l-/.dfSTABUSHING TUEWHO SEEK RIGillmGollllR     TJIAXUSIINC RIC.{IDI]IC                 TIIIPROOTI THE                    ...
A  ISTABLISHING RIGARDING  ESTABLISHING THI PROOFS REGARDING THI               THE PROOIS           THE  RULE THOSE SIEK I...
M
ln the Nane of Nlah, Mqst Graclous,MqgtMerclfutIn the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful                      II{...
daily lives. As a result,there came into existencehereticaldaily lives.      result, there came     existence hereticalinn...
ln the Name Nlah, Mosf Gracious, Most MercifulIn the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful                 THE FIRST...
Thus the person who wrote this poem cries out to the Thus the person who wrote this poem cries out to the  Prophet(peacebe...
"Alif, Lam, Ra, (This is) Book with.verses basic "Alif, Lam, Aa, (This is) a Book with verses basic or  tuniamental (of es...
ls it not to Allahthat sincere devotion is due?"  Is it not to Allah that sincere devotion is due?"   (39:1421  (39:142)  ...
"lf thou dost, boholdl thou shatt certainly be of tfiose    "If thou dost, beholdl thou shalt certainly       those      w...
affirms that there nothing to be worshipped exceptAllahaffirmsthat thereis nothing be worshipped   except Allahthe Alnnigh...
the Prophets othersor invokesldols,treeaand gtoneg,               orthe Prophets or others or invokes idols, tree, and sto...
wellas Defeat,Who Alonebestowshelpor lossor benefit;well as Defeat, Who Alone bestows help or loss or benefit;none other c...
And he also said,And he also saicl,  "He, who dies while prayingto someoneas rival to  "He, who dies while praying to some...
tlmesof war or at tlmesof dlfflcultles occurto hlmand                                          thattimes of war or at time...
"Rememberye imploredthe assistanceof your Lord,  "Remember ye implored the assistance of your Lord,   and He answered you:...
It is therefore duty on the writerto repentto Allahin all                   a   It is therefore a dUty on the writer to re...
Servantsand forgivessins: and He knowsall that ye   Servants and forgives sins: and  knows all that ye   do." (42:25).   d...
In the N81TIe of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful ln the Nane ol Nldt, Mdgt Graclous, Magt Merclful                 T}I...
it. Some friends atso soujnt my opinion on havingit. Some friends also sought my opinion on having I relationships of mani...
Godlinessto anyoneotherthan Allah;it affirmsthat AllahGodliness to anyone other than Allah; it affirms that AllahAlone and...
and Jinnehave beencreatedby Allah in orderto worshipand Jlnns have been created by Allah in order to worship Hlm and He ha...
It wouldbe like praying someoneelse otherthanAllah   would be like praying to someone else other than Allahbecause prayora...
animalsto them.The purpose whichone doesthis is toanimals to them. The purpose for which one does this is to              ...
them as liars, infidels, and polytheists;and Allah hasthem as liars, infidels, and polytheists; and Allah has pre-eminentl...
was askedaboutthe peoplewho will be fortunateto enioywas asked about the people who will be fortunate to enjoyhis interces...
no god exoept   Allahand that Muhammad the prophetofno god except Allah and that Muhammad is the Prophet of               ...
and                               and  "Say: II seek refuge with the Lord and Cherisherof  "Say: seek refuge with the Lord...
believe:a slavewomanwho believesis betterthan an   believe: a slave woman who believes is better than an                wo...
conduct and character. As regards the believers -- menconductand character.As rogardsthe belleven menand women -- they are...
the category of dead animals, although the nameof Allahthe category deadanimals,although name Allah             of        ...
with po$heism. However, if the p€rson uttering suchwith polytheism. However,            person uttering suchwords believes...
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  1. 1. l-/.dfSTABUSHING TUEWHO SEEK RIGillmGollllR TJIAXUSIINC RIC.{IDI]IC TIIIPROOTI THE PROOfS Rr,t[ Tr10$ s$ri l]1 RUU ON THOSE ruo HELP IN OTHER 0 lltu ilIT tLLA,tfi0sllHoStutlT llt TldALlAH OR THOSE WHO BEUEn iN TH&~ 0R dD MRT]JNI TILLIN SOOTHSAYERS AND FORTtJNE TELLERS SOOITSAYIRS BY ms LldlNENCE SIIDKH .llDL1. A:lJI. II~ ABDL1l.11i DIN 8Al TRA..I1l:iU.: r!,D Dl: Dil. SYED MUHAMMAD MUNA~WAR SA.lNAR PR1;.ITED A.."iD PUflLlSHflJ BY PRESIDENCY OF ISL.UC RESEARCHES IfTAAllD PROPAGATION PRL"JUo,:G .J,.ND TRA.~SU no~ GE~:(Y RJ YAUH • !G.... aDOM 01 SAL;)I . ll......ll1.... trA(r WAKf (ENoowrE^Tj aMrf (EKDOw~iEJoo,T) ORATIF I·~"". If, I ().., n AI)
  2. 2. A ISTABLISHING RIGARDING ESTABLISHING THI PROOFS REGARDING THI THE PROOIS THE RULE THOSE SIEK INOTHER ON THOSE 1VHO HILP OTHER RULE ON WHO SEEK HELP IN THAN ALL$OR THOSI BELIIVI ALLtH THOSE vHO TIIAN OR WHO BELIEVE IN IN SOOTHSAYTRS AND FORTUNE TELLIRS SOOTHSAYERS ND FORTUNE TELLERS BY 8YIDS EMINENCE SHEIKH ABDUL A11Z BIN ABDULLH BIN BAlHISIMINTNCE SHTKHABDLI, AZIZBINASDIJTITIH BM 8IN TRANSLANTEDBY TRANSLANTED BY DR. SYED MUHAMMAD MUNAWWAR NAINAR DR. SYED MUHAMMAD MUNAWWAR NAINAR PRINTEDAND PUBLISHED PRIl.TED AND PUBLISHED BY BY PRESIDENCY OF ISLAMIC RESEARCHES PRESIDENCYOF ISI.AMIC RESEARCHES IITA AND PROPAGATION IFTAAND PROPAGATION PRINTING AND TRANSLATION AGENCY PzuNTTNG AIID TRANSIATION AGENCY RIYADH. KINGDOMOF ${UDI AIABIA RIYADH· KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA WAKF (ENDOWMEND GRATIF WAKF (ENDOWMENT) GRATIF 1414 H. .1993 3 DA l 4 l 4 H I 9 9 AD
  3. 3. M
  4. 4. ln the Nane of Nlah, Mqst Graclous,MqgtMerclfutIn the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful II{TRODUCnOil INTRODucnON Pralse be to Allah and Peaceand Blessirqs be on the Praise be to Allah and Peace and Blessings be on theProphetof Allah;on his famllymembers;Prophet of Allah; on his family members; and on all those and on allthooewho proceedon his path.who proceed on his path. Slne the principle Onenessof Since the principle of Oneness of Allah formed the basis of Allatrformedthebasis d the missionof Muhammad AMullah (on him be the lbnof the mission of Muhammad Ibn Abdullah (on him be the best of blesslngs and peace)and sincethis missionis inbest of blessings and peace) and since this mission is in fact a continuationof the missionsof the prophets whofact a continuation of the missions of the Prophets who precededhim as stated by Allah ln the Holy Quran:preceded him as stated by Allah in the Holy Curan: "For We assuredlysent amongst every people an "For We assuredly sent amongst every people an Apostle,(withthe command), Apostle, (with the command), serve Allah and eschew serveAllah and eschew Evil" (16:36), Evil" (16:36), and slnce opposilion to heresy and falsehood in itsand since opposition to heresy and falsehood in itsvariousmanifestations, formedthe core this Faith, isvarious manifestations, formed the core of this Faith, it is adutyon everyMuslim be wellinformed toduty on every Muslim to be well informed abouthis religion about his religionand to worshipAllah as ordainedand to worship Allah as ordainedby the lslamicSharia. the Islamic Sharia. The Muslims of tho previousgenerailonshad a clear The Muslims the previous generations had clearconcaptregardingconcept regarding their religionbecauseall their beliefs, their religion because all their beliefs,actions and dealingswere in accordancewith the Holyactions and dealings were accordance with the HolyQuran and the Pure Traditions.Curan and the Pure Traditions. Lateron, mostof the Muslimsdeviated fromthis Straight Later on, most the Muslims deviated from this StraightPath- the path of the Bookand the Tradition and fetlPath - the path the Book and the Tradition - and fell -apartinto factionsand groupsin all matterspertainingtoapart into factions and groups matters pertaining toreligionas well as polilics and the laws regulatingtheirreligion as well politics and the laws regUlating their (t) (I)
  5. 5. daily lives. As a result,there came into existencehereticaldaily lives. result, there came existence hereticalinnovations, falsehoods,magic and witchcraft.All theseinnovations, falsehoods, magic and witchcraft. thesethings servedas easy loopholes the enemiesof lslamthings served as easy loopholes for enemies Islamto attack lslam and its followers.to attack Islam and followers. The Ulema (learned scholars)of lslam have, in all The Ulema (learned scholars) Islam have, allperiods of history, past and present,periods history,past and present, cautioned through cautioned us throughtheir writings against these innovations.This booklettheir writings against these innovations. This booklet entlled (Establlshlng proofs regardlng entlledcc Establishing the proofs regarding the Rule the the Ruleon those who seekHelpIn other than Allahon those who seek Help In otherthan Altahor those thosewho BelleveIn Soothsayerswho Believe In Soothsayers and FortuneJellersu and Fortune.Tellersll byHis Eminence Sheikh Abdul Azlz bln Abdulla bln HIs EmlnenceShelkh Abdul Azlz bin Abdulla bin Baz,conslsts threeessays:Baz, consists of three essays: 1. The Regulation governing Seeking of Help from 1. The Regulation governing the S€€king Helpfrom the the Prophet (peace be upon him). the Prophet (peace be upon him). 2. The Regulationgoverning Seeking Helpfrom 2. The Regulation governing the Seeking of Help from the Jinns and Satan and making vows to them. Jinns and Satan and making vows them. 3. The Regulation regarding Worship through certain 3. The RegulationregardingWorshipthrough certain which are derived from Hereticaland Innovations which are derived from Heretical and Innovations Polytheistic beliefs. Polytheistic beliefs. The Presidency the Directorates lslamicResearch of of The Presidency of the Directorates of Islamic Researchlftah, Dawah and Guidancehas the pleasureto placeIftah, Dawah and Guidance has the pleasure to place asbeforethe reader booklet a contribution this towards thebefore the reader this booklet as a contribution towards theenlightenment the EnglishspeakingMuslimsagainst ofenlightenment of the English speaking Muslims against - Heresy and Superstition so that the generalapprecia- Heresy and Superstition - so that the general apprecia-tion and understanding lslam may increase. oftion and understanding of Islam may increase. May Allah,the Almighty makethis booklet use to all of May Allah, the Almighty make this booklet of use to allMuslims;VerilyAllahMuslims; Verily Allah grants suc@ss.And may peacob€ grantssuccess. And may peace beupon Muhammad, Familyand his Companions. hisupon Muhammad, his Family and his Companions. (ii) (Ii)
