worksheet are not displayed on printed pages. • You can add a border to a cell using either the Borders button on the Formatting toolbar or the options on the Border tab in the Format Cells dialog box.
  • 14. Microsoft Excel 14 XP The Borders button versus the Border tab • When you click the list arrow for the Borders button, a Borders palette appears showing common choices as well as a Draw Borders button at the bottom of the Border palette gallery. • The Borders button allows you to create borders very quickly, whereas the Format Cells dialog box allows you to refine your choices further. • The Border Tab in the Format Cells dialog box is especially useful for controlling how a block of cells or a range appears with borders. • You have the option to change the outermost top, bottom and sides of the range independently, as well as determine different borders for the lines separating the cells inside the range's grid.
  • 15. Microsoft Excel 15 XP Add patterns or colors to cells • Patterns and colors can be used to enhance the appearance of spreadsheet cells. • The fastest way to apply background color to cells in the worksheet is by clicking the list arrow of the Fill color button and choosing a color from the palette. • To apply a fill pattern to cells, use the Patterns tab on the Format Cells dialog box.
  • 16. Microsoft Excel 16 XP The Border tab of the Format Cells dialog box The Border tab of the Format Cells dialog box gives you complete control over the border you want to create for a cell, range of cells, or the entire worksheet. Click a button to turn on or turn off the border for the indicated area.
  • 17. Microsoft Excel 17 XP The Patterns tab of the Format Cells dialog box Using the Patterns tab of the Format Cells dialog box, not only can you change the background color of the worksheet, but also you can select from a palette of patterns, as shown in the figure to the right. The color palette on the Patterns tab is the same one that is also available from the list arrow of the Fill Color button.
  • 18. Microsoft Excel 18 XP A worksheet with formatting applied Certain background patterns can overwhelm the text in some cells, so you can improve the appearance by changing the color of the pattern itself to a lighter color if you are using standard black text. This figure shows how you might use borders, background colors and patterns to improve the appearance of a worksheet.
  • 19. Microsoft Excel 19 XP Merge a range of cells • To merge a range of cells into a single cell: – Use the Merge option on the Alignment tab in the Format Cells dialog box – Click the Merge and Center button on the Formatting toolbar • To split a merged cell back into individual cells: – Select the merged cell – Click the Merge and Center button again – Or uncheck the Merge Cells check box on the Alignment tab in the Format Cells dialog box
  • 20. Microsoft Excel 20 XP Hide rows and/or columns • You can hide rows or columns, which does not affect the data stored there, nor does it affect any cell that might have a formula reference to a cell within the hidden row or column. • To hide a row or column: – Select the row or column and then choose Hide from either the Row or Column option of the Format menu, or, from the shortcut menu that pops up when you right click the row or column heading • To unhide a row or column: – Select the headings of the rows or columns that border the hidden area, then choose Unhide from either the Row or Column option of the Format menu, or, from the shortcut menu that pops up when you right click the row or column heading
  • 21. Microsoft Excel 21 XP Merge headings across multiple cells This figure shows a sample worksheet with a boldfaced title in the first row merged and centered across the columns used for data. The Merge and Center button is the fastest way to merge several cells into one or to split one merged cell back into several cells
  • 22. Microsoft Excel 22 XP Worksheet with hidden cells This figure shows the same worksheet that was shown in the previous slide, but it has now had several cells hidden. Hiding extraneous cells can frequently improve the overall appearance of the worksheet.
  • 23. Microsoft Excel 23 XP Format the worksheet background and sheet tabs • You can use an image file as a background for a worksheet. • Images can be used to give the background a textured appearance, like that of granite, wood, or fibered paper. • The background image does not affect the format or content of any cell in the worksheet, and if you have already defined a background color for a cell, Excel displays the color on top, hiding that portion of the image. • You cannot apply a background image to all the sheets of the workbook at the same time.
  • 24. Microsoft Excel 24 XP Insert a background image and change a worksheet tab color • To add a background image to a worksheet: – Click Format on the menu bar, point to Sheet and click Background – Locate and select an image from your hard drive, floppy drive, network, etc., and click the Insert button • You can also format the background color of the worksheet tabs, but this color is only visible when the worksheet is not the active sheet in the workbook. – Right click the tab you want to change and choose Tab color from the shortcut menu – Select a color from the color palette, click the OK button, and then click on a different tab in order to see the color displayed on the changed tab
  • 25. Microsoft Excel 25 XP A worksheet with a background image This figure shows a worksheet with a background image added, creating a textured background.
  • 26. Microsoft Excel 26 XP Find and replace formats within a worksheet • The Undo button on the Standard toolbar is very useful for removing formatting choices you have decided you do not want to use. • You can also clear the formatting of selected cells, returning them to their initial, unformatted appearance. – To clear formatting, select a cell or range, click Edit on the menu bar, point to Clear and then click Formats
  • 27. Microsoft Excel 27 XP Use Find and Replace to change formats • Click Edit on the menu bar and then click Replace. • When the Find and Replace dialog box opens, click the Options >> button to expand the box and display additional find and replace options. • Click on the Replace tab and then click the topmost Format button to open a Find Format dialog box, select the format combinations you want to search for, then click the OK button. • Click the lower Format button and when the dialog box opens, select the options you want to use for replacing the formatting. • Click the OK button and then the Replace All button to quickly change all the cells that meet your Find Format criteria.
  • 28. Microsoft Excel 28 XP Dialog boxes used for Find and Replace operations The Find and Replace dialog box. The Find Format dialog box.
  • 29. Microsoft Excel 29 XP Create and apply styles • If you have several cells that use the same format, you can create a style for those cells. • A style is a saved collection of formatting options: number formats, text alignment, font sizes and colors, borders, and background fills. • If you modify the specifications for a style, the appearance of any cell associated with that style would be automatically changed to reflect the new style. • To create a style, click on a cell that has formatting applied to it and this formatting becomes the basis of the new style you want to create.
  • 30. Microsoft Excel 30 XP Create a style using the Style dialog box • Click Format on the menu bar, and then click Style. The Style dialog box opens and all the formatting options associated with the active cell are listed. • Give the style a name, and then modify the formatting options by removing or adding to the existing ones listed in the dialog box. Click the OK button to create a style with a specific name. • To apply a style within a worksheet, first select the cells you want associated with the style, then open the Style dialog box, choose the style name from the list arrow and then click the OK button. • When you create a style, you can also click the Merge button in the Style dialog box to merge a style with those from other open workbooks.
  • 31. Microsoft Excel 31 XP The Style dialog box The Style dialog box allows you to create, name and customize styles. You can also copy styles from one workbook to another. Copying styles allows you to create a collection of workbooks that share a common look and feel.
  • 32. Microsoft Excel 32 XP Apply an AutoFormat to a table • You can apply a professionally designed format to your worksheet by choosing one of 17 predefined formats from the AutoFormat gallery. • To apply an AutoFormat to a table: – Select a range that has a table of information in it – Click Format on the menu bar, click AutoFormat and the AutoFormat dialog box opens. Scroll through the gallery to view different table formats, click on one you want to try, and then click the OK button. – Click on a cell outside of your selected range to remove the highlighting from your table so you can see what it looks like with the AutoFormat design applied.
  • 33. Microsoft Excel 33 XP The AutoFormat style gallery This figure shows some of the AutoFormats available for use. The designs in the AutoFormat gallery are very useful. You can either employ the professional design that Excel provides you, or simply use it as a starting point to apply a design that is close you what you want, which you can then modify to fit your own needs.
  • 34. Microsoft Excel 34 XP Format a printout using Print Preview • Open a Print Preview window by clicking the Print Preview button on the Standard toolbar. • Excel will display the preview as a full page, which may be difficult to read. • Click the Zoom button on the Print Preview toolbar, or pass your mouse over the page, and the pointer changes to the shape of a magnifying glass. When you click any portion of the page Excel will zoom in. Zoom out using the same methods. • By clicking the Setup button on the Print Preview toolbar, you can change margins, orientation, center the page or set several other formatting and printing features. • You can also open the Page Setup dialog box by selecting that option from the File menu.
  • 35. Microsoft Excel 35 XP The Margins tab of the Page Setup dialog box The Page Setup dialog box controls how a worksheet is placed on a page for printing. You can adjust the size of the margins, which are the spaces between the page content and the edge of the page. Most printers require a minimum margin.
  • 36. Microsoft Excel 36 XP Create a header and footer for a printed worksheet • A header is text printed within the top margin of every worksheet page and a footer is printed within the bottom margin of every page. • Headers and footers can add important information to your printouts. • Excel tries to anticipate headers and footers and provides several preformatted options in list boxes on the Header/Footer tab of the Page Setup dialog box. • Click the list arrow for these header and footer options and select one of Excel's suggestions or create your own by choosing the Custom Header or Custom Footer buttons on the Header/Footer tab.
  • 37. Microsoft Excel 37 XP The Header dialog box This figure shows the Header dialog box. This dialog box presents the same options as the Footer dialog box. You can type in any text you like and use the Font button to format the text just as you would in a worksheet cell. The other Header/Footer formatting buttons provide some common actions using built-in Excel formatting codes.
  • 38. Microsoft Excel 38 XP Define a print area and add a page break to a printed worksheet • By default, Excel prints all parts of the active worksheet that contain text, formulas, or values. • You can define a print area that contains only the content that you want to print. • To define a print area, select the range you want to print, click File on the menu bar, point to Print Area, and then click Set Print Area. • You can also specify different sections of your worksheet to print on separate pages. – Insert a page break by clicking on a cell, clicking Insert on the menu bar, and then clicking Page Break
  • 39. Microsoft Excel 39 XP The Sheet tab of the Page Setup dialog box The Page Setup dialog box can specify cells that will repeat on each page, print gridlines, and whether to print or not to print headings on each page.
