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  • 2. THE TIIE QURAN QURAN ArD AND MODERN MODERN SCIENCE SCIENCE d{..fl #lJ .ilr.ll.. -tlJ.l1 ~ .~IJ .;,i."iJIJ ~tl. ~i..:S ~ ~"...L. ~ I,u. .Jltl .ri:l ./.ttr it,rlrr Jh*tl, s*f ,f i.riL .i+t UrJ~I J "u. ~ ~.J~I e.:.J1 J ~ ~ ~"... ~ ~,;Jt-::rl rl .rB .F"11 .rl gtJl d.=it ry sUJL. .:f .+f 15rrJt i,f J rar;; 1pl : ,lJtill ,f +2, df.- r+ yr)t-|f 6dt.;,i.,ill J :;~.) ~I JJu.LI;r ~ ~ ~ .,.~11..:n0tJ~I ~t..,J. ~f UJ ""-J~ ~J ~.,sJJ iJU,/1 JoY-J .;.}II .,.,svt;5rl irrl Of Ut .tlri.C, +-lJ5r ,lt-i}l 6ti5 ;t.fir 6nf . .. - inzl rb ,,,,.+fJltjr ilt liJ ijlf .ill1 ..pif .. ~ ",-:J& .. I., ~II";I.) I.AI 1# ~ tJ,..t1-..... ~ !-:0,,1 I.-;SJ "t."..J ~)Ji J t.,..~11 ~~I ~!J.i-. J,ll gt-J r.u,51Qrfr r-+.rfi rl i+}t-Tl .rt r.rrff gll .":~I . ettoafJf
  • 4. t4thrWHAT THIS BOOK IS ALL ABOUTWHAT THIS BOOK I$ ALL ABOUT In this book, Dr. Bucaille nuntes his encounter with tbc bool, Dr. Bucrillc nrrrrtc cncounter with tbeQuran. colt is not a faith in Islam," says Dr. Bucaille, cothet firstQurrn. "It is r frith Isllmr" seys Dr. Buceilh, "thlt lirstguided my stcps, but simple research for the truth. This is how Iguidcd stGF, simplc rc*rrch thc truth.see it today. It WIS mainly Cact which, by the time I had finishedsae todry. It wrs meinly frct thc timc hrd linirhcdmy study, had led me to see in the Quran a text revealed to Ir snrdy, hed lcd me see Quren r tcrt rirrededprophet." Whit led him to this conviction w~ the fact it would bcpropha." Vhrt lcd wrs thc frct beunthinkable ufor a man of Muhammads time to have becn thcunthintrblc "for r men of Muhrmmrds timc hrvc been theauthor of such statements on account of the state of knowledge inruthor of strtemcnts tccount of strtc of hnowledgehis days."his drys." For the purpose of his !ltudy: Dr. Bucaille grouped such thc Furpoce of his study, Bucrillc drtr undcr gencrd ~dingsQuranic verses containing scientific data under general hcedingsQurrnic vcrscs contriningIS Creation, Astronomy, the Eanh, Crcrtion, Egrth, etc. Touching on ("..reation, he refutes the age old Western notioo Touching Crcetion, he rge Vestcrn notion(delibcretc(deliberate or through ignorance) that Muhammad only copied igrromnce) thrt Muhrnrnrd copicdthc gcncrd outlinesthe general (utlines of the Bible. He compares the version of tbc comprres thc vcrsion of tbeBihle and that ofthe Quran and concludes that the Bible version isBihlc rnd thrt ofthc Qurrn rnd concludcs thrt thc Biblc vercionscientifically unacceptable, whereas the Quranic version, not onlyscientificdly unrcoeptrblc, whcrcrs thc Qurrnic vercion,rgrccs pcrfcctly with thc &tr dis<.overcd rnodern scicne butagrees perfectly with the data discovered by modern science butalso is remarkably free from the erroneous notions of the tim.rlso is remrrkebly frce erroneous of thc time.How crn *e thcn, hc rsks,Hnw can we then, he asks, imagine that a man who drew hir thrt r men drcw hisinspiration from the Bible could have been the author of thcinspirrrion thc Biblc hrve becn ruthor of tbeQurrn, rnd,Quran, and, of his own accord, have corrected the Biblical text to lccord, have corrccted Biblicd tcxtrrrivc et r generd conept conccrning thc formrtion of thearrive at a general concept concerning the formation of thcUnivcrsc, whcn formcd until ccnturics efterUniverse, when this concept was not formed until centuries after concept wrshis death? derth? aonteinse precious nrcssqgc todnys scientists This book contains a precious message for todays scientists inpeniculrr rnd modcrn mrn gcncral,panicular and modern man in general, but it should not bc beforgottcn, rs thc suthor himsclf wrrns, thetforgotten, as the author himself warns, that the Quran is notinterested to be a scientific book but it is religious book, parintcrcstcd be rcxccllarce,Thc Qurens purpose inviting mrrr rcflectexctl/mu. The Qurans purpose in inviting man to reflect uponthe neturd pbcnomcnr is strcss Divinc Omnipotcncc. Thc frcrthe natural phenomena is to stress Divine Omnipotcoce. The factthrt, thctc rcflcrtions, ure cen dusionsthat, in these reflections, we can find alusions to dati connected drtr connectcd knowlcdgc is surcly rnothcr of Crodswith scientific knowledge is surely another of Gods gifts whocc whosevrfuc must shinc this age materidistic rthicsm.value must shine out in this age of materialistic athiesm.
