,61+*^J                ~J.rv~     Muhammad     MuhammadThe Mesenger AIIahTheMessenger of Allah           May Allah Exalt h...
©O   Abdulrahman Abdulkarim                Bin            Al.Sheha,2005    Abdulrahman Bin Abdulkarim AI-Sheha, 2005Kkg Fo...
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Muhammad, the Messenger of  f3Muhammad,theMessenger Allah 6his            Companion was very brave and could confronthis s...
Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah ..Muhammail,theMessengerof  Allah Wbody. Thebody. The only provisions in the house were ha...
Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah.          the           ofMuhammad, Messenger Allahtl&needs. When Adee saw the humbleness...
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Muhammad, the Messenger Allah 6Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah.                        of  they going to drive me out of M...
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Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah.Muhammad,theMessenger Allah &                       ProphetThe Description of the Prophet...
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  1. 1. ,61+*^J ~J.rv~ Muhammad MuhammadThe Mesenger AIIahTheMessenger of Allah May Allah Exalt his Mention Mau his Mention Written by: Abdurrahman al-Sheha al-Sheha Translated by: Translated by: Abdurrahmaan Murad Abdurrahmaan Murad • ~~fI J+;aJ-lil:t.i:ic/-&p" ~ 4a;. 4.r-c:- I ....._~ .,).J.JI~I~;;.:lla..JIJ~~ .H,t~~~t 141 t~~ .j-5t.tJl I islJl3 ..; e lidl! rtc dl t1l l9?i.;.:i~~~iJ~J~~Ij1JI41AllI~aj/4 g*h F44,4iJ if.lslrj l;dtr[r ty art.rjl.:
  2. 2. ©O Abdulrahman Abdulkarim Bin Al.Sheha,2005 Abdulrahman Bin Abdulkarim AI-Sheha, 2005Kkg Fold Notioul tribrary Cuologng-td-Palltcotion DataKing FaIttI Nflfiollllllilmuy Cflfflloging-in-PIIOlicfltiOIl OflfflAl-Sheha,AbdulrahmanBin AbdulkarimAI-Sheha, Abdulrahman Bin Abdulkarim Muhammad The Messenger Allah/ Abdulrahman Bin Muhammad : The Messenger of Allah/ Abdulrahman BinAbdulkarimAl-Sheha- Riyadh.2005Abdulkarim AI-Sheha- Riyadh. 2005 96p12x17cm 96pl2xl7em ISBN: 9960-47-364-3 ISBN: 9960-47-364-3 l- Prophet Muhammad 1- Prophet Muhammad Life I- 1- Title239 dc239 de 14261626 1426/626 Legal Deposit no. 14261626 Legal Deposit no. 1426/6261 [ ISBN 9960-47-364-3 ISBN:: 9960-47-364-3 J Say, "0 People of the Book, come to a word that is Say, "O People of the Book, come to word thatequitable between and you - that we will notequitable between us and you - that we will notworship except Allah and not associate anythingworship except Allah and not associate anythingwith Him and not take one another as lords insteadwith Him and not take one another as lords instead (t)of Allah, (I) But if they turn away, then say, "Bear witness thatof Allah, if away, then say, witnesswe are Muslims [Submitting to Him]." [Submitting Him]." (Quran 3:64) (Quran 3:64)(I) By obeying another in disobedience to Allah.(l) By obeying another disobedience Allah. AI-Homaidhi PlPre.. Tel. 4581000 Al-Homridhi P/Pr.t! Tcl. 45tl00O
  3. 3. Muhammad, the Messen~er of Allah.Muhammad,theMessenger Allah & used Terminology used in this Book Common (Taken from Sheik Mahmoud Murads book Common mistakes in (raken Sheik Mahmoud};;:; o""a mistakes Translation) Rubb1. Rubb: Some prefer to translate the term Rubb intol. Rubb: Some translateLord. Beside the fact that the latter is a Biblical termLord. Beside factreferring to the alleged lordship of the slave of Allah,referring lordship Allatu lord which is limited toProphet Jesus, the word lord which Jesus, word limitedmaster, chief, proprietor, ruler,master, chief, proprietor, or ruler, can never convey Rubb.the conclusive signification of the term Rubb. Among Among Rubb means, the Creator,other signification, the term Rubb means, Creator,the Fashioner, the Provider, the One upon Whom all Fashioner, upon Whomcreatures depend for their means of subsistence, and thecreatures means subsistence,One Who gives life and causes death, causesdeath. Deen,2. Deen: The word translated as religion is Deen, which2. Deen: word translated as whichin Arabic commonly refers to a way of life, which is both commonly refers whichprivate and public. It is an inclusive term meaning: acts actsof worship, political practice, and a detailed code of practice, codeconduct, including hygiene or etiquette matters. including matters.3.1#l Sallallaahu aIaihi ws sallam. Some translate it peaceas be upon him. This translation is incorrect; the maycorrect translation is, Allah exalt his mention, andrender him and his household safe and secure fromevery derogatory thing. 5
  4. 4. Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah. Muhammad,theMessenger Allah 6 of All praise is due to Allah, the Rubb of the worlds, and may All praise the Rubb the Allah exalt the mention of His Prophet, and render him and exalt the mention Prophet, and render and his household safe and secure from all derogatory things. household safeand secure derogatory things. When talking about Prophet Muhammad • one should about Prophet 6 one should keep he about the greatest individual keep in mind that he is talking about the greatest individual in history. This is not a baseless claim; for the one who reads history. is a baseless claim; the one reads his biography, and learns of his mannerisms and ethics, while biography, and leams his mannerismsand ethics, keeping aside all preconceived notions would certainly reach keeping aside all preconceived notions certainly reach Somefair and just non-Muslimshave reached this conclusion. Some fair and just non-Muslims have reached this conclusion. this conclusion as well. this conclusionas well. Professor Hasan Ali, may Allah have mercy on him, said in Professor Hasan may Allah have mercy on him, said Noorhis magazine Noor aI-Islam that a Brahmin! colleague of hishis magazine al-Islamthat a Brahminl colleague his him: I recognizeand believethat the Messengeronce told him: I recognize and believe that the Messenger ofonceIslam is the greatest and most mature man in history.Islam is the greatest and most mature man history.Professor Hasan Ali, may Allah have mercy on him, askedProfessorHasan may have merry on him, askedhim: Whyhim: Why do you consider him as the greatest and most consider as the greatest and most No manmature man? He answered: No man possessed themafure man? answered: possessed thecharacteristics, mannerisms and ethics that he possessed atcharacteristics, mannerismsand ethics that he possessed atone time. He was a king under whom the entire peninsulaone time. was a under the entire peninsulawas unified; yet he was humble. He believed that thewas unified; yet he was humble. believed that thedominion belonged to his God alone.dominion belongedto his God alone. Great riches would come to him, and yet he lived in a state Great riches come to him, and yet he lived a state poverty; fire his house for many daysof poverty; fire would not be lit in his house for many days not beand he would stay hungry. He was a great leader; he ledand he stay hungry. He was a great leader; he ledsmall numbers into battle against thousands, and yet hesmall numbers into battle against thousands, and yet he loved peaceagreements,would decisively defeat them. He loved peace agreements, decisively defeat them.and would agree to them with a firm heart; even though heand agreeto them a heart; even though hehad thousands of his brave and courageous Companions byhad thousands his brave and courageous CompanionsII Brahmin: member of the highest of the four Hindu castes: the priestly caste. Brahmini member of highest of four Hindu castes: priestly caste 6