  • 40. Microsoft Excel 40 XP Microsoft Excel 2 – Working With Charts and Graphs
  • 41. Microsoft Excel 41 XP Create column and pie charts in Excel • Charts, or graphs, provide visual representations of the workbook data. • A chart may be embedded in an existing worksheet, or can be created on a separate chart sheet, with its own tab in the workbook. • You can use Excel’s Chart Wizard to quickly and easily create charts. • The Chart Wizard is a series of dialog boxes that prompt you for information about the chart you want to generate
  • 42. Microsoft Excel 42 XP Create a chart using the Chart Wizard • To create a chart with the Chart Wizard: – Select the data you want to chart, which will be your data source – Click the Chart Wizard button on the standard toolbar – In the first step of the chart wizard, select the chart type and sub- type – In the second step of the Chart Wizard, make any additions or modifications to the chart's data source – In the third step, make any modifications to the chart's appearance – In the fourth and final step, specify the location for the chart, then click the OK button
  • 43. Microsoft Excel 43 XP Chart Wizard dialog box 1 Choose a chart type and view examples of that type in dialog box 1. Choose which type of chart you want in this pane. Select a sub-type of that chart in this pane. Click and hold this button down to see a preview of your chart.
  • 44. Microsoft Excel 44 XP Choosing a data series • You can alter the data source during step 2 of the Chart Wizard and also choose whether to organize the data source by rows or by columns. • The data source is organized into a collection of data series. – A data series consists of data values, which are plotted on the chart's vertical, or Y-axis – The data series’ category values, or X values, are on the horizontal axis, called the X-axis • A chart can have several data series all plotted against a common set of category values.
  • 45. Microsoft Excel 45 XP Chart Wizard dialog box 2 During the second step of the Chart Wizard, you specify the data to be displayed in the chart, which is also known as the chart's data source. Specify the cell range and whether the data series is in rows or columns.
  • 46. Microsoft Excel 46 XP Modify the appearance of a chart • The plot area contains data markers, examples of which include the columns of a column chart, pie slices in a pie chart, or the points used in an XY (scatter) chart. • An axis covers a range of values, called a scale. • The scale is displayed by placing values alongside the axes. • A chart may also contain gridlines by extending the tick marks into the plot area. • Whenever there are several data series for a chart, a legend can be placed next to the plot area to uniquely identify each series with a different color or pattern.
  • 47. Microsoft Excel 47 XP Chart Wizard dialog box 3 The third step of the Chart Wizard provides some options for controlling the appearance of the chart.
  • 48. Microsoft Excel 48 XP Chart Wizard dialog box 4 The final step is to choose the location of the chart. The chart can be saved as an embedded chart into the current worksheet, or, create a new sheet called a chart sheet that contains only the chart. Both options are shown below.
  • 49. Microsoft Excel 49 XP Resize and move an embedded chart • An embedded chart is an object that you can move, resize or copy. • Select the embedded chart to make it active; the selection handles will appear. To resize the chart: – Drag the selection handles to increase or decrease the size of the chart – To keep the chart proportions the same as you resize, hold the Shift key as you drag one of the selection handles – To move the chart, make it active and then move the pointer over a blank area. Click and drag the embedded chart to the new location and release the mouse button
  • 50. Microsoft Excel 50 XP Moving and resizing tips • When you select the chart to make it active, be sure you have clicked the entire chart, and not just one of its elements. – You will be able to tell by the selection handles, which will appear at the outermost edges of the chart • When you move the pointer over a blank area of the chart after you have selected it, you should see the label Chart Area appear. • These tips will help you select and move the entire chart, and not just one of its elements.
  • 51. Microsoft Excel 51 XP A selected embedded chart This figure shows an embedded chart that has been selected, resized and moved beneath its data source. A chart is linked to the data in the worksheet. If you change data in the worksheet that appears on the chart, Excel will automatically update the chart with the new information. This is the case for data values and also category labels.
  • 52. Microsoft Excel 52 XP Create a chart sheet • Create a chart sheet by using the two options in the fourth step of the Chart Wizard: – One option lets you place the new chart as an object in any existing sheet, which you can select from a drop down list box – The other option is to place the chart as a new sheet, which is called a chart sheet • When you select this option, the chart will appear in a new worksheet with its own tab in the workbook.
  • 53. Microsoft Excel 53 XP Create a pie chart • Pie charts are very useful for comparing values in a data series to each other, but can only use one data series at a time. • One feature of a pie chart is called exploding, in which you can slightly separate a particular pie slice from the other slices. • You can explode any or all of the slices of the pie. This is referred to as an exploded pie chart. • Exploding a pie chart adds emphasis to a particular area of the chart and makes it easier to notice.
  • 54. Microsoft Excel 54 XP Explode a pie chart • You can explode all of the slices by selecting the entire pie itself so that all the individual pieces have selection handles. • As you click and drag any portion, all the slices of the pie will explode outward from each other. • When the pie is exploded out to the size you desire, release the mouse button. • A fully exploded pie chart is also one of the sub- type options of the pie chart type that you will see when you use the Chart Wizard.
  • 55. Microsoft Excel 55 XP A pie chart with an exploded slice This area of the pie has been selected and drawn away, or exploded, from the rest of the pie. You can also rotate a pie chart by double-clicking the pie to open the Format Data Series dialog box and setting options to rotate the chart by a specified number of degrees.
  • 56. Microsoft Excel 56 XP Modify the properties of your charts • After you create a chart, you can edit the data that is used in the chart by changing it in the data source worksheet cells. • If you wanted to remove a data series from all categories, you could delete that particular data series from the worksheet in many cases. • If you want to remove a slice of a pie chart, you cannot just delete the data in the data source, but rather you must change the cell reference of the data series for the chart.
  • 57. Microsoft Excel 57 XP Modify a pie chart • Make the pie chart active and then click Chart on the menu bar. • Click Source Data. Edit the series in this dialog box, or click the Collapse Dialog button to temporarily collapse the dialog box so you can drag the pointer over a new range of cells. – Whatever you select will replace the existing range listed in the current data series you are editing • You can then expand the dialog box again with the Expand Dialog button, make other changes as desired, and click the OK button. • To move an embedded chart to a new chart sheet, select the chart, click Chart on the menu bar and click Location. The same dialog box of Step 4 of the Chart Wizard will appear and you can click the option to place the chart as a new sheet and give it a name.
  • 58. Microsoft Excel 58 XP Use the Chart menu to modify charts • All of the dialog boxes used in the Chart Wizard are available through the Chart menu. • Step 1 of the Wizard, the chart type, is available on the Chart menu as the option Chart Type. • Step 2 of the Chart Wizard, the data source, is available on the Chart menu as the option Source Data. • Step 3 of the Wizard is also available on the Chart menu as Chart Options. • Step 4 of the Wizard is shown as Location on the Chart menu. • Some problems, such as overlapping labels that are too difficult to read, have to be corrected by formatting the individual elements within the chart.
  • 59. Microsoft Excel 59 XP Format chart elements • To format an individual chart element, select the element by clicking it and then format its appearance using the same tools on the Formatting toolbar you used to format worksheet cells. • You can also double-click the chart element to open a dialog box containing formatting options, or right-click the element and then select the Format command from the shortcut menu to open the dialog box. • There are three basic types of text in an Excel chart: – Label text – Attached text – Unattached text
  • 60. Microsoft Excel 60 XP Excel chart text types • Label text includes category names, tick mark labels, and legend text, which is linked to or derived from cells in the worksheet. • Attached text is not linked to any cells in the worksheet; examples include the chart title and the axes titles. • Unattached text is any additional text that you want to include in the chart.
  • 61. Microsoft Excel 61 XP Format colors and patterns • To work with colors and fills, double-click an element and the Format Data Series dialog box opens. • You can use options provided on the Patterns tab to change both the border style and the interior of a data marker. • You can also edit an axis scale by double-clicking any value on an axis to open the Format Axis dialog box. • In the Format Data Series dialog box, the Pattern tab includes a Fill Effects button that provides a full range of options to create sophisticated colors and patterns, such as gradient, texture or even a picture.
  • 62. Microsoft Excel 62 XP The Fill Effects dialog box The Fill Effects dialog box can be opened from the Pattern tab of the Format Data Series dialog box. You can specify many options to customize the appearance of many chart elements.
  • 63. Microsoft Excel 63 XP Add a graphic to a chart • You can set a graphic image as a background for a chart using options on the Picture tab of the Fill Effects dialog box. • This can be done for a data marker, but is often more appropriate for a larger portion of the chart itself, such as the plot area. • You could also place graphics within the data markers, such as the columns in a Column chart. • The Fill Effects dialog box options for inserting a picture are the same for data markers as they are for other areas of the chart. • You can choose to stretch the graphic over the entire size of the column, or choose to stack the graphic up to the height of the column.
  • 64. Microsoft Excel 64 XP Change the axis scale • There are four values that comprise the y-axis scale: the minimum, maximum, major unit, and minor unit. • The minimum and maximum values are the smallest and largest tick marks that will appear on the axis. • The major unit is the increment between the scale's tick marks. • The chart has a second set of tick marks, called the minor tick marks, which may or may not be displayed; if shown, their positioning is determined by the minor unit setting. • Major tick marks are displayed alongside an axis value, whereas minor tick marks, if present, are not alongside an axis value.
  • 65. Microsoft Excel 65 XP The Scale tab of the Format Axis dialog box The Scale tab of the Format Axis dialog box is shown in this figure. The x-axis addresses categories, not values, so there are no units to set for this axis.
