Dr. Yousef Al-Jeesh
Mr. Mohammed Al-Khaldi

1

Embeddeness research into policies, Aljeesh and Al-Khaldi

April, 2013
General Overview

 There is growing interest in understanding how to
effectively bridge the gap between the production of...
Health Research Challenge in Palestine
 Political, socio-economic, and education challenge.
 Research and management: un...
Study importance

 Perceive marginalizing health research in PMOH, Health
NGOs, and research institutions operations .
 ...
Assessing the real condition of embedding and
inserting the research evidence in policy decisions

for health from policy ...
Objectives

1.To examine the health researches and policy making integration,
reality, obstacles, opportunities, strengths...
• Reviewing literature.
• The study used qualitative approach by conducting in-depth interviews with
academicians, experts...
A strategy of Effective Health Research System
Adopted by WHO, 2012

Capacity
Priorities

Strengthening
health research
sy...
Conceptual F. for institutional Health Research embeddeness

9

Embedeness research into policies, Aljeesh and Al-Khaldi

...
Research and Policy-making Bodies Relationship and
Alignment (Developed by researcher)

Research
Producer

Research User
(...
Dissemination Structure of Research
Findings in the policy practices

(Source: Dobbins et al. 2002)
11

Embedeness researc...
12

Embedeness research into policies, Aljeesh and Al-Khaldi

April, 2013
Interviewees perceptions about
“embeddeness”

 The overall perceptions about the research embeddness is weak and
neglecte...
The majority of the experts emphasize on fund
insufficiency for research. Palestinian government
budgets and plans did no...
• There are no disadvantages unless it is misuse and malpracticed and it also depends on the research quality and
credibil...
Embeddeness and Health Needs, Indicators, and HS
Performance
• The majority conformed that this concept of policy-based ev...
Perceptions about research findings utilization
and appropriateness
• There are two different points of views. Some indica...
The Role of Researchers in Policy-making
• There is compromise among experts perspectives that the health
researchers role...
Research Institutions, MOH, and NGOs
Relationship
• 5 experts clarified that the relationship nature is
fragile and not pr...
Palestinian Institutions experience in
Research Embeddeness into Policy
• The experts' perspectives revealed that there is...
In Conclusion
21

• All key informants acknowledged the need for evidence to inform
decision making and that the overall t...
22

Embedeness research into policies, Aljeesh and Al-Khaldi

April, 2013
Recommendation 1
23

• Important of existing body as a mediator
like national committee or council and
adopting WHO resear...
Recommendation 2
24

• Build active partnership and cooperation
across universities, research institutes,
government and N...
Recommendation 3
25

• Urging the government and universities
in promoting research culture and
working
on
support
researc...
Recommendation 4
26

• Call to institutionalize the research by
finding and supporting research and
development units with...
Recommendation 5
27

• Call for making a comprehensive
review of all critical health researches
and studies for Utilizatio...
28

Embedeness research into policies, Aljeesh and Al-Khaldi

April, 2013
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Embedding research into policy, Aljeesh and Al-Khaldi, 2013