  6. 6. ln the Name Nlah, Mosf Gracious, Most MercifulIn the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful THE FIRST ESSAY fiE FIRST ESSAY Praisebe to Allahand peaceand blessings uponthe Praise be to Allah and peace and blessings be upon the be t of Allah, the Members of his Family and hisProphe of Allah,Prophet the Members his Family and his ard on all those who proceedon his pathCompanions and on all those who proceed on his path.Companions "Al-Muitama" Kuwait,had in The weekly magazine, "AI-Mujtama" of Kuwait, had in The weeklymagazine, A.H.,published poemits issue No. 15 dated 19-4-1390 A.H., published a poemits issueNo. 15 dated19-4-1390 containing invocations the to (peacebe uponhim) Prophet (peace be upon him)containing invocations to the Prophetand appeals to him to help the Ummah and appeltsto himto help (lslamic the Ummah (Islamic commun- commun- ity) and to salvageit from mutualdisaccord disagree- ity) and to salvage it from mutual disaccord and disagree- and The poem signed by someone called Amina,ran as ments. The ments. poemsignedby someone calledAmina, ranasfollows:follows: "0 Prophet of Allah, come to the rescue of a World "O Prophetof Allah, come to the rescue World caught in the flames of war, caught in the flames of a war, o Prophet of Allah, come to the rescue ol the Ummah, O Piophetof Allah,@meto the rescueof the Ummah, plungedin the darknessof doubts since long, plunged in the darkness of doubts since long, b Prophet of Allah, come to the rescue of the Ummah o propnetof Allah,cometo the rescueof the Ummah which has lost sight of its vision in the wildemessof which has lost sight of its vision in the wilderness grief... etc. etc." grief ... etc. etc." And the poem concludes with the following And the poem @ncludes lines: with the follOWing lines: "O Prophet Allah,cometo th€ rescu€ the Ummah "0 Prophet of Allah, come to the rescue of the Ummah, of of plunged the darkness doubtsince plunged in the darkness of doubt since in of long, Pray you! long,Prayyou! viclory as you did at the battleof Badr bring speedy victory as you did at the battle of Badr bring speeOy And Lo! Defeat when you called out to the Almighty, And Lo! Defeat when you calledout to the Atmighty, was tumed to a Glorious was turned to a Gloriou s Victory, Verily Allah hath Victory, Verily Allah hath soldiersYou do not se€." soldiers you do not see." 1
  7. 7. Thus the person who wrote this poem cries out to the Thus the person who wrote this poem cries out to the Prophet(peacebe upon him) beseeching Prophet (peace be upon him) beseeching him to rescue him to rescue the Ummahby achievingspoedyvictory;she forgetsor the Ummah by achieving speedy victory; she forgets or ignores the fact that victory is granted by Allah, tne ignores the fact that victory is granted by Allah, the AlmightyAlone andthat ititis not in the hands of Prophet Almighty Alone and that is not in the handsof propher (peacebe uponhim)nor in the handsof anyothercreaiion. (peace be upon him) nor in the hands of any other creation. .Allsh, th€ Almightysays in the Holy euran:.Allah, the Almighty says in the Holy Ouran: "There is no help exceptfrom Allah,theElalted,the "There is no help except from Allah, the Exalted, the Wiso." (3:126). Wise." (3:126). "lf Allah helpsyou, nons can overcomo - "If Allah helps you, none can overcome you; If He you; lf He forgakesyou, who Is there, after that, that can helpforsakes you, who ls there,after that, thai can help you?" (3:160).you?" (3:160). It has beenestablished the versesof the Holyeuran by It has been established by the verses of the Holy Ouran and by the consensus of the Ummah that Allah theand by the consensusof the Ummah that Allah theAlmighty created all human beings so that they mayAlmighty created all human beings so that they mayworshipHim. He sent the Messengers and revealed theworship Him. He sent the Messengers and revealed theBooksto expoundthe manner worship and the path ofBooks to expound the manner of worshipand the path ofthe mission. this regard,Allah, the Almighty statesin the Inthe mission. In thi.s regard, Allah,the Almightystates in theHoly Quran:Holy Ouran: "l have only created Jinns and men, that They may " have only createdJinns and men, that They may sorueMe." (51:56) serve Me." (51 :56) "For We assuredly sent amongst every people an .•For We assuredly sent amongst every people an Apostl€,(withthe command),serve Allah,andeschew Apostle, (with the command), serve Allah,and eschew Evil." (16:36). Evil." (16:36). "Not a messenger We sand beforethee wlthout "Not a messenger did We send before thee without did this Inspirationsent by Us to him that there ls no this inspiration sent by Us to him that there is no god but l; thereforeworship and serveMe."(21:25) god but I; therefore worship and serve Me." (21 :25) 2
  8. 8. "Alif, Lam, Ra, (This is) Book with.verses basic "Alif, Lam, Aa, (This is) a Book with verses basic or tuniamental (of established meaning), furthe r ex- fundamental (oi esta6lishedmeanlng)further ex- plalnedIn detail,from One Who Is Wise and Well· plained In detail, from One Who ls WIse and Well Acquainted (with all things): (lt teacheth)that ye Acqualnted (with all things): (It teacheth) Allah (Say) Verily , am should worsh ip none but Allah (Say) Verlly I am should worshlp none (sent) unto you from Him to warn and to brlng glad (sent)unto you from Him warn and bring glad t l d l n g s ( 1 :1-2) tidings ." . (111 : 1 2 ) " It is clear from the aboveveniosthat Allah the Almighty It is clear from the above verses that Allahthe Almightyhas created human beings and iinns but for one purposehas createdhumanbeingsand jinns but for one purposeonly: to worship Him Alone and not to attribute any partneronly:to worshipHimAloneand not attribute partner anyto itim. And He has said clearly that theto Him. And He has said clearly that the Messengers Messengers(peace and blessings be upon them all) were sent to call(peaceand blessings uponthem all) were sent call b€ worship and to forbid what is contrary to it: thefor this worshipior this and to forbid what is contrary it: theverses of the Holy auran are clear and categoricalin veftles of the Holy Quran are clear and categorical statingthat AllahandAllahAloneis be worshipped. Thisstating that Allah and Allah Alone is to be worshipped This worsnip implies faithintheOnenessworship implies faith in the Onene ss of Allahobedience to of Allah obedience to Him,compiiance His commands of and abstention trom all Him, compliance of His commands and abstention from all that has been forbidden by Him. Allah has ordained these thathasbeen|orbiddenbyHim.A||ahhasordainedthese tenets in numerous verses: tenets in numerousverses: - "And they have been commanded no more than this:to "And they havebeencommanded rnorethanthis: no worsh ip Allah, offering worshipAllah, Himsincere being offerin g Him sincere devotion, being devotion, (98:a) True in Faith," (98:4) Truein Faith." and and "Thy Lordhathdecreed ye worship that nonebut Him" "Thy Lord hath decreed that ye worship none but Him." (17:22) (17:22) and and in "Verily it is We Who have revealed Bookto thee "Verily it is We Who have revealed the Book to thee in the Truth:so serveAllahoffering Truth: so serve Allah offering him sincere devotion him sincere devotion. 3
  9. 9. ls it not to Allahthat sincere devotion is due?" Is it not to Allah that sincere devotion is due?" (39:1421 (39:142) The versesdealingon this conceptare abundantin the The verses dealing on this concept are abundant in theHoly Quran.They all point to the necessity sincerityinHoly Ouran. They all point to the necessity of sincerity in ofworshipping AllahAloneand to give up worshipping allworshipping Allah Alone and to give up worshipping of all ofothers includingthe Prophets.There is no doubt thatothers including the Prophets. There is no doubt that"Dua" (lnvocation) a vital and comprehensive is"Dua" (Invocation) is a vital and comprehensive form ofform ofworship; is to be addressed all sincerity AllahAlone it inworship; it is to be addressed in all sincerity to Allah Alone toas Allah the Afmightysays in the Hoty Quran:as Allah the Almighty says in the Holy Ouran: "Callye, thenuponAllahwithsincere "Call ye, then upon Allah with sincere devotion to Him devotion Him to even though the unbelievers may detest it." (40:14) even though the unbelievers may detest it." (40:14) and and "And the placesof worshipare for A[ah (Atone): "And the places of worShip are for Allah (Alone): so so invokenot anyonealong withAilah."(72:19). invoke not anyone along with Allah. " (72:18). This applies all the creations to including prophets This applies to all the creations inclUding the Prophets the(peacebe uponthem)becauso word "Ahad" in Arabic the(peace be upon them) because the word "Ahad" in Arabicis indefinitenoun used in the contextof total nogation.is indefinite noun used in the context of total negation.Therefore,it applies to all except Allah the Almighty.Therefore, it applies to all except Allah the Almighty.Allah the Almightysays:Allah the Almighty says: "Nor call on any,otherthan Allah: - such will nei- "Nor call on any, other than Allah:- such will nei- ther profitthee nor hurt thee." (10:106) therprofit theenor hurtthee."(10:106)This verse is addressed the Prophet(peacebe uponThis verse is addressed to the Prophet (peace uponhim).him). Needless say, the Prophet (peace Needless to say, the Prophet (peace be upon him) upon him)enpys Divine protection from potytheisticbeliefs; theenjoys Divine protection from polytheistic beliefs; thepurposeof this verse is to cautionothers.The Almightypurpose this verse caution others. The Almightysays:says: 4