  • 5. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTACKNOWLEDGEI}tENTlheThe Muslim Convens Association of Singapore wishes to th.nh C-onvensAssocietion Singeporewishes thankThe)slamic Academy of Science (20B Jdan Daud) Kg. Bahru,The Islamic Accdcmy Scicnce (20B ja)8O Daud, Behru,Kuala Lumpur) Malaysia) for giving the consent to publish thisKuaia Lumpur, Melaysir) thi consent
  • 6. THE QURAN AND MODERN SCIENCETHE QURAN AND MODERN SCIENCEON 9 NOVEMBER 1976, an unusu<ll lecture was given at the NOVEMBER 1976, en unu3u.l lccrure wes givcn rr rhc Frcnch Acedqqr of Medicinc. titlc sas Phyriologicelfrench Academl of Medicine. Its title was Physioiosicai and endEmbryololical data in the Qur an. I presented my ltudy on the Embryologicel dete Quren. prescntcd mt rhrJy rbcexistence in the Quran of certain statements concerninl physio-eristence thc Qurln of certain stetcment3 concerning phytio-10lY and reproduction. My reason for doing this was that ourlogy reproduction. My rcason doing wes therknowledge of these disciplines is such, that it is impossible to ex·lnowledge of disciplincs thet impossible er-plain how a text produced at the time of the Quran could haveplein r tert produced .t of rhe Quren couldcontained ideas that have only been discovered in modern times.contained idcas that heve only bcen discovered modern times. There is indeed no human work prior to modern times that indecd humen worl prior modern timcs thetcontains statements which were equally in advance of the state ofconteins statcmcnts equelly advancc rhe steteknowledge at the time they appeared and which might be com- et thcy eppeered mighrpared to the Quran.percd Quren. In addition to this, a comparative study of datil of a similar eddirion ro r comprrrtive of darr similrrkind contained in the Bible (Old Testament and Gospels) seemed containcd Tesrament sccmeddesirable. This is how the project was formed of a confrontadondcsirable. confronrelionbetween modern knowledge and certain passages in the Holy modcrn end passages llolyScriptures of eacb monotheistic religion. It resulted in the publica·Scripturcs eech nronotheistic rcligion. publice.tion of a book under the title, The Bible, the Qura,. and Science. The Bible, the Quran Science.The first French edition appeared in May 1976. (Seglers, Paris). Frerrch 1976. (Seglers,English· and Arabic editions have now been published..English and Arebic cditions have now been published It comes as no surprise to learn thar Religion ilnd Science rs rhar and Scicnceh.l·e always been considered to be twin sisters by Islam and thathave always been considered to be twin sisters by lslam end thettoJ,,)., art a time when science has taken such greatt strides,, theytocle; a time when science has taken such grea stridcs theystill continur- to be associated, and furthermore certain scientific continue bc associeted, furthcrmore cerraindata are used for the bener understanding of the Quranic are used for thc betrer understanding of rhe Quranic tert.What is more,, in a cenrury where. for many., scientific truth hasWhet is more in century wherc, for many scicntific truth hasdealt a deathblow to religious belief. it is precisely the discoveries e deathbloy belief,of science that, in an objective examination of the Islamic Revelat- science exeminarion rhe lslamic Revclet-ion, have highlighted the supernatural characrer of certaill aspects highlightcd :he supernetural character of certein espccrrof the Revelation. Reveletion. When all is said and done, generally speaking. scientific Whcn ell spcaking. scicntificknowledge would seem,hnowledge would seem. in spite of what people mey say. to be mayhighly conducive reflectionhighly conducivc to reflection on the existence of God. ofPublirhedPublish~d by Arnericen by Am~rican Trurr Publicerions. S. Medrron Trusr Publicarions. ?216 Madison Avc., 7216 S. Aye.,lndierrepolir, 46227.Indianapolis, Ind. 46227, USA. Ind, USA.
  • 7. Once we belin to ask ourselves in an unbiased or unpreju- Once wc bcgin erl ourselvcs en unbiescddiced way about the meraphysicallessons to be derived from somediccd wey ebout the mctephysicallessons be dcrivcd from somcof todays knowJedle. (for example our knowledge of the infinitely todeyr lnorlcdgc. cremple knowledge thcsmall or the problem of life). we indeed discover. many reasons forrmell thc problem !ife), wc indeed discover meny rersons forthinhiry rlong thesc lincs. When we ehout thc rcmarleblethinanl alona these Jines. When we think ahout the remarkableorlanisatioD presidins over the birth and maintenance of life. itor3eniitioo prcsiding oyer thc end maintenance life, it being the resultsurely becomes dear that the likelihood of it being the result ofrurcly bccomcr clcrr thet the lilelihoodchance lets less ~d less. as our knowledge and progres~ in thischencc ger lcrr and less. es knowledge end progress rhisfield expand. Certain concepts must appear to be increasingly un-lield crprnd. Certain conceptsmust epperr increesingly un-acceptable; for example. the one put forward by the Frenchrcccptrblc; eremple, rhe onc forward the Frcnch thc Nobcl priae ro gct peoplewinner of the Nobel prize for Medicine who tried to get people touinner Medicinc whoadmit that living matter was self-created as the result of fortui-edmit thet mrttcr ses self-creeted as thc resulttous circumstances .under the effect of c~rtain outside influencestoul circumrtrnccs ,undcr thc effcct ccrtein outside influencesusinl simple chemical elements as their base. From this it isufinl rirnplc chcmicel elcrnenrs rs thcir bese. From thischimed thrt thcclaimed that living orlanisms came into beins. leading to the re- orgenisms came being, leedingmarkable complex called man. To me, it would seem that themerleble conrplex celled men. me, would 3cem th.t thcscientific prolress made in undclStanding the fantastic comple-rientilic protrcs$ made understanding the fentestic comple-xity of hi.her beinss provides strona arguments in favour of thexiry hfher bcingr strong rrtument3 fevour thcopposite theory: in other words, the existence of an extraordinari-opporitc