Genn001 - Innovation
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Genn001 - Innovation

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Genn001 - Innovation Genn001 - Innovation Presentation Transcript

  • Humanities Dr. Mohammad TawfikAerospace Engineering Department, Cairo University Genn001 – Humanities Fall 2011 Dr. Mohammad Tawfik
  • Innovation Genn001 – Humanities Fall 2011 Dr. Mohammad Tawfik
  • What is innovation?● We often use the words "creativity" and "innovation" interchangeably but we should not. Creativity is about coming up with ideas while innovation is about "bringing ideas to life." While individuals may display creativity, innovation occurs in the organizational context only, by bringing creative ideas to life. "Business Improvement Architects" Genn001 – Humanities Fall 2011 Dr. Mohammad Tawfik
  • What is innovation?● The term innovation derives from the Latin word innovatus, which is the noun form of innovare "to renew or change," stemming from in—"into" + novus—"new".● Innovation generally refers to the creation of better or more effective products, processes, technologies, or ideas that are accepted by markets, governments, and society.● Innovation differs from invention or renovation in that innovation generally signifies a substantial positive change compared to incremental changes. “Wikipedia" Genn001 – Humanities Fall 2011 Dr. Mohammad Tawfik
  • The Idea Hunter Andy Boyton & Bill Fischer Genn001 – Humanities Fall 2011 Dr. Mohammad Tawfik
  • Idea vs ThingGeorge Bernard Shaw“If you have an apple and I have an appleand we exchange these apples then youand I will still each have one apple.But if you have an idea and I have an ideaand we exchange these ideas, then eachof us will have two ideas.” Genn001 – Humanities Fall 2011 Dr. Mohammad Tawfik
  • Learning“There are not one but two products of thework that people do. The first is the actualthing we make or the service we provide orthe process we manage.The second product, no less essential iswhat we learn along the way.” Genn001 – Humanities Fall 2011 Dr. Mohammad Tawfik
  • The I-D-E-A Principles● Be Interested not just interesting● Diversify the hunt● Exercise hunting for ideas● Be Agile in hunting for ideas Genn001 – Humanities Fall 2011 Dr. Mohammad Tawfik
  • Be Interested not just interesting● “I have no special talents. I am only passionately curious.” - Albert Einstein● “Good artists copy. Great artists steal.” - Pablo Picasso Genn001 – Humanities Fall 2011 Dr. Mohammad Tawfik
  • Diversify the hunt● “I almost never look to the existing discipline for new ideas.” - Jack Hughes● “It is hardly possible to overrate the value... of placing human beings in contact with persons dissimilar to themselves, and with modes of thought and action unlike those with which they are familiar.” - John Stuart Mill Genn001 – Humanities Fall 2011 Dr. Mohammad Tawfik
  • Exercise hunting for ideas● “People learn by doing... and by reflecting on what they are doing. Training yourself to notice things is part of the observational platform.”● “Writing down your thoughts and observations -and keeping them in a readily accessible place- are necessary habits of the Hunt.” Genn001 – Humanities Fall 2011 Dr. Mohammad Tawfik
  • Be Agile in hunting for ideas● Agile means to move quickly and lightly, Wiki.answers.com● Agile means quick or lively, answer.ask.com Genn001 – Humanities Fall 2011 Dr. Mohammad Tawfik
  • Where Good Ideas Come From Steven Johnson Genn001 – Humanities Fall 2011 Dr. Mohammad Tawfik
  • Adjacent Possible● Good ideas are not conjured out of thin air; they are built out of a collection of existing parts, the composition of which expands (and, occasionally, contracts) over time Genn001 – Humanities Fall 2011 Dr. Mohammad Tawfik
  • How to develop good ideas● Liquid Network● Serendipity● Slow hunches● Error● Noise● Exaptations Genn001 – Humanities Fall 2011 Dr. Mohammad Tawfik
  • Liquid Network● Not so rigid that ideas can’t grow and develop● Not so much space where ideas can’t reach each other.● Free flow of ideas allows ideas to connect, grow, reconnect with others.● Liquid networks complete ideas. Genn001 – Humanities Fall 2011 Dr. Mohammad Tawfik
  • Serendipity● You have to set out in good faith for elsewhere and lose you bearings serendipitously.● Go for a walk, take a shower/bath - remove yourself from the problem● According to NYTimes, web has pushed culture toward more serendipitous encounters. Genn001 – Humanities Fall 2011 Dr. Mohammad Tawfik
  • Slow Hunch● Hunch that developed over time is more common than sudden flash of inspiration● Have to keep hunch alive● Keep a journal or commonplace book and review it to refresh your hunch● Sleeping on the problem actually helps Genn001 – Humanities Fall 2011 Dr. Mohammad Tawfik
  • Error● Spark gap telegraph led to the invention of vacuum tubes, which in turn led to computers, television, etc.● Fleming discovered penicillin by bacteria accidentally entering his lab● Error in reaching for a resistor led from an oscillator that recorded heartbeats to the pacemaker that regulates them Genn001 – Humanities Fall 2011 Dr. Mohammad Tawfik
  • Noise● Albert Einstein has been considered the patron saint of useful messiness, and once stated “The cluttered desk signs a cluttered mind; what does an empty desk sign? Genn001 – Humanities Fall 2011 Dr. Mohammad Tawfik
  • Exaptation● Defined as using a feature or structure for something other than its original intended purpose.● Ex. In Indonesia, Timothy Prestero redesigned neonatal incubators out of automobile parts because the locals had access to and knowledge of automobile engines. Genn001 – Humanities Fall 2011 Dr. Mohammad Tawfik
  • Innovation You Jeff Degraff Genn001 – Humanities Fall 2011 Dr. Mohammad Tawfik
  • Prismatic Thinking● Colors of Innovation● The Russian nesting Dolls● How you innovate is what you innovate● Create Capacity● Avoid the negative zone Genn001 – Humanities Fall 2011 Dr. Mohammad Tawfik
  • Colors of Innovation● Green – Create – Influential personality● Blue – Compete – Decisive personality● Red – Control – Careful personality● Yellow – Collaborate – Social Personality Genn001 – Humanities Fall 2011 Dr. Mohammad Tawfik
  • The Russian nesting dolls● Look up, down, and around● You, your community, and the whole world Genn001 – Humanities Fall 2011 Dr. Mohammad Tawfik
  • How you innovate is what you innovate● Think through the whole picture, the colors and the nesting dolls, and change your way of thinking Genn001 – Humanities Fall 2011 Dr. Mohammad Tawfik
  • Create Capacity● Time is limited● Money is limited● Brain capacity is limited● You have to give up something to give room for new things Genn001 – Humanities Fall 2011 Dr. Mohammad Tawfik
  • Avoid the negative zone● Too much of anything is bad● Ask friends to help you out● Think about why are you thinking this way Genn001 – Humanities Fall 2011 Dr. Mohammad Tawfik