  10. 10. "lf thou dost, boholdl thou shatt certainly be of tfiose "If thou dost, beholdl thou shalt certainly those who do wrong." (10:106). who do wrong." (10:106). Thus, the foremostamong the mankind,namely the Thus, the foremost among the mankind, namely theProphet (peace be upon him) has himselfbeen cautionedProphet(peacebe upon him) has himself been cautionedthat if he invokes anyone other thanAllah, he shall bethat il ne invokesanyone other than Allah, shalldeemed as one who does wrong. What to say of otherdoemed as one who does wrong. What otherhuman beings?human beings?It must be noted that the word "Zulm" (wrongdcling)is It must be noted that the word "Zulm" (wrong doing) usedin the senseof maior"shirk" that polytheism. Allahused in the sense of major "Shirk" that is polytheisrn Allah saYs:the Almighty says: the AlmightY "Those who reject the faith-they arethe wrongdoers" "Thosewho reiectthe faith - they are the wrong doers. " (2:254) Q:2541 and and "Behold, Luqman said to his son by the way ot "Behold, Luqman said to his son by the way of O (others) with instruction: my son!joinnot in worship instruction: 0 my son! join not in worship (others) with Allah:for falseworshipis indeed highest the wrong Allah: for false worship is indeed the highest wrong doing.". " 3 1 : 1 3 ) . ( d o i n g (31 :13). It is evident from all these verses that invocationto It is evident from all these verses that invocation toanyoneotherthan Allah whethertheybefromthedeadoranyone other than Allah whether they be from the dead ortreesor idols,etc.,isan actof joiningotherswith Allah intrees or idols, etc.,is an act of joining others with Allah inworship;it contradicts purpose worshipfor which the ofworship; it contradicts the purpose of worship for whichAllahhascreated humanbeings thejinnsandhad the andAllah has created the human beings and the jinns and hadsentProphets (peace uponthem)andhadrevealed besent Prophets (peace be upon them) and had revealed the the Divine Messages thattheyconvey messages the so theDivine Messages so that they convey the messages to the to people and callthemto act uponit. Thisis the meaningpeople and call them to act upon it. This is the meaning of of the phrase "thereis no god except Allah;" this statementthe phrase "there is no god except Allah;"this statement 5
  11. 11. affirms that there nothing to be worshipped exceptAllahaffirmsthat thereis nothing be worshipped except Allahthe Alnnighty. is stated in the Holy Quran:the Alnnighty. lt It stated the Holy Ouran: "That is becauseAllah is the Truth, and because "That is because Allah is the Truth, and because whatever theyinvoke else besides Himis Falsehood." whatever elsethey invoke besides Him is Falsehood." (31:30) (31 :310)This is tlre essence religion, the basicprincipleThis is the essence of religion, and the basic principle of andour faith; no worship will be true unlessthis prinolple trulyourfaith;110 worsh$p be trueunless thisprinoft:>le is truly will isaccopted.Allah the Almightysays in the Holy Ouran:accepted. Allah the Almighty says in the Holy Quran: "But it has alreadybeen revealed lo thee,- As it was to has alread)J beenrevoaled thee, - As was to those before theo,- "If thou were to ioin (gods with those beforethe6l, - "lf thou were join (gods with Allah), truly fruitless will be thy work (in lifa),and Allah),truly fruitlesswill be thy work (in life), and thou wilt surely be in the ranks of those who lose thou wilt surely be in the ranks of those who lose (allsplritual good)." (39:65) (all spiritual good)." (39:65) and and "" they were to join other Allahs with Him, all they did "lf they were to join otherAllahs withHim, all they did would be in vain for them." (6:88). would be in vain for them." (6:88).The religionof lslam is based on two groat principles:The religion of Islam is ba.$ed on two great principles: 1. That Allah Alone is to be worshipped. 1. That Allah Alone is to be worshipped. 2. That the worship should be accordingto the path 2. That the worship should be according to the path shown by the Prophetof Allah, Muhammad (peace shown by the Prophet of Allah, Muhammad (peace be upon him). be upon him).This is the meaningof the "Shahadah"i.e. the StatementThis is the meaning of the "Shahadah" i.e. the Statementof Faith:Thereis no god excsptAllahandthat Muhammadof Faith: Thlsre is no god except Allah and that Muhammad is the Mesc;enger Allah.Therefore, will be a contradic- itis the Mess;enger of Allah. Therefore, it will be a contradic- oftion of this principleif anyoneinvokesthe dead includingtion of this principle if anyone invokes the dead including 6
  12. 12. the Prophets othersor invokesldols,treeaand gtoneg, orthe Prophets or others or invokes idols, tree, and stones,otc.andseeksthelrhelpor seekslo galnfavourfromthemetc. and seeks their help or seeks to gain favour from themby.offerlng sacrlflceg anlmalsor vowsor praisefor them ofby offering sacrifices of animals or vows or praise for themor prostratesto them. lt wlll be an act of associatlngor prostrates to them. It will be an act of associating others othersas Lordsof the creatlonbesldeg Allahthe Almlghg; lt willas Lords of the creation besides Allah the Almighty; It willalsoamountto eottlng of rlvalsto Allahthe Almlghty. upalso amount to setting up of rivals to Allah the Almighty. InInotherwords,lt will be negatlon thlebaslctenet.lt must ofother words, It will be a negation of this basic tenet. It mustalsob€ mentioned anyono that whoIntroduces rellgion Intoalso be mentioned that anyone who introduces into religion somethingwhich has not been Permittedby Allah the something which has not been Permitted by Allah theAlmlghtywlll be falllngto ablde by the meanlngof theAlmighty will be failing to abide by the meaning of theShahadah that "Muhammad the Messenger Allah." isShahadah that "Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah." ofAllah the Almightysays:Allah the Almighty says: "And We shall lum to whateverdeedsthey dld (in this "And We shall tum to whatever deeds they did (In this llfe),and We shallmakesuchdeedeas floating dust life), and We shall make such deeds as floating dust scattoredabout." (25:23). scattered about." (25:23).The deedsreferred here,are the deedsof thosewho toThe deeds referred to here. are the deeds of those whospent their lives in polytheistic beliefs.spent their lives in polytheistic beliefs. In this category deedsare also included contrived of In this category of deeds are also included all contrived allactionswhich have not been permittedby Allah; theseactions which have not been permitted by Allah; these will,actions on the Dayof Judgement, likefloating be dustactions will, on the Day of JUdgement, be like floating dustscattered aboutbecauso was not in accordance the it withscattered about because it was not in accordance with theDivine Guidance. The ProphetMuhammadDivine Guidance. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be (peace beupon him) has said in an authentic Tradition: "He whoupon him) has said in an authentic Tradition: "He whoinnovates in something this matterof ours that is not of itinnovates something in this matter of ours that is not of itwill have it rejected."The above referredlady writer haswill have it rejected. ,. The above referred lady writer hasaddressed invocation the Prophet(peacebe upon an toaddressed an invocation to the Prophet (peace be uponhim)and callsfor his help.She hastumedawayfromthehim) and calls for his help. She has tumed away from theLord of the creationsin WhoseHand there is VictoryasLord of the creations in Whose Hand there is Victory as 7
  13. 13. wellas Defeat,Who Alonebestowshelpor lossor benefit;well as Defeat, Who Alone bestows help or loss or benefit;none other can beneftt nor bestow any such thing. Nonone other can benefit nor bestow any such thing. Nodonbt such an action is serious violationand it isdoubt such an action is a serious violation and it is a"Shirt" (polytheism), consequon@s which will be the of"Shirk" (polytheism), the consequences of which will bevery gravo. Allah the Almighty has commandedus tovery grave. Allah the Almighty has commanded us toinvoke Him and to seek His help; He has promisedtoinvoke Him and to seek His help; He has promised tor€spond;ard he has also threatened with dire consequ-respond; and he has also threatened with dire consequ-qro6 all those who are haughty. He says: "And your Lordences allthooowho are haughty. says:"And your Lord Hesays:Callon Me, will answer your(Prayer) thosewhosays: Call on Me, I will answer your (Prayer) but those who butare too anogantto serveMe will surelyfind themselvesare too arrogant to serve Me will surely find themselves in in Hall - in humiliation." (40:60)This versepointsout that Hell - in humiliation." (40:60) This verse points out thatinvocation formof prayerand whoeveris haughty, isinvocation is a form of prayer and whoever is haughty, his hisultimate placeof abode will be Hell. If such is th& C8&e withultimate place of abo<le be Hell.lf suchis the casewith willregard one who has had the audacity avoidprayingtoregard to one who has had the audacity to avoid praying toAllah,what will be the condition of p€rsonwho invokesAllah, what will be the condition of a person who invokesother than Allah while Allah the Almightyis Omnipotentother than Allah while Allah the Almighty is Omnipotentand Omnipresent? The Holy Quran says:and Omnipresent? The Holy Ouran says: "When My servants ask thee ooncemingMe, am "When My servants ask thee concerning Me, I am indeedclose (to them): listento the prayerof every indeed close (to them): I listen to the prayer of every suppliant whenhe calleth Me: let themalso,with on suppliant when he calleth on Me: let them also, with a will, listento My call and believe Me:that they may in will, listen to My call and believe in Me: that they may walk on the right way." (2:186). walk on the right way." (2:186). It is narratedin an authentic Traditionthat the Prophet It is narrated in an authentic Tradition that the Prophet(p€acebe uponhim)advisedhiscousinAbdullaBinAbbas(peace be upon him) advised his cousin Abdulla Bin Abbasas follows:as follows: "Remember you; AllahandHewillremember remember "Remember Allah and He will remember you; remember Allahand ye shallfind him in yourpath;lf ye ask,ask Allah and ye shall find him in your path; If ya ask, ask from Allah;and if ye seek help, seek from Allah." from Allah; and if ye seek help, seek from Allah." 8
