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Autonomic Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
Autonomic Nervous System
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Autonomic Nervous System

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  • 1. Autonomic Nervous System
  • 2. I. Divisions A. Sympathetic <ul><li>fight or flight response </li></ul>B. Parasympathetic <ul><li>rest and digestion </li></ul>II. Involuntary Motor System A. Autonomic vs. Somatic motor systems 1. Somatic <ul><li>voluntary </li></ul><ul><li>direct synapse </li></ul><ul><li>excitatory </li></ul>
  • 3. &nbsp;
  • 4. 2. Autonomic <ul><li>involuntary </li></ul><ul><li>disynaptic (preganglion, postganglion) </li></ul><ul><li>Excitatory and inhibitory </li></ul>III General nerve pathways A. Sympathetic <ul><li>Preganglion cell body – gray matter </li></ul><ul><li>axons move through ventral root of spinal nerve </li></ul><ul><li>synapse w/ postganglion at sympathetic chain ganglion </li></ul>
  • 5. &nbsp;
  • 6. &nbsp;
  • 7. <ul><li>axons of postganglions exit via </li></ul>Spinal nerve Sympathetic nerve Exceptions: some pre do not synapse at symp chain Splanchnic nerve axons of preganglion exit Splanchnic nerve and synapse at collateral ganglion w/post Adrenal gland preganglion synapses directly w/adrenal
  • 8. &nbsp;
  • 9. B. Parasympathetic <ul><li>cell bodies of preganglion – brainstem (nuclei) </li></ul>and sacral region of spinal cord <ul><li>axons move through cranial nerves </li></ul>and through spinal nerves <ul><li>synapse w/ postganglion at ganglia near or in the target </li></ul>IV. Signal transmission A. Sympathetic <ul><li>Preganglion secretes Acetylcholine (Cholinergic) </li></ul><ul><li>Postganglion – receptor = Nicotinic </li></ul><ul><li>Postganglion secretes Norepinephrine (Adrenergic) </li></ul>
  • 10. &nbsp;
  • 11. &nbsp;
  • 12. <ul><li>Target (smooth muscle, cardiac, glands) </li></ul>Receptor = Adrenergic ( α,β) Sweat Glands <ul><li>Preganglion secretes Acetylcholine </li></ul><ul><li>Postganglion – nicotinic receptor </li></ul><ul><li>Postganglion secretes Acetylcholine </li></ul><ul><li>Sweat gland – muscarinic receptor </li></ul>
  • 13. B. Parasympathetic <ul><li>Preganglion secretes Acetylcholine (Cholinergic) </li></ul><ul><li>Postganglion – receptor = nicotinic </li></ul><ul><li>Postganglion secretes Acetylcholine </li></ul><ul><li>Target (Smooth muscle, heart, glands) </li></ul>receptor = muscarinic V. ANS generalized A. Regulated
  • 14. B. Excitatory and inhibitory <ul><li>depends on the target organ </li></ul>C. Opposite effects VI. Autonomic control A. Cardiovascular function <ul><li>Sympathetic: Norepinephrine - </li></ul>Increases cardiac muscle contractions Increases blood pressure <ul><li>Parasympathetic: Acetylcholine </li></ul>Decrease in cardiac output due to decrease in calcium influx
  • 15. &nbsp;
  • 16. &nbsp;
  • 17. B. Pupillary light reflex 1. Parasympathetic <ul><li>constricts pupil </li></ul>2. Sympathetic <ul><li>Dilates pupil </li></ul>C. Salivary glands 1. Sympathetic <ul><li>viscous secretion/ vasoconstriction of blood vessels </li></ul>2. Parasympathetic <ul><li>watery secretion/ vasodilation of blood vessels </li></ul>

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