  1. 1. Dr. Yousef Al-Jeesh Mr. Mohammed Al-Khaldi 1 Embeddeness research into policies, Aljeesh and Al-Khaldi April, 2013
  2. 2. General Overview  There is growing interest in understanding how to effectively bridge the gap between the production of knowledge and it's embedding in health decision-making.  Better health research means better health care in the delivery of better, fairer and more equitable health care to people. It does so by identifying challenges and providing best solutions in emerging and embedding these research findings into policies in order to improved approaches to public health.  Research findings are extremely important to inform policy and decision-making in health to tackle threats and diseases, to address priorities and focus on the most important health issues.  The concept of evidence-based practice or policy-based evidence aims to improve health system performance and attain sustainable development. 2 Embedeness research into policies, Aljeesh and Al-Khaldi April, 2013
  3. 3. Health Research Challenge in Palestine  Political, socio-economic, and education challenge.  Research and management: unsupportive culture, poor infrastructure, fund insufficiency, lack of leadership, inefficient information system, uncoordinated and unlinked stakeholders. research findings are neglected by policy makers due to absence of agreed research-policy integration strategy, limited resources and experts, conducted personally-oriented not scientific-oriented.  Institutional issues: the gaps and terrible link between Universities and research institutions with policy making body. Generally, embedding research findings in health policy making is experiencing weakness and the absence of the efficient policies-relied on research evidence practice. 3 Embedeness research into policies, Aljeesh and Al-Khaldi April, 2013
  4. 4. Study importance  Perceive marginalizing health research in PMOH, Health NGOs, and research institutions operations .  Scarcity of relevant studies, since this study addresses this topic with the lack of accurate data and statistics about the reality of research in Palestine, mainly in the health field.  The first domestic and academic study . As well, relies on the importance of the topic that addressed is considered one of the most important health system pillars.  Health R&D witness weakness and absence of the supportive culture, malpractice and implications, and utilization.  Study provide clear insights and basis to the health decision makers and researchers in formulating unified and effective strategy to strengthen health research in Palestine. Moreover, it can be the bases of other applied research. 4 Embedeness research into policies, Aljeesh and Al-Khaldi April, 2013
  5. 5. Assessing the real condition of embedding and inserting the research evidence in policy decisions for health from policy makers and academicians perspectives in the Gaza Strip. In order to identify proper ways that achieve the integration between them, thus providing suggestions about the appropriate utilization of research outcomes in policy making process. 5 Embedeness research into policies, Aljeesh and Al-Khaldi April, 2013
  6. 6. Objectives 1.To examine the health researches and policy making integration, reality, obstacles, opportunities, strengths and weaknesses and factors affecting that. 2. To develop relevant, effective, and efficient sustainable strategy and mechanisms that manage the relationship between research producers and policy making boards in Palestine. 3. To present a conceptual understanding of institutional embeddedness and apply it to the context of research in policy making in health. 4. To recognize the stakeholder's roles in supporting health research and its implications on policy making practice levels. 5. To provide recommendations for better utilization of health research findings into policies in light of supporting the health system components. 6 Embedeness research into policies, Aljeesh and Al-Khaldi April, 2013
  7. 7. • Reviewing literature. • The study used qualitative approach by conducting in-depth interviews with academicians, experts and policy makers for gathering data about the phenomenon. • 7th interviews conducted in February 2013: • The first two interviews commenced at the PMOH with two Chief Executive Officers CEOs, the third one with expert from PLC, the fourth held with expert from NGO, the fifth, Sixth and seventh interviews carried with three academicians from Al-Quds, Al-Azhar and The Islamic University of Gaza. • Used Non-probability convenience and purposive selection, and the Interview questions were developed initially based on a conceptual model of institutional embeddedness through literature and experts consultations. • One interview was piloted with academic professor. • In content comparative analysis, data were systematically analyzed within steps. Raw data were carefully processed by Open Coded Thematic Analysis OCTA in order to make analytical interpretations. 7 Embedeness research into policies, Aljeesh and Al-Khaldi April, 2013
  8. 8. A strategy of Effective Health Research System Adopted by WHO, 2012 Capacity Priorities Strengthening health research systems Meeting health needs Standards Good research practice Embedding Evidence into practice 8 Embedeness research into policies, Aljeesh and Al-Khaldi April, 2013
  9. 9. Conceptual F. for institutional Health Research embeddeness 9 Embedeness research into policies, Aljeesh and Al-Khaldi April, 2013