  • 66. Microsoft Excel 66 XP Create 3-D charts • To create a 3-D chart, you may choose to do so during the first step of the Chart Wizard, as three-dimensional charts are sub-types of most other charts, such as the pie chart. • To change a chart to a 3-D chart, select the chart, click Chart on the menu bar, and then click Chart Type. • Choose the 3-D option sub-type of whichever chart type you prefer. • There are also several 3-D charts on the Custom Types tab of the Chart Type dialog box.
  • 67. Microsoft Excel 67 XP Modify 3-D chart options • A 3-D chart has several options for modifying the 3-D effect. – Perspective is the illusion that parts of the 3-D chart that are farther away from you decrease in size – Elevation is the illusion that you are looking at the 3-D chart from some particular height—either above or below the chart – You may also rotate the 3-D chart to bring different parts of the chart to the forefront • Elevation and rotation are options that you can change with the 3-D View dialog box, available from the Chart menu. • Excel creates each 3-D chart with a default elevation, rotation and height. • To change the appearance of a 3-D chart once you have created one, make sure it is an active chart then click Chart on the menu bar and then click 3-D View.
  • 68. Microsoft Excel 68 XP The 3-D View dialog box The 3-D View dialog box is shown in this figure. Through the use of buttons or entering values in the appropriate text boxes of the 3-D View dialog box, you may change the appearance of the chart quickly and easily.
  • 69. Microsoft Excel 69 XP Insert drawing objects into your workbook • The Drawing toolbar helps you create many types of graphical shapes. • Use the Drawing toolbar to add text boxes, lines, block arrows and other objects to charts and worksheets. • If the Drawing toolbar is not already displayed, choose to display it by clicking View on the menu bar, pointing to Toolbars, and then clicking Drawing.
  • 70. Microsoft Excel 70 XP Use Drawing toolbar AutoShapes • The Drawing toolbar contains a list of predefined shapes, called AutoShapes, which can be anything from simple squares to complicated objects like flow charts or block arrows. • Once you select a shape from the toolbar, click and drag an area on your chart or worksheet where you want to insert the object and Excel will draw it for you. • Once you insert a drawing object onto a chart or worksheet, you can resize or move it just like any other object. • You can also modify the fill color and border style of an AutoShape, and even insert text.
  • 71. Microsoft Excel 71 XP The Drawing toolbar Another way to display (or close) any toolbar is by right-clicking anywhere on an existing toolbar or the menu bar. When the shortcut menu pops up, choose the toolbar you want to open (or close) by clicking its name. The Drawing toolbar is depicted in this figure. Clicking the AutoShapes button list arrow will display a menu of AutoShape types. Each menu option has a submenu displaying shapes of that category.
  • 72. Microsoft Excel 72 XP Sizing and rotating an AutoShape • When you select an AutoShape on a chart or worksheet: – The selection handles appear as open circles – There is also a diamond tool for some shapes, which you can use to change the shape of the AutoShape by dragging it either in towards the center or away from it • A green selection handle attached to the AutoShape through a vertical line is a rotation handle. – You can rotate the AutoShape by clicking and dragging on this handle
  • 73. Microsoft Excel 73 XP A chart with a selected AutoShape The open circles are sizing handles. The diamond can be used to change the shape of the AutoShape by dragging it outward or into the center of the shape.
  • 74. Microsoft Excel 74 XP Print a chart sheet • Printing a chart sheet is much the same as printing a worksheet, but in place of the Sheet tab that you would normally see for a worksheet there is a Chart tab. – The Chart tab includes options for Printed chart size and quality • Excel provides three choices for defining the size of a chart printout: Use full page, Scale to fit page, and Custom. • As with worksheets, you should preview the printout before sending the chart to the printer. • You can print multiple sheets at once without printing the entire workbook. Press and hold the Shift key, then click on each sheet you want to print. When finished selecting, release the Shift key and then print.
  • 75. Microsoft Excel 75 XP Choose a chart printing option • When you select the Use full page choice for Printed chart size: – The chart is resized to fit the full page, extending out to the borders of all four margins, which may change the proportions – This is the default option • The Scale to fit page choice resizes the chart proportionately until one of the edges reaches a margin border. – When using this choice, the chart may not fit the entire page • For the Custom choice, dimensions of the printed chart are specified on the chart sheet outside of the Print Preview window.
  • 76. Microsoft Excel 76 XP The Chart tab of the Page Setup dialog box Be careful when selecting the Printed chart size option. Each option has a different effect on how the chart will look when printed. Always preview the chart before printing it to be sure the option you selected has not altered or truncated the chart.
  • 77. Microsoft Excel 77 XP Microsoft Excel 3 – Working With Excel Lists
  • 78. Microsoft Excel 78 XP Identify the elements of an Excel list • Excel provides features that allow you to maintain lists of information such as customer lists, telephone lists, inventory lists, and so on. • An Excel list is a collection of rows and columns that contain similar data. • In a worksheet, each column represents a field of data and each row represents a record of data. • The first row of the list always contains the name of the fields and is called a field header row.
  • 79. Microsoft Excel 79 XP An example of an Excel list This figure shows a portion of a list of vehicles. Notice that each column in row 1 in the list contains the name of a field and that each row represents a record.
  • 80. Microsoft Excel 80 XP Freeze rows and columns • When you scroll through large amounts of data in a worksheet, you can move data off the screen. • If you prefer to have portions of data remain on the screen at all times, such as the column and/or row headings, you can freeze a portion of the list so that it remains while the rest of the data scrolls. • To freeze rows and columns: – Click in a cell to select it – Click Window on the menu bar, and then click Freeze Panes to freeze the rows above the selected cell, and the columns to the left of the selected cell – Excel will display dark vertical and horizontal lines to indicate the rows and columns that are frozen
  • 81. Microsoft Excel 81 XP A frozen datasheet In this figure, the window has been frozen below row 1 and to the right of column A. When the user scrolls the worksheet, the field names and the ID # will remain on the screen.
  • 82. Microsoft Excel 82 XP Change zoom settings for displaying a worksheet • Sometimes, it will be necessary for you to see more or less data on a screen at a time. • You can alter what appears within the screen by changing the zoom setting. – By default, the worksheet is set to display at 100% • To zoom out (to see more), decrease the zoom setting • To zoom in (to see less), increase the zoom setting
  • 83. Microsoft Excel 83 XP The Zoom dialog box This figure shows the Zoom dialog box. In this box you can choose the zoom magnification you desire. You can choose one of the percentages in the list or you can enter an amount you want in the Custom zoom box.
  • 84. Microsoft Excel 84 XP A worksheet at 50% zoom In this figure, the worksheet has been zoomed to 50%. Notice that the data is quite small; however, you can see a large amount of the data within one view window.
  • 85. Microsoft Excel 85 XP Find and replace values in a worksheet • The Find command allows you to search through the data in a worksheet for a particular character string. • Optionally, you can choose to replace the character string with another string. • This procedure is called Find and Replace. – For example, you might want to find every occurrence of ACCT and replace it with Accounting
  • 86. Microsoft Excel 86 XP The Find and Replace dialog box This figure shows the Find and Replace dialog box. In the “Find what” text box you would enter what you want to look for, such as ACCT. In the “Replace with” text box, you would enter what you want to replace the value with, such as Accounting.
  • 87. Microsoft Excel 87 XP Sort data in a list • Excel makes it easy to sort a list in ascending or descending order based on any field(s) in the list. • The field(s) selected on which to sort are called the sort fields or the sort keys. • You may choose to sort the data on a single field or on a collection of fields.
  • 88. Microsoft Excel 88 XP Sort using a single sort key The figure below shows a list of vehicles sorted on the Department Assigned field. Since only one field is used in the sort, the Sort Ascending button was pressed while the cursor was anywhere in the Department Assigned column.
  • 89. Microsoft Excel 89 XP Sort using multiple keys If you want to sort on more than one field you will need to use the Sort dialog box, as shown in the following figure. In this dialog box, you can select up to three fields to use as sort keys.
  • 90. Microsoft Excel 90 XP Use a data form to enter, search for, edit, and delete records • Sometimes it is easier to view the data in a list through a data form. • A data form is a dialog box that you can use to arrange data to view one record at a time. • You can use the data form to display records, to search for records, to modify records, and to delete records from the Excel list.
  • 91. Microsoft Excel 91 XP An Excel data form This figure shows a data form created for the Vehicles list. Notice that one record only is displayed in the form. Also notice that there are buttons provided for creating a new record, deleting a record, and for filtering records (i.e., the “Criteria” button).
  • 92. Microsoft Excel 92 XP Filter data in a list using AutoFilters • Sometimes you will want to see a portion of the records instead of all of them. • The processing of displaying only those records that meet some criteria is called Filtering. • When data in the list is filtered, records that do not meet your criteria are hidden. – These records are not removed from the list and, therefore, can be redisplayed by removing the filter • Simple filters can be specified by clicking the list arrow on any field name cell. • More complex filters must be created using the Custom AutoFilters option.
  • 93. Microsoft Excel 93 XP AutoFilter options In the figure below, you see the vehicles list with the AutoFilter option invoked. Notice each field name has an arrow beside it. In the figure, you see that the list arrow for the Make field has been clicked, revealing the filtering options.
  • 94. Microsoft Excel 94 XP Apply conditional formatting to a range • There are times when you will want data to have a different appearance if it meets some criteria. – For example, you might want data to appear in red, if the data is more than six months old – Or, you might want a value to be black if it is positive and red if it is negative • This kind of formatting is called conditional formatting. • You specify the condition under which you want the formatting to take place and what the formatting should be.