  14. 14. And he also said,And he also saicl, "He, who dies while prayingto someoneas rival to "He, who dies while praying to someone as rival to Allah,the reward sucha personshallbe the fire of Allah, the reward for such person shall the fire Hell." (narrated lmam Bukhari). Hell." (narrated by Imam Bukhari).In another Tradition the Prophet (peace uponhim)saidIn another Tradition Prophet the (peace be upon him) said bein an answerto a queryas to whichis the greatestsin: an answer query which the greatest sin: "To make somooneas rival to Allah,who has created make someone rival Allah, who has created you." you."So, anyonewho praysto otherthan Allah,sesks his helpSo, anyone who prays other than Allah, seeks his helpor givesofferingto him or slaughters animalor otfersa gives offering him slaughters an animal an offersprayer to him will be adoptingsomeoneas rival to Allahprayerto him will be adopting someone as rival to Allah, devout p€rsonwhetherhe be a Prophet or a devoutperson or a king orwhether he be Prophet king orjinn or an idolor anything else.As regards, hvocationtojinn or an idol or anything else. As regards, invocation to ap€rsonwho is aliveand presentbeforeyou, it is not an actperson who is alive and present before you, it is not an actof shirk(associationism) because is quitenormaltoseek itof shirk (associationism) because it is quite normal to seekthe help ol those aroundyou in matterspertaining the tothe help of those around you in matters pertaining to thematerial life to the extent possible;it is a normal andmaterial life to the extent possible; it is a normal and practiceamongMuslims. Allah the Almightysanctioned practice among Muslims. Allah the Almightysanctionedsays in the Holy Ouran: says in the HolYQuran: In the story pertaining Moses:"Now the man of his to In the story pertaining to Moses: "Now the man of his ownpeople appealed himagainst to hisfoe."(28:15). own people appealed to him against his foe." (28:15). versepertaining alsoto the storyof Moses,and in another verse pertaining also to the story of Moses,and in anotherAllah the AlmightY saYs:Allah the Almighty says: got "He therefore, away therefrom, lookingabout,in a "He therefore, got away therefrom, looking about, in a state of fear." (28:20). state of fear." (28:20). seeks helpof hisfellownuman the beings atMan therefore seeks the help of his fellow numan beings atMantherefore 9
  15. 15. tlmesof war or at tlmesof dlfflcultles occurto hlmand thattimes of war or at times of difficulties that occur to him and whlchrequlrethehelpol otherg. Allahorderedhls prophetwhich require the help of others. Allah ordered his Prophet (peacebeupon him) to convey to the people that he (the(peace be uponhlm)to conveyto the peoplethat ho (the Prophet)doeg not possossfor anyone any good nor anyProphet) does not possess for anyone any good nor any harm. The Holy Quran statos:harm. The Holy Ouran states: "Say: do no morethanlnvokemy Lord,and join not "Say: II do no more than invoke my Lord, and Iljoin not wlth Him any (false god )., with Him any (false god)." "Say: lt ls not In my powerto causeyou harm,or to "Say: It Is not In my power to cause you harm, or to bring you to right conduct."(72:20,211. bring you to right conduct." (72:20,21). and and "Say: haveno poweroveranygoodor harmto myself "Say: II have no power over any good or harm to myself exceptas Allahwllleth. I had knowledge lf except as Allah willeth. If I had knowledge of of the unseen, I should have mulilplledall the unseen, I should have multiplied all good,and no evil shouldhavetouched good, and no evil should have touched me: Ime: am but warner,and bringerof glad ild- am but a warner, and a bringer of glad tid· Ingsto thosewho havefaith."(7:1gg). Ings to those who have faith." (7:188). TheQuranic The Ouranic verses thisconcept manyin number. verses on this concept aremany in number. on areThe Prophet(peacebe upon him) neverinvokedanyoneThe Prophet (peace be upon him) never invoked anyoneother than Allah and he never sought help from anyoneother than Allah and he never sought help from anyoneother than Him; he beseechedother than Him; he beseeched Allah the Almightyduring Allah the Almighty dUringthe battleof Badr and asked Him for victoryagainstthethe battle Badr and asked Him victory against theonemy;he persistentlyenemy; he persistently prayed Himsaying"O Lord,fulfill prayed to Him saying "0 Lord, fulfillfor me your promise."He kept repeatingfor me your promise." He kept repeating thesewordsto these wordsthe extentthat his friendand companionthe extent that his friend and companion Abu Bakrsaid: Abu Bakr said:"May it sufficeyou, O Prophetof Allah;verilyAllahwill "May suffice you, 0 Prophet of Allah; verily Allah willfulfillHis promiseto you." In this context,Allah revealodfulfill His promise to you." In this context, Allah revealedthe followingverse of the Holy Quran:the following verse of the Holy Ouran: 10
  16. 16. "Rememberye imploredthe assistanceof your Lord, "Remember ye implored the assistance of your Lord, and He answered you: "l will assist you with a and answered you: "I will assist you with a thousand the angels, of ranks on ranks." Allahmadeit thousand of the angels, rankson ranks." Allah made ~ but a messageof hope, and an assuranoo your but message hope, and assurance to your heartrs: any case)there is no helpexcaptfromAllah, hearts: (in case) there help except from Allah: And Allahis Exaltedin PowerWse." (8:9,10). And Allah Exalted Power Wise." (8:9,10). ThusAllahthe Almightyreminds them of their call for Thus Allah the Almighty reminds them their call forhelpand how He responded themby sendingreinforce-help and how He responded to them sending reinforce-mentsof Angelsto them and that victoryis not from thements Angels them and that victory not from theAngels, but the Angelswere sentonly to conveythe goodAngels, but the Angels were sent only convey the goodnsws of victory and contentment. says:news victory and contentment. He says: He "Victory is but from Allah." (3:126) "Victoryis but from Allah." (3:126) and and "Allahhad helped you at Badr, whenyo were con "Allah had helped you at Sadr, when ye were a con- force;then fearAllah;thus mayye show temptible force; then fear Allah; thus may ye show temptible (3:1 your gratitude." 23), your gratitude." (3:123). Thus Allah grantedhelp at the Battle of Badr; the Thus Allah granted help at the Battle of Badr; theweapons,the powerto fight and the Angelswere all theweapons, the power to fight and the Angels were all thefactorsthat broughtvictory and glad tidings;They werefactors that brought victory and glad tidings; They wereonly the meansby which the Divinevictorywas granted;only the means by which the Divine victory was granted; fromAllahonly. So how couldthe ladyvictory is therefore from Allah only. So how could the ladyvictoryis thereforewriler referredto above or anyone else seek help andwriter referred to above or anyone else seek help andvictory from the Prophet(peace be upon him) and turnvictory from the Prophet (peace be upon him)· and turn away from the Lord of all creationswho is Omnipresentaway from the Lord of all creations who is Omnipresentand Omnipotent? and Omnipotent? onlybetrays ignorance its worst in No doubt, this attitude only betrays ignorance in its worst No doubt,this attitude is a maloract of Shirk(associationism).forms and indeed it is a major act of Shirk (associationism). formsand indeedit 111 1
  17. 17. It is therefore duty on the writerto repentto Allahin all a It is therefore a dUty on the writer to repent to Allah in allsincerity and to never repeat such a mistake. Sinceresincerity and to never repeat such a mistake. Sincererepentancerequirestotal convictionand compliancetorepentance requires total conviction and compliance towhat has beenordainedby Allah.And if the repentancewhat has been ordained by Allah. And if the repentance is iswith regardto the rightsof any fellowhumanbeings,suchwith regard to the rights of any fellow human beings, suchrightsshouldbe retumedto whomthey belongor he (therights should be returned to whom they belong or he (therepentant)should obtain an acquitalthereof.Allah hasrepentant) should obtain an acquital thereof. Allah hasorderedHis worshippers repentand He has promised toordered His worshippers to repent and He has promiseda@eptanceof their repentance.He says in the Holyacceptance of their repentance. He says in the HolyQuran:Quran: "And O ye Believersl turn ye all together "And 0 ye Believers! turn ye all together towards towards Allah, ye may attain bliss." (24:31) Allah, that ye mayattain that bliss."(2a:31)and Allah says with regard to the Christians:and Allah says with regard to the Christians: "Why turn they not to Allah,and seekHis forgive- "Why turn they not to Allah, and seek His forgive- ness? For Allah is oft-forgiving, Most Merciful." ness? For Allah is oft-forgiving, Most Merciful." (5:7a) (5:74)and Allah says:and Allah says: "Those who lnvoke not,wlthAllah,anyotherAllah,nor "Those who Invoke not, with Allah, any other AlIah,nor slaysuchllfeasAllahhasmade sacred, for except Just slay such life as Allah has made sacred, except for Just - cause,nor commltfornlcatlon; and any that does cause, nor commit fornication; - and any that does this (notonly)meetsPunishment (but)the Penalty this (not only) meets Punishment (but) the Penalty on on the Day of Judgement be doubled him, and he will to the Day of Judgement will be doubled to him, and he - will dwell thereinin ignominy. Unlesshe repents, will dwell therein in ignominy. - Unless he repents, belleves, worksrlghteous and deeds, Allahwlll for believes, and works righteous deeds, for Allah will changethe evil of such personsinto good,andAllah change the evil of such persons into good, and Allah isis Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful."(25:68,69,70) Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful." (25:68,69,70)and Allah says:and Allah says: "He is the One that accepts repentance from His is the One that accepts repentancefrom His 12 12