  5. 5. Muhammad, the Messenger of f3Muhammad,theMessenger Allah 6his Companion was very brave and could confronthis side. Each Companion was very brave and could confront thousand while not feeling thea thousand enemies alone, while not feeling the least bit bitintimidated. Prophet was kind-hearted, merciful, andintimidated. Yet, the Prophet was kind-hearted, merciful, anddid not want drop of He was deeplydid not want to shed a drop of blood. He was deeplyconcerned about affairs of Arabian Peninsula, yetconcemed about the affairs of the Arabian Peninsula, yet hedid not neglect affairs of family, household, ordid not neglect the affairs of his family, household, or thepoorpoor and needy. He was keen to disseminate Islam amongst who had In wasthose who had gone astray. In general, he was a man manconcerned with betterment wellbeing of mankind, yetconcemed with the betterment and wellbeing of mankind, yet did not indulge in worldlyhe did not indulge in amassing worldly fortune. He busiedhimself with worship Allahhimself with the worship of Allah and loved doings deedswhich pleased Allah. He never avenged himself on account ofwhich Allah. himselfpersonal reasons. He even prayed for his enemies wellbeing, reasons. enemiesand would warn them of the punishment of Allah. would wam punishment Allah. He was an ascetic regarding worldly affairs and would ascetic worldly wouldworship Allah throughout the night. He was the brave andworship Allah throughoutcourageous who with sword -courageous soldier who fought with the sword - and the -infallible Prophet - the conqueror who conquered nations andinfalliblecountries. He slept on a mat of hay, and a pillow filled withcountries. pillow withcoarse fibers. People crowned him as the Sultan over Arabs,coarse fibers. People him asor King of the Arabian Peninsula, yet his family lived a Arabian Peninsula, familysimple life, even after they received great fortunes; the riches after received fortunes; richeswere piled in the Masjid. Fatima complained to him about the himstrenuous work she did, the grinding stone and water jug work she the grinding stone anC iugwhich she to -which "he used to carry - how they had left marks on herbody. The Messenger at that time was dividing the female Messenger at dividing femaleand male slaves amongst the Muslims. He did not give her aand slaves amongst the give aportion of that wealth; instead, the Prophet taught her a few of instead, the a fewwords and supplications. His Companion, Umar came to his and supplications. Companion, came to hishouse and looked in his room, and saw nothing but a hay mathouse and looked in his room, and saw a hay matwhich the Prophet was sitting on, which had left marks on his the Prophet was sitting on, had left marks on his 7
  6. 6. Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah ..Muhammail,theMessengerof Allah Wbody. Thebody. The only provisions in the house were half a Saa provisions the house were half. a Saa(measure weight) barley a container, and a(measure of weight) of barley in a container, and a water skinthat - this is all the Messengerthat hung on the wall - this is all the Messenger of Allah theowned at a time his control. Whenowned at a time half the Arabs were under his control. When the Arabs wereUmar saw this, he could not control himself and wept. The saw this, he could control and wept. TheMessenger Allah 6 said: Why are weeping O Umar?Messenger of Allah" said: Why are you weeping 0 Umar? replied: Why weep - Khosrau and CaesarHe replied: Why shouldnt I weep - Khosrau and Caesarenjoy themselves in this world and the Messenger of Allah ..enjoy themselves and the Messenger 6 responded: O Umar, wouldntonly owns what I see! He responded: 0 Umar, wouldnt it see!pleaseplease you that this is the share of Khosrau and Caesar in this is the share Khosrau and Caesarlife, and the Hereafterlife, and in the Hereafter this pleasure would be for us alone? pleasure be us alone? When the Prophet examined his troops When the Prophet examined his troops prior to the theoccupationoccupation of Makkah, Abu Sufyan stood beside al-Abbas, Makkah, Sufyan stood beside al-Abbas,the uncle the Prophet 6 and they looked the bannersthe uncle of the Prophet" and they looked at the banners ofthethe Muslim army. Abu Sufyan at that time was not a Muslim. army. Sufyan at that was a was amazedHe was amazed by the vast number of Muslims; they the vast Muslims; theyadvanced towards Makkah like a torrent of water. No oneadvanced towards Makkah like a torrent water. one stopcould stop them and nothing stood in their way. Abu Sufyan and stood Sufyanthen said al-Abbas:O Abbas,then said to al-Abbas: 0 Abbas, your nephew has become a nephew has becomea Abbas responded saying: This isgrand King! Abbas responded saying: This is not kingship,rather prophethood,and the Message Islam.rather prophethood, and the Message of Islam. Adee at-Taeg the son Adee at-Taee, the son of Hatim at-Taee who is the Hatim at-Taee is theparadigm generosity,paradigm of generosity, attended the assembly of the Prophet attendedthe assembly the Prophet.. while he was stin a Christian. When he saw how the6 he was still a Christian. When he saw theCompanionsaggrandizedand respected Prophet,he wasCompanions aggrandized and respected the Prophet, he was theconfused- was he a Prophet a king? asked himself, isconfused - was he a Prophet or a king? He asked himself, isthis a king or a Messenger the Messengers Allah? Whilethis Messenger of the Messengers of Allah? Whilehe was pondering over this, a destitute woman came to thehe was pondering over this, destitute woman came thePropheti: and said: l wish to tell you a secret. He said to her:Prophet * and said: r tell secret. said her:whichwhich road in Madinah do you want me to meet you in?The road Madinah you me meet in? TheProphet .. left with the destitutemaid, and took care of herProphet 6 the destitute maid, and took care 8
  7. 7. Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah. the ofMuhammad, Messenger Allahtl&needs. When Adee saw the humbleness of the Prophet, heneeds. When Adee saw the humbleness of the Prophet, herealized the truth and the crosses that he wasrealized the truth and discarded the crosses that he waswearing and became Muslim.wearing and became a Muslim. We will mention some statements of the Orientalists We will mention some statements of the Orientalistsconceming Muhammad 6. We as Muslims believe in theconcerning Muhammad •. Muslims inProphet • and Message. We mentioning theseProphet 6 and his Message. We are mentioning thesestatements for following two reasons:statements for the following two reasons: as reminder admonitiona. To serve as a reminder and admonition for name-sakeMuslims who their they wouldMuslims who abandoned their Prophet, so that they wouldheed and retum to their Deen. and return their Deen.b. So that non-Muslims would know who the Prophet is fromb. that non-Muslims would know who Prophet fromthe statements of their own people, so that they would be their own people, wouldguided to Islam.guided I ask these people to not hold any preconceived notions these Preconceivedwhen searching for the truth, when reading this or any otherwhen whenIslamic material. I ask Allah to open their hearts and chests to ask Allah oPen hearts chestsaccept the truth, and to show them the right path and inspireacceptthem to follow it. follow Abdurrahmaan Abdul-Kareem Abdurrahmaan b. Abdul-Kareem al-Sheha b. al-Sheha Riyadh,11535 Riyadh, 11535 P.O.Box59565 P.O. Box 59565 Email: alsheha@yahoo.com Email:alsheha@yahoo.com http://www .islamland.org http://www.islamland. 9
  8. 8. Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah 13Muhammad,theMessenger Allah i&Who is the Messenger, Muhammad 13?Who is the Messenger, Muhammad s?His Lineage:His Lineage: He is Abul-Qasim (father of Al-Qasim) Muhammad, son of He is Abul-Qasim Al-Qasim) Muhammad,Abdullah, son of Abdul-Mutalib. His lineage traces back toAbdullah, son Abdul-Mutalib. tracesthe tribe of Adnan, son of Ismael [the Prophet of Allah, thethe tribe of son Ismael [theson of Ibraheem, the one whom Allah chose for His love] mayson whom Allah chose mayAllah exalt their mention. His mother is Aminah, daughter ofAllah Aminah, daughter ofWahb.Wahb.The Prophet ~ said: Prophet 6 said: Indeed Indeed Allah chose the tribe of Kinanah over other Allah chose Kinanah over other tribes from the children of Ismail; He chose the Quraish children Ismail; chose Quraish over other tribes of Kinanah; He chose Banu Hashim Kinanah; chose Hashim over the other families of the Quraish; and He chose me families Quraish; Hashim. (Muslimf2276) from Banu Hashim. (Muslim #2276) ftom Thus, the Prophet ~ has the noblest lineage on earth. His 6 Hisenemies attested to this fact; Abu 5ufyan, who was the arch Abu Sufyan, whoenemy of Islam before he became Muslim, attested to this fact became Muslim,in front of Heraclius, the Ruler of Rome. Rome. AbduIIah b. Abbas, with whom Allah is pleased, reported Abdullah with whom Allah pleased,that the Messenger of Allah ~ wrote to Caesar and invited Messenger Allah 6 wrote Caesar invitedhim to Islam and sent him a letter with Dihya Al-Kalbi, whohim him with Dihya Al-Kalbi, whohanded it to the Governor of Busra who then forwarded it to Govemor who forwarded itCaesar.Caesar. Caesar as a sign of gratitude to Allah, had walked from Caesar as gratitude Allah, walked from Hims llya (i.e. Jerusalem) when Allah Hims to Ilya (i.e. Jerusalem) when Allah had granted Him Him victory victory over the Persian forces. So, when the letter of the forces. So, when of Messenger of Allah reached Caesar, he said after reading Allah reached Caesar, reading it, "Seek it, "Seek for me anyone of his people, (Arabs of Quraish Quraish l0 10