thcory: othcr vords, the eristence en cxtreordineri- methodicelorgeniretion presiding over the remerkablc arrenge-ly methodical oraanization presiding over tf,e remarkable arrange- rhe phenomcnament of the phenomena of life. rnrny perts the Bool, the Quren leeds. simple terml, In many paus of the Book. the Quran leads. in simple termi. generel reflection. Brrr elso conteins infinitclyto this kind of seneraJ reflection. But it also contains infinitely thfu lindmore precite dete vhich ere direcdy rclercd facts discovercdmore precise data which are directly rdated to facts discovered bymodern lcience: there rre whet erercise a rnegnetic attrection formodern science: these are what exercise a masnetic attraction fortodays scientists.todrys rcientirtr.ENCYCLOPEDIA KNOWLEDGE NECESSARYENCYCLOPEDIA KNOWLEI}GE NECESSARYTO UNDF..RSTANP nlE QVRAN UNDERSTAND TTIE QURAN For mrny ccnturies, man w.s unable tb study rhem, beceuse For many centuries, man was unable to study -them, because he did not possess sufficient scientific means. Ids only today thet hc posscsssufficicnt scicntific mcrns. ltis only todey that numcroui yerscs the Qurln dealing neturel phenonicnenumerous verses of the Qui an dealinK with natural phenomena comprehcnsibie. shouldcycn go so es 3.yhave become fully comprehensible. I should even So so far as to say hrve becorncthat, in the 20th century. with its compartmentalization of ever- thrt. thc 2fth ccntury. irs comprrtmcntelizetion ever-incrcesing hnowlcdgc, not elways easy fotinereasins knowleqe. it is not always easy for the average scien- evcrege unJerrtend eicrythirrg he reads thc (]uren on such sub-tist 010 unders.and everything he reads in th~ Qur an on !Ouch sub-jects. without heving fccourseto specieirzed restlrch. This mctns;eus. without having recourse to speciahzeJ research. This means understand ell such verscs the Qt . :.* - - - it todey re-that to understand all such verses of the Ql;•. :"." - - - is today re-thetquired heve en ebsolutely encyclopeedicknowledge, whichquired to have an absolutely encyclopaedic knowledge. by whkh Imean. OM which embraces very many disciplineS.m?rn. onc which embtecesvcry mrny discipliner. 2
  • 8. I usc word science 1 use the word science to mean knowledge which hal beea mc.n knorledgc rhich hu bcca soundly established. It does not include the theories which, for a roundly establishcd. includc thc rheorhr rhich, rtime, help to explain a phenorpenon or a series of phenomena. time, help erplein phcnorpcnon serics of pbcnonrcnr,only to be abandoned later on in favour of explanations which ha..eonly ro ebendoned lercr favour of cxplenethnr rhich hrvcbecome more plausible thanks to scientific progress. I ba~ic.U1 becorne pleusible thenks scientific protrcrr. bericrllyonly intend to deal with comparisons between statements in the intcnd dcal with comperisons strremcntr thcQuran and knowledge which is not likely to be subject to furtherQurrn knowledge which likely ro subjcct furthcrdiscussion. Wherever J introduce scientific facts which are not IGtdiscursion. Whcrever I inrroducc scientific fects which .rc yet l000f0 estabHshed, I shall, of course, make this quite clear. l0O% esteblished, shell, meLe quite clcer. . There are also some very rare examples of statements in the Therc arc elso sonre vcry rere eremplcs of stetcmcntt thcQuran which have not, as yet, been confirmed by modemQuren which hlvc .s confirmed nrodcru science: I shall refer to these by pointing out that all the evidence scicnce: refer pointing rhar ell rhc cvidcoceleads scientists to r~gard them as being highly probable. Anlcads icientists regerd rhem es being highly probrblc. Anexample of this is the statement in the Quran that life is of aquatic errmple this statemcnt Quren that life of equ*icorigin; and another is that somewhere in the Universe theTe are origin; end enother rhet somcwherc Universe thete ereearths similar to our own. eerths ro own, These scientific considerations should not, however, make us Thcse scicntific consideretions shorrld hor?vcr, male urforget that the Quran femains a religious book par excellenre andforget thet Quren remains e rcligious booh pin cxccllcnre tdthet crnnor, of bourse, expected heve e scientific purposethat it cannot, of course, be expected to have a scientifiC purporcper se. Whenever man is invited to reflect upon the works of creat-per se. Whenever invitcd reflect upon thc rorlc of crcat-ion and the numerous natural phenomena he :an observe, the ob- end numcrous nerural phenomena cen obrcrve, thc·..ious intention, in using such examples; is to stre~s Dirinevious intention, exrmples, ro strcrs DivineOmnipotence. The fact that, in these r~nections, we can find allus-Omnipotence. Thc lact thet, thesc rcflections, crn find ellur-ions to data connected with scientific knowledge is surely another dete connected with scientific knowlcdgc surcly anorhcrof Gods gifts whose value must shine out in an age where scien- shinc our rgetifically based m~teri~nstic atheism seeks to gain control at the eJ(-tificelly besed meterirfistlc etheism seels ro gein et thc ex-penscpense of the t;>elief in God. rhe belief Throughout my research I have constantly tried to remain Throughout t constently tried remeintot all} objective. I believe I have succeeded in approaching thetotelly heve srrccceded epproeching rhcstudy of the Quran with the same objectivity that a doctor has Quran u,ith rhe seme thet berwhen he opens a file on a patient: In other words, by carefully con- cercfullyfroruing all the symptoms he can find to arrive at a diagnosis. Ifrorrting errive et e diegnosir.must admit that it was certainly not a faith in, Islam chat first edrnit thet cerrainly in lslem thet firrtguidCd my step.., but simple research for the fruth. This is how Iguided steps, reseerch rruth. horsee it today. It was mainly fact which, by the time I had finished mysee roday. wes mairrly thc timc finishcd mystudy. had led me to see in the Quran a text rCvealed co a prophet.srudy, lcd see Quren e rert rcveeled to e prophet. We shall examine statements in the Quran which appear to- llle exemine stetcmenrs rhe Quran rppcar ro-day mtrely to record scientific truth, but which men in former mercly ro scicntific trurh, formcrtimes were only able to grasp the apparent meaning of. How IS it· rhe apperent meening How rs itpossible to imagine that, were thele any subsequent alterations topossiblc imegine thlt, there alteretionsthe t(xts, these obscure passages scattered throughout the teJ(t of terts, these passagcs scarrered throughout thc tert ofthe Quran were able to e!icaOe human manipulation? The stiaht - Quran ablc tc erraoe hurnen menipuletion? rlight- 3