  10. 10. Research and Policy-making Bodies Relationship and Alignment (Developed by researcher) Research Producer Research User (Government and NGOs Authorities) (Academic and Institutions) Liaison body (NRC)/ regulated policies 10 Embedeness research into policies, Aljeesh and Al-Khaldi April, 2013
  11. 11. Dissemination Structure of Research Findings in the policy practices (Source: Dobbins et al. 2002) 11 Embedeness research into policies, Aljeesh and Al-Khaldi April, 2013
  12. 12. 12 Embedeness research into policies, Aljeesh and Al-Khaldi April, 2013
  13. 13. Interviewees perceptions about “embeddeness”  The overall perceptions about the research embeddness is weak and neglected, and there is no full satisfaction and the embeddedness state did not reach the required level. At this moment, there are inconsiderable efforts in applying the health research into policy making.  Using research evidences in policy practices in health organizations are marginalized and inapplicable by policy makers.  There is consensus that the health policies must be constructed on evidence-based decisions which should be derived from scientific bases.  Half of experts agreed that researches have clear goals in evaluating the health services or presenting approaches that improved the health.  The others added that the researches are the mirror that evaluates the current situation and the desired future horizons. Most of world countries depend on the research to develop its capacities and allocate budgets related to research that could reach around 5% of the general budget of the government. 13 Embedeness research into policies, Aljeesh and Al-Khaldi April, 2013
  14. 14. The majority of the experts emphasize on fund insufficiency for research. Palestinian government budgets and plans did not allocate adequate fund. On the NGOs and INGOs levels there is concern with research to some extent due to the programs' and projects' nature with rare existence of R&D units in these organizations. All of interviewees agreed that the researches purpose that made is personally but not priority or scientific-oriented. Since the researchers make researches to develop their professional and functional position besides the financial interests. 14 Embedeness research into policies, Aljeesh and Al-Khaldi April, 2013
  15. 15. • There are no disadvantages unless it is misuse and malpracticed and it also depends on the research quality and credibility. • Advantages: extreme necessity to apply it in the health that is characterized by its complexities which should be met with realistic facts, fill the gaps in the health system and produces true health decisions, helps policy makers in setting the health development strategies and plans, increases the policy makers' abilities in evaluating the situation. Clearer, one of experts provided an example of research that was scientifically conducted and it addresses thalassemia disease, this research concluded findings that contributed in creating strategic plan including policies that control the disease. 15 Embedeness research into policies, Aljeesh and Al-Khaldi April, 2013
  16. 16. Embeddeness and Health Needs, Indicators, and HS Performance • The majority conformed that this concept of policy-based evidence is strongly believes that there is close relationship with fulfilling health needs , improving indicators, and HC performance. When health providers determine the population health needs, deliberately they use research as a suitable tool like needs assessment to achieve the sounded needs. From another point of view, if health research is scientifically conducted and correctly directed according to the HS priorities it will reach findings and recommendations that will effectively contribute in improving HS performance and will fulfill the gaps this is called "decision-based evidence". • Health research and its findings in the policy making process assists in giving precise truths that reflect the health needs to compare the health situation geographically between areas within one country and with other countries and timely over time stages. In other words, the health indicators are based on the research findings which main aim is evaluating and validating these indicators for example: surveillance-based evidences. 16 Embedeness research into policies, Aljeesh and Al-Khaldi April, 2013
  17. 17. Perceptions about research findings utilization and appropriateness • There are two different points of views. Some indicated that it is appropriately used specially in the NGOs because there is concern and supportive culture and resources from the management or donor related to the nature of the projects. Moreover, presence of qualified and skilled HRs in the scientific research, the current condition of health research in NGOs is moderately well. • In contrast, some argued that the research and its findings are not translated properly into the process of decision making process and witness significance weakness due to the most researches that are produced are not for scientific or policy purposes but for personal purposes. • Generally, the difficulties hinder research use into policies in proper manner mainly represents in issues of procedures, personal, environmental, absence or miscommunications, and priorities contradiction, also organizational aspects such as bureaucratization. 17 Embedeness research into policies, Aljeesh and Al-Khaldi April, 2013
