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Ddpz2613 topic1 introduction

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  • 1. HTML Concepts and Techniques Fifth Edition Chapter 1 Introduction to HTML
  • 2. Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 2 Chapter Objectives • Describe the Internet and its associated key terms • Describe the World Wide Web and its associated key terms • Identify the types and purposes of Web sites • Discuss Web browsers and identify their purpose
  • 3. Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 3 Chapter Objectives • Define Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) and the standards used for Web development • Discuss the use of Cascading Style Sheets in Web development • Define Dynamic Hypertext Markup Language (DHTML) and describe its relationship to HTML • Define Extensible Hypertext Markup Language (XHTML) and describe its relationship to HTML
  • 4. Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 4 Chapter Objectives • Describe tools used to create HTML documents • Discuss the five phases of the Web development life cycle • Describe Web site design and the purpose of each Web site structure • Describe the importance of testing throughout the Web development life cycle
  • 5. Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 5 What Is the Internet? • The Internet is a worldwide collection of computer networks that links millions of computers • A network is a group of two or more computers that are connected to share resources and information • The Internet backbone is a collection of high- speed data lines that connect major computer systems located around the world • An Internet Service Provider (ISP) is a company that has a permanent connection to the Internet backbone
  • 6. Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 6 What Is the Internet?
  • 7. Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 7 What Is the World Wide Web? • The World Wide Web, also called the Web, is the part of the Internet that supports multimedia and consists of a collection of linked documents • Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is a set of rules for exchanging text, graphics, sound, and other multimedia files • Web pages are pages of information on the Web • A Web site is a related collection of Web pages • A home page is the first document users see when they access a Web site
  • 8. Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 8 What Is the World Wide Web?
  • 9. Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 9 Web Servers • Web pages are stored on a Web server, or host, which is a computer that stores and sends (serves) requested Web pages and other files • Publishing is copying Web pages and other files to a Web server
  • 10. Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 10 Web Site Types and Purposes • Electronic commerce (e-commerce) is the buying and selling of goods and services on the Internet
  • 11. Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 11 Web Browsers • A Web browser, also called a browser, is a program that interprets and displays Web pages and enables you to view and interact with a Web page – Microsoft Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, and Apple Safari • A Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is the address of a document or other file accessible on the Internet – http://www.scsite.com/html5e/index.htm • A hyperlink, also called a link, is an element used to connect one Web page to another
  • 12. Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 12 Web Browsers
  • 13. Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 13 What Is Hypertext Markup Language? • Web pages are created using Hypertext Markup Language (HTML), which is the authoring language used to create documents on the World Wide Web • HTML uses a set of special instructions called tags or markup to define the structure and layout of a Web document and specify how the page is displayed in a browser • HTML is platform independent, meaning you can create, or code, an HTML file on one type of computer and then use a browser on another type of computer to view that file as a Web page
  • 14. Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 14 What Is Hypertext Markup Language?
  • 15. Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 15 HTML Elements
  • 16. Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 16 HTML Coding Practices
  • 17. Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 17 HTML Versions • HTML has gone through several versions, each of which expands the capabilities of HTML • The most recent version of HTML is HTML 4.01
  • 18. Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 18 Cascading Style Sheets • With Cascading Style Sheets (CSS), you write code that allows you to control an element within a single Web page or throughout the entire Web site – Recommended for large Web sites
  • 19. Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 19 Dynamic HTML (DHTML) • Dynamic HTML (DHTML) describes a combination of HTML tags, CSS, and a scripting language such as JavaScript • DHTML allows users to create interactive, animated Web pages
  • 20. Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 20 Extensible Hypertext Markup Language (XHTML) • Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a markup language that uses tags to describe the structure and content of a document, not the format • Extensible Hypertext Markup Language (XHTML) is a reformulation of HTML so it conforms to Extensible Markup Language (XML) rules
  • 21. Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 21 Extensible Hypertext Markup Language (XHTML)
  • 22. Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 22 Tools for Creating HTML Documents • A text editor is a program that allows a user to enter, change, save, and print text, such as HTML • An HTML text editor is a program that provides basic text- editing functions, as well as more advanced features such as color-coding for various HTML tags, menus to insert HTML tags, and spell checkers • An HTML object editor, such as Adobe GoLive, provides the additional functionality of an outline editor that allows you to expand and collapse HTML objects and properties, edit parameters, and view graphics attached to the expanded objects • A WYSIWYG editor is a program that provides a graphical user interface that allows a developer to preview the Web page during its development
  • 23. Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 23 Tools for Creating HTML Documents
  • 24. Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 24 Web Development Life Cycle
  • 25. Web Development Life Cycle Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 25
  • 26. Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 26 Web Site Design and Development
  • 27. Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 27 Web Site Design and Development • A linear Web site structure connects Web pages in a straight line
  • 28. Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 28 Web Site Design and Development • A hierarchical Web site structure connects Web pages in a tree-like structure
  • 29. • A webbed Web site structure has no set organization Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 29 Web Site Design and Development
  • 30. Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 30 Web Site Design and Development • A broad Web site is one in which the home page is the main index page, and all other Web pages are linked individually to the home page
  • 31. Web Site Design and Development • A deep Web site is one that has many levels of pages, requiring the user to click many times to reach a particular Web page Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 31
  • 32. Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 32 Web Site Testing • Usability is the measure of how well a product, such as a Web site, allows a user to accomplish his or her goals • Usability testing is a method by which users of a Web site or other product are asked to perform certain tasks in an effort to measure the product’s ease-of-use and the user’s perception of the experience
  • 33. Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 33 Web Site Testing
  • 34. Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 34 Chapter Summary • Describe the Internet and its associated key terms • Describe the World Wide Web and its associated key terms • Identify the types and purposes of Web sites • Discuss Web browsers and identify their purpose
  • 35. Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 35 Chapter Summary • Define Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) and the standards used for Web development • Discuss the use of Cascading Style Sheets in Web development • Define Dynamic Hypertext Markup Language (DHTML) and describe its relationship to HTML • Define Extensible Hypertext Markup Language (XHTML) and describe its relationship to HTML
  • 36. Chapter 1: Introduction to HTML 36 Chapter Summary • Describe tools used to create HTML documents • Discuss the five phases of the Web development life cycle • Describe Web site design and the purpose of each Web site structure • Describe the importance of testing throughout the Web development life cycle
  • 37. HTML Concepts and Techniques Fifth Edition Chapter 1 Complete Introduction to HTML