  • 9. est aheration to the text would automatically have destroyed thecrt .ltcr.tion thc tcri would .utom.ticelly heve dcstroyedremarkable coherence which is characteristic of them, and preven-rcmerleblc cohcrcnce vhich charauirisric them, prcven-ted us from establishina their conformity with modern Jtnowledae.tcd from crteblishing their conformity with modern tnowledgc.The presence of these statements spread throuahout the Qur anThc prcscnce of thcsc srrtcments rpread throughout Qurenlooks to the impartial observ~tlike an obvious hallmark of authen-lools thc impertiel observcrlike en obvious hellmarl authen-ticity.ticity. The Quran is a preachina which was made known to man in Thc Qurerr e preaching mrde hnown men the course of ill Reveiallon which lasted roughly twenty years. It coursc of e Reveiatpn which lestcd roughly twcnty yeers. spanned two periods of equal length on either side of the Heaira. spenncd tulo pcriods cqual thc Hegira. In view of this, it was natural for reflections having a scientific ln vicw wrs neturel e aspect to be scattered throughout the Book. In the case of a study .spcct be scertered throughout cese of study such as the one we-have made, we had to regroup them according ruch ls onc we-hlve mlde, ro rcgroup them eccording to subject, tollecting them sura by sura. ro rubjcct, collecting them sure How should they be classified? I ,,,uld not find any indicat- How rhould rhey clessified? could indicat- ions in the Quran suggesting any particular classification. So I ionr Quren suggesting eny perticular clessificetion. So have decided to present them according to my own personal one. havc dccided prescnt eccording personel It would seem to me. that the first subject to be .leah with is would secm me, rhe first bc dcalt wirh the Creation. Here it is possible to compare the verses referring to Crearion. Here possible compere referring topic with the general ideas prevalent today on the formation ths vith rhe general idees prevelent todey formetion dl the Universe. Next. I have divided up verses under the follow- of thc Universc. Next. havc divided ycrses under thc follow- ins aeneral headinas: Astronomy, the Earth, the Animal and ing generel hcedings: Asrronomy, thc Earth. Animel end Vesetable Kingdoms. Man, and Human Reproduction in parti- Yegcteble Kingdoms. Man, Humen prrti- cular; the latter is a subject which, in the Quran. is alloted a very culer; thc e Qgran, elloted I vcry important place. To these general headings it is possible to add importent plecc. generel heedings edd sub-headings. rub-heedings. Furthermore, I thought it useful to malte a ,comparison be- Furthermorc, thought ir useful make .comparison tween Quranic and Biblical narrations from the point of view of tuecn Qurenic end nerrations vrew modern knowledae. This has been done in the case of such sub- nrodcrn Lnowledgc. This thc cese ofjcctr as the Creation. the Flood and the ~xodus.jects ar thc Creation, end f xodus.CREAnON OF mE UNIVERSECREATION OF TTIE UNIVERSE Let us first examine the Creation as described in the QurQn. Let first examine the Creetion as described Quran. An ~xtremely important general idea emerges: this is its An errremely importanr tcneral cmerges: irsdissimilarity with the Biblical narration. This idea contradicts thedissimilerity with rhe narration, ideeparallels which are often, and wrongly. drawn by western authorsparellcls uhich ere end wrongly, dra*n euthorsto underline solely the resemblances between the two texts. underline rolely resemblanccs terts. When talking of the Cre.ation, as of other subjects, there is a lVhcn telhing Creetion, asstrona tendency in the West to claim that Muhammad only copiedItrong tcndency thet Muhemmadthe aeneral outlines of the Bible. It is indeed possible to compare generel outlincs lt comprrethe six days of th~ Creation as described in the Bible, plus an extrathc cir deys the es describcd en ertra { 4
  • 10. drl of rG$ dr Godr rrbbrth, rith rbir from nur Al Ar.rll(7:l{1. "crrc tl ttt(! I ,i;5ra.bI(J;:U .4$l--r,i Your Lord il Allah Who created the heayens and the earth ill . . ir Alhh lVho crerted rhc hervcnr rnd rhc cuth b drdaYI. dryr. We mUlt point out sttaisht away that modern commentatan Wc murt orrt rtrright etty rher modcm cdnorcntrt(rlItrest the interpretation o( 4))4m, one translation of which is rtrcrf intcrprctrtion ol ayyam, olrc tnndetion thict ir dlyt, u rnerning long periodl or ales rather than perirdr ofdays, a.meaninl lonl periodr rger nther thrn periodstwenty-four hour•.trcnty-fow lrourr. lf,het What to me appears to be of funclamental importance is th$, mc rppcrrt bc of fundrmcntrl importraoc fu that,in conttalt tb the narration contined in tbe Bible, the Qur... cIoa contrut rhc nerretion conJincd tbc Biblc, Qnrrn docrnot lay down a sequence (or the Creation of the Earth and Hcr-nor lry dorn r requcncc for rhe Crertbn Eertb rnd Hea-Yens. It refer. both to the Heavens before the Earth aDd the Earthrenr. rcfctr Heercns bcfore thc Eerth rnd thc Brtdbefore the Heavens, when it t~lks o( the Creation in .eneral... illbcforc rhc Hcevcnr, then telb of rhc Creetbn Jeacrd, er bthis yerse of the sura Tah4 (20:4) .rhir verre thc rute Tehe (20:{). .~~~~..:.J~ -. "~ . ·~~t~.::itS;·~·: ~,. ~(fulrhocrcrtcd(God) who created the earth and the hilh heavens. the eenh rnd rhc hith hcevenr. In (act, the notion to be deriveetfrom the Qur... is one ofa fecr, thc dcrivcf frorn thc Qrrrrn ir onc of rcon-eomitance in the celestial and terrestrial evohatioDa. 11wre arecon-conritence rhc celcrtirl end tcrrcrtrid cvolstiqlr. lterc rtcalso absolutely fundamental data CODCeminl the ealtenee of ...rbo rbrolutcly fundrmentd drtr coacerning thc erirtcncc uinirid Sucorr rnrrr f&llanJ rhich ir uniquc rnd rholc cb.initial laseoul masl (tlwltha") which is unique and whOle ele-rncntr, dthurgh et firrt fuscd togethet (ratq) rubrequcntly b*mentl, althouSh at first fused toaetber (ralq) subsequently be-crmc rcprtrried (fatq). Thir ir crpterrcdcame separated Ulllq). This notion il expressed in .the sun .tbc rcnhnil|rit (f l:ll).Pel...,., (41:11). .nt*hjri-F,Jt #fGod turned to Heayen when it wa. smoke.God rurned llervcn rhcn rer rmolc. thc rrnc ir crprerred thc rure rll rtnbiyc(2t:t0l.And the same i. expressed in the sura Al AnbiY4 (21 :30). tfi,rrt6,tV;l,(6WAfiS;# ~-: ~ ~t~ •.,..,~,~-r,,~t-(. ~(( ~~ L:A,;.~-<fJ~..Y- U~~~~r-
