Epidermal Growth Factor and Hypoxia-induced Expression of CXC
Chemokine Receptor 4 on Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Cells Is ...
INTRODUCTION
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is one of the leading causes of malignancy-related
mortality; indeed fewer...
The most malignant tumors have been found to prosper under conditions of low
oxygen tension or hypoxia. Thus tumor progres...
Growth factors stimulate HIF-1α synthesis via activation of the phosphatidylinositol
3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) and mitogen ac...
RESULTS
Hypoxia Promotes Up-regulation of CXCR4 Expression in Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
Cells
Hypoxia Activates HIF-1α Expression in NSCLC Cells and Promotes HIF-1-mediated
Transcription at the CXCR4 Promoter
The PI 3-Kinase Pathway Contributes to the Regulation of CXCR4 Expression Mediated by
HIF-1α
Epidermal Growth Factor-activated PI 3-kinase Signaling Synergizes with Hypoxia
Treatment to Dramatically Up-regulate CXCR...
EGF induced up-regulation of CXCR4 through activation of AKT
Rapamycin inhibits EGF induced CXCR4 and HIF-1α under both normoxic and
hypoxic conditions.
EGF pretreatment augments chemotaxis
of CXCR4-bearing A549 cells
CXCL12-mediated chemotaxis of A549
cells is inhibited by ...
DISCUSSION
Data identify several key signaling molecules necessary for the development of a
metastatic phenotype in NSCLC....
Epidermal Growth Factor and Hypoxia-induced Expression of CXC Chemokine Receptor 4 on Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Cells Is ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Epidermal Growth Factor and Hypoxia-induced Expression of CXC Chemokine Receptor 4 on Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Cells Is Regulated by the Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase/PTEN/AKT/ Mammalian Target of Rapamycin Signaling Pathway and Activation of Hypoxia In

156

Published on

Roderick J. Phillips‡, Javier Mestas‡, Mehrnaz Gharaee Kermani‡, Marie D. Burdick‡, Antonio Sica§, John A. Belperio‡, Michael P. Keane‡, and Robert M. Strieter‡¶

Published in: Health & Medicine, Technology
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
156
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Epidermal Growth Factor and Hypoxia-induced Expression of CXC Chemokine Receptor 4 on Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Cells Is Regulated by the Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase/PTEN/AKT/ Mammalian Target of Rapamycin Signaling Pathway and Activation of Hypoxia In

  1. 1. Epidermal Growth Factor and Hypoxia-induced Expression of CXC Chemokine Receptor 4 on Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Cells Is Regulated by the Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase/PTEN/AKT/ Mammalian Target of Rapamycin Signaling Pathway and Activation of Hypoxia Inducible Factor-1α* Roderick J. Phillips‡, Javier Mestas‡, Mehrnaz Gharaee Kermani‡, Marie D. Burdick‡, Antonio Sica , John A. Belperio‡, Michael P. Keane‡, and Robert M. Strieter‡¶ Mohamed Antar Aziz Mohamed 2013-07-08
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is one of the leading causes of malignancy-related mortality; indeed fewer than 15% patients survive beyond 5 years after diagnosis. The virulence of this cancer is mediated in part by the specific and aggressive metastatic pattern of primary neoplastic cells to regional lymph nodes, liver, adrenal glands, contralateral lung, brain, and the bone marrow. The metastatic propensity of tumors from several different types of cancer is related to the expression of the chemokine receptor CXCR4. Furthermore, in both NSCLC and breast cancer it has been shown that the ligand for CXCR4, CXCL12, exhibited peak levels of expression in organs that were the preferred destination for their respective metastases. Moreover, when the CXCR4/CXCL12 biological axis was perturbed in these systems using either neutralizing anti-CXCR4 or neutralizing anti-CXCL12 antibodies, the host metastatic burden was significantly reduced, whereas the size of the primary tumor was unaffected
  3. 3. The most malignant tumors have been found to prosper under conditions of low oxygen tension or hypoxia. Thus tumor progression requires an increased adaptation to hypoxia, and the master switch that appears to regulate this phenomenon is the transcription factor, hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1). HIF-1 regulates the transcription of several gene clusters that are crucial to tumor progression including angiogenesis, cell survival, glucose metabolism, and invasion/ metastasis HIF-1 is a heterodimer comprising a constitutively expressed HIF-1β subunit and a highly regulated HIF-1α subunit. HIF-1α protein is degraded; under normoxic conditions specific proline residues in the HIF-1 α protein are hydroxylated, facilitating the binding of the von Hippel- Lindau (VHL) tumor suppressor protein, By contrast, under hypoxic conditions the rates of proline hydroxylation decreases, thus preventing the binding of VHL to HIF-1α and promoting HIF-1-mediated transcription of target genes.
  4. 4. Growth factors stimulate HIF-1α synthesis via activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) and mitogen activated protein kinase pathways. PI 3-kinase activates the downstream serine/threonine kinase AKT and the mammalian target of rapamycin, mTOR. PI 3-kinase itself is regulated by the phosphatase activity of the tumor suppressor gene PTEN. To address the mechanisms governing the upregulation of CXCR4 in NSCLC
  5. 5. RESULTS Hypoxia Promotes Up-regulation of CXCR4 Expression in Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Cells
  6. 6. Hypoxia Activates HIF-1α Expression in NSCLC Cells and Promotes HIF-1-mediated Transcription at the CXCR4 Promoter
  7. 7. The PI 3-Kinase Pathway Contributes to the Regulation of CXCR4 Expression Mediated by HIF-1α
  8. 8. Epidermal Growth Factor-activated PI 3-kinase Signaling Synergizes with Hypoxia Treatment to Dramatically Up-regulate CXCR4 Expression
  9. 9. EGF induced up-regulation of CXCR4 through activation of AKT
  10. 10. Rapamycin inhibits EGF induced CXCR4 and HIF-1α under both normoxic and hypoxic conditions.
  11. 11. EGF pretreatment augments chemotaxis of CXCR4-bearing A549 cells CXCL12-mediated chemotaxis of A549 cells is inhibited by PI 3-kinase inhibitors
  12. 12. DISCUSSION Data identify several key signaling molecules necessary for the development of a metastatic phenotype in NSCLC. These include EGFR, PI 3-kinase/PTEN, mTor, HIF-1/VHL, and CXCR4. The chemokine receptor, CXCR4, represents the final common mediator of these pathways and, therefore, provides an attractive therapeutic target for treatment of not only NSCLC but also other highly metastatic cancers such as breast and kidney.
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×