  • 95. Microsoft Excel 95 XP The Conditional Formatting dialog box In the figure below, you see the Conditional Formatting dialog box. In this dialog box you would specify the condition(s) under which you want formatting to apply. Notice the Add button on the dialog box. If you click the Add button, you can specify additional conditions and formatting.
  • 96. Microsoft Excel 96 XP Insert subtotals into a list • The data in a list can be summarized by adding subtotals to the list. • You can include summary information such as a count, a sum, an average, a minimum value, and or a maximum value. • When the Subtotals command is applied to the list, a subtotal row is automatically added to the list. • You can specify that you want the subtotal(s) to apply to the worksheet and/or groups within the worksheet.
  • 97. Microsoft Excel 97 XP The Subtotal dialog box The figure below contains an example of the Subtotal dialog box. In this dialog box you can specify where to add the subtotals, what function to use in the subtotal, and various other selections related to subtotals.
  • 98. Microsoft Excel 98 XP An Excel datasheet with totals added In the figure below, subtotals have been added for the Purchase Price field, which are inserted whenever the value of the Department Assigned field changes value.
  • 99. Microsoft Excel 99 XP Use the subtotals outline view • Previously you learned about creating subtotal lines within a worksheet. • Sometimes, it might be more beneficial to view the summary information only. • You can do this by displaying the data in Subtotals Outline View. • You may choose from Level 1, Level 2, and Level 3 outline view.
  • 100. Microsoft Excel 100 XP Totals displayed in Outline view In the figure below, the list of vehicles has been shorted to a Level 2 outline. Notice that only the subtotals and the Grand Total are displayed. Keep in mind that all the data is still in the worksheet, it is just not displayed when the outline view has been selected.
  • 101. Microsoft Excel 101 XP Summarize a list using a PivotTable and a PivotChart • Often, there is so much data in a worksheet that it is difficult to analyze the data. • A PivotTable report provides a meaningful summary of the data in an organized manner. • In the PivotTable, data is summarized into categories of data. • A PivotChart is associated with a PivotTable report. • To create the PivotChart you must specify the data fields to be included in the chart as well as the category fields.
  • 102. Microsoft Excel 102 XP An example of a Pivot Table The figure below contains a sample PivotTable. Notice that the data is summarized for each make of vehicle. The data includes summary data for the type of car within each make. An additional column shows the Grand Total for each Make of vehicle.
  • 103. Microsoft Excel 103 XP Plan a Pivot Table • Creating a PivotTable requires pre-planning of the data you would like to see summarized in the PivotTable. • It is often a good idea to create a plan and even sketch the desired table. • This will help you decide which fields should be placed in the row, column, and data placeholders when running the wizard.
  • 104. Microsoft Excel 104 XP A Pivot Table plan This figure shows a sample plan for a Pivot Table. It states an overall goal for the table, the results the designer wants to see, the information needed to produce those results, and the method required to obtain the desired results.
  • 105. Microsoft Excel 105 XP Sketch your Pivot Table Drawing a sketch of the Pivot Table can make the creation of the table much easier. You get a visual image of the data you need and the results you want to display.
  • 106. Microsoft Excel 106 XP Modify a Pivot Table • After the PivotTable is created you can change the layout of the table. • You may want to make changes to the formatting, sort the data, add a field, or add a Page View. • You can also easily turn the PivotTable into a chart by clicking the Chart button while the cursor is anywhere in the PivotTable.
  • 107. Microsoft Excel 107 XP An example of a Pivot Chart This figure illustrates a PivotTable that is displayed as PivotChart.
  • 108. Microsoft Excel 108 XP Microsoft Excel 4 – Working With Multiple Worksheets and Workbooks
  • 109. Microsoft Excel 109 XP Create a worksheet group • A workbook is a collection of worksheets. • You may want to work with the worksheets within a workbook as if they were a single unit. • You can combine worksheets together into a group. Grouping worksheets allows you to: – Apply formulas across the worksheets in the group – Apply formatting across worksheets in a group – Make multiple changes through a single change
  • 110. Microsoft Excel 110 XP A worksheet group In the figure below, the monthly worksheets have been grouped. Notice that the title bar indicates that a group has been selected. Notice also that the Documentation worksheet is not included in the worksheet group. Changes made to the worksheets within the group will be reflected in all the worksheets in the group.
  • 111. Microsoft Excel 111 XP Print a worksheet group • You can set up the page layout and print area for all worksheets in a group by selecting a worksheet group and then accessing the Page Setup dialog box. To do this: – Select the Worksheets to be printed – Click the File menu, and then click Page Setup – Set the margin or page layout options you want to use – Click the Print Preview button to see how the pages will look when printed – Use the Next and Previous buttons to browse through the pages – Click the Print button to print the selected pages
  • 112. Microsoft Excel 112 XP Use Print Preview mode A selected workgroup in Print Preview mode.
  • 113. Microsoft Excel 113 XP Edit multiple worksheets at the same time • In a worksheet group, you can enter formulas that will effect all of the worksheets in the group. – For example, placing a formula in cell A5 in a worksheet in a group, will place that same formula in cell A5 in all the worksheets in the group • You can also apply formatting to a worksheet in a worksheet group that will affect all of the worksheets in the group. – For example, if you apply an AutoFormat to a worksheet in a worksheet group, all of the worksheets in the group will receive the AutoFormat • The worksheets will continue to be considered a group until you specify the “Ungroup Sheets” option.
  • 114. Microsoft Excel 114 XP Create 3-D cell references and workbook references • Think of the collections of worksheets in a workbook as a third dimension. • You know that you can reference rows and columns in a worksheet. • You can also reference worksheets. You can, therefore, have a reference in a worksheet that pertains to a cell in another worksheet. – The reference Sheet3!A5 is a reference to cell A5 on Sheet3 • You can place the reference in any cell on any worksheet within the workbook.
  • 115. Microsoft Excel 115 XP The three dimensions of a workbook The following figure provides a graphical representation of the three-dimensional aspects of a workbook.
  • 116. Microsoft Excel 116 XP An example of a 3-D Cell reference In the next figure, notice in the formula text box that the formula reference is B6 in the November worksheet.
  • 117. Microsoft Excel 117 XP Consolidate information from multiple worksheets and workbooks • In a workbook, you often have several worksheets that represent the same kind of data but for different entities. • It may be beneficial for you to summarize the data onto one worksheet, or consolidate the data. • When you consolidate, each worksheet must have the same format and structure. • You can easily copy the contents and/or formats of a worksheet to a whole group of worksheets with the “Fill Across Worksheets” dialog box. • On the sheet you intend to use to summarize the data of the worksheets, you can use 3-D Cell References to calculate totals across the worksheets involved in the summary.
  • 118. Microsoft Excel 118 XP The Fill Across Worksheets dialog box The figure below depicts the Fill Across Worksheets dialog box. Notice that you can copy just the contents, just the Formats, or both.
  • 119. Microsoft Excel 119 XP A summary worksheet In this figure, you see that the Expenses and Inflows of the monthly worksheets have been summarized in the Annual worksheet. This was accomplished by applying 3-D formulas that reference pertinent cells throughout the worksheets.
  • 120. Microsoft Excel 120 XP Create a workbook template • In business, you often create workbooks that have common elements such as invoices, expense statements, etc. • Using a template makes this process easier because the elements are already in place; all you do is fill them in. • You can use any of the templates supplied with Excel or you can create your own. • When you design your template, you can include formatting and calculations. • When you open a new workbook with the template, the formatting and calculations will be built into the workbook.
  • 121. Microsoft Excel 121 XP Use pre-built templates Excel has many pre-built templates you can choose from. When you click on a template icon, you see a preview of the template here.
  • 122. Microsoft Excel 122 XP An Excel template This particular worksheet is used to create a Balance Sheet. The user would fill in the pertinent information and then save the file as a workbook. The template, however, remains unchanged. This figure shows a template provided by Excel.
  • 123. Microsoft Excel 123 XP Store and access templates • To save a template, use the “Save As” option on the File menu and then change the “File Type” to template. • When you save a template, it must be saved in the Templates folder. – This makes it possible for Excel to locate the template when you are ready to use it again – You usually don't see the Templates folder in Windows Explorer because it is a hidden folder – Once the template has been saved, it will be listed as an icon in the Templates dialog box.
  • 124. Microsoft Excel 124 XP The Templates folder Templates are stored in a templates folder. You don’t normally need to access this folder unless you want to copy a template to some other disk to move it to a different machine or folder.
  • 125. Microsoft Excel 125 XP The Templates dialog box This figure shows how the stored template you created would appear in the Templates dialog box.
  • 126. Microsoft Excel 126 XP Store templates in subfolders You can categorize templates by creating sub-folders in the Templates folder for templates that are of the same type, or for the same project, etc.
  • 127. Microsoft Excel 127 XP Identify subfolders in the Templates dialog box The previous slide showed a subfolder had been created in the Templates folder. When a subfolder is created in the Templates folder, it will appear as a tab in the Templates dialog box. Clicking that tab will show you the templates stored in that folder.
  • 128. Microsoft Excel 128 XP Link workbooks to summarize data • You can summarize data from several workbooks by creating links between them. • To create a workbook reference: – Click the tab for the workbook that will be the destination workbook – Click in the cell that will receive the data, and enter an equal sign (=), but do not press the Enter key – Switch to the target workbook, click in the cell containing the data to be linked, and press the Enter button on the Formula bar – The formula referencing the source workbook will appear in the destination cell
  • 129. Microsoft Excel 129 XP Link Workbooks by specifying source and destination files Creating links from one workbook to another allows data to be used in both workbooks.
  • 130. Microsoft Excel 130 XP A summary sheet with a workbook reference This workbook (LBCSum2) has a summary sheet with a cell reference to the LBC2000 workbook.