  18. 18. Servantsand forgivessins: and He knowsall that ye Servants and forgives sins: and knows all that ye do." (42:25). do." (42:25).The Prophet (peacebe upon him) has said:The Prophet (peace upon him) has said: "lslam obliterates all that has procooded it; and "Islam obliterates that preceeded and rep€ntanceerases all the earlier (wrong)actions." repentance erases all the earlier (wrong) actions." In this brief essay, I have sought to explain the this brief essay, have sought explain themagnitude and danger the sin Shirk and (associationism)magnitude dangerof the sin of Shirk (associationism)because is one of the majorsins. lt is my earnestdesirebecause it one the major sins. It my earnest desirethat the readersshould understand issue in its rightthat the reaqers should understand the issue in its right theperspective and should not be misled by such writers.perspective and should not be misled by such writers. In conclusion,pray to Allahthe Almighty make these In conclusion, I pray Allah the Almighty to makethesefew wordsof use to Muslims and may He reform us allandfew words use Muslims and may He reformus all and proceedalways on the right path and fortify usmake us proceed alwayson the right path and fortify usmake uswith the knowledgeof Religion and steadfastnessinwith the knowledge of Religion and steadfastness inadheringto it. May Atlah protect us from the evils ofadhering to it. May Allah protect us from the evils ofourselvesand from our bad actions. Verily He is theourselves and from our bad actions. Verily He is the Peaceand blessings Allah be ofProtector and Sustainer. Peace and blessings of Allah beProtector and Sustainer. Muhammadand theupon His Slave and Messenger Muhammad and theupon His Slave and MessengerMembersof his Famityand his Companions.Members of his Family and his Companions. ••• OOO 133 1
  19. 19. In the N81TIe of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful ln the Nane ol Nldt, Mdgt Graclous, Magt Merclful T}IE SECOI{DE88AV THE SECOND ESSAY FromAbdulAzlzbln AMullahbln Bazto thosoMuallmsFrom Abdul Allz bin Abdullah bin Baz to those Muslims-may Allah bless them and me - who adhere to the- may Allah blessthem and me- who adhereto the Rellglon Allahand remaln of toReligion of Allah and remain committed to It. Amen. commltted lt. Amen.MayPeace, Morcy Bleoelnge Allahbouponyouall. and olMay Peace, Mercy and Blessings of Allah be upon you all. Some frlends sought know to frommeabout actlong the Some friends sought to know from me about the actions of eome unlnformed Brethren ourRellglon. of Theystatedof some uninformed Brethren of our Religion. They stated that thegepeople,at Umeg calamliles, of Invd<ethat these people, at times of calamities, Invoke certaincertalnforcesand eeekthelr help;they Invoke Ingtence, forforces and seek their help; they Invoke for Instance, the theJlnns glvedferlnge sacrlficea anlmale them; end and of toJlnns and give offerings and sacrifices of animals to them;eomeof they cry out aaylngO you Seventake hlml,some of they cry out saying 0 you seven take hlml, meanlng thereby Seven Chlefs the Jlnng. of Theymlghtmeaning thereby seven Chiefs of the Jlnns. They mightalso say, O you SevenInfllc.t hlm such and such onalso say, 0 you seven Inflict on him such and sudrthlngs... breakhls bones, drlnkhis blood,things ... break his bones, drink his blood, mutilate hls mutlatehisbody. Some themmaygay,O theJlnnof noon ofbody. Some of them may say, 0 the Jlnn of noon tme, O time, 0the Jinnof Asr (evening) takehim". SuchpracticeetheJlnn of Asr (evening) time take him". Such practices tmeareprevalent some thesouthem ln ofare prevalent In some of the southem areas. In addition areas. addition to In tothose, thereis alsothe Invoking the dead, Including thethose, there Is also the Invoking of the dgad,irrcluding of the Propheb, noble theProphets, the noble souls and Angels others. souls Angels andothers. Theyare and and They areinvoked theirhelpis sought, and unfortunately, manyinvoked and their help Is sought, unfortunately, by many bywho professthe Faith of lslam. They do so duewho profess the Faith of Islam. They do so due toignorance dueto thedesire imitate follow what andignorance and due to the desire to Imitate ard followwhat andwas practisedby their forefathers; some of them maywas practised by their forefathers; some them mayjustify their actions saying, thisis something in vogue:Justify actions by sayrng, is something vogue: their by this inwe do not mean anything it nordo we haveanyfaithinwe do notmeananything by It nor do we have any faith In by 15 15
  20. 20. it. Some friends atso soujnt my opinion on havingit. Some friends also sought my opinion on having I relationships of maniage with people known for suchrelationships of marriage with people known for such actionsand on acceptingtheir offerings; otferingprayersactions and on accepting their offerings; offering prayersfor them, prayrng behind them and about belief infor them, praying behind them and about belief in magicians and soothsayersmagicians and soothsayers who II was told, claim know- who was told, claim know-ledge of the sicknessof a personand the reasonsof the ledgeof the sickness of a person and the reasons of the sicknossby merelycastinga look at anythingon the boclysickness by merely casting a look at anything on the bodyof the patient such as a turban, pyjamas,veil, etc.of the patient such as a turban, pyjamas, veil, etc.In answer to the above, wish to stiatethe following:-In answer to the above, II wish to state the following:-Praisebe to Allah the One and OnlyAllahand blessingsPraise be to Allah the One and Only Allah and blessingsand peaceuponthe Prophet Allah,who was the last of ofand peace upon the Prophet of Allah, who was the last ofall Prophets; poacoand blessings alsouponhis family,hisall Prophets; peace and blessings also upon his family, hiscompanions on allthose who willabideby the pathof andcompanions and on all those who will abide by the path ofright guidanceuntil the Day of Judgement.right guidance until the Day of Judgement. Verily,Allahthe Almighty createdthe humanbeings has Verily, Allah the Almighty has created the human beingsand the Jinnsin orderto worshipHim and to abstainfromand the Jinns in order to worship Him and to abstain fromworshipping, invoking,seekingthe help and givingoffer-worshipping, invoking, seeking the help and giving offer-ings and sacrifices and to otferallother worships none toings and sacrifices and to offer all other worships to noneother than Him. Allah has sent the Messengers guidetoother than Him. Allah has sent the Messengers to guidethe people to this task and He revealedthe Heovenlythe people to this task and He revealed the He!.venlyBoDks, the greatestof which is the Holy Ouran. It wasBooks,the greatest which is the Holy Quran. lt wasrevealedin order conveythis messageand to preachrevealed in order to convey this message and to preachand work for besidescautioning the peopleagainstand to work for it besides cautioning the people against"Shirk" (associationism) Allah and against the wor-"Shirk" (associationism) with Allah and againstthe wor- withshippingof anyoneother than Him.This is the purportofshipping anyone other than Him. This the purportthe Statement faith: "There is no god exceptAllah"; itthe Statement of faith: "There no god except Allah";clearlysetsout the principle thereis no one elseto beclearly sets out the principle that there no one else be thatworshippedworshipped exceptAllah; thus it negatesthe conceptof except Allah; thus negates the concept 16
  21. 21. Godlinessto anyoneotherthan Allah;it affirmsthat AllahGodliness to anyone other than Allah; it affirms that AllahAlone and non€ other than Allah is to b€ worshippedAlone and none other than Allah is to be worshipped.There are ampleevidenceson this in the HolyQuranandThere are ample evidences on this in the Holy Ouran andin the Traditions of the Prophet (peacebe uponhim)Allah ofin theTraditions the Prophet (peace be upon him). Allahsays in the Holy Ouran:says in the HolYQuran: "I have only created Jinnsandmen,thattheymayserve "l haveonlycreated Jinns and men, that they may serve Me." (51:56) Me." (51 :56) and and "Thy Lord hath decreed that ye worship nonebut Him" "Thy Lordhathdecreed ye worship that none but Him." (17:23) (17:23) and and "And they have been commanded no more thanthis:To "Andtheyhavebeencommanded morethan this: To no worshlp Allah, offerlng devotion, belng worship Allah, offering Him sincere devotlon, Hlmslncere being true(lnlalth)." (98:05) true (In faith)." (98:05) and and "And your Lord says: "Call on Me; will answeryour "And your Lord says: "Call on Me; II will answer your (Praye$:but those who are too arrogantto serve Me (Prayer): but those who are too arrogant to serve Me will surelyfind thems€lves Hell, in humiliation!" in will surely find themselves in Hell, in humiliation!" (a0:60) (40:60) and and "When My servants ask thee concerning Me, II am "When My servantsask thee concemingMe, am indeedclose(to them): listento the prayerof every indeed close (to them): II listen to the prayer of every when he callethon Me." (2:186) suppliant when he calleth on Me." (2:186) supptiant It is clearfromthe aboveverses thatthe humanbeings It is clear from the above verses that the human beings 177 1
