CSS_Day_Two (W3schools)
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CSS_Day_Two (W3schools)

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Save a lot of work with CSS! ...

Save a lot of work with CSS!

In our CSS tutorial you will learn how to use CSS to control the style and layout of multiple Web pages all at once.

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  • 1. www.afghanhost.af - info@afghanhost.af Instructor: Mohammad Rafi Haidari29-May-2014 CSS (Day 2)  Text  Font  Links  Lists  Tables  Border
  • 2. CSS Text Text Color The color property is used to set the color of the text. With CSS, a color is most often specified by: a HEX value - like "#ff0000" an RGB value - like "rgb(255,0,0)" a color name - like "red“ Text Alignment The text-align property is used to set the horizontal alignment of a text. Text can be centered, or aligned to the left or right, or justified. When text-align is set to "justify", each line is stretched so that every line has equal width, and the left and right margins are straight (like in magazines and newspapers). body {color:blue;} h1 {color:#00ff00;} h2 {color:rgb(255,0,0);} h1 {text-align:center;} p.date {text-align:right;} p.main {text-align:justify;}
  • 3. CSS Text Text Decoration The text-decoration property is used to set or remove decorations from text. The text-decoration property is mostly used to remove underlines from links for design purposes: a {text-decoration:none;} It can also be used to decorate text: h1 {text-decoration:overline;} h2 {text-decoration:line-through;} h3 {text-decoration:underline;} Text Transformation The text-transform property is used to specify uppercase and lowercase letters in a text. It can be used to turn everything into uppercase or lowercase letters, or capitalize the first letter of each word. p.uppercase {text-transform:uppercase;} p.lowercase {text-transform:lowercase;}
  • 4. CSS Fonts Font Family The font family of a text is set with the font-family property. The font-family property should hold several font names as a "fallback" system. If the browser does not support the first font, it tries the next font. p{font-family:serif;} More than one font family is specified in a comma-separated list: p{font-family:"Times New Roman", Times, serif;} Font Style The font-style property is mostly used to specify italic text. This property has three values: normal - The text is shown normally italic - The text is shown in italics p.normal {font-style:normal;} p.italic {font-style:italic;}
  • 5. CSS Fonts Font Size The font-size property sets the size of the text. Being able to manage the text size is important in web design. However, you should not use font size adjustments to make paragraphs look like headings, or headings look like paragraphs. Set Font Size With Pixels Setting the text size with pixels gives you full control over the text size: h1 {font-size:40px;} h2 {font-size:30px;} p {font-size:14px;}
  • 6. CSS Links Links can be styled with any CSS property (e.g. color, font-family, background, etc.). In addition, links can be styled differently depending on what state they are in. The four links states are: a:link - a normal, unvisited link a:visited - a link the user has visited a:hover - a link when the user mouses over it a:active - a link the moment it is clicked a:link {color:#FF0000;} /* unvisited link */ a:visited {color:#00FF00;} /* visited link */ a:hover {color:#FF00FF;} /* mouse over link */ a:active {color:#0000FF;} /* selected link */
  • 7. CSS Links Text Decoration The text-decoration property is mostly used to remove underlines from links: a:link {text-decoration:none;} a:visited {text-decoration:none;} a:hover {text-decoration:underline;} a:active {text-decoration:underline;} Background Color The background-color property specifies the background color for links: a:link {background-color:#B2FF99;} a:visited {background-color:#FFFF85;} a:hover {background-color:#FF704D;} a:active {background-color:#FF704D;}
  • 8. CSS Lists Different List Item Markers The type of list item marker is specified with the list-style-type property: ul.a {list-style-type: circle;} ul.b {list-style-type: square;} ol.c {list-style-type: upper-roman;} ol.d {list-style-type: lower-alpha;} An Image as The List Item Marker To specify an image as the list item marker, use the list-style-image property: ul { list-style-image: url('sqpurple.gif'); }
  • 9. CSS Tables Table Borders To specify table borders in CSS, use the border property. The example below specifies a black border for table, th, and td elements: table, th, td{border: 1px solid black;} Collapse Borders The border-collapse property sets whether the table borders are collapsed into a single border or separated: Table Width and Height Width and height of a table is defined by the width and height properties. The example below sets the width of the table to 100%, and the height of the th elements to 50px: table {width:100%;} th{height:50px;} table{border-collapse:collapse;} table, th, td{border: 1px solid black;}
  • 10. CSS Tables Table Text Alignment The text in a table is aligned with the text-align and vertical-align properties. The text-align property sets the horizontal alignment, like left, right, or center: td{text-align:right;} Table Color The example below specifies the color of the borders, and the text and background color of th elements: table, td, th{border:1px solid green;} th{background-color:green;color:white;}