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Active directory


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  • 1. Active Directory What Is Active Directory? 􀂇 Active Directory is a Directory Service which contains Information of All User Accounts and Shared Resources on a Network. 􀂇 Active Directory is a Centralized Hierarchical Directory Database What Does Active Directory Do? 􀂇 Centralizes control of Network Resources 􀂇 Centralizes & Decentralizes resource management 􀂇 Stores objects securely in a logical structure 􀂇 Optimizes Network traffic PURPOSE OF ACTIVE DIRECTORY 􀂇 Provides User Logon and Authentication Services using Kerberos 􀂇 to organize and manage: - User Accounts -Computers - Groups - Network Resources FEATURES OF ACTIVE DIRECTORY 􀂇 Fully Integrated Security 􀂇 Easy Administration using Group Policy 􀂇 Flexible Structure of Active Directory 􀂇1. Logical Structure 􀂇 2.Physical Structure 1. Logical Structure of Active Directory 􀂇 Domain 􀂇 TREE -Parent/Root - Child/Branch 􀂇 Forest 2. Physical Structure of Active Directory o Domain controllers o Site
  • 2. Server Ip address Sub DNS Requirement for install and configure Active directory: - group of systems (pc's) - CD of windows 2003 server - name for the Domain system ( - Ram 256mb - Free space at least 2GB in HDD 1- start – run type ( DCPROMO )
  • 3. 2- click Next 3- click Next 4- Select ( Domain Controller For New domain ) - click Next 5- select ( Domain in new forest ) - click Next
  • 4. 6- give your domain name eg: ( ) - click Next 7- in domain net Bois (mcse don’t change name ) - click Next
  • 5. 8- Database - - click Next 9- folder location - click Next
  • 6. 10- Select install and configure the DNS - click next 11- select permissions compatible only with windows 2000 or 2003 - click Next
  • 7. 12- if you wont password give your password or not - click Next 13- in summary - click Next
  • 8. 14- Now the configure is start pleas wait 15 – if the configuration need CD of windows 2003server insert the CD 16-after configuration completed - click finish
  • 9. 17- select restart Now How can check the active directory install or not? 1. (Start –program - administrative tool) A- active directory domain and trust B- active directory sites and service C- active directory user and computer D- domain controller security policy E- domain security policy
  • 10. 2-in command prompt there is two commands: - Start – run – type (CMD) – ok 1- Type In c:net accounts <enter > It show you in computer Role PRIMARY that mean it is existing * Or else workgroup that mean it is not existing 2- start – run – type ( CMD ) c:gettype < enter> It show you in computer Role domain controller that mean it is existing * Or else workgroup that mean it does not exist
  • 11. How to join member server or client to a domain 1.Member server(2000 advance server,2003 server ,2008 server) : if a server operator system joint to domain called as Member Server( it is a server which can be host service (DNS ,DHCP,IIS, etc )) 2. Clients operator system: (vista,xp 7,XP pro, 2000 pro win 98 win me ) If the Clients operator system joint to domain is called client services which cannot be hosting in client joint member server or Clients operator system to domain : 1- in IP give the DNS IP of server domain controller ( To assigning IP Address)
  • 12. 2- right click in my computer select properties 3- select computer name 4- in computer name select Change 5- in member of select DOMAIN and give your domain name (
  • 13. 6- give the administrator of the domain and password 7- click ok
  • 14. 9- click yes