  9. 9. Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah Jii, ofMuhammad,theMessenger Allah W tribe) if present here, in order to ask him about the tribe) if present here, in order to ask him about the Messenger of Allahl" At that time Abu Sufyan bin Harb Messenger of Allah!" At that time Abu Sufyan bin Harb was in with men from Quraish who had was in Sham with some men from Quraish who had come (to Sham) merchants during truce that had been (to Sham) as merchants during the truce that had been concluded between the Messenger of Allah; and concluded between the Messenger of Allah; and the Caesars messenger infidels of Quraish. Abu Sufyan infidels of Quraish. Abu Sufyan said, Caesars messenger found somewhere in took me and my found us somewhere in Sham so he took me and my companions Ilya and we were admitted into Caesars companions to llya and we were admitted into Caesars presence to find him sitting in his royal court wearing a find him sitting in his royal court wearing crown and surrounded by the senior Byzantine crown and surrounded by senior Byzantine dignitaries. He his "Ask them whom dignitaries. He said to his translator. "Ask them whom amongst them relation man who claims amongst them is a close relation to the man who claims prophet." to be a prophet." I replied: Abu Sufyan added, I replied: "I am the nearest relative relative Abu to him." He asked, "What degree of relationship do you him." "What degree of relationship you have with him?" I replied, "He is my cousin," and there with him?" replied, my was none of Bani Abd Mana! in the caravan except Abd Manaf myself. Caesar said, "Let him come nearer." He then myself. Caesar him ordered that my companions stand behind me near my ordered my companions behind my shoulder "Tell shoulder and said to his translator, "Tell his companions companions that I am going to ask this man about the man who going who claims to be a prophet. If he tells a lie, they should a If a should contradict him immediately. contradict him immediately." By Abu Sufyan added, By Allah! Had it not been for it been for Sufyan added, shame that my companions brand me a liar, I would not shame companions a liar, would have spoken the truth about him when he asked me. But have spoken the about he asked me. I considered it shameful to be called a liar by my I considered it shameful to be called a liar by my companions, so I told the truth: companions, so I told the truth. He then said to his translator, "Ask him what kind of He then said to his translator, "Ask him what kind of family he belongs to." replied, "He belongs to a noble family he belongs to." II replied, "He belongs to a noble u 11
  10. 10. Muhammad,theMessenger Allah 6Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah Jilt, of family amongst us." He said, "Has anybody else amongst family amongst us." He said, "Has anybody else amongst you ever claimed the samebefore him?" replied, "No." you ever claimed the same before him?" II replied, "No." He said, "Have you ever blamed him for telling lies He said, "Have you ever blamed him for telling lies before he claimed what he claimed?"I replied, "No." He before he claimed what he claimed?" I replied, "No." He said, "Was anybody amongst his ancestorsa king?" I said, "Was anybody amongst his ancestors a king?" I replied, "No." He said, "Do the noble or the poor follow replied, "No." He said, "Do the noble or the poor follow him?" replied, It is the poor him?" I replied, It is the poor who follow him." He said, follow him." He said, "Are they increasing or decreasing(daily)?" replied, "Are they increasing or decreasing (daily)?" I replied, "They are increasing."He said, "Does anybody amongst "They are increasing." He said, "Does anybody amongst those those who embrace his Deen become displeased and embrace his Deen become displeased and then discard his Deen?" replied, "No." He said, Does he then discard his Deen?" I replied, "No." He said, Does he break his promises?" replied, "No, break his promises?" I replied, "No, but we are now at we are at truce and we are afraid that he may betray us." truce with him and we are afraid that he may betray us." Sufyan added, Other than the last sentence, Abu Sufyan added, Other than the last sentence, I could say anything againsthim. could not say anything against him: Caesar then asked, "Have you ever had a war with Caesar then asked, "Have you ever had a him?" replied, "Yes." said, "What was the outcome him?" I replied, "Yes." He said, "What was the outcome battles him?" replied, "Sometimeshe was of your battles with him?" I replied, "Sometimes he was victorious and sometimeswe." said, "What does he victorious and sometimes we." He said, "What does he do?" said, "He tells us order you to do?" I said, "He tells us to worship Allah alone,and not to worship othersalong with Him, and to alone, and not worship others along and to leave all that our fore-fathersused to worship. He orders leave fore-fathers used worship. orders us to pray, give in charity, be chaste,keep promises and us pray, charity, chaste, keep promises return what is entrustedto us. " entrusted us. " When I had said that, Caesar said When said that, Caesarsaid to his translator, translator, "Say to him: I asked you about his lineage and your "Say asked about lineage and reply was that he belonged to a noble family. In fact, all belonged fact, the Messengers the Messengers came from the noblest lineage of their came from the noblest lineage nations. Then I questionedyou whether anybody else nations. Then I questioned whether anybody else amongst you had claimed such a thing, and your reply amongst claimed such your t2 12
  11. 11. Muhammad, the Messenger of ofAllah.Muhammad,theMessenger Allah 6 was in the negative. If the answer had been in the in negative. If answer in affirmative, II would have thought that this man was would have following a claim that had been said before him. When II following been before asked you whether he was ever blamed for telling lies, asked ever lies, your reply was in the negative, so I took it for granted your reply in negative, I took it for that a person who did not tell a lie to people could never person did people tell a lie about Allah. Then I asked you whether any of asked his ancestorswas a king. Your reply was in the nigative, ancestors was was negative, and if it had been in the affirmative, I would have if it been affirmative, have thought that this man wanted to take back his ancestral wanted take ancestral kingdom. When I askedyou whether the rich or the poor asked whether the people followed him, you replied that it was the poor people replied it was who followed him. In fact, such are the followers of the fact, such are the followers the whether Messengers. Then I asked you whether his followers Messengers.Then asked followers decreasing.You replied that they were increasing or decreasing. You replied that they were increasing the result true were increasing. In fact, this is the result of true faith till were increasing. fact, till complete (in all respects). asked whether there it is complete (in all respects). I asked you whether there was anybody who, after embracing his Deen, became was anybody who, after embracing Deen, became displeasedand discarde his Deen; was the displeased and discarded his Deen; your reply was in the d. true faith, negative. In fact, this is the sign of true faith, for when negative. fact, the sign when the hearts completely; its pleasure enters and mixes in the hearts completely; its pleasure enters and mixes it. asked you whether nobody will be displeased with it. I asked you whether nobody will be displeased he had ever broken his promise. You replied he had ever broken his promise. You replied in the the such are the Messengers; they never break negative. And such are the Messengers; they never break negative. promises. When asked you whether you fought their promises. When I asked you whether you fought you, you replied that he with him and he fought with you, you replied that he and he fought that sometimes he was victorious and did and that sometimes he was victorious and did and sometimes you. Indeed, such are the Messengers;they sometimes you. Indeed, such are the Messengers; they are put to trials and the final victory is always theirs are put to trials and the final victory is always theirs. Then I asked you what he ordered you. You replied that Then I asked you what he ordered you. You replied that he ordered you to worship Allah alone and not to he ordered you to worship Allah alone and not to l3 13