  • 11. ( L a,i , 2-! • ~ t ""J "".. """""" t "",, .. ... -_-: . .3^ Fr+lrt t"~...) ul*,1>0 not the Unbelievers see that ehe heavens and the earth were Do not the Unbclicvcrs scc thet the heevens end rhc certhjoined tOlecher, then We dove them asunder?joined to3erhct, rhcn clovc thcm esunder? The separation proce~s resulted io ehe formation of multiple Thc rcperetion proccss resulted in rhc formation of nrulriplc dozcns times inworlds, a notion which crops up dozens of eimes li ehe Quran. e th* Quren,unce it has formed the firse verse in the sura Al Fal.laa (1: I).uncc hes formcd thc first vcrse rhc sure rll Farihu (t:l). .r. 1. r ! _/ t I t /r-/ .c4JL--*lt.-r;*5 v -11Puise be to God, the Lord of ehe Worlds.Praisc bc God. Lotd the All this is in perfect agreement with modern ideas on the ex- rgreement modcrn cn cr-istence of primary nebula and the process of secondary separation primery nebule end proccss secondery scparetionof ehe elements that had formed the initial unique mass. This se- thc elcmcnts thet hed forrncd initiel Thic sc-patation resulted in the formation of galaxies and then, whenparetion rcsultcd formation of galexics then, whenthese divided. of sears from which the planets were to be born.thesc dividcd, sters thc werc Refer~nce is also made in the Quran to an intermediary Refercncc elso madc Qrrran en interrnediaryCreation between the Heavens and the Earth, as in the sura ,r|lCrcetion thc Earrh, es rure AFlIqoJn (25:59). . Furqan (25:59) 4W.6,#iyS+#,cr;iti t/. ;?f fu ,LF;,j. rsrrrt6IL fr,q,God is ehe one. Who created the heavens. the earth end whet is - the lilho creeted t:anh and whae is.between them..between them Ie would seem that this intermediary Creation corresponds to It seern inrcrmediary conespondsehe modern discovery of bridges of matter which are present out-thc ntodern bridges of nrarter rrcside organised astrollomical systems orgenised astroromicel s1rstenrr This survey certainly c;hows us how modern date and state- certeinly shows modern data statc-ments in the Quran agree on a large number of points. Wc have Quren agrec number of points. We€ome ecome a long way from tlre Diblicel tcrt with its successivc pheses wey the Biblical tellt with successive phases ere rotelly uneccepteble; espcciellythat are totally unacceptable; e"speciany the one placing the Crca- placing Crea-rion of tht Eerth (on thc lrd drylbefore that oftion of the Earth (on the 3rd day) before rher of the Hcevens (on the Heavens (on the 6
  • 12. 4th day), when it is • known fact that our planet comes from it.rth dey), rhcn it ir r Lnorn fecr that our planct cotncs from itrown 5tar, the Sun. In sUCh circumstances, how can we ima,ineoun lirar, the Sun. ln such circumstences. hor ctn tc irnegincthat a man who drew his inspiration from the Bible could haverhet e men rho drc* hir inspiretion from thc Eible could hevcbrrn the author of the Quran, and, of his own accord, havebeen the ruthor of thc Qurrn, end, of his own eccord, hevecorrected the Biblical text to arrive a general concept concern-correcred the Biblicrl text to lrrivc at . gcncrrl concept concetn-ing the formation of Universe, when this concept was not to bring the formetion of the Universe, when this conccpt wes not to bcformed until centurics rftet his deeth?formed until centurirs aftel his death?ASTRONOMY -ASTRONOMY UGHT AND MOVEMENT LIGHT AND MOVEf,IENT Let us rlOUI turn to t,e subject of Astronomy., Lct trou tur.a the subject of Astronoray., Whenever I de5cribe the deteils the Quren contlins on cer- Whenever dcscribe thr Jetails thr Quran containstain points of ao;tronomy to westernets, it is unusuel for someonctein of estronomy westerners, unusual for someonenot to reply that there is nothing this. considering the ther nothing sptciat. this, consideringArabs made important discoveries in this field long before :heArebs made important discoveries this field long before theEuropeans..Europeens This is, in fact, ~ singularly mistaken idee regulting from en e singularly idea re$ulting from anignorance of history. In the ficst place, scienu wes dcvclopcd in ignorencc histor.y. first science was developedArabian countries at a time that wes considerably after the Arebien ri e timc was considerebly afterQuranic Revelation had occurred; in the second, the scientific Qurenic Revehtion scientificknowledge prevalent at the highpoint of IsI...mic civilizetion wotrld lcnowledgc prevelent ri highpoint of Islamic civilization wouldnot have made it possible fat a human being to have written hevc for r hrrmen being written!IItatements on the Hea"ens comparable to those in the Quran. 