Introduction• The term pharaoh was the title given to an ancient Egyptian kings, such as Tutankhamun. An ancient Egyptian king, or pharaoh, was considered to be a living god and worshipped as a divine being. The pharaoh was an absolute ruler of Egypt and both the political and religious leader.• Tutankhamun also known as King Tut• Tutankhamun was first known as Tutankhaten, meaning "Living Image of Aten"• In the third year of his rule he changed his name to Tutankhamun, meaning "Living Image of Amun"
Life• Egyptian Period / Kingdom: New Kingdom• Dynasty: Tutankhamun ruled in the Eighteenth Egyptian Dynasty• Name of Previous Pharaoh: Akhenaten 1351 BC -1337 BC• Years of Rule: 1334 BC -1325 BC• Life span of Pharaoh Tutankhamun: 1343 BC - 1325 BC• Year of born of Tutankhamun: 1343 BC• Year of Death of Tutankhamun: 1325 BC• Location of the Burial Site: Valley of the Kings• Name of Egyptologist who discovered the burial site, or tomb, of Tutankhamun: Howard Carter
Family tree• Family of Tutankhamun – Father of Tutankhamun: His father was Akhenaten, the pervious king – Mother of Tutankhamun: His mother was believed to be Kiya – Stepmother: Nefertiti, wife of his father Akhanaten and daughter of Ay – Tutankhamun Wife: was Ankhesenpaaten (Ankhesenamun and Ankhesenamen), his half sister – Children: he had two daughters were still born and were concealed with Tutankhamun
The Death of A Pharaoh• There is no positive evidence on Tutankhamuns mummy as to how he met his death.• During an x-ray of the mummy in 1968, scientists found bone fragments in Tuts skull, prompting a sensational theory that the boy king had been by a heavy impact to death.• Another recent theory is that King Tutankhamun wasnt murdered after all, but died from a broken leg. According to National Geographic
The Mummies Curse– The curse of Tutankhamen is a legend. Trouble started after discovering the tomb because it was said that the tomb was protected with magic power
Tutankhamun achievements and popularity• There was a conflict between archaeologists about Tutankhamun achievements; they broke into two group’s the first group mention in specific details Tutankhamun achievements; and the second group said he was famous for his golden tomb ONLY.
The fist group of archaeologist• He built things at Karnack and Luxor.• At Luxor he continued the construction of the entrance colonnades of Amenhotep IIIs temple. (The famous picture of Luxor where you see all the pillars is the entrance is colonnade that Tutankhamen mostly started, decorated and finished.)• He richly beautifies the temples with images of Amun, Amunet, and Khonsu.• Even more statues and sphinxes characterize Tutankhamen himself.• A small temple in Nubia.• A pair of granite lions.• He restored the religion of the Old Gods to Egypt and reopened closed temples of all the Gods that had been forbidden.• He restored the names of Amun, and other proscribed gods that Akhenaten had removed.• He repaired the ruined temples that Akhenaten had wrecked.• He moved the capital to Memphis• He began construction of his tomb near that of Amenhotep III"s.
The second Group of archaeologist• Because Tutankhamun died at such a young age, his major accomplishments are considered next to nothing. He did not build any great pyramids or fall responsible for any of Egypt’s turmoil. He is most well-known for his tomb, which was discovered in 1922. His tomb and the discovery are the most famous because of the fact that it had remained virtually untouched since it was closed
Important questions• When and where was Tutankhamun born?Tutankhamun was probably born at Akhetaten(Tel el-Amarna) which was the capitalcity of Egypt. He was born in about the year 1343 BC.• At what age did Tutankhamun become a Pharaoh?He became pharaoh at the young age of nine in 1334 BC and reigned during the 18thDynasty when the Egyptian Empire was at its height. He reigned from about 1334 to1325 BC.• When was Tutankhamen’s tomb discovered?The tomb of Egypts boy-king Tutankhamun was discovered on November 4, 1922 byEnglish archaeologist Howard Carter.• Who was Howard Carter?Howard Carter was born in 1874 in Norfolk, England. His father named Samuel Carterwas an artist who taught Howard Carter the fundamentals of drawing and painting.• How did Howard Carter know where to look?Several finds made in the Valley of the Kings over the years led Howard Carter tobelieve that the king was still somewhere in the Valley.
• Where and who concealed Tutankhamun?• He was concealed in a hastily prepared tomb in the Valley of the Kings at Thebes, the traditional burial place of his ancestors. The person responsible for his burial, and shown on one of the walls in Tutankhamuns tomb, was Ay who succeeded him on the Egyptian throne.• What did they find inside the Tomb?The small tomb contained hundreds of objects (now housed in the EgyptianMuseum in Cairo); many richly decorated and covered in gold that would beneeded by the king in his afterlife.• Tutankhamuns Treasures• Over 3,000 treasures were placed in the tomb to help Tutankhamen in his afterlife, and the walls of the burial chamber were painted with scenes of his voyage to the afterworld.