  • 131. Microsoft Excel 131 XP Change Workbook references If a workbook is linked to another workbook that contains yearly totals, when a new workbook is created for a new year, the Find and Replace dialog box can be used to update all cell references to point to the correct workbook, or to add the new year totals to a new column in the existing workbook.
  • 132. Microsoft Excel 132 XP The Edit Links dialog box Links can be updated or broken using the Links dialog box.
  • 133. Microsoft Excel 133 XP Create a lookup table and use Excel's lookup functions • You can create a Lookup Table that will summarize data but will allow you to perform lookups that will go to particular workbook references to retrieve data. – A lookup table organizes values that you want to retrieve into different categories – These categories are called compare values – If you want to locate a particular value, you must supply a lookup value that is matched against the compare value – The lookup value and compare value are tested against each other and the matching value is then returned from the workbook cell reference
  • 134. Microsoft Excel 134 XP The Function Arguments dialog box In the figure below shows the Function Arguments dialog box for the VLookup function. Notice as you click through the arguments that the dialog box provides information about what each argument represents. You can also use the question mark in the upper right corner to display information about each argument.
  • 135. Microsoft Excel 135 XP A formatted lookup section This workbook has a formatted lookup section that can be used to quickly locate and view data from previous years.
  • 136. Microsoft Excel 136 XP Create and use an Excel workspace • Often, you will create several workbooks that are related to one another in terms of subject. • You may want to open all of those related workbooks at one time, which you can do by creating an Excel workspace. – An Excel workspace is a file that contains information about all workbooks that are currently open – The information saved in a workspace includes the location of the workbooks, the window sizes, and the screen positions – Once the workspace has been created, you will only need to open the workspace file and all of the related workbooks will open as well
  • 137. Microsoft Excel 137 XP Opening a workspace file This figure contains an Open dialog box illustrating a workspace file called Choir Files. Opening this file would also open the five choir workbooks that are linked to this file.
  • 138. Microsoft Excel 138 XP Microsoft Excel 5 – Working With Excel’s Editing and Web Tools
  • 139. Microsoft Excel 139 XP Check the spelling in a workbook • Excel provides Spell Checking features that help you easily correct spelling errors. • You can check one worksheet or you can group worksheets to check them at one time. • When you click the Spelling button on the Standard toolbar, the Spell Checking process will begin.
  • 140. Microsoft Excel 140 XP Use the Spell Checker feature • When you run the Spell Checker feature: – Any misspelled word will invoke the Spelling Dialog Box – In the top portion of the Spelling Dialog Box, you will see the misspelled word – In the lower portion of the dialog box, you will see suggested substitutions for the misspelled word – If you want to select one of the suggestions, highlight that word and then click the Change button – If the misspelled word is not misspelled but the Spelling dictionary does not recognize it as a correct word, you might consider adding that word to the dictionary
  • 141. Microsoft Excel 141 XP The Spelling dialog box The figure below shows the Spelling Dialog Box illustrating the misspelling of the word contingencies. Notice there are several options on the right side of the dialog box from which you can choose to respond to the misspelled word.
  • 142. Microsoft Excel 142 XP Audit formulas • In a worksheet, it is very important that formulas are accurate. • If they are not, you will be presenting inaccurate results. • Excel provides several tools for analyzing the formulas in your worksheets, including the audit feature, which allows you to check the accuracy of your formulas.
  • 143. Microsoft Excel 143 XP Use the Formula Auditing toolbar • When you invoke the Formula Auditing toolbar, you can choose from several options provided for auditing formulas. • Cells that are used in a formula are called Precedent Cells. • You can use the Trace Precedents button on the Formula Auditing toolbar to provide information about the cells used in a formula. • The Trace Precedents buttons will display an arrow indicating the cells involved in the formula. • Often, this arrow will make it clear that the formula is either accurate or that it needs to be changed.
  • 144. Microsoft Excel 144 XP The Formula Auditing toolbar The Formula Auditing toolbar contains several commands that can be used to audit formulas used in Excel worksheets.
  • 145. Microsoft Excel 145 XP Trace Precedents example This figure shows a spreadsheet with precedent tracer arrows.
  • 146. Microsoft Excel 146 XP Dependent Cell trace This figure show a dependent cell trace.
  • 147. Microsoft Excel 147 XP Trace and fix formula errors • Worksheets often have large amounts of data in them and numerous formulas; it’s quite possible to inadvertently make an error in worksheet formulas. • Excel provides tools that will allow you to view formulas and to identify possible errors. • You can use the Trace Error option on the Formula Auditing toolbar to produce an arrow that shows the possible source of the error.
  • 148. Microsoft Excel 148 XP Use Trace Error and Show Formula features • If you view the formula in questions by following the tracer error, you can often identify the problem. • You can then edit the formula and observe whether the error has been eliminated. • You can also search the workbook for potential errors by clicking the Error Checking button on the Formula Auditing Toolbar. • An additional option is to display all the formulas in a worksheet. – Seeing the formulas in the worksheet will often make it clear where errors have been made
  • 149. Microsoft Excel 149 XP Excel error values This table displays the error codes that Excel will place in a cell with a formula error, and a description of what likely caused the error.
  • 150. Microsoft Excel 150 XP Illustration of a #VALUE error The figure below illustrates a trace of a #VALUE error. Notice that the figure shows an error has been made in the SUM formula. If you see a formula displayed in the cell like this, it is usually because the equal sign has been left out of the formula. Note: All formulas must be preceded by an equal sign.
  • 151. Microsoft Excel 151 XP View error information Excel makes it easy to find information about an error code displayed in a cell. When you see an error code in a cell, click the cell and an alert box will appear. Click the alert box, and a shortcut menu pops up. Click Help on this error and this Help box will appear. This Help box concerns the #REF error, and it explains what causes it and how to fix it.
  • 152. Microsoft Excel 152 XP Show worksheet formulas You can have Excel display all formulas in all cells by clicking the Tools menu, point to Formula auditing, and then clicking Formula Auditing Mode. This figure shows a worksheet in this mode, and you can see the formulas in all cells that contain a formula.
  • 153. Microsoft Excel 153 XP Insert and edit cell comments • A comment is a text box that is attached to a specific cell and only displays when that cell is clicked. • You can add comments to the worksheet or to a single cell. • To add a comment, right-click the cell where you want the comment and then press the Insert Comment button on the shortcut menu. • As the worksheet is passed around amongst the members of a group, each person can add comments containing suggestions for change.
  • 154. Microsoft Excel 154 XP A worksheet with a comment displayed This figure shows a comment that has been added to this worksheet. Notice that the comment appears in a text box and that there is a small red triangle at the location where the comment was placed in the worksheet. You can also hide comments so that they are not distracting as the worksheet is viewed. By doing so, the comments would only be displayed when the mouse hovers over the cell where the comment was placed.
  • 155. Microsoft Excel 155 XP Track, highlight, and review changes to the workbook • Often, there will be multiple people working on a worksheet. • If this is the case, the workbook must be made shareable by clicking the Share Workbook option on the Tools menu. • Once a workbook becomes a shared workbook, it is important that changes made by the individual user do not conflict with changes made by other individuals. • When multiple user are working on a workbook, they should provide comments indicating the changes they have made. • The reviewing toolbar will allow you to track comments that have been inserted.
  • 156. Microsoft Excel 156 XP Sharing workbooks can introduce document errors This figure illustrates how a conflict can be created when multiple users attempt to make changes to a shared workbook. It is very important that conflicts are resolved appropriately.
  • 157. Microsoft Excel 157 XP Resolving a conflict in a shared workbook This figure illustrates the resolution of the conflict that was shown in the previous slide.
  • 158. Microsoft Excel 158 XP Use the Track Changes feature • You can track changes that have been made by selecting Track Changes on the Tools menu. • You can choose to highlight changes that have been made or you can choose to list all the changes on a separate worksheet. • Finally, you can choose to either accept or reject the changes that have been made by individual users.
  • 159. Microsoft Excel 159 XP The Highlight Changes dialog box. To highlight the changes in a shared workbook, click the Tools menu, point to Track Changes, and click Highlight Changes to open the dialog box below. Set the options you want to use and click the OK button to apply those options.
  • 160. Microsoft Excel 160 XP View changes in the workbook In this figure, several cells are shown with a colored border, indicating they have been changed. Comments can be viewed by placing the pointer over the comment area for a few seconds until the comment box appears.
  • 161. Microsoft Excel 161 XP Mail and merge workbooks • On the File menu, you have an option to Send To a recipient(s), which would e-mail the file to reviewers. • When you are working with multiple users of workbook(s), you may find that you have two versions of a workbook. • One workbook could be the one you have already edited yourself and another is the same workbook but it has been edited by one of the users. – You may need to merge those two workbooks to reflect all the changes that have been made – To do this, click the Compare and Merge Workbooks option on the Tools menu – You can then Accept and Reject the changes
  • 162. Microsoft Excel 162 XP Send To options for e-mailing a worksheet The figure below shows the Send To options available for mailing a worksheet to someone. Notice that you have several options to choose from. You can send the workbook to just one user or to several users. You can also post the workbook to a Microsoft Exchange folder, allowing network users to access the workbook.
  • 163. Microsoft Excel 163 XP Save the workbook as a Web page • You can easily turn a workbook into a Web page. – You can choose whether the page will be static or interactive – A static Web page means that the data cannot be modified – An interactive Web page means that the data can be modified within the Web page • When you create a Web page, Excel creates an HTML version of the workbook that can be viewed in a Web browser. • You can save the entire workbook as a Web page or you can save just one worksheet. • All of these choices can be made by clicking the Save as Web Page option on the file menu.