5trtements Heavens comperable thc Quren. Here again, the subject is so wide that I can only provide an agein, so cen provide rnoutline of it. tffherees Whereas the Bible talks of the Sun and the Moon as tvo Moon es twoluminaries differing in size, the Quran distinguishes between lumineries differing size, Quran distinguishcsthem by the use of different epithets: light (nur) for the Moon, thenr thr use different fnur/ Moon,torch (siraj) for the Sun. The first is an inert body which reflects fsirajl first inerl which reflectslight. the second a celestial f"rmation in a state of permanent light, thc second a formation e permenentcombustion, and a source of light and heat. e source end hcat. The wotd ster fnajra/ The word star (na}m) is accompanied by another qualifying accompanied enother quelifyingit which indicates that it burns and consumes itself as it pierces it which irrdicetes thet end esthrough the shadows of the night: it is the word thalrib. through shadows the thalib. In the Quran, the Jrawlrab definitely seems to mean the pta- ln the Quren, laurlab secms mcln thc ple-nets which are celestial formations that reflect and do not produce nets which ere celestial thet rcflectlight like the Sun. light lilce thc Sun. Today it is known how the celestial organisation is balanced Today it is known how the cclestiel orgenisetion belencedby th~ position of stars in a defined orbit and the interplay of by the position of sters in e defined orbit interpley o[8ravitational forces related to their mass and speed of move- gravitetionel forces related mass end spcedment, each with its own motion. But isnt this what the Quran ment, eech withitg own motion. isnt whet Qurrndescribes, in terms which have only become comprehensible in describes, in terms vhich heve only become cornprchensiblc 7
  • 13. our ovn dey, uhcn mentions rhc foundetion thir belrncc inour own day, when it mentions rhe- foundation of this balance inthr sure Anbip(21 :t3).the sura AI Anbi,,, (21 :33). .; ff~ZJ.~ .j)~;J~; .~~~~V:iy:J~~~;(God isl the One Who cruted the night, the day, tht sun and thelcod creered rhc nighr, dey. rhe end rhcmoon. Eech one rravellingmOOn. Each one- is trave-lling in an orbit with irs own motion. an orbir wirh morion. The Arabic word which expresses this movement is a verb Thc Arebic erpresse$ rhir e sabaha (yasbahunsab"laa (yasbc11ulrI in tht te-Xl); it carries wi.h it Ihe ide-a of a the terr); cerries wirh rhe idca emotion which comes from any moving body, be it cht." movemc,nt ofmotion vhich frorn rny moving b",ly, ir rhc nrovement o[ones legs as one runs on the ground, or tht action of swimminl inoats er onc thc lclion swimmingwater. In the case o( a celt5.ial l boo),, ont is (orcc.d 10 transla.e itt inwrter. In the ceseof e celestia body ont is forct d ro rrenslete i in to trlrrel wirh ont"s (!wn nlotion.rhe sense. that is, ro ara",e1 with ont"s lWn motion.the originrl rensc, thet The description of tht s("quenl"t~ o( day .md night would, in thc scquence of da.v .rnd would.itself, be rather commonplace were it noc (or the fa(r that, in theitsell, rether commonplecc not for thc fecr thet, rheQuran, it is expressed in terms that tod.,y arc. highty significant.lQulln. erpressed tcrms thet todr.y ert highly significorrt.This is because it uses .he verb kIlIC" in the sura Al Zum", beceuse uses thc l,rrlr,,rrd /l Zunar(J9:5 to describe the wey rhe night winds or coils itself ebou(39;5)) to describe the way thc.- night winds or (oils itself aboutrtht day and the day aboutr the nighl,. just as, in the originallthe dry rnd thc dey ebou the nighr jusr rs. in thc originemuning of the verb, a mrban is wound aroulli the head. This is amcening verb. e rurban uround etotally valid comparison;; ye-tr at the time. the Quran was rnealc.-d,.totelly velid comparison ye lt the rimt rhe Quren was reveeledthe astronomical data necessary to draw ir were unknown. ertronomicel dete neccssary it unlnown. The evolution of the. Heavens ilnd the nOlion of a settled place cvolution thr. end nolion e serrled fheyfor the Sun are also desnibcd. They au in agrc."c.ment wilh highly elso describcd. are. agrr.rmenr wirh highlydetalled moder.n ideas. The Quran also Sttms to have alluded todetliled modern Quran sccrrrs elludedthe expansion orthe Univc.-fSe. erpension of the Universe. There is also the conquest o( space.-. This has been undertaken elso of spece. undertelenthanks to remarkable techllological and has rrsulted inthenlr temerleble technological progrerrs end hls resutredmans journey to the Moon. Rur this surel) springs to mind whendnens journey thc Moorr. Bur surely ro mind rure AI ltahmatr (55:ll).we read the sura AI lI"ftma" (55:33) .*c rced glii rtWri,).rr );9.. #;6_ 5$3 13,,,b)y 5tJ3, ; ura;J i, ltbf *9;4:# •
  • 14. o assembly of jinns and men. if you can penetrate resions of theO euembly of jinnr rnd mcn, if you can pcnctrete regions of the heevenr rnd rhe ?ilth, thar Facurre thcm! Youheavens and the earth. theft penetrate them! You will not pene- nil pcnc-trrt? thcrn sevc rith lourl Povcr.trate them save with (our) Power. Thir powcr comer from the All-Mighty. end rhe subjcct rhe This power comes from the All-Mighty. and the subject of therholc sure is an invitetion to rccognirc Gods Bcneficencero m.n.whole sura is an invitation to recosnize Gods Beneficence to man. THE EARTII 11IE EARnf 0 us now relur|, Earth. I.rl "s now ret"". to Earth. Lct us eltmirre, for eremple, rhis versc in the sure Let us examine. for nample, this verse in the sura AI Z"rita,. Zunar(39:212). ) .(3e; 1Hast thou not seen that God sent water down from the sky and ledHesr nor s?en rher scnr urerer thc end lcdit throulh sources into the ground? Then He caused sown Eidds of rhrough rourccs rhe groundl Thcn He ceused sosn fields ofdifferenrdifferent colours to grow. Such notions seem quite natulal tl us today, but we, should $uch scem nerurel ro rodry, bur wcnot foraet that Ihey were not prevalent lana ago It was nor unril forget rhetrhey nor prcvelent long ego lt wes not untilthc sirteenth cenrurl. with Bcrnerd Pelissy, that lained thethe sixteenth century. with Bernard Palissy. rher we geincd thcfirst coherent d~scription of the water cycle. Prior ro this, peoplc cohercnt description of rhe wrter cyclc. to Ihis, propletalked about the theory whereby the weter of the occrns, undertalled ebout rhc urhereby rhe water of oceans, underthe effect of winds. were thrust towards the inrerior of rhe conri- effecr werc rhrusr towrrds interior of the conti·nents. The) then returned to the oceans vie thc greer abyls,ncnts. They rhen rerurned rhe ocerns via the great abyss,which, since Platos time, has been celled rhc Tarrerus. ln rhe rince Pletos time. hes caned the Tanarus. In