  12. 12. Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah ~Muhammad,theMessenger Allah # of worship others along with Him, to leave all that your worship others along with Him, to leave all that your fore-fathers used to worship, to offer prayers, to speak fore-fathers used to worship, to offer prayers, to speak the truth, to be chaste, to keep promises, and to return the truth, to be chaste, to keep promises, and to return what is entrustedto you. Theseare really the qualities what is entrusted to you. These are really the qualities of a prophet who, knew (from the previous Scriptures) a prophet who, II knew (from the previous Scriptures) would appear,but did not know that he would appear, but II did not know that he would be from be from amongst you. If what you say is true, he will very soon amongst you. If what you say is true, he will very soon occupy the earth under occupy the earth under my feet, and if I knew that I feet, and if that would reach him definitely, would reach him definitely, I would go immediately to go immediately to meet him; and were I meet him; and were I with him, then I would certainly him, then certainlv wash his feet. " wash his feet. " Abu Sufyan added, Caesarthen asked Abu Sufyan added, Caesar then asked for the letter of the letter the Messenger the Messenger of Allah and it was read. Its contents and was read. Its contents were: were: "I begin with the name "I begin with the name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the the Beneficent,the most Merciful (Thisletteris)from Muhammad,the slaoe most Merciful (This letter is) from Muhammad, the slave of and His Messenger, Heraclius, the Ruler of the Allah, and His Messenger, to Heraclius, the Ruler of the Byzantine. Peace be upon the followers Byzantine. Peace be upon the follouers of guidance. I guidance. inaite you Islam (i.e.surrender Allah). Accept Islam invite you to Islam (i.e. surrender to AIIaD. Accept Islam to and you will be safe; accept Islam anil AIIah utill bestoto and you wiII be safe;acceptIslam and Allah will bestow on you double reward. on you a double reward. But if you reject this inaitation if you reject invitation of Islam, you shall be responsiblefor misguiding the Islam, you be responsible for misguiding the peasants (i.e. your nation). a people o.f the Sciptures! peasants (i.e. your nation). O people of the Scriptures! Come to a uord commofl betweenyou and us, that we Come word common between and us, worship Allah, and that zaeassociatenothing in utorship worship and we associate nothing worship with Him; and that none of us shall take others as Gods utith and none of us take others as Gods besidesAllah. Then if they tufti auay, say: Bear uitness besides Then if they turn away, say: Bear witness that zaeare they who haaesunendered we are they have surrendered funtoHim)" 13.641 (unto Him)" [3.64] When Heraclius had finished Abu Sufyan added, When Heraclius Sufyan added, his his speech, there was a great hue and cry caused by the speech, there great caused by the t4 14
  13. 13. Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah ~ the ojMuhammad, Messenger Allahi# Byzantine dignitaries sunounding him, and there was so Byzantine dignitaries surrounding him, there much noise that II did not understandwhat they said So, did understand said. So, we were ordered out of the court. out of When I went out with my companions and we were When I with companions alone, I said to them, "Verily,lbn Abi Kabshas(i.e. the alone, I them, "Verily, Ibn Abi Kabshas (Le. Prophets) affair has gained Power. This is the King of Prophets) has gained power. King AI-Asfar fearing him." Bani Al-Asfar fearing him." Sufyan added: By Abu Sufyan added: By Allah, I becamesuret and surer I became surer surer that his Deen would be victorious till I ended up Deen victorious till I ended acceptingIslam. (Bukhari accepting Islam. (Bukhari f2782) #2782) 15 l5
  14. 14. Muhammad, the Messenger Allah 6Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah. ofPlaceof Birth and childhood:Place of Birth and childhood: The Prophet iB was bom in the year 571 (according to the The Prophet. was born in the year 571 (according to theGregorian calendar) in the tribe of Quraish [which was heldGregorian calendar) in the tribe of Quraish [which was heldnoble by all Arabsl in Makkah [which was considered thenoble by all Arabs] in Makkah [which was considered thereligious capital of the Arabian Peninsulal.religious capital of the Arabian Peninsula]. The would The Arabs would perform Hajj in Makkah, and andcircumambulate the Kabahcircumambulate the Kabah which was built by Prophet was Prophet and his son Prophet Ismael, mayIbrahim and his son Prophet Ismael, may Allah exalt their exalt theirmention.mention. The Prophet & was an orphan. The Prophet • was an orphan. His father passed away father passed awaybefor,ehe was bom, and his mother diedbefore he was born, and his mother died when he was six he was sixyears grandfather,years old. His grandfather, Abdul-Mutalib, took care of him, careand he died,and when he died, his uncle, Abu Talib, took care of him. His uncle, Talib, care and the other tribes worshippedtribe and the other tribes worshipped idols made from stone, made stone, and even gold. Some thesewood and even gold. Some of these idols were placed around were placed Kabah. People believedthe Kabah. People believed that these idols could ward-off these ward-off extend benefit.harm or extend benefit. The Prophet iF was a The Prophet • was a trustworthy and honest person. He and honest person.never behaved treacherously,nor did he lie or chea! he was behaved treacherously, cheat; was Al-Ameen,known amongst his people as AI-Ameen, or Theknown amongst people as TheTrustworthy. People would entrust him with their valuablesTrustworthy. People would with valuableswhen they wanted to travel. He was also known as As-Sadiq wanted travel. was also asAs-Sadiqor The Truthful for he never told a lie. He was well- The Truthful he never lie. wasmarLnered,mannered, well-spoken, and he loved to help people. His well-spoken, and he loved people.people loved and revered him and he had beautiful manners. revered him manners.Allah, the Exalted,says: Exalted, says: (Indeed you are of a great moral character.) [68:41 (Indeed are great character.) [68:4] Thomas Carlyle said in his book: Heroes,Hero-Worship Carlyle in Heroes, Hero-Worshipand the Heroic in History: Heroic in Historv t6 16
  15. 15. Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah.Muhammad,theMessenguof Allah& But, from an early age,he had been remarked as a But, from an early age, he had been remarked as a thoughtful man. His companions named him "AI thoughtful man. His companions named him Amin,The Faithtul." A man of truth and fidelity; true Amin, The Faithful." A man of truth and fidelity; true in what he did, in what he spoke and thought. They in what he did, in what he spoke and thought. They noted that he always meant something. A man rather something. A tacitum in speech;silent when there was nothing to taciturn in speech; nothing be said; but pertinent, wise, sincere, when he did but pertinent, wise, sincere, did speak; always throwing light on the matter. This is speak; throwing light matter. the only sort of speechworth speaking! Through life speech worth speaking! we find him to have been regarded as an altogether been regarded as altogether solid, brotherly, genuine man. A serious, sincere genuine man. A serious, sincere character; yet amiable, cordial, companionable, character; amiable, cordial, companionable, jocose even - a good laugh in him withal: there are jocose even there are men whose laugh is as untrue as anything about whose as as them; cannot laugh. sPontaneous, passionate, them; who cannot laugh. A spontaneous, passionate, faculty, fire yet just, true-meaning man! Full of wild faculty, fire yet just, true-meaningman! and light; of wild worth, all uncultured; working out and light; worth, all uncultured; his life takes the depth the Desertthere. his life - takes in the depth of the Desert there. The Prophet S seclude the cave Hira The Prophet ~ liked to seclude himself in the cave of Hirabefore he was commissionedas a ProPhet.Hebefore he was commissioned as a prophet. He would stay staythere many nights at a time.theremany nightsat a time. He S did not practice falsehood;he did not drink any He ~ did not practice falsehood; he did not drink anyintoxicants,nor did he bow to a stafueor idol, or take an oathintoxicants, nor did he bow to a statue or idol, or take an oathby them or offer to them an offering.He was a shepherdoverby them or offer to them an offering. He was a shepherd overa flock of sheepwhich belongedto his people.The Prophet 6a flock of sheep which belonged to his people. The Prophet.said:said: Every prophet commissioned by Allah was a Every prophet commissioned by Allah was a shepherd over a flock of sheep. His companions shepherd over a flock of sheep. His companions Even you, O Messenger Allah? He of asked him: Even you, 0 Messenger of Allah? He askedhim: t1 17