  22. 22. and Jinnehave beencreatedby Allah in orderto worshipand Jlnns have been created by Allah in order to worship Hlm and He has ordainedthat non6 other than He beHim and He has ordained that none other than He beworshlpped. The Dlvlne Commandmentworshipped. The Divine Commandment has been con· has b€€n con-veyedln the HolyQuranthroughthe Prophets (peacebeveyed In the Holy Ouran through the Prophets (peace beuponthem)that peopleshouldworshtp One and Onlyupon them) that people should worship the One and Only theAllahand that Invocatlon Allah ls an lmportantAllah and that invoca~on to Allah is an Important form of to form otworship; whoever Is too arrogant to offer this worship shallworghlp; whoever too arogant to offerthls worshlpshall lsbe doomed to the fire of Hell. Allah also says in the Holybe doomedto th6 flre of Hell.Altahalso says in the HolyQuran that:Ouran that: "When My servants ask thee concemingMe, I am "When My servants ask thee concerning Me, I am Indeedclose (to them): llstento the prayerof every indeed close (to them): II listen to the prayer of every suppllant when he callethon Me." (2:186) suppliant when he calleth on Me," (2:186) Hence, is a dutyon allthe worshippers invoke it Hence, It Is a dUty on all the worshippers to invoke Allah to Allahthe One and Only God because such invocafion formthe One and Only God because such invocation Is a form lsof worshlp whlchtheyhavebeencreated forof worship for which they have been created and comman- and comman-ded to act upon. The Holy Quran says:ded to act upon. The Holy Ouran says: "Say: Truly my prayerand my serviceof sacrifice, my "Say: Truly my prayer and my service ol sacrifice, my llfeanddeath, allfor(Allah), Cherlsher of are life and death, are all for (Allah), theCherlsher the of No partner hath He; thus am the Worlds: No partnerhath He; thus am I the Worlds: commanded, and am the first those who bow commanded, and I am the firstof thosewho bow lo His Will.(6:162,163). to His Will. (6:162,163). Allah has orderedHis Prophet(peacebe upon him) to Allah has ordered His Prophet (peace be upon him)inform the peoplethat his prayer and serviceinformlhe people that his prayerand serviceof sacrifice sacrificeand life and death are all for Allah, the Lord all creationsand life and deathare afl for Allah,the Lordof all creationswho has no partner. service sacrifice herewho has no partner. The phrase,service of sacrificehere The phrase,refersto the offeringof animalas sacrifice; if anyonerefers the offering animal sacrifice; so anyoneoffersa sacrifice otherthan Allah,he then commitsanoffers sacrifice to other than Allah, he then commits anact of "Shirk",that is associating someone elsewithAllah;act "Shirk", that associating someone else with Allah; 18 18
  23. 23. It wouldbe like praying someoneelse otherthanAllah would be like praying to someone else other than Allahbecause prayorandsacrificebecause have equal importance in the prayer and sacrifice haveequalimportance theDivineestimationandthey are to be for Attahthe One andDivine estimation and they Allah One andOnly God.:lf anyoneoffersa sacrifice otherthan AllahOnly God.: If anyone offers sacrifice to other than Allahsuchas the Jinns,the Angels,andthe Deadandothersinsuch as the Jinns, the Angels, and the Dead and othersan attomptto seek neam€ssto thom,thon he is like aan attempt seek nearness them, then he likeporsonwho prays other than Allah. The Prophet (poacoperson who praysto otherthanAllah.The Prophet (peacebe upon him) has, as por an authenticTraditionsaid:be upon him) has, as per an authentic Tradition said:"Curse of Allahbe upon thos€who offersacrifice other"Curseof Allah be uponthose who offer sacrifice to otherthan Allah." Imam Ahmadhas,on the authority TariqbinthanAllah." lmamAhmad has, on the authority of Tariq binShihabnarated that the Prophet (p€ac€be uponhim)hadShihab narrated thatthe Prophet (peace be upon him) hadsaid: "Two men passed by a people who had an idol tosaid: "Two men passedby peoplewho had an idolwhich an offering had to be made by whoeverpassedbywhich an offeringhad to be madeby whoever passed bythat idol. The people asked one of the two p€rsons givethat idol.The peopleaskedone of the two persons to givesome offering, he said, that he had nothing to offer;theysome offering,he said,that he had nothingto offer; theytold him that he may offer anything, even a small fly; so th€toldhimthathe mayofferanything, even smattfly;so the mangavea fly as an otfering and he was allowod pass.man gave a fly as an offering and he was allowed to pass. to But his doom was the fire of Hell.But his doom was the fire of Hell. Thesecondperson was alsoaskedto do accordingly The second person was also asked to do accordingly butbutthat p€rsonrefusedby atfirmingthat he will not give asthat person refused by affirming that he will not give asotferingto anyoneotherthan Allah.On his refusal,thoseoffering to anyone other than Allah. On his refusal. those people histhroatand killedhim,buthis ultiamte cut abodepeople cut his throat and killed him, but his ultiamte abodewas Paradise."lt can be noled from this narrationthatwas Paradise." It can be noted from this narration thatwhoevergives an offeringto an idol, thoughit might bewhoever gives an offering to an idol, though it might be only a fly, will be associatingsomeoneelse as partnertoonly a fly, will be associating someone else as partner to Allahandtherefore dss€rves punishment Hell.So what inAllah and therefore deserves punishment in Hell. So what to say of thosewho invokethe Jinns,the Angelsand theto say of those who invoke the Jinns, the Angels and the piouspeople, seekingtheirhelp,offering vowsto thomandpious people, seeking their help, offering vows to them and tryingto gain proximity givingsacrifices oftrying to gain proximity with them by giving sacrifices with them by of t9 19
  24. 24. animalsto them.The purpose whichone doesthis is toanimals to them. The purpose for which one does this is to for protecthis wealth or cure his illness or the safety of hisprotect his wealth or cure his illnessor the safetyof his cattleand his fields;he may also do that out of fear of thecattle and his fields; he may also do that out of fear of theJinns. Such peoplebecomemore deserving tortureinJinns. Such people become more deserving of torture in ofthe Hell than that personwho killeda fly as an offeringtothe Hell than that person who killed a fly as an offering tothe idol. The Holy Quran says:the idol. The Holy Ouran says: "Verily it is We Who have revealed Bookto thee in "Verily it is We Who have revealed the Book to thee in the Truth: serveAllah, so offerlng slncere Hlm Truth: so serve Allah, offering Him sincere devotion. Is devotlon. ls It notto Allahthatslncere devotlon due?Butthose It not to Allah that sincere devotion Is due? But those ls who takefor protectors others thanAllah(say): who take for protectors others than Allah (say): "We"We onlyserve themIn order thattheymaybrlngus nearer only serve them In order that they may bring us nearer to Allah TrulyAllah wlll ludge between themIn that to Allah Truly Allah will Judge between them In that whereln theydlffer.ButAllahguldesnot suchas are wherein they differ. But Allah guides not such as are false ungrateful." and (39:2,3). false and ungrateful." (39:2,3). and and "Theyserve,besldes Allah,thlngsthat hurtthemnot "They serve, besides Allah, things that hurt them not norprofltthem, theysay:"These our Interces- and nor profltthem, and they say: "These areourInterces- are sors wlth Allah."Say:"Do ye Indeed InformAllah sors with Allah." Say: "Do ye Indeed Inform Allahof something He knows not, in the heavens or on garth? something knowsnot, in the heavens on earth? He - Glory to Himl and far is He above the partners they - Gloryto Himl and far is He abovethe partnersthey ascribe(to Him)." (10:18). ascribe (to Him)." (10:18). We leam from the abovetwo verses that We learn from the above two versesthat the polytheists polytheistshad taken in lieu Allah. some creations as their friendshad taken in lieu of Allah.some creationsas their friendsand protectors;theyand protectors; they worshipped worshipped themand invoked them and invoked themin themawe and reverance and offered sacrifioeand vows underawe and reveranceand offered sacrifice and vows underthe assumptionthe assumption. that those friends and protectors that those friends and protectors act asintercessorsand take them nearerintercessors and take them nearer to Allah. Allah the Allah. AllahAlmighty has proved their falsehood and has describedAlmighty has proved their falsehood and has described 20 20
  25. 25. them as liars, infidels, and polytheists;and Allah hasthem as liars, infidels, and polytheists; and Allah has pre-eminently transcendedpre-eminently transcended above the cult of polytheism. abovethe cuh of polytheism. The Holy Quran states:The Holy Ouran states: "- Gloryto Hlmlandfar ls Heabove partners "- Glory to Him! and far Is He above the partners they the they ascribe(to Him)|" (10:18). ascribe (to Him)!" (10:18). It is thus clearthat whoevertakesa kingor a prophetor It is thus clear that whoever takes a king or a Prophet or a Jinn or a stone or a tree for the purposeof invocationa Jinn or a stone or a tree for the purpose of invocation along with Allah and seeks their help or tries to gainalong with Allah and seeks their help or tries to gain neamessto them by otferingvows and sacrificesin thenearness to them by offering vows and sacrifices in the hop€that they may intercede withAllahon his behalf,or inhope that they may intercede with Allah on his behalf, or in the hopeof geting curedfrom someillness,of safeguard-the hope of getting cured from some illness, of safeguard- ing of wealthor safetyfor a personwho is awayor for anying of wealth or safety for a person who is away or for any other purpose, commits the major crime of "Shirk"other purpose, commits the major crime of "Shirk" (associationism) regarding which Allah states:(associationism) regarding which Allah states: "Allahforgiveth that partners not shouldbe set up "Allah forgiveth not that partners should be set up with Him;but He forgiveth anything with Him; but He forgiveth anything else, to whom else, whom He pleaseth; set up partners to with Allah is de- He pleaseth; to set up partners with Allahis to de. vise sin mostheinous vise a sin most heinous indeed." (4:4g) indeed." (4:48) and and "Whoever loins othergods with Allah,- Allah will "Whoeverjoins other gods with Allah, - Allah will forbid him The Garden, and the Fire will be his forbid him The Garden, and the Fire will be his abode. Therewill,for the wrong-doers, no one abode. There will, for the wrong-doers, be be one t o help.". " 5 :72) 1 to h e l p ( 7 2 (5: On the Day of Judgement On the Day JUdgement intercession be granted intercession will be granted will the peoplewho believe the on€n€ss Allahandonlyto the people who believe in the oneness of Allahandonlyabideby it sincerely; willnotbe granted thepolytheistsabide by sincerely; it will not be granted to the polytheistsas statedby the Prophet(peacebe upon him),when he stated by the Prophet (peace upon him), when he 21 21