thesennteenth century, a great thinkcr such es Descertes belicved inscvcntcenth century. r grerr thinker as Descartes believedit. and even in the nineteenth cenrury thcre wes still rell of Aristo- end ttre nineteenth century there was still talk of AriSlo-tlcr theory. eciordingrles thtory, according to which *1"r., wes condensed in coot which outer was coolrnountlin clvcrnt end formed underlround lakes that fed sprinls,mountain caverns and formed undcrground lekcs thet fed rprings.fodey.Today, we know thet ir is rhe infilrretion of reinwerer thet is res- tholt it the infiltration of rainwater thatponsible for this. lf one comprrcs lhc frcts of modern hydrology If compares the facts of modern hydrologysirh rhc dete to be found in numerou3 verscr of thc Quren ou rhitwith the data numerous verses of the Quran on thisrubject, one cannot fail ntltice the remarkable degree of alree-subject. onc clnnot feil to notice the remerl,eble degrcc of egrec.mcnt betrecn the two.ment between ln 3eology. r fect of recently rcquired Lnowledgc is rhc In geololY a fact of recently acquired knowledle is thephenomenon of folding, which wes ro form rhc mountein rrnfcr,phenomenon of folding. which was to form the mountain ranle•. 9
  • 15. the F.erthscrustr is lile a solid rhcll onThe same is true of the Earths crust, which is like a solid shell onThe seme the decper laycrs ere hot and fluid. endwhich we can live, while the deeper layers are hot and fluid, andwhich uc c.n livc, lifc. tr is elso hrcun thet thc cte-thus inhospitable to any form of life. It is also known that the sta-thus inhospiteble any thc mounteins linled ro thc phenomenoo folding.bility of the mountains is linked to the phenomenon of foldina, forbility wes thc foldr thet foundations relicfs thet it was the folds that were to provide foundations for the reliefs that ro constitutedthe mounteins.constituted the mountains. Let us now compar~ modern ic~as with one verse amons Lct us now compera modern iC.:as vith one vctsc amont many in the Qur~n that deals with this subject. It is taken from meny the Quren thet dcels this subjcct. lt tekcn from the sure Naba(78;6-7). the sura Al Naba (78:6·7). .tr1i,iiljt3+"i;ri,#F,Ha"e We not made the earth an, expanse and the mountainsHevc medc rhe an.expansc thc rnountlinsstakes?stelcs? stekes (awtad), The stakes (awradJ, which are driven into the ground like ere inrothose used to anchor a tent, are the deep foundations of geological tcnt. foundetions of gcologicalfolds. Here, as in the case of other ropics, the objective observer Herc, es of othcr topics. objcctive observercannot fail to notice the absence of any contradiction with moderncennot feil eny contradiction *.ith modcrnlr.nowledae.knowledge. But more than anything else, I was struck. at first. by state- then enything else, wes struck, et first, state-ments in the Quran dealina with livina things. both in the animal Quren deeling with living enimeland veaetable kinadoms. especially with regard to reproduction. end vegetebla kingdoms. with regerd rcproduction. I must once aaain ~tress the fact, that it is only since modern must egein strcss rhe fect. only moderntimes, that scientific prolress has made the content of many suchtimcs, that scientific progrcss lres madc content of menyycrscs more,comprehensibleverSes more comprehensible to us. There arc also other verses Tltere ere elsowhich are more easily understandable. hut which conceal a bio-which rre morc cesily understendeblc, but which bio-logical meanina that is highly significant. This is the case o( thelogical mcrning thet highly significant. This cese ofsura AI Anbiya, a part of which has already been quoted:sure r{l Anbiya, prrt of which hes already quoted: ,r.r!, r,,l! .t - r/. rr Lirti( , ,( | t, .uj2}yYg,ql,ef -rr :1-1t5rt.I{f unbclicycri sce thet thc heevcns end thc eerth wereDo not the unbelievers see that the heavens and the earth were asunder end lrllc tot cvcryjotncd together, then We clove them asunder and We lot everyjoined togcther, thcn lVc clovcJivi~S thins out of the water. Will they then not believe: (21 :30)ii"itrg thing our rhc eltcr. thcy then not belicve: (21:30) Thir ir en effirmetion origin lifc This is an affirmation of the modern idea that the oriain of life thc modcrn ideeir aquatic. lo 10
  • 16. Progrcrr in botrny er the drne of Muhammed ras in no Goun- Pr0lress in botany at the time of Muhammad was in DO coun- try edvenccd enough for it ro bc esnblished cs a nde thei plentrtry advanced enoulh {or it to be established as a ",Ie that plants heve both mele and fernelep.rrs. Neverthcless, mey reed thchave both male and female parts. Nevertheless, we may read the we followingin the sure7bf,a(20:53).following in the sura 1aha (20:53). ··~r- w,IJ,i(frfr,{5f ~k;·ti8I ....~ ~ ~ .1~(t-tl.b ~~t, ~~~ ~" . ;IJ r.. . "~,... ~-: .... - -:J ... .......,,,.,, ,gt[iirh,qAT,.L1t(il",^J{S -/ •~ <.. · · • <II t"L.A~A , ,...... ."." ... ,UJL:,.J<~· .... ,~~ ... -":-t!./,:., . .*-F+# to ....... .--iI". A..wJul.-j , • ....~""(God is thc One Who) sent werer(God is the One Who) sent water down from the sky and thereby rheWe broughtt forth pairs of plants each separate from the other.. We brough forth pairs of plants each separatefrom the other Today, we know that fruit comes from plams that have Today, we know thar conres planrssexual characteristics (even when it comes from unfertilizedserual unfertilizcdflowers., like banana». . In the sura ,AI RtJrd (13:3)) we read::flowers like bananes) ln rhe sura {l tt, d {13:3 wc read ,#."