  16. 16. Muhammail,theMessenger Allah &Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah. of said: Yes, would take care of a flock of sheep for said: Yes, II would take care of a flock of sheep for the people of Makkah. @uhhari the people of Makkah. (Bukhari 2143) 2143) When Prophet Muhammad When Prophet Muhammad •S turned forty, he received tumed forty, he received divine revelation; he was at the cave of Hira. The Mother ofdivine revelation; he was at the cave of Hira. The Mother of the believers,Aishah, with whom Allah is pleased,said:the believers, Aishah, with whom Allah is pleased, said: The first thing that Allahs MessengerS received, The first thing that Allahs Messenger. received, while in the Cave of Hira in Makkah, were good while in the Cave of Hira in Makkah, were good visions [dreams], Every time he had a dream, visions [dreams]. Every time he had a dream, it would come true and clear, would come true and clear, like the split of the dawn. the the dawn. Later on, Messenger,6 began to Later on, Allahs Messenger. began to love being being alone in meditation. He spent lengthy periods alone in meditation. He spent lengthy periods for days and nights to this purpose days and nights to fulfil this purpose in the Cave the Cave before retuming back his before returning back to his family. He would take a take a food his supply of food for his trip. When he came back to his When he cameback Khadeejah, wife Khadeejah, with whom Allah is pleased, he pleased, get a fresh food would get a fresh supply of food and go back to the back same Cave continue meditation. same Cave to continue his meditation: The came The Truth came to him while he was in the Cave of Cave Hira. Tlte Jibreel riF came Hira. The Angel Jibreel iti!l came to Muhammad 6 • and commanded and commanded him to read. Muhammad 6 read. Muhammad • replied: "I replied: "I cannot read!" Jibreel r*ig embraced Jibreel ~ embraced Muhammad 6 until he could not breathe, and then $ until breathe, let him go saying: "O Muhammad! Read!" Again, saying: "0 Muhammad! Read!" Again, Muhammad {F replied: "I cannot read!" }ibreel *;9 Muhammad • replied: "I cannot Jibreel ~ embraced Muhammad 6 for the second time. He embraced • second time. He then ordered him to read for the third time, when he him read third time, when he did not he embracedhim tightly until he could not embraced until he could not breathe,and then let him go saying:"O Muhammad! breathe, then him go saying: "0 Muhammad! r8 18
  17. 17. Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah !toMuhammad,theMessenger Allah & (Recite with the Name of Your Rubb! Who created, with Name Rzbb! created, Created man, a (mere) Created man, out of a (mere) clot of congealed congealed blood: Proclaim! And your Rubb is Most Proclaim! vour Rubb Bountiful.) [96:1-3] Bountitul.) [96:1-31 The Messenger of Allah !to returned home trembling. He The Messenger 6 retumed home entered his home and told Khadeejah: "Cover me up, entered home and Khadee;ah: cover me up!" Khadeejah, with whom Allah is pleased, cover Khadeejah, pleased, covered Muhammad !to until he felt better. He then covered 6 he better. then about happened the Cave informed her about what happened to him in the Cave of Hira. He said, "1 was concerned about myself and my Hira. said, "I was concerned well-being." Khadeejah, with whom Allah is pleased, well-being." Khadeejah, pleased, assured Muhammad !to saying: "By Allah! You dont have assured liF saying: Allah! have humiliate to worry! Allah, the Exalted, will never humiliate you! Exalted, will You are good to and You You are good to your kith and kin. You help the poorthe and needy. You are generous and hospitable and needy. You are generous and hospitable to your guests. people are need." Khadeejah, guests. You help people who are in need." Khadeejah, with whom Allah is pleased, took her husband pleased, husband Muhammad !to to a cousin of hers named Waraqah bin Muhammad 6 a cousin hers named Waraqah Uzza. This man became a Nawfal bin Asad bin Abdul Uzza. This man became a Asad Christian the Era Ignorance.He was a scribe, Christian during the Era of Ignorance. He was a scribe, wrote the Scripture Hebrew. He was an who wrote the Scripture in Hebrew. He was an old man man at the latter part his life. Khadeejah, who became blind at the latter part of his life. Khadeejah, became with whom Allah is pleased, said to her cousin, "0 Allah is pleased, said to her cousin, "O cousin, listen to what your nephew [i.e. Muhammad !to] cousin, nephew [i.e. S) about Waraqahsaid: have is about to tell you!" Waraqah said: "What is it you have seen, dear nephew?" The Messenger of Allah !to informed seen,dear nephew?" The Messenger 6 informed him of what he had seen in the Cave of Hira. Upon he had seen the Cave Hira. hearing his report, Waraqah said, "By Allah! This is the hearing his report, Waraqahsaid, the jibreel y4t Angel Jibreel ~ who came to Prophet Musa ~. 1 wish came to Prophet Musa *4i. I I would be alive when your people will drive you out of be alive people will Makkah!" The Messenger of Allah ~ wondered: "Are The Messenser Allah $t wondered: t9 19
  18. 18. Muhammad, the Messenger Allah 6Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah. of they going to drive me out of Makkah?!" Waraqah they going to drive me out of Makkah?!" Waraqah positively saying, "Never has a tnan conveyed a affirmed positively saying, "Never has a man conveyed a Message similar to have been charged Message similar to what you have been charged with, except people waged againet - if am to except that his people waged war against him - if I am to will support Waraqah witness this, I will support you." Waraqah lived only a a short after this incident and passed away. short period after this incident and passed away. Revelation also stopped f3) Revelation also stopped for a while. (Bukhari #3) a @ukhari The chapter the Quran quoted The chapter of the Quran quoted in the hadeeth above the hadeeth abovemarks the beginning when he was commissioned as amarks the beginning when he was commissioned as aProphet. the Exalted,then revealedProphet. Allah, the Exalted, then revealed to him: (O (Muhammad 6) enveloped gannents) (0 you (Muhammad.) enveloped (in garments); Arise And and warn! And your Rubb (Allah) magnify !And your Rabb magnify lAnd garments purify!) tzl,r<) garments purify!) (74:1-4) This chapter the Quran marks the This chapter of the Quran marks the beginning when he hewas commissioned as a Messenger.was commissioned as a Messenger. revelation With the revelation of this chapter of the Quran the Prophet chapter ProphetiiF began people openly.• began calling his people to Islam openly. He began with his began with people. Some refused adamantlyown people. Some of them refused adamantly to listen to himbecausehe wasbecause he was calling them to a matter which they had not awitnessed before.witnessed before. The Deen of Islam is a complete way of life, which deals The Deen complete dealswith religious, political, economical and social affairs.with religious, economical social affairs.Furthermore, the Deen of Islam did not only call them toFurthermore, the Deen Islamworship Allah alone, and to forsake all idols and things they Allah alone, forsakeworshipped; rather, it prohibited them from things they rather,considered pleasurable, such as consuming interest andconsidered pleasurable, such as consuming interestintoxicants, fomication, and gambling. It also called people tointoxicants, fornication, gambling. It alsobe just and fair with one another, and to know that there was with another,no difference between them except through piety. How could difference between except Howthe Quraish [the noblest tribe amongst Arabs] stand to be noblest amongst 20 20