  26. 26. was askedaboutthe peoplewho will be fortunateto enioywas asked about the people who will be fortunate to enjoyhis intercession, said, "Whoeversayswith all sincerityhis intercession, he said, "Whoever says with all sincerity heof his heart that there is no god but Allah only;" Theof his heart that there is no god but Allah only;" TheProphet also said, "Every Prophet has an invocation thatProphetalso said, "Every Prophethas an invocationthatwill be answered;and every Prophet hastenedin hiswill be answered; and every Prophet hastened in hisinvocation,but I withheld my invocationso that I mayinvocation, but withheld invocation so that mayintercedefor my peopleon the Day of Judgement:Allahintercede for people Day JudgementAllahwilling, my invocation also includethoseof my nationwilling, invocation will also include those will nationwho died without setting up partnersto Allah."who died without setting partners Allah." The polytheists the early periodbelievedin Allah as The polytheists of the early period believed Allahtheir Lord, Creator, and Sustainer but they relied ontheir Lord, Creator, and Sustainer but they reliedProphetsand friends and protectors, Angels,trees andProphets and friends and protectors, Angels, trees andstones,etc. in the hope of gainingtheir intercession withstones, etc. in the hope of gaining their intercession withAllah and nearness to Him as said in the versesquotedAllahandnearness Him as said in the verses quoted toabove.Allahdid not pardonthem nor the Prophet(peaceabove. Allah did not pardon them nor the Prophet (peacebe uponhim).Indeed Allahhas renounced themand hasbe upon him). Indeed Allah has renounced them and has them as infidelsand polytheists.Allah has alsodescribed them as infidels and polytheists. Allah has alsodescribeddisprovedtheir claim that those gods will intercedefordisproved their claim that those gods will intercede forthemwith Allahand takethem nearerto Him:the Prophetthem with Allah and take them nearer to Him: the Prophet (peacebe upon him) has fought battlesagainstthem in(peace be upon him) has fought battles against them in orderto rnakethemworshipAllahthe One and OnlyAllah.order to make them worship Allah the One and Only Allah. ln doing so, the Prophet (p€ace be upon him) actedIn doing so, the Prophet (peace be upon him) acted acoordingtho Divine wish stated in the Holy Quran:according the Divine wish stated in the Holy Ouran: "And fight them on until there is no more tumult or "And fight them on until there is no more tumult or and there prevailjusticeand faith inAllah oppression, and there prevail justice and faith inAllah oppression, altogetherand everywhere."(8:39). altogether and everywhere." (8:39).And the Prophet(peacebe upon him) has said: "l haveAnd the Prophet (peace be upon him) has said: " havebeenordered fightpeopleuntiltheywitness to thatthereisbeen ordered to fight people until they witness that there is 22
  27. 27. no god exoept Allahand that Muhammad the prophetofno god except Allah and that Muhammad is the Prophet of is Allahand performthe prayers, glvethe ,,Zekat"(poortax);Allah and perlorm the prayers, give the "lakat" (poor tax); ll theydo so, they shallenfoysafetyfrom me tn itretrilvesIf they do so, they shall enjoy safety from me in their Jives and wealthexcoptinwhat is due to Islam and they shall beand wealth except In whatis due to lslamandthoyshallbo answerable Allah." The meanlng the phrase,,until toanswerable to Allah." The meaning of the phrase "until of they witnegsthat there is no god except Allah" in thlsthey witness that there is no god except Allah" In this saylng of the Prophetis that they should worshipAilahsaying of the Prophet Is that they should worship Allah Only and exclusively. The polytheistsOnly and exclusively. The polytheists were afraid of the were afraid of the Jinnsandtook refuge in them. In this context, Allah says inJinns and took refugein them.In this context, Allahsaysin the Holy Quran:the Holy Ouran: "True, there were people among mankindwho took "True, there were people among mankind who took shelter with the personsamong the Jinns, but they shelter with the persons among the Jinns, but they increasedthem in folly." (72:61. increased them in folly." (72:6). The commentators the Holy euran have interpreted of The commentators of the Holy Ouran have interpretedth€ words"increased them in folly" as theirbeingstruckthe words "increased them in folly" as their being struckwithfearandpanicbecause Jinnsfeel highand mighty thewith fear and panic because the Jinns feelhigh andmightywhenthey see human beings seeking refuge in them andwhen they see humanbeingsseekingrefugein them andso they make themselves(that the Jinns) greaterso they make themselves (that is the Jinns) a greatersource of fear and panicso that thesehumanbeingsmaysourceof fear and panic that these human beings mayincreasinglyincreasingly worshipthem and seek refugein them. But worship them and seek refuge them. ButAllahhasguided Muslims seekrefuge Himand in the Muslims to seek refuge in Him andAllah has guided theHis complete words.Allah says:His completewords. Allah says: "lf a suggestion "If a suggestion fromSatanassail,they seekrefugewith from Satan assail, they seek refuge with Allah; for He hearethand knoweth(ail things)., Allah; for He heareth and knoweth (all things)." (7:2oo). (7:200). and and "Say:II seekrefuge "Say: seek refuge withthe Lordof the Dawn."(113:1) with the Lord of the Dawn." (113:1) 23
  28. 28. and and "Say: II seek refuge with the Lord and Cherisherof "Say: seek refuge with the Lord and Cherisher of Mankind." (114:1) Mankind." (114:1) It is narratedin an authentictraditionthat the Prophet It is narrated in an authentic tradition that the Prophet(peacebe uponhim)hassaid,"Whoeveralightsat a place(peace upon him) has said, "Whoever alights at a placeand says, l seek refugein the completewords of Allahand says, I seek refuge the complete words of Allahfrom the evil that He has createdwill not be affectedbyfrom the evil that has created will affected by that place."any harm until his departurefrom that place."any harm until his departure from The personseekingsafetyand protection his religion The person seeking safety and protection of religionandwhowishesto be awayfromand who wishes be away from "Shirk" (polytheism) its (polytheism) in its inmajor and minor forms will understandfrom the abovemajor and minor forms will understand from the abovequoted verses from the Holy Quran and Sayingsof thequotedvorsesfrom the Holy Ouran and Sayings theProphet (peace be upon him) thatdevotion the deadandProphet (p€acebe uponhim)that devotion to the dead andAngels, Jinns, etc. and invocation to them is an act ofAngels,Jinns, etc. and invocation them an act pagansand polytheists and it is the worstimitation of the pagans andimitation the of polytheistsand is the worstform of "shirk". It is therefore a bounden duty that theyform of "shirk". lt is therefore boundenduty that they keep away from such actions and also advise theirkeep away from such actions and also advise their brethrenregardingit. Relationships marriageis not ofbrethren regarding it. Relationships of marriage is not with thosepeoplewho are knownto indulgeinadmissible with those people who are known to indulge in admissible polytheistic actions;it is also not permissible eat from topolytheistic actions; it is also not permissible to eat from ttriir otferings nor to their offerings nor to pray for them or bohindthem until pray for them or behind them until they repentto Allahthe Almightyand invokeand worshipthey repent to Allah the Almighty and invoke and worship Atlah only. Invocation(Dua) is worship;it is indeedtheAllah only. Invocation (Dua) is worship; it is indeed the essenoe worship. The Prophet (peacebe uponhim)hasessence of worship. The Prophet (peace be upon him) has of "Dua is worship" and according anotherversion tosaid, "Dua is worship" and according to another version said, "Dua is the core and"Dua is the core and essence of worship." Allah the essenceof worship." Allah the Almightysays:Almighty says: "Do not marryunbelieving women(idolaters) untilthey "00 not marry unbelieving women (idolaters), until they 24 24
  29. 29. believe:a slavewomanwho believesis betterthan an believe: a slave woman who believes is better than an woman, even though she allures yor. Nor unbelieving woman,eventhoughshe alluresyou. Nor unbelieving marry (your girls) to unbelievers marry until they believe: a (your girls) to unbelievers until they bolieve:a man slavewho believesis betterthan an unbeliever, man slave who believes better than an unbeliever, even though he allures you. Unbelieversdo (but) even though allures you. Unbelievers do (but) beckon you to the Fire. But Allah beckonsby His beckon Fire. Allah beckons by His Grace to the Garden(of Bliss) and forglveness Grace the Garden (of Bliss) and forgiveness. and makesHis Signs clearto manklnd:that they and makes His Signs clear mankind: they may celebrateHis praise."(22221), may celebrate His praise." (2:221). Allah has forbidden Muslims from marrying unbelieving Allah has forbiddenMuslimsfrom marryingunbelievingwomen; such womenwho worshipidols,Jinnsand Angelswomon;suchwomen who worship idols, Jinns and Angelsetc.; marriage is permissiblewith them only if theyetc.; marriage is permissible with them only theysincerely believe in and worshipAllah,the One and Onlysincerely believein and worship Allah, the One and OnlyAllah and accept the message conveyed by the ProphetAllahand accopt the mossageconveyed Prophet(peace be upon him) and proceed on the path shown by(peaco be upon him) and proceed the path shown byhim. Allah has also forbiddenthe maniage Muslimhim. Allah has also forbidden the marriage of Muslim untilthey sincerelybelievein Allahwomen to unbelievers until they sincerely believe in Allahwornento unbelieversand worshipHim only and acceptthe messageconveyedand worship Him only and accept the message conveyedby the Prophet(peace be upon him). The Holy Quranby the Prophet (peace be upon him). The Holy Quranstates that:states that: "A slave woman who believes is better than an ••A slave woman who believes is better than an wotran, even tho.rghshe allures yotr." unbelieving woman, even though she allures you." unbelievingand that a man slave who believes is better than anand that a man slave who believes is better than an eventhoughhe allures you,with his eloquenceunbeliever, even though he allures you, with his eloquenceunbeliever,of speech, courage and chivalry, etc. Allah has thenof speech, courage and chivalry, etc. Allah has thenexplained the causes for this preferenceover them byexplained the causes for this preference over them bysaying that they beckon you to the Fire because theysaying that they beckon you to the Fire because theybelong to the Fire through their words, actions,manners,belong to the Fire through their words, actions, manners, 25 25
