Cdp & telnet
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  • 1. Ch.4 – Learning About Other Devices (CDP and Telnet) CCNA 1 version 3.0 Rick Graziani Cabrillo College
  • 2. Overview Students completing this module should be able to: • Enable and disable CDP • Use the show cdp neighbors command • Determine which neighboring devices are connected to which local interfaces • Gather network address information about neighboring devices using CDP • Establish a Telnet connection • Verify a Telnet connection • Disconnect from a Telnet session • Suspend a Telnet session • Perform alternative connectivity tests • Troubleshoot remote terminal connections
  • 3. Introduction to CDP • • • Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP) is a Layer 2 protocol that connects lower physical media and upper network layer protocols. CDP is used to obtain information about neighboring devices, such as: – the types of devices connected – the router interfaces they are connected to – the interfaces used to make the connections – the model numbers of the devices CDP is media and protocol independent, and runs on all Cisco equipment over the Subnetwork Access Protocol (SNAP).
  • 4. Information obtained with CDP • • CDP Version 2 (CDPv2) is the most recent release of the protocol. Cisco IOS (Release 12.0(3)T or later) supports CDPv2. CDP Version 1 (CDPv1) is enabled by default with Cisco IOS (Release 10.3 to 12.0(3)T).
  • 5. Implementation, monitoring, and maintenance of CDP This router’s interface • • • • • Remote router’s interface The cdp run command is used to enable CDP globally on the router. By default, CDP is globally enabled. The cdp enable command is used to enable CDP on a particular interface. On Cisco IOS Release 10.3 or higher, CDP is enabled by default on all supported interfaces to send and receive CDP information. CDP could be enabled on each of the devices interfaces by using the cdp enable command.
  • 6. Implementation, monitoring, and maintenance of CDP
  • 7. Implementation, monitoring, and maintenance of CDP
  • 8. Implementation, monitoring, and maintenance of CDP
  • 9. Implementation, monitoring, and maintenance of CDP
  • 10. Disabling CDP To disable CDP on a specific interface after it has been enabled, use the no CDP enable command in interface configuration mode.
  • 11. Troubleshooting CDP
  • 12. Getting Information about Remote Devices • • • • • • Establish a Telnet connection Verify a Telnet connection Disconnect from a Telnet session Suspend a Telnet session Perform alternative connectivity tests Troubleshoot remote terminal connections
  • 13. Telnet • • Telnet is a virtual terminal protocol that is part of the TCP/IP protocol suite. It allows connections to be made to remote hosts.
  • 14. Establishing and verifying a Telnet connection • • • To initiate a Telnet session any of the following alternatives can be used: Denver>connect paris Denver>paris Denver>131.108.100.152 Denver>telnet paris A hostname table or access to DNS for Telnet must be present for a name to work. Otherwise, the IP address of the remote router must be entered.
  • 15. Establishing and verifying a Telnet connection RouterA#conf t Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z. RouterA(config)#ip host RouterA 10.1.1.1 Does not have to be RouterA(config)#exit the router-name but it is generally a good idea. RouterA#telnet routera Trying RouterA (10.1.1.1)... Open Not case sensitive. User Access Verification Password: RouterB> • This is where the ip host commands can be helpful.
  • 16. Telnet password – line vty RouterA>telnet 10.1.1.1 Trying 10.1.1.1 ... Open Password required, but none set [Connection to 10.1.1.1 closed by foreign host] RouterA> RouterB(config)#line vty 0 4 Configure vty password RouterB(config-line)#login RouterB(config-line)#password cisco on RouterB RouterA>telnet 10.1.1.1 Trying 10.1.1.1 ... Open User Access Verification Password:cisco RouterB> RouterB>exit Telnet works! Enter vty password Exit closes (ends) telnet session [Connection to 10.1.1.1 closed by foreign host] RouterA> • • You must have the vty password set on the remote routers. We will always use vtypass as our vty passwords!
  • 17. Telnet and the privilege password RouterA>telnet 10.1.1.1 Trying 10.1.1.1 ... Open User Access Verification Password:cisco RouterB>ena % No password set RouterB>exit Cannot enter privilege mode because there is no privilege password (enable secret). Can only enter this mode from the console until the password is created. Configure vty password on RouterB RouterB(config)#enable secret cisco RouterA>telnet 10.1.1.1 Trying 10.1.1.1 ... Open User Access Verification Password:vtypass RouterB>ena Password:cisco RouterB#exit [Connection to 10.1.1.1 closed by foreign host] RouterA> • If there is no privilege password on the remote router, you cannot enter privilege mode!
  • 18. Disconnecting and suspending Telnet sessions • • A session is suspended for a limited time, to resume a Telnet session that has been suspended, just press Enter. The command show sessions will show what Telnet sessions are taking place.
  • 19. Disconnecting and suspending Telnet sessions RouterA>connect Or the Host: 10.1.1.1 Trying 10.1.1.1 ... Open “telnet” command User Access Verification Password:vtypass RouterB> RouterB> <control-shift-6, x> RouterA>show sessions Conn Host * 1 10.1.1.1 Address 10.1.1.1 Byte 0 Idle Conn Name 0 10.1.1.1 RouterA> <enter> [Resuming connection 1 to 10.1.1.1 ... ] RouterB>exit [Connection to 10.1.1.1 closed by foreign host] RouterA>show sessions % No connections open RouterA> • If there is no privilege password on the remote router, you cannot enter privilege mode!
  • 20. Advanced Telnet operation Multiple Telnet sessions Connection ID • • If the resume command is used it requires a connection ID. The connection ID is shown by using the show sessions command.
  • 21. Alternative connectivity tests • • • • As an aid to diagnosing basic network connectivity, many network protocols support an echo protocol. The ping target 172.16.1.5 in Figure responded successfully to all five datagrams sent. The exclamation points (!) indicate each successful echo. If one or more periods (.) are received instead of exclamations on the display, the application on the router (or source device) timed out waiting for a given packet echo from the ping target.
  • 22. Alternative connectivity tests
  • 23. Alternative connectivity tests • • • The traceroute command is the ideal tool for finding where data is being sent in a network. If one of these routers is unreachable, three asterisks (*) will be returned instead of the name of the router. The traceroute command will continue attempting to reach the next step until the Ctrl-Shift-6 escape sequence is used.
  • 24. Troubleshooting IP addressing issues • • • ping uses the ICMP protocol to verify the hardware connection and the IP address of the network layer. This is a basic testing mechanism. telnet verifies the application layer software between source and destination. This is the most complete test mechanism available. traceroute allows the location of failures in the path from the source to the destination. Trace uses Time to Live values to generate messages from each router along the path.
  • 25. Summary