  19. 19. Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah ..Muhammad,theMessenger AUah&treated equally with the slaves!! They did not only adamantlytreated with the slaves!!They adamantlyrefuse accept Islam; rather,refuse to accept Islam; rather, they harmed him and blamed harmed and blamed sayinghim, saying that he was a crazy person, a sorcerer and a liar. he was a crazy person, a sorcererand a liar.They blamedThey blamed him with things they would not dare to have with things they dare haveblamed him with before the advent of Islam. They incited theblamed before the advent Islam. They theignorant masses against him, and harmed him and tortured massesagainst and harmed andhis companions. Abdullah b. Masood, with whom Allah is companions. b. Masood,pleased, said:pleased, said: While Prophet [F was While the Prophet" was standing up and praying near near the Kabah, a group of Quraish were sitting in their the Kabah, a group Quraish were place, one them said: Do sitting place, one of them said: Do you see this man? see man? Would someone bring filth Would someone bring the dirt and filth and bloody bloody intestines from the camels of so and so, and wait till he camels so so, till he prostrates,and then place between prostrates, and then place it between his shoulders? The shoulders?The most wtetched amongst them volunteered most wretched amongst them volunteered to do it, and and the Prophet 6 prostrated,he when the Prophet" prostrated, he put the filth between the between shoulders/ so the Prophet 6 stayed his shoulders, so the Prophet .. stayed in prostration. prostration. They laughed so hard that they were about to fall on They laughed so hard that they were about each other. Someone went to Fatimah, with whom Allah each other. Someone to Fatimah, pleased, was a young is pleased, who was a young girl, and informed her of and her what had happened. She hurriedly came towards the had happened. She came towards the Prophet .. and removed the filth from his back, and Prophet 6 and removed the back, and then she turned around and she cursed the Quraishites she furned she cursed the that sitting. (Bukhari 1498) who were sitting in that sitting. (Bukhari #498) were I saw the Messenger of Allah in the Muneeb al-Azdi said: I saw the Messenger Muneeb al-Azdi said: theEra Ignorancesayingto people:Era of Ignorance saying to people: Say there being worshipped except Say there is no god worthy of being worshipped except god Allah if you would be successful. There were those who if There were those be successful. spat face,and those face,and spat in his face, and those who threw soil in his face, and those swore at midday. Whenever a those who swore at him until midday. Whenever a 21 21
  20. 20. Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah.Muhammad,theMessenger Allah & of wate4 certain young girl came with a big container of water, girl came with big and he would wash his face and hands and say: 0 would face say: O will humiliated daughter do not fear that your father will be humiliated or struck by poverty. (Mujam poverty: (Mujam al-Kabeer al-Kabeer #805) # 805) Urwah b. az-Zubair said, I asked Abdullah b. Amr al-Aas az-Zubair said, I asked Abdullah Amr al-Aasto tell me of the worst thing the pagans did to the Prophet 6 the pagans Prophet.and he said:and he said: Uqbah Uqbah b. Muait approached the Prophet. while he Muait approached Prophet e while was praying Kabah, gannent was praying near the Kabah, and he twisted his garment around his neck. Abu Bakr, with whom Allah is pleased, neck. with Allah pleased, approached and grabbed Uqbahs shoulder hurriedly approached and grabbed Uqbahs shoulder Do and pushed him away saying: Do you kill a man kill a him away saying: because he proclaims Allah as his Rubb, and clear signs because Allah as Rzbb, clear have come to you from your Rubb?" (Bukhari 3643) have come RubbT (Bukhari 3643) stop the Prophet i6 These incidents did not stop the Prophet • from giving These incidentsDawah. He called the many tribes that came to Makkah forDawah. called the many tribes that came Islam. believed the people YathribHajj to Islam. A few believed from the people of Yathrib,which is known today as Madinah, and they pledged to is today as Madinah, and they pledged he chose go with themsupport him and help him if he chose to go with them to andMadinah. He sent with them Musab b. Umair, with whomMadinah. sent them Musab b.Allah is pleased, who taught them Islam. After all the pleased, taught them Islam. thehardships that the Muslims of Makkah faced from their ownhardships the facedpeople, Allah allowed them to migrate from their city topeople, allowed them migrateMadinah. The people Madinah greeted them and receivedMadinah. The people of Madinah greeted them and receivedthem in a most extraordinary manner. Madinah became thethem a most extraordinary manner. became theCapital of the Islamic state, and the point from which theCapital the Islamic state, and the theDawah was spread.Dawah was spread. The Prophet • settled there and taught people Quranic The Prophet iF settled there and taught people Quranicrecitation and Islamic Jurisprudence. The inhabitants ofrecitation and Islamic Jurisprudence. The inhabitantsMadinah were greatly moved and touched by the ProphetsMadinah were greatly moved and touched the Prophets 22 22
  21. 21. Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah lj,Muhammad, Messenger Allah 6 the moremanners. They loved him more than they loved their ownmanners. They loved serve and spendselves; they would rush to serve him, and spend all they hadselves; had path. The society was strong and people werein his path. The society was strong and its people were rich interms Iman (Faith) and they were extremely happy. Peopleterms of [man (Faith) and they were extremely happy. Peopleloved each other, and brotherhood was apparentloved each other, and true brotherhood was apparentamongstits people. peoplewere equal;the rich, noble andamongst its people. All people were equal; the rich, noble and and and -poor, black and white, Arab and non-Arab - they were allpoor, wereconsidered as equals in the Deen of Allah, no distinction wasconsidered as equals the Deen wasmade among them exceptmade among them except through piety. After the Quraish piety. the the ProphetsDawah and that had spread, theylearnt of the Prophets Dawah and that it had spread, theyleamt with the Prophet 6 the battle Islam, thefought with the Prophet lj, in the first battle in Islam, theBattle Badr. This battle took place betweenBattle of Badr. This battle took place between two groupsgroups were unequal preparations and weapons. Thewhich were unequal in preparations and weapons. TheMuslims were 314; whereas,the pagans were 1000 strong.Muslims were 314; whereas, the pagans were 1000 strong. gave the Prophet lfi and the Companions.Allah gave victory to the Prophet lj, and the Companions. battle, battles took place between theAfter this battle, many battles took place between theMuslims and the pagans. After eight years the Prophet ~ wasMuslims and the pagans.After eight yearsthe Prophet6 wasable prepare an army L0,000 strong.They headed towardsable to prepare an army 10,000 strong. They headed towardsMakkah and conquered it, andMakkah and conquered it, and with this he defeated his this he defeated hispeople, had harmed and tortured his Companionspeople, who had harmed him and tortured his Companions every way. They had even been forced to leave theirin every way. They had even been forced to leave theirproperty and wealth behind and flee for their lives.property and wealth behind and flee for their lives. Hedecisivelydefeatedthem, and this year was called The Yeardecisively defeated them, and this year was called The Year the Conquest.Allah,the Exalted,says:of the Conquest. Allah, the Exalted, says: (When the victory of Allah has come and the conquest, the victory has come and the conquest, and you see the people entering into the Deen of Allah and see the people entering the Deen Allah multitudes, then exalt praise in multitudes, then exalt him with praise of your Rubb Rubb and ask forgiveness and ask forgiveness of Him. Indeed, He is ever Indeed, ever accepting of repentance.) [110:1-3] acceptingofrepentance.)[110:1-3] He then gatheredthe people Makkah and said to them: He then gathered the people of Makkah and said to them: 23 L3
  22. 22. Muhammad,theMessenger Allah &Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah. of What do you think What do you think I will do to you? They answered: I will do to you? They answered: You will do something favorable; You will only do something favorable; you are a kind are a kind and generous brother, and a and generous and generous brother, and a kind and generous nephew!The Prophet S said: Go - nephew! The Prophet. said: Go - you are free to do as are free do as you wish. (Baihaqi #18055) (Baihaqi #18055) This was one the reasons This was one of the main reasons why many of them many themaccepted Islam. The Prophet # then retumedaccepted Islam. The Prophet • then returned to Madinah. Madinah. a period time, the Prophet 6 meantAfter a period of time, the Prophet. meant to perform Hajj, Hajj,so he headed towards Makkahso he headed towards Makkah with 114,000 Companions and 114000 Companions andperformed Hajj. This Hajj is known asHajjatul-Wadaaperformed Hajj. This Hajj is known as Hajjatul-Wadaa or Farewellthe Pilgrimage sincethe Farewell Pilgrimage since the Prophet .. never Prophet Sperformedperformed another Hajj, and died shortly after he shortlyperformed it. The Prophet i& died Madinah the L2th The Prophet. died in Madinah on the 12th day of Rabi ath- Rabi ath- the llth yearthani in the 11 th year of Hijrah. The Prophet. was buried in The Prophet & was as The were shockedMadinah as well. The Muslims were shocked when theyleamt his death; some Companionslearnt of his death; some Companions did not believe it! believeUmar, with is pleased,said: Whoever saysVmar, with whom Allah is pleased, said: Whoever says thatMuhammad is dead, behead him!Muhammad is dead, I will behead him! Abu Bakr, with Bakr,whom Allah is pleased, then gave a speech, and read the pleased, then gave speech, readwords of Allah:words Allah: (Muhammad (Muhammad is not but a Messenger.Other messengers Messenger. messengers have passedaway before him. So if he was to die or be have passed away before So if was be killed, would you furn back on your heels to unbelief? tum back heels unbelief? And He who turns back on his heels will never harm And heels will Allah at all; but Allah will reward the grateful.) [3:144] Allah will reward [3:144] When Umar, with whom Allah is pleased,heard this verse When Vmar, pleased, heard this versehe stopped saying what he was saying, since he was veryhe stopped saying was saying, since was 24 24