  30. 30. conduct and character. As regards the believers -- menconductand character.As rogardsthe belleven menand women -- they are the ones who beckon you to theard women they are the oneg who beckon you to theParadlgethrough thelr character,conduc,t, worda andParadise through their character, conduct, words anddeeds. So, how could the lormer be egualto the latter?deeds. So, how could the former be equal to the latter?And with regardto the hypocrltes Allahtho AlmightyAnd with regard to the hypocrites Allah the Almighty says: sap: "Nor do thou evgr pray for any of them that dles, nor "Nor do thou ever pray for any of them that dies, nor stand at hls grave;for they relected 8tand at his gravej for they rejected Allah and His Allah and Hts Messanger, and dled In a gtate of perversere. Me88enger, and died In a state of perverse reo belllon."(9:84) belllon." (9:84) In the above vors€, Alfah the Almighty has statod that In the above verse, Allah the Almighty has stated thatone should not offer prayere to the hypocrlte and theone should not offer prayers to the hypocrite and theunbelieverbecauseof their disbeliefIn Aflah and in Hisunbeliever because of their disbelief In Allah and in HisProph4.One shouldalso not pray behindthem nor makeProph~. One should also not pray behind them nor makethem as the lmamsof Musllmsdue to thoir dlsbeliefandthem as the Imams of Muslims due to their disbelief anduntnrstworthiness and also due to the great animosityuntrustworthiness and also due to the great animositybetween yet themand the Muslims; anotherreaEon thatbetween them and the Muslims; yet another reason is that isthey are not from the peoplewho pray and worshipAllah;they are not from the people who pray and worshipAllah;heresy and polytheismobliterateall ac{ions.May Allahheresy and polytheism obliterate all actions. May Allahguardus from such actions. Allah, the Almighty says in theguard us fromsuchactions. Allah,the Almighty saysin thecontext forbidding Muslimsfrom eatingthe offeringscontext of forbidding Muslims from eating the offerings of ofthe unbelievers and dead animals,the unbelievers and dead animals, "Eat not (meats) which Allahs namehath not "Eat not of (meats) on whlch Allahsname hath not on been pronounced: been pronounced: that would be Impiety. But the that would be lmplety.But the evil ones ever inspire their frlendsto contendwith evil ones ever inspiretheir friends contend with you lf ye were to obey them ye would Indeedbe you If ye were obey them ye would Indeed be P a g a n s .("6 : 1 2 1 ) . Pagans." (6:121). Allah, the Almighty has forbiddonthe Muslimsfrom Allah, the Almighty has forbidden the Muslims fromeating dead animalsand the animalssacrificedby theeating dead animals and the animals sacrificed by theunbelieversunbelievers becausethe sacrificesgiven by them are in because the sacrifices given them are in 26
  31. 31. the category of dead animals, although the nameof Allahthe category deadanimals,although name Allah of themay be mentioned; but such mentioning will haveno effecimaybe mentioned; suchmentioning have no effect but willfor the reascn ihatfor the reascn that it is an invocation maned by belief in an invocationmarred beliefpolytheism; so it cannot be accepted until the polytheistpo$heism; so cannot be accepteduntil polytheistropentsto Allah.Allah has permitted consumption ofrepents to Allah. Allah has permitted the consumption the people the Book;food offered by the people of the Book;food offered by the "The food of the People the Book lawful unto you "The food of the People of the Book is lawful unto yot and yours is lawful unto them." (5:5). and yours is lawful unto them." (5:5). It is lawful because the People of the Book belong lo a It is lawful becausethe People the Book belongtoheavenly religion and claim to be the followers of Mosesheavenlyreligionand claim be the lollowers Moeesand Jesus although this is a false claim. Allah hasand Jesus ahhough this is false claim. Allah has thoirreligion annulled by sendir€{tluham- andabrogated their religion and annulled it by sending-Muham-abrogatedmad(peacebe uponhim)as Messenger allthe peoples.mad (peace be upon him) as Messenger to all the peoples.Horvever, AllahtheAlmighty permittedHowever, Allah the Almighty has permitted us to accept has us accept thethefood of the People of the Book and to marry their women.food of the People the Book and many their women.The divine sanction in this regard is due to csrtainThe divine sanction in this regard due certainconsiderations that have been explained by the SCholars.considerations have beenexplained the Scholars. that by But such a sanctionhas not been granted with regardBut such a sanction has not been granted with regard tothe unbelieversand the polytheists who worship idols,the unbelievers and the polytheists who worship idots,dead people, Prophets,friends and protectorsand othorsdead people, Prophets, friends and protectors and othersbecausewhateverfaith they profess is not based on anybecause whatever faith they profess is not based on anyprinciple. In fact, all their profes.sions faith are totalprinciple. In fact, all their professions of faith are totalfalsehoods; therefore,the animalsslaughtered them byfalsehoods; therefore, the animals slaughtered by them are dead animals ard eating ol is rtot permissible.are dead animals and eating of it is not permissible. As regards phrases used by people at times anger As regards phrases used by people at times of angersuch as "May tho Jinn strike you"; "May the Jinn takasuch as "May the Jinn strike you"; "May the Jinn takeyorl"; and "May the Jinnfly awaywithyou" aro phrasesyou"; and "May the Jinn fly away with you" are phrases ofabusethat are not permissible the Muslimslike all other forabuse that are not permissible for the Muslims like all otherphrasesof abuse and curse, etc. This is not connectedphrases of abuse and curse, etc. This is not connected 27
  32. 32. with po$heism. However, if the p€rson uttering suchwith polytheism. However, person uttering suchwords believes Jinns have sway over the affairstrror& believesthat the Jinns have a s:way affairsof the peoplewithoutthe permission Allahand His will people without the permission of Allah and His will, because Allahthe Almighty thohe will be an unbeliever becauseho will be an unbeliever Allah the Almighty is theSupremePossessorand Disposerol everything;it is HeSupreme Possessor and Disposer of everything; Hewho bestows good causes harm; nothingexists withoulwho bestowsgood or Gaus€s harm; nothing exists withoutHis permission, His will and His pre-destined plan; AllahHis permission, will and His predestined His plan; Allahhas ordered His Prophet to convey to the people:has ordered His Prophet convey people: "say: l have no polfor over any good harm myself "Say: I have no power ovor any good or harm to myself exceptas Allah wllleth.If I had knowledge of the except as Allah wllleth. lf had knowledge the unseen, I shouldhave multiplied all good, and no evif unsoen, should have multiplied good, and no evil all should have touched me: I am but a wamer, and a should have touched me: am but warner, and bringer of glad tidings to thce who have faith." bringer of glad tidings to those who have faith." (7:188). (7:188).lf the leader of all mankindand the b€st of them, ourIf the leader of all mankind and the best of them, ourProphet(peacebe upon him) does not possessany goodProphet (peace be upon him) does not possess any goodnor any harm for himselfexceptwhat is willed by Allah,nor any harm for himself except what is willed by Allah,how could any other human being do so? There arehow could any other human being do so? There arenumerousverses in the Holy Quran in this context.numerous verses in the Holy Curan in this context. As regards, consulting the Soothsayers, Magicians, As regards, consulting the Soothsayers, Magicians,Astrologers otharsof their tribe who try to predicttheAstrologers and others of their tribe who try to predict the andunknown,it is a reprehensible to believein them is act;unknown, it is a reprehensible act; to believe in them is reprehensible objectionable it is a form of and andmore reprehensible and objectionable and it is a form ofmore because Prophet the (peacebe uponhim)hasblasphemy because the Prophet (peace be upon him) hasblasphemysaid, "The prayersof a personwho consultsa Soothsayersaid, "The prayers of a person who consults a Soothsayerabout anything, will not be accepted for forty days"about anything, will not be accepted for forty days"(nanatedin the Sahihof Muslim);itis also nanatedon th€(narrated in the Sahih of Muslim); it is also narrated on theauthorityof Muawiyahibn Al-HakamAs-Salamithat theauthority of Muawiyah ibn AI-Hakam As-Salami that the 28 28

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