  18. 18. The Role of Researchers in Policy-making • There is compromise among experts perspectives that the health researchers role is a very minor and mainly marginalized and does not reach to the required level. • 4 experts attributed the faint role due to own reasons such as rewards and promotions, bulky research idea is not priority-driven but stems from individual motives, this does not deny the existence of initiative researchers. • Another stated that the health researchers have a central and vital role to a large extent in the decision process within NGOs sector, as a result of the characteristics that distinguished these organizations from others. • The role of researchers and decision makers is a scattered due to of separation between them, as well as barriers related to lack of communication, consultations, mutual understanding and cooperation at the academic institutions, government authorities and NGOs. 18 Embedeness research into policies, Aljeesh and Al-Khaldi April, 2013
  19. 19. Research Institutions, MOH, and NGOs Relationship • 5 experts clarified that the relationship nature is fragile and not profound based on a real strategic partnership and cooperation in health researches. This relationship only restricted to administrative arrangements for researcher likes administrative approval or consent from the authorities, with existence of certain links but seasonal between specific institutions such as consultations services, workshops conferences and tutorial sessions addressing health issues and problems. 19 Embedeness research into policies, Aljeesh and Al-Khaldi April, 2013
  20. 20. Palestinian Institutions experience in Research Embeddeness into Policy • The experts' perspectives revealed that there is significantly weakness by health government institutions in adopting the concept of evidence embeddedness into policy. • The experts call to institutionalizing this concept to become the culture research-oriented. • This urge us to the need to more efforts and interventions to promote this concept by developing policy makers capacities, strengthen networking and communication, support research units within organization, plenty resources, more involvement and consultation, regulated health research-policy strategy, and supportive management. 20 Embedeness research into policies, Aljeesh and Al-Khaldi April, 2013
  21. 21. In Conclusion 21 • All key informants acknowledged the need for evidence to inform decision making and that the overall trend seems unsatisfactory, weak, and blurred status and the need for serious corrective strategies and greater actions to be taken to create a culture of health research production, utilization and translation with our health organizations. • There is a consistent perspective among experts in underpinning the research findings utilization in the health actions and policies as a considerable part of health system components. • They have asserted on several important suggestions concerning in founding agreed national health research priorities, formulating regulated body for research, sufficient and planned fund, encouraging the networking, coordination, consultations and partnership agreements as well as Activating the complementarity role among all relevant institutions and stakeholders at local and international levels, creating incentive systems and implementing capacity building programs, and teaming among researchers and policy makers is essential. Embedeness research into policies, Aljeesh and Al-Khaldi April, 2013
  22. 22. 22 Embedeness research into policies, Aljeesh and Al-Khaldi April, 2013
  23. 23. Recommendation 1 23 • Important of existing body as a mediator like national committee or council and adopting WHO research strategy. Also, need to disseminate the researches clearly, effectively, and efficiently to all concern audiences with focusing on improving the policy makers' potentials and experience in research and urging the universities and colleges in concerning more in research methodology course. Embedeness research into policies, Aljeesh and Al-Khaldi April, 2013
  24. 24. Recommendation 2 24 • Build active partnership and cooperation across universities, research institutes, government and NGOs and INGOs, and working on establish national research policy based on priorities through teamwork (team-driven) by encouraging the operations, applied, evaluation and assessment researches Embedeness research into policies, Aljeesh and Al-Khaldi April, 2013
  25. 25. Recommendation 3 25 • Urging the government and universities in promoting research culture and working on support research infrastructure, commit to fixed budget for research, upgrading dynamic information and technological, as communication and coordination measures. Embedeness research into policies, Aljeesh and Al-Khaldi April, 2013
  26. 26. Recommendation 4 26 • Call to institutionalize the research by finding and supporting research and development units within the health institutions linked directly with front management and encourage and empower researchers and professionals' through effective incentive system and capacity building programs. Embedeness research into policies, Aljeesh and Al-Khaldi April, 2013
  27. 27. Recommendation 5 27 • Call for making a comprehensive review of all critical health researches and studies for Utilization purpose. Moreover, urge the donors and their organizations to play important role in supporting the health research and its implications on the health sectors in Palestine. Embedeness research into policies, Aljeesh and Al-Khaldi April, 2013
  28. 28. 28 Embedeness research into policies, Aljeesh and Al-Khaldi April, 2013

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