  • 164. Microsoft Excel 164 XP Interactive versus non-interactive Web page In the figure below, you see two Web pages. The page on the left is a non-interactive Web page, which a user can view but cannot change. The page on the right is an interactive Web page, which the user can use to alter the data and/or format of the worksheet.
  • 165. Microsoft Excel 165 XP The Save As dialog box This figure shows a workbook being saved as a Web page. Note the Save as type: box specifies Web page format. Also note the checkbox that determines if the page will be interactive or not.
  • 166. Microsoft Excel 166 XP Create and edit hyperlinks • Hyperlinks are clickable text that cause another page to be opened in the Web browser. • You can easily add a hyperlink to a Web page by clicking the Hyperlink option on the Insert menu. • You can also set up Excel's Web options so that various browsers are supported by the Web pages you create. • If you have users who use different browsers, it is a good idea for you to consider setting this option so that it supports whatever browsers you viewers will use.
  • 167. Microsoft Excel 167 XP The Insert Hyperlink dialog box To insert a hyperlink, select the text or cells to be used for the hyperlink, click the Insert menu, then click Hyperlink to open this dialog box. Use the Look in: box to locate the drive and folder containing the target of the hyperlink. You can change the text that displays for the link if you so desire at the top of the text box.
  • 168. Microsoft Excel 168 XP A worksheet with a hyperlink In the figure below, you see a worksheet that contains a hyperlink to an HTML document, which will display Meeting Details. If the user of this worksheet clicks this link, the Meeting.html file will open in the Web browser. The hyperlink must point to an existing Web page or other Excel objects such as a workbook, worksheet, or range.
  • 169. Microsoft Excel 169 XP Microsoft Excel 6 – Developing an Excel Application
  • 170. Microsoft Excel 170 XP Create validation rules for data entry • You will want to prevent errors in your workbooks as much as possible. – You can specify the type of data that is allowed and/or a range of acceptable values – If a value is entered that does not meet the requirements, an error message is displayed – Setting a rule like this is a preventative measure that allows you to validate data upon entry • There are several different options in the Data Validation dialog box allowing you to provide various rules related to data entry. • You can also provide an input message that will aid the user in entering the data.
  • 171. Microsoft Excel 171 XP The Data Validation dialog box This figure shows the Data Validation dialog box. Note the three tabs on the dialog box. Use the Error Alert tab to set what style of error message you want to appear when the validation criteria is not met. Use the Settings tab to specify the validation criteria. Use the Input Message tab to specify a prompt that will aid the user in entering data.
  • 172. Microsoft Excel 172 XP The Allow list box options The table below shows the options available in the Allow list box field of the Data Validation dialog box, and a description of their purpose.
  • 173. Microsoft Excel 173 XP The Input Message tab of the Data Validation dialog box On the Input Message tab of this dialog box, you can create an input message to display when a user clicks on a worksheet cell.
  • 174. Microsoft Excel 174 XP A worksheet with an input message displayed This figure shows a portion of a worksheet with an Input Message displayed for a date field. By prompting the user for the correct information, you reduce the risk of error.
  • 175. Microsoft Excel 175 XP The Error Alert tab of the Data Validation dialog box On the Error Alert tab of this dialog box, you can create a Stop alert that will display if the user attempts to enter something that violates the validation rules defined for the field.
  • 176. Microsoft Excel 176 XP Protect the contents of worksheets and workbooks • Once you have a worksheet that you know is correct, you may want to protect the worksheet so that users cannot make changes. – Setting the locked property will disallow any changes to a particular cell – The worksheet will have to be protected in order for the locked property to have any affect • You can also specify a password that must be entered in order to remove worksheet protection. • Finally, you can protect an entire workbook, which would disallow changes to the workbook, such as adding or deleting worksheets.
  • 177. Microsoft Excel 177 XP Unlocking Selected Cells To lock or unlock specific cells, click the cells to select them, click the Format menu, click Cells, and then click the Protection tab, as shown in this figure. Click the Locked option box to insert or remove the check mark.
  • 178. Microsoft Excel 178 XP The Protect Sheet dialog box This figure shows the Protect Sheet dialog box. Notice that there are many options on this dialog box that you can set to allow or disallow. These rules will apply only to the selected worksheet.
  • 179. Microsoft Excel 179 XP The Protect Workbook dialog box To protect an entire workbook, click the Tools menu, point to Protection, and then click Protect Workbook. The dialog box shown here will open. Select the option(s) you want, and you can also assign an optional password to prevent anyone else from changing the settings you specify.
  • 180. Microsoft Excel 180 XP Create and use range names • It may be useful assign a name to a cell or cell range. • This is called a range name and allows you to refer to the cell or range of cells by their name instead of their cell references. – For example, you might assign a range name, Expenses, to a group of cells that represent your expenses – When you want to calculate with those cells, you enter their Range Name in the formulas instead of the cell reference • You can later change the definition of the range names.
  • 181. Microsoft Excel 181 XP The Allow Users to Edit Ranges dialog box If you want to allow users to edit portions of a worksheet, you can set up ranges in which the user can make edits. This is done on the Allow Users to Edit Ranges dialog box as shown in this figure.
  • 182. Microsoft Excel 182 XP The Define Name dialog box The figure below is an example of the Define Name dialog box. It is in this dialog box that you can establish range names and set their definition. The easiest approach is to select the cells you want to have a name first and then open this dialog box by clicking Name from the Insert menu and then clicking Define.
  • 183. Microsoft Excel 183 XP View multiple range names This figure shows the Define Name dialog box with multiple ranges defined. If you click on a range name, the Refers to: box at the bottom tells you what cells are defined for that range.
  • 184. Microsoft Excel 184 XP Using Range Names in a chart This figure shows a chart that has been defined using range names to specify the data. Note that the workbook name must precede the range name.
  • 185. Microsoft Excel 185 XP Macro viruses and Excel's security features • Because a macro is a program, a virus can be attached to the macro. – A macro is attached to a workbook and just opening the workbook can cause the macro to be run – If a macro has an attached virus, running the macro will likely infect the computer being used to view the workbook • The first line of defense is to be sure you know where the workbook came from and whether the source is trustworthy. • Excel allows you to specify security for any workbook opened within Excel. • There are three levels of security: high, medium, and low.
  • 186. Microsoft Excel 186 XP The Security dialog box This figure shows the Security dialog box. Before making a selection, you should read the explanatory information associated with each choice. Notice that Low security is not recommended and should rarely be selected.
  • 187. Microsoft Excel 187 XP Create macros using the macro recorder • One way to create a macro is to use the Excel macro recorder. – When you start the macro recorder, all of your keystrokes are recorded and saved – Once you have completed the keystrokes you want recorded, you can close the macro – Once the macro has been created, you can replay the macro at anytime • The macro can be stored in the workbook, making it available whenever the workbook is opened. • You can also store the macro in a new workbook or in the Personal Macro workbook, which makes it available anytime Excel is running.
  • 188. Microsoft Excel 188 XP The Record Macro dialog box When you create a macro, you need to give it a name. The figure below shows the Record Macro dialog box. In this figure, the macro is named Report30. Notice also the assignment of the “a” key as the shortcut key and that the macro will be stored in the active workbook.
  • 189. Microsoft Excel 189 XP The Macro dialog box The following figure is another example of the Macro dialog box. In this dialog box, three macros have been created. Notice the Run button. To run a macro, you select the macro you want from the list and press the Run button.
  • 190. Microsoft Excel 190 XP Edit and print a macro using the Visual Basic Editor • All macros are small programs written in Visual Basic for Applications (VBA), which is the programming language for Office XP applications. • You can create a new macro or edit an existing macro in the Visual Basic Editor. In the editor: – You can see the VBA statements that make the macro work – You can view and edit the commands • The body of a macro is enclosed between the “Sub” and “End Sub” statements. • The body consists of the statements that will be performed when the macro is run.
  • 191. Microsoft Excel 191 XP The VBA editor • Learning to program in VBA is an extensive process. • However, you can read through an existing macro and get an idea of how the macro works. • You can print the macros so that you can review the printout.
  • 192. Microsoft Excel 192 XP The Visual Basic editor This figure shows the Visual Basic Editor with the NewData procedure displayed in the editor window. The macro begins with the “Sub NewData()” statement and end with the “End Sub” statement.
  • 193. Microsoft Excel 193 XP Update a macro in the VBA editor This figure shows a macro that has had a statement inserted to turn off screen updating. Once you learn VBA syntax, you can write entire macros using the editor instead of using the macro recording mechanism.
  • 194. Microsoft Excel 194 XP Assign a macro to a keyboard shortcut • You already learned how to invoke a macro through the macro menu. • Another option is to assign a shortcut key to the macro. • When the shortcut key is pressed, the macro is run.
  • 195. Microsoft Excel 195 XP Assign a macro to a button • You can create a button on the workbook that will invoke a macro. • To create a macro button, you must first display the Forms toolbar. • Then, select the button tool on the toolbar. • The button is assigned to a particular macro and, when it is pressed, the assigned macro runs.
  • 196. Microsoft Excel 196 XP The Forms toolbar In this figure, you see the Forms toolbar. Notice the button tool on the right side of the toolbar. This button tool will create a command button on your worksheet.
  • 197. Microsoft Excel 197 XP A macro button on a worksheet This makes it possible for the user to invoke the macro simply by pressing the button. In this figure, the text on the button is Button 8, however, this text can be altered to reflect how the button is to be used. Once you have placed the command button on the worksheet, as shown in the figure below, you can assign the button to a macro.