  23. 23. Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah.Muhammad,theMessenger Allah 6 ofkeen applying Prophet lfikeen on applying the rules of Allah. The Prophet" was 63 53years old when he died.yeats died. He stayed in Makkah for forty years, before being Makkah years,commissioned as a prophet. After being commissioned as acommissioned as a prophet. being commissioned as aProphet; he lived there for another 13 years in which he calledProphet; there another 13 years calledpeople Tawheed (true monotheism).people to Tawheed (true monotheism). He then migrated toMadinah, and· stayed there for ten years. He continuously and stayed there ten years.received the revelation there, until the Quran and the Deen of there, until Deen of.Islam were complete.Islam complete. George Bernard Shaw said: GeorgeBernard Shaw said: I have always I have always held the religion of Muhammad in high the estimation because of its wonderful vitality. It is the only estimation because the appears assimilating religion which appears to possess that assimilating possess the changing phases existence capability to the changing phases of existence which make make appeal every age - have prophesized itself appeal to every age - I have prophesized about the the faith of Muhammad that it would be acceptable tomorrow be acceptable as it is beginning to be acceptable to the Europe of today. as be acceptable the Europe today. Medieval ecclesiastics, either through ignorance or ecclesiastics, either ignorance bigotry, painted Muhammadanism in the darkest colours. Muhammadanism the darkest colours. They were, in fact, trained to hate both the man were, fact, trained hate the Muhammad and his religion. To them, Muhammad was and religion. them, was an anti-Christ. I have studied him, the wonderful man, an anti-Christ. have studied the man, far being an anti-Christ, he and in my opinion, far from being an anti-Christ, he must and be called the Saviour humanity z be called the Saviour of humanity - 22Encyclopedia of Seerah, for Afzalur Rahman.2 Encvclopediaof Seerah, for Rahman 25 25
  24. 24. Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah.Muhammad,theMessenger Allah & ProphetThe Description of the Prophet 6: *: Hind the daughter of Abu Haalah at-Tamimi, with whom Hind the daughter Haalah at-Tamimi, with pleased, described the Prophet Allah 6 with theAllah is pleased, described the Prophet of Allah. with thefollowing description: description: The Messenger of Allah. was a sensational man, Messenger Allah 6 was a sensational man, who was honored by all who saw him. His face was face like was glowed like the full moon. He was of moderate full moon. moderate height, not too tall and not too short. He had a short. a large head and his hair was wavy. He would part large head was would if his hair if it got long, otherwise, his hair did not otherwise, exceed the lobes of his ears under normal exceed lobes ears circumstances. He was a healthy pink. His circumstances. was a pink. forehead was forehead was wide. His eyebrows were naturally eyebrows rvere nafurally ioined. There was a groomed, and were not joined. There was a vein groomed, and were between his eyebrows that swelled in case of eyebrows case anger. His nose was straight and had a special anger. nose was a special glow. The bridge of his nose was slightly high. He nose was slightly • had a thick beard with soft cheeks. His mouth 6 a beard with cheeks. was slightly large. He had moustaches. His teeth was large. had moustaches. teeth had gaps in between. His neck was [pretty] like had gaps between. neck was [prettyl that of a doll, and it was silvery white. He • was a and was silvery white. 6 was moderately built and very strong. His belly and moderately and very strong. and chest were on the same level. His chest and chest were the same level. chest and shoulders were wide. His body joints were big. shoulders were wide. were His skin was white. He had hair from the end of was white. had the end navel. There was his breastbone to his navel. There was no hair on breastbone his breasts, but his arms and shoulders were hairy. breasts, arms and shoulderswere hairy. palms were wide. His forearms were large and his palms were wide. forearmswere large and Both his hands and feet were short, and his fingers Both hands and feet were short, and fingers were moderate length. were of moderate length. His feet were flat and feet were and 26 26
  25. 25. Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah lilJMuhammad,theMessenger Allah W smooth; due to the smoothness of his feet water smooth; smoothness feet would not settle on them. He walked in strides settle them. strides and a graceful manneq he and in a graceful manner; he would lift his feet, lift feet, and not drag them. Whenever he lilJ turned he and drag them. Whenever he 6 he would turn with his entire body [as opposed to entire [as opposed to neck and head onlyl. turning his neck and head only]. He lowered his lowered gaze gaze at all times. He looked down to earth more times. earth often than he looked often than he looked up to the heaven. He often to the heaven. often glimpsed at things [as opposed glimpsed at things [as opposed to staring at staring at offered the greetings to others before things]. He offered the greetings to others before thingsl. they offered it to him. they offered Describe Someone asked: Describe his manner of speech. Someone asked: manner speech. The Prophet lilJ appeared sad most of Hind said: The Prophet 6 appeared sad most Hind said: the time, and the time, and would be in deep thought. He would be deep thought. never rest completely,and he never rest completely, and he did not speak unless speak unless he needed to. Whenever he spoke he would start he needed to. Whenever he spoke he start and complete his statements with the name of and complete statements the name Allah. He spoke clearly and uttered meaningful, spoke clearly and uttered meaningful, precise and accurate statements only. His precise and accurate statements statements were very decisive; no one could distort statements decisive; one words. was extremely his words. He was extremely kind and caring. He and caring. never insulted others. never insulted others. He was grateful for every was grateful every blessing Allah bestowed on him, no matter how blessing bestowed matter minute it seemed; he never belittled anything. He seemed;he never anything. did not criticize any food he tasted, nor did he criticize any food he tasted, he praise praise it. He was never upset for worldly affairs. If was never upset affairs. If a person was wronged he a person was wronged he would become verybecome very angry. His anger would not subside until the angry. anger subside the persons was given to persons right was given to him. He would not become angry if he was wronged, become angry if he was wronged, nor would he he avenge himself. When he pointed, he pointed with avengehimself.When he pointed,he pointed 27 27