  • 198. Microsoft Excel 198 XP Add multiple macro buttons This figure shows a worksheet that has had macro buttons added to run a 30-day report, a 60-day report, or a 90-day report.
  • 199. Microsoft Excel 199 XP Microsoft Excel 7 – Importing Data Into Excel
  • 200. Microsoft Excel 200 XP Import data from a text file into an Excel workbook • Sometimes it is necessary to import data from another source into an Excel worksheet. One possible source of data is a text file. • A text file is a file without formulas, graphics, special fonts, or formatting. • A text file contains alphanumeric data, letters, numbers, and symbols like commas and tabs. • Any structure the text file has must be supplied by some combination of text symbols.
  • 201. Microsoft Excel 201 XP Types of text files • If the data is in columns, for instance, the column breaks must be indicated in some way. – In some text files, the columns are separated by a delimiter, such as a space, a comma, or a tab, that shows where one column of data ends and another begins • In other text files, the columns are fixed-width, which means that in each column, all the data begins at a fixed place on the line. – That is, in every row of data, the data in the first column starts at, say, the first space, the data in the second column starts at the thirteenth space, and so on
  • 202. Microsoft Excel 202 XP Common text file delimiters This figure shows several examples of text files using various delimiters to indicate column breaks.
  • 203. Microsoft Excel 203 XP An example of a fixed-width text file This figure shows a fixed-width text file, where each column must start in a specific position.
  • 204. Microsoft Excel 204 XP Use the Text Import Wizard • If you open a text file in Excel, Excel starts the Text Import Wizard, which helps you determine what Excel needs to do to import the information from the text file into Excel in some meaningful way. • The Text Import Wizard takes you through three dialog boxes: – In the first dialog box you have to check whether the data is delimited or fixed-width. The Wizard will try to determine this itself, but if it is wrong, you can set this manually – In the next dialog box, the Wizard helps you set up the breaks between the columns. The Wizard tries to detect the correct space to begin each column, but sometimes it cannot. When that happens, you need to edit the column break lines manually – The final dialog box of the Text Import Wizard allows you to format the columns of data, one at a time. You can highlight each column, and check off whether the column contains text or dates
  • 205. Microsoft Excel 205 XP The first Text Import Wizard dialog box In the first dialog box (Step 1 of 3) you have to check whether the data is delimited or fixed-width. The Wizard will try to determine this itself, or you can set this manually. You also need to tell the Wizard where to start reading data. You can find out which row the columns of data start at by examining the data in the Preview window. Unless you tell it differently, the Wizard will start with row one.
  • 206. Microsoft Excel 206 XP The second Text Import Wizard dialog box This figure shows the step 2 of 3 dialog box where you set column breaks. You can add a break line, delete line, or click and drag a break line to move it. The figure shows the three break lines that the Wizard placed where it thought the column breaks were. As you can see, the break lines separate the numeric data correctly, but not the column titles. Also, there are only three break lines, but there should be four.
  • 207. Microsoft Excel 207 XP The second Text Import Wizard dialog box with modifications This figure shows the same dialog box seen in the previous slide but the column lines have been moved manually to correctly separate the columns.
  • 208. Microsoft Excel 208 XP The third Text Import Wizard dialog box Most columns can use the General format, which converts numeric values to numbers, date values to dates, and everything else to text, but if there is some chance that the Wizard might misinterpret the data in the column, you can specify the type. This dialog box also lets you skip any column that you do not wish to import into your Excel worksheet.
  • 209. Microsoft Excel 209 XP An example of an imported text file When you close the Text Import Wizard, you will see the data that the Wizard retrieved in the Excel worksheet, as shown in this figure. You should save this worksheet as an Excel workbook, since if you close it without saving it, it will revert back to a text file. You can also use Excel tools to format the data.
  • 210. Microsoft Excel 210 XP Retrieve data from database tables using the Query Wizard • Another possible source from which you could import data into is a database. • A database is a program that can store large amounts of data in tables. • The rows in a database table are called records. • The columns are called fields. – For example, a typical database is an address book. The information about each person in the database (the record) contains several fields - first name field, last name field, address field, telephone number field, and so on – Each record in the table contains the same fields
  • 211. Microsoft Excel 211 XP What is a query? • Excel can import data from most database tables. • To get information from a database, you must create a query. • The query tells the database: – What information you want – Which records you want it from – How you want the data arranged • Excel has an add-in called the Query Wizard to help you write queries to extract data from a database.
  • 212. Microsoft Excel 212 XP Start the Query Wizard • To import data using the Query Wizard, from the Data menu, choose Import External Data, and from the submenu that appears, select New Database Query. • This brings up the Query Wizard - Choose Data Source dialog box. • On the Databases tab of the dialog box you will see a list of possible data sources. • You choose the database type and proceed to the next step, which is to locate the database file to be imported.
  • 213. Microsoft Excel 213 XP The Choose Data Source dialog box This figure shows the Choose Data Source dialog box, where you indicate the type of source file to use.
  • 214. Microsoft Excel 214 XP Select tables and fields to import • When you have located the database and clicked the OK button, the database opens the Query Wizard – Choose Columns dialog box. • In the Available tables and columns: box, you will see a list of the tables in the database. • You can see the columns (fields) in each table by clicking on the plus sign in front of the table. • From these fields, you can select the ones you want to import and add them to the Columns in your query: box.
  • 215. Microsoft Excel 215 XP The Choose Columns dialog box The figure on the left shows the available tables for the database just opened. When you click on the plus sign in front of the Company table table, its columns will be listed as shown in the figure on the right.
  • 216. Microsoft Excel 216 XP Apply filters to import data • When you have selected all your fields, click the Next button to bring up the Query Wizard - Filter Data dialog box. • When you are importing data from a database, you may want to filter the data by choosing some filtering criteria. • To do this, in the Filter Data dialog box: – Click the column you wish to filter – Specify a comparison operator – Enter the desired criterion in the appropriate box • If you want to use all the data or if you have finished writing all your filters, click Next to go to the Query Wizard - Sort By dialog box where you can specify what sequence the data is to be sorted in.
  • 217. Microsoft Excel 217 XP The Filter Data dialog box This figure shows the Query Wizard – Filter Data dialog box where you can apply selection criteria to limit the data being imported to only records that meet your specified criteria.
  • 218. Microsoft Excel 218 XP Save and run the query • Your query is now defined. • Click Next to bring up the final Query Wizard dialog box. • This dialog box allows you to save the query you have just created, with a file extension of .dqy. • Now, you may choose the Return Data to Microsoft Excel button. • When you now select a cell in the worksheet, the Query Wizard runs the query against the database and inserts the data it extracts into the worksheet beginning at the selected cell.
  • 219. Microsoft Excel 219 XP Control how data is retrieved by editing queries • Excel knows when the data in a worksheet has been imported from an external source, and provides an External Data toolbar that makes available several options. • To bring up the External Data toolbar, first make sure that your cursor is pointing to a cell containing external data. • Choose Toolbars from the View menu, and choose External Data in the sub-menu. • The External Data toolbar has a Refresh Data button. – When you click this, Excel goes to the data source that the data was imported from, and brings into the worksheet any changes that have occurred since the data was loaded (or last refreshed)
  • 220. Microsoft Excel 220 XP Set Data Range properties • Clicking the Data Range Properties button on the External Data toolbar brings up the External Data Range Properties dialog box. • The name under which you saved the query that produced this data appears in the Name: box. • You can save the query, and even save a password for the query so that it cannot be changed unless the password is entered. • You have several options about refreshing the data, about the data formatting and layout, and about what to do if the layout of the source document has changed when you attempt to refresh. • Selecting the Refresh data on file open check box will cause Excel to query the data source for updated data every time the file containing this worksheet is opened.
  • 221. Microsoft Excel 221 XP The External Data Range Properties dialog box This figure shows the External Data Range Properties dialog box. You can specify when Excel should refresh the imported data, as well as how data is formatted, and what to do when the data source has rows inserted or deleted.
  • 222. Microsoft Excel 222 XP Retrieve data from a database into a PivotTable • You have a stock database that has five entries for each of fifteen different stocks, showing the volume of shares and the high, low, and closing values of these stocks for the last five days. • Instead of making fifteen different charts to track the data, you decide to create a PivotTable and PivotChart with the data. • The PivotChart will be set up so that, on a single workbook sheet, you can scroll through all the stocks, and a diagram for each of them will be drawn in turn. • This will be a compact way to store and examine the data. • You will use the PivotTable and PivotChart Wizard to create the table and the chart, and this Wizard will invoke the Query Wizard when it is time to define the data you want to import.
  • 223. Microsoft Excel 223 XP Start the PivotTable and PivotChart wizard • First, choose or create an empty worksheet. • From the Data menu choose PivotTable and PivotChart Report. • When the Wizard comes up with the dialog box labeled Step 1 of 3, choose External data source and PivotChart report (with PivotTable report), then click Next. • This will bring up Step 2 of 3 of the Wizard. Click the Get Data button. This will bring up the Query Wizard - Choose Data Source dialog box. • Choose the data source type, and click OK. Select your database from its folder on the Data Disk, and click OK. Select your table in the list of tables. – If you click Add, the Query Wizard will add all of the columns in the selected table to the Columns in your query: box – If you do not want to filter or sort the data, you can click Next repeatedly until you have reached the end of the Query Wizard, and have returned to Step 2 of 3 in the PivotTable and PivotChart Wizard
  • 224. Microsoft Excel 224 XP Set the PivotTable layout • Click Next to go to Step 3 of 3. Here, choose the Existing worksheet option, and click the cell where you want to start the PivotTable. • Click Layout, which will bring up a Layout dialog box, on which you will design the PivotTable. • You can drag the buttons on the right side of the dialog box to the diagram on the left side. • You can change the words on the column labels by double clicking on the fields and using the Name text box. • Also, while you are in the PivotTable Field dialog box, you can format fields as a number.