  26. 26. Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah JillMuhammad,theMessenger Allah W of would his entire hand; when he was surprised he would he was flip his hand. When the Prophet Jill talked he flip 6 would tap his right palm using his left thumb. would right left When he was angry he would tum his face away, .rngFyhe would hrrn face away, and when he was pleased and happy he would pleased would lower gaze. lower his gaze. Most of his laughter was done by was smiling. Whenever he smiled, his teeth appeared smiling. Whenever he smile4 teeth appeared like pearls of hail. pearls hail. Al-Hasan ,6 said: I infonn al-Husain AI-Hasan .:iJi, said: 1 did not inform ai-Husain about this (description of the Prophet) for a period Prophet) a of time, but he had already asked his father (Ali already asked (Ali .s) these details. Al-Husain ,s said: I asked .:iJi,) about these details. AI-Husain .:iJi, said: I asked my father about how the Prophet Jill entered upon the 6 entered his family, and left them and about his manners in manners general.Al-Htr.sain.{s said: I asked general. AI-Hu,sain .:iJi, said: 1 asked my father how father the Prophet :i spent his time in his house, and f spent house, time.He replied: He how he divided his time. He replied: He divided he his time into three portions; one portion for the three one sake of Allah, the other for his family, and the sake third he divided between himself and people. He he between and people. did conceal advice guidance did not conceal any advice or guidance from any of them. He would spend the portion he allotted then. spend the he allofted for his Ummah by attending to the needs of Ummah aftending the needs religious status and people according to their religious status and people according to needs. busy these people needs. He would busy these people by teaching teaching them that which would benefit them and their them that them and Ummah, and by informing them of what they Ummah, and them needed. say to them: Let those needed. He would say to them: Let those who are are present convey (what they have learned) those present convey (what they have learned) to those who are absent, and inform me of the needs of are absent, and me the needs those cannot attend sitting for: Whoever those who cannot attend our sittin& for: Whoever 28 28
  27. 27. Muhammad, the Messenger ofAllah.Muhammad,theMessenger Allah & of informs the ruler of a persons plight, Allah would infonns a persons plight, Allah would affirm him on the bridge on the Day of affinn Resurrection. Resunection. Al-Husain .+ AI-Husain .. further said, 1 asked my father about said,I asked father about the manners of the Prophet • while he was manners Prophet 6 while was outside his home? He said, He safeguarded his outside home? said,He safeguarded tongue [from idle talk] and gave sinceregave sincere counseling and talked with beneficial speech by counseling and talked beneficial speech be able to gather and which he would be able to gather and unite he people. He honored the generous, kind and noble people. honored the generous, and noble person amongst each people, and he would charge person amongst eachpeople,and he charge them the affairs people. them with the affairs of their people. He warned wamed people against evils and guarded himself against people against evils and guarded against them as well, though he never frowned in the face them as though he never frowned the face of any person. He asked about peoples situation any person. asked about peoples situation and ordered the good and forbade evil. and ordered with the good and forbade evil. He • S was moderate in all his affairs. He never wasted an was moderate affairs. never wasted an companions and give opportunity to remind his companions and give remind them sincere counseling. He • was prepared for them sincere counseling. iS was prepared every case, and would uphold the truth and was every case,and the and was not heedless. The people who sat nearest to him heedless.The people sat nearest were the best among people. The best Companion were the best among people.The best Companion was him who offered the best advice. The was offered the best advice. The Companion highest in rank was the one who Companion highest was the one supported and helped him in the best manner. supported and helped the best manner. Al-Husain & said: I asked AI-Husain • said: I asked my father how the father the Prophet ~ behaved in his sittings, and he said, Prophet 6 behaved his sittings, and he said, The Messenger Allah 6 never got The Messenger of Allah ~ never got up or sat sat down without mentioning the name of Allah. He down without mentioning the name Allah. He forbade designating a certain spot to a person so forbade designating a certain spot to a person so consider as his own. He sat that he would consider it as his own. He sat that he 29 29
  28. 28. Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah ~Muhammad,theMessenger Allah 6 oJ wherever he a spot. also ordered others wherever he found a spot. He also ordered others the same, they entered a sitting. to do the same, when they entered a sitting. He equally and among divided his time equally and justly among his The one Companions who sat with him. The one who sat Companions sat sat with the Prophet ~ would think that he was the with Prophet 6 would think was the most important and beloved individual to him. If most important and beloved If a certain need, he a person came asking him for a certain need, he a person came asking rather he would not rush him, rather he would allow the rush the person to complete his request and leave at his person to complete his request and leave at his own accord. The Prophet ~ would not return one accord. Prophet i6 would one asked empty-handed;he even say nice who asked empty-handed; he would even say nice words to if he was able to fulfill his words to him if he was not able to fulfill his had an open heart and an open request. He had an open heart and an open mind. request. a and caring father He was considered like a kind and caring father to was considered people were to everyone; all people were to him equal. His everyone; equal. knowledge, perseverance/ sittings were sittings of knowledge, perseverance, sittings were sittings patience,modesty, and trust. one patience, modesty, and trust. No one would raise raise voice the presence the Messenger his voice in the presence of the Messenger of Allah Jt.. No one talked evil about another in his d8. one talked about another his the treated each presence either. Those in the sitting treated each presenceeither. Those other a manner, and they respectedthe other in a humble manner, and they respected the and were merciful to the young and they elderly and were merciful to the young and they respected stranger. the respected the stranger: I Al-Husain .s said: asked AI-Husain ~ said: I asked my father about the father about the people meetingsand Prophets attitude with people in his meetings and Prophetsattitude The Messenger sittings, and he said to me: sittings, and he said to me: The Messenger of Allah ~ was constantly cheerful. He was S was constantly cheerful. was extremely and caring. was never rough. extremely kind and caring. He was never rough. never raised his voice used He never raised his voice in public or used foul language. He never talked ill of anyone or language. never talked ill anyone gossiped. He never adulated anyone, gossiped. He never adulated anyone. He never never 30 30
  29. 29. Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah ~ theMuhammad, Messenger Allah 6 disappointed anyone. He avoided three things; anyone. three argumentation, talking too much and interfering talking interfering in what is of no importance to him. He also importance also avoided three other things; he never talked ill avoided three other things; he never talked ill of anyone, he never mocked anyone and he never anyone, he never mocked anyone and he never spoke of anyones fault in front of others, nor did spoke anyones others, he criticize anyone. He spoke only about things he criticize anyone. spoke about things that he hoped to be rewarded for. Whenever he he hoped to be rewarded for. Whenever he spoke his Companions looked at the ground [out spoke Companions looked at the [out of respect and attention] it was as if birds landed respectand attentionl was as if landed on their heads. When the Messenger of Allah ~ heads. When the Messenger 6 stopped talking, his Companions talked. They stopped talking Companions talked. They never differed in front of him. Whenever one of never Whenever one his Companions talked, the rest would attentively Companions talked, the rest attentively listen he completed listen until he completed his statement. Only statement. leading Companions talked in the presence of the leading Companions talked the presence the Messenger of Allah ~. Messenger 6. The Messenger of Allah ~ demonstrated extreme The Messenger S demonstratedextreme patience he listened to a stranger patience when he listened to a stranger with a a difficult accent difficult accent or dialect. He would not ask the dialect. ask the speaker any question speaker any question until he completed his he completed his statement. In fact, the Messenger of Allah $ statement. fact, the Messenger {i directed his Companions to assist the person who directed Companions to assist the person sought help. sought his help. He never interrupted a speaker never intermpted a speaker the speaker completed until the speaker completed his statement and statement and stopped at stopped at his own accord or if the person got up accord the person to leave. (Baihaqi) i ) to leave. (Baihaq 31l 3

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