  • 225. Microsoft Excel 225 XP The Layout dialog box In the dialog box shown here, you can drag the field buttons on the right into the proper places on the diagram until your PivotTable looks like you want it to.
  • 226. Microsoft Excel 226 XP Finish the Pivot Table • In the Step 3 of 3 dialog box, you can click Options so that selected columns or rows are not selected. • You should also select Refresh on open in this dialog box. • Click OK and Finish. • You have designed a PivotTable and PivotChart, and a query to get the data to go in them. • The PivotTable will be on a worksheet called Recent Results; the PivotChart will be on a sheet called Chart1 for the example created here.
  • 227. Microsoft Excel 227 XP Example PivotTable and PivotChart This figure shows a completed PivotTable and a PivotChart.
  • 228. Microsoft Excel 228 XP Retrieve stock market data from the Web • To access a web page, you must know the URL. • The URL of a web page is its address, the place the network browser goes to find the page. • Web pages stored on the Web usually (although not always) have a URL that starts with http://www. • Web pages can also be accessed from a disk instead of from the Web.
  • 229. Microsoft Excel 229 XP Begin the Query Wizard • To create a Web query, find or create a new worksheet in your Excel workbook. • Point to the cell where you want the imported information to start. • From the Data menu, choose Import External Data, and then New Web Query. • The Query Wizard will invoke your Web browser, and open your home or default Web page. • Type in the address of the HTML file to be used.
  • 230. Microsoft Excel 230 XP Import the Web page data • When the Web page is opened with the Query Wizard, the Wizard puts little selection arrows in front of each section. • As you click on the sections you want to import, the arrow changes to a check mark. • There is a selection arrow at the top of the page; you select this arrow to select the entire page. • Click on the arrows that point to the tables on the Web page, and then click Import. • Check the address in the Import Data dialog box, and click OK. • The Query Wizard has created a query to select the parts of the Web page you want, and has imported the data into your worksheet.
  • 231. Microsoft Excel 231 XP An imported Web page This figure shows the worksheet with the imported data. The External Data toolbar is visible, offering you some options for accessing the data.
  • 232. Microsoft Excel 232 XP Import pages with HTML formatting retained • One of the options on the External Data toolbar is to Edit Query. • You can edit the query to import the data with all its HTML formatting features, such as complicated table structures, and hyperlinks. • From the Edit Web Query page, select Options, and from the Web Query Options page, select Full HTML formatting. Select OK, and then Import. • You can save a Web query, and then use it in any Excel workbook To do so: – Select the Edit Query button from the External Data toolbar, and select the Save Query button – Key in the path to the folder where you want the query to be saved, and give it a name
  • 233. Microsoft Excel 233 XP An imported Web page with its HTML formatting This figure shows the same page seen in a previous slide imported with full HTML formatting.
  • 234. Microsoft Excel 234 XP Import stock quotes • There are some Web queries that Microsoft provides for you. One of these is the Microsoft Investor Stock Quotes query. • From the Data menu, choose Import External Data, then choose Import Data. • This will bring up the Select Data Source dialog box, where you will see a list of available queries. • Choose MSN MoneyCentral Investor Stock Quotes, and click Open.
  • 235. Microsoft Excel 235 XP Enter parameters for the Stock Quote query • In the Import Data dialog box, click Parameters. In the Parameters dialog box, notice that you can choose Get the value from the following cell:, and then enter a cell address or range. • If you have already imported the list of ticker symbols for a list of stocks into a worksheet, you can read the ticker symbols from that worksheet. • Click Get the value from the following cell:, click Collapse Dialog Box, open the worksheet where the ticker symbols are listed, highlight them, and press Enter. • Click OK twice to activate the Web query. If you have an open connection to the Web, the query will get and display the current stock information for the stocks whose ticker symbols you entered.
  • 236. Microsoft Excel 236 XP A worksheet with stock quotes imported from the Web This figure shows a worksheet with imported stock data. Since this data is constantly changing, it is informative to refresh it, which you can do with the Refresh button on the External Data toolbar. You can also set an automatic refresh interval from the External Data Range Properties dialog box.
  • 237. Microsoft Excel 237 XP Use hyperlinks to view information on the World Wide Web • Sometimes text from a Web page is underlined in blue. • This indicates that the text is a hyperlink. • A hyperlink is any text or spot on a page that, when you click on it, takes you to another location.
  • 238. Microsoft Excel 238 XP A worksheet with hyperlinks The hyperlinks on the imported data in this figure are links to pages on the Web containing information about the various stocks. Clicking on one of them activates the Web browser, which reads the hyperlink containing the address of the Web page, and opens it.
  • 239. Microsoft Excel 239 XP Microsoft Excel 8 – Excel Shortcut Keys and Cheat Sheet
  • 240. Microsoft Excel 240 XP Sr. No. Key Effect 1 → Move right by one cell 2 ← Move left by one cell 3 ↓ Move down by one cell 4 ↑ Move up by one cell 5 Ctrl+→ Move to extreme right column( IV) in current row 6 Ctrl+← or Home Move to extreme left column (A) in current row 7 Ctrl+↓ Move to bottom-most row(65536) in current column 8 Ctrl+↑ Move to top-most row (1) in current column 9 Ctrl+Home Move to the first cell (A1) 10 PgDn Move down on screen 11 PgUp Move up one screen 12 Alt+PgDn Move right by one screen 13 Alt+PgUp Move Left by one screen 14 Ctrl+PgDn Move to next sheet 15 Ctrl+PgUp Move to previous sheet 16 Ctrl+G Opens Goto window then specify the cell reference to move to Excel Shortcuts Keys - For moving through Worksheet
  • 241. Microsoft Excel 241 XP Excel Shortcuts Keys - For moving Selecting a range of cells Sr. No. Key Effect 1 Shift+→ Selects a range of cells horizontally 2 Shift+← Deselects a range horizontally 3 Shift+↓ Selects a range of cells vertically 4 Shift+↑ Deselects a range of cells vertically 5 Shift+PgDn Selects a screen-full of cells vertically in that row 6 Shift+PgUp Deselects a screen-full of cells vertically in that row 7 Alt+Shift+PgDn Selects a screen-full of cells horizontally in that column 8 Alt+Shift+PgUp Deselects a screen-full of cells horizontally in that column 9 Ctrl+Shift+Spacebar Selects all cells in worksheet 10 Ctrl+Shift+Home Selects all cells from current cell to cell A1
  • 242. Microsoft Excel 242 XP Key Alone Shift Ctrl Alt Shift Ctrl F1 Help What's This Help Insert Chart Sheet F2 Edit Mode Edit Comment Save As F3 Paste Name Formula Paste Function Define Name Names From Labels F4 Repeat Action Find Again Close Window Quit Excel F5 Goto Find Restore Window Size F6 Next Pane Prev Pane Next Workbook Switch To VBA Prev Workbook F7 Spell Check Move Window F8 Extend Selection Add To Selection Resize Window Macro List F9 Calculate All Calculate Worksheet Minimize Workbook F10 Activate Menu Context Menu Restore Workbook F11 New Chart New Worksheet New Macro Sheet VB Editor F12 Save As Save Open Print Excel Cheat Sheet
  • 243. Microsoft Excel 243 XP F10 Activate Menu Context Menu Restore Workbook F11 New Chart New Worksheet New Macro Sheet VB Editor F12 Save As Save Open Print A Select All Formula Arguments B Bold C Copy D Fill Down Data Menu E Edit Menu F Find File Menu Font Name G Goto H Replace Help Menu I Italics Insert Menu J K Insert Hyperlink L M N New Workbook O Open Workbook Format Menu Select Comments P Print Font Size Q R Fill Right S Save T Tools Menu U Underline V Paste W Close Workbook Window Menu Key Alone Shift Ctrl Alt Shift Ctrl Excel Cheat Sheet
  • 244. Microsoft Excel 244 XP ` (~) Toggle Formula View General Format 1 (!) Cell Format Number Format 2 (@) Toggle Bold Time Format 3 (#) Toggle Italics Date Format 4 ($) Toggle Underline Currency Format 5 (%) Toggle Strikethru Percent Format 6 (^) a Exponent Format 7 (&) a Apply Border 8 (*) Outline Select Region 9 (() Hide Rows Unhide Rows 0 ()) Hide Columns Unhide Columns - Delete Selection Control Menu No Border = (+) Formula Auto Sum Insert dialog [ Direct Dependents Direct Precedents ] All Dependents All Precedents ; (semicolon) Insert Date Select Visible Cells Insert Time ' (apostrophe) Style Copy Cell Value Above : (colon) Insert Time / Select Array Select Array Select Differences Select Unequal Cells Insert Insert Mode Copy Delete Clear Delete To End Of Line Home Begin Row Start Of Worksheet End End Row End Of Worksheet Page Up Page Up Previous Worksheet Left 1 screen Page Down Page Down Next Worksheet Right 1 screen Left Arrow Move Left Select Left Move Left Area Right Arrow Move Right Select Right Move Right Area Up Arrow Move Up Select Up Move Up Area Down Arrow Move Down Select Down Move Down Area Drop down list Space Bar Space Select Row Select Column Control Box Select All Tab Move Right Move Left Next Window Next Application Previous Window BackSpace Goto Active Cell Key Alone Shift Ctrl Alt Shift Ctrl Excel Cheat Sheet
  • 245. Microsoft Excel 245 XP Queries
  • 246. Microsoft Excel 246 XP Thank You Microsoft Excel Mohan BangMohan Bang