*i*;;L;j-J4+F,y# j(furi+frOf all fruits [God] pleced [on the earrhl rwo oi e peir. Reflections on reproducron in the animal kingdom werc reproduction animOlI kingdom werelinkedlinked to those on humen reproduction. We shalt eximine them human reproduction. We shall examine thempresently.presently. In the field of physiology, thcre is one vrrse which, ro me, In the of physiology, there verse which. to me.appears ertrcmel)r significant: one rhousand years before the dis-appears extremely significam: thousand years before the dis-covcry of the circulerion of the blood, and roughly thirteen centu-covery of circulation of blood. and roughly thirteen centu-ries before it wes Lnown whet heppened in the intestine ro ensureries before it was known what happened in the intestine to ensurethet the ortans werc nourished by rhe process of digestive absorp-that the organs were nourished by the process of digestive absorp-tion. a verse in thc Qtrran describes the source of tlrc consti-tion. in the Quran describes the source of the consti-tucnts of milk, in conformity with thcse notions.tuents of milk. in conformity with these notions. To understend rhis verse, we have to know that chemical To understand this verse, we have to know that chemicalrcactions occur in the intcstine end that, from rhere, substancesreactions occur in the intestine and that, from there, subStancesertracted from food pess into rhc bloodsrrerm vie e complexextracted from food pass into the bloodstream via a complexsystem, sometimes by way of the liver, dcpending on their che-system. sometimes by way of the liver. depending on their che- II il
  • 17. micrl neturc.mical nature. The blood transports them to all the or,ans of the trrmpont rhcm ro ell rhe ortrnr rhcbody. amonl which are the milk-producinl mamma" II.nets.body, ilnong ere rhc rnilt-producing mrmmrtt glrndr. Without enterinl into detail. let UI jurt lay that. buicall,. entering dcteil, lct ur jUlt rry thrt, bukdly,there is the arrival of certain substanccs (rom the contentlof ehetherc thc errivel ccrtein lub$encel from contentrof tlrcintestines into the vessels of the intestinal wall itself, and theintestines inro rhc vcsiels intertinel rell itrclf, rnd thcrrrnsport.tiontransponatio; of these substances by the bloodstream. there subltencer thc bloodrtrcrm. Thir conccpt muu bc rpprecirted, This concept must be fully appreciated. if we are to under- wc rrc 30 undcr-rtand this ycrsc rhe Quren Al Nehl(16:661.IJIand this verse in the Quran AI N4IIh/(16:66). pAh+ ,:+Flqverily. cnrlc rhcre e leron fior yon. we givc trou drint olVerily, in nule there is a lesson for you. We live you to drink ofwhlt inridc thcir bodier, coming from a cJnjuncrion bctrccnwhat is in.ide their bodies, cominl from a conjunction betweenrhe tonrenrc cf rhe interriner errd thc blood. rniltthr tontents :)( the intestines and the blood, ia milk pure and rndplesanrfor those sho drinlpleunt (or those who drink it.THE CREATIOT{mE CREA.TION OF MAN MAI{ the Quren In the Quran the subject of human reproduction leads to a subject humen reproduction lcrdr rmultitudc of statements which constitute e challcngcmultitude o( statements whic"h constitute a challenle to the rhcfmbryologist seeking a human explanation to them. It was onlyembryologist secling a human erplenation rc rhcm. lt rer thc besic scienceswhich w€rc te conributc teafter the birth of the basic sciences which were to contribute toafterour knowlege biology, and cspecielly aftcr the inyention of thcour knowlege of biology, and especially after the invention or themicroscope,microscope, that man was able to understand such Itatements. It men wes eble underrtrnd tuch rtrtementr. ltwas impossible for a mrnwas impossible (or a man living in the early seventh century to the eerly sevcnth cenrury rohavc erpressed suclr idcas. There is nothing ro indicrte rhrt, tthave expressed such ideas. There is nothing to indicate that. atthir time, men thc Middlc East end Arebie lncw rnything morcthis time. men in the Middle East and Arabia knew anythinl moreabout this subject than men living in Europe or anywhere else.ebout thir rubject then men Europe enyrherc cbc.Today, there are many Musiims with a thorou,h knowledJe of theTodey, there ere mrny e thorough knoelcd3c thcQurln and neturel scicncesQuran and natural sciences who have clearly recolnised the com- hevc clerrly rccognircd thc com-parisons be mede between thc versesparisons to be made between the verses of the Qurall dealinl the Qureq dcdingwith reproduction and human knowledge. 1 shall always remem- reproducrionrnd humen lnowlcdge. I shell elweyr rcmcrn-ber thc comment en eighteenyc.r old Muslim, btoughtber the comment of an eighteen year old Muslim. broulht up inSaudi Arabia. replyins to a reference to the quc.·stion of reproduct-Seudi Arebia, replying e rcferencero thc quesrion reproducr-ion as described the Quran. Pointing ro ir, he srid, But thirion as described in the Quran. ~ointing to it. he s"d, But thisbook provides usbook provides us with all the essential information on the subject. rhc essentielinformetion on thc rubjcct.When I· was at schoof they used the Quran to explain to me howWhen lves et rchool they urcd the Quren crplrin ro horr212
  • 18. children were born; your books on sex-education are a bit late onchildren werc born; your scr-cducetion e bit letethe scene!rhe scene! It is on this point in particular, that a comparison between the It point particular, thel comparison betwecn thcbeliefs current at the time ofthe Quran, that were full of supenn·beliefs current et time of thc Qurln, thet full of supcrrtr.tions and myths. and the contents of the Quran and modern data, myths, contents of thc Quren end modcrn dlre,leaves us amazed at the degree of concordance between the latter emezed et degrec of concordance betwecn letterand the absence of any reference in the Quran to the mistaken thc absencc of referencc Quran mistakcnideas that were prevalent at the time, thet wese prcvrlent et thc time. Let us now isolate. from an these verses, precise ideas con- isolate, from ell rhese vetses, ideescerning the complexity of the fertilizing liquid and the fact that an complexiry of fcrtilizing liquid rnd thet eninfinitely sman quantity is required to ensure fertilization. itsinfinirely small quantity fertilitation, quintjssen6s - if quintessence - if I may so translate the Arabic word swlala, trenslete Arabic sulala. The implantation of the egg in the female genital organ is implantation thc cgg fcmele genitel orgen wotd Alaq,perfcltly described in several verses by the word Alaq, whioh isperfectfyalso the title ofthe sura in which it appears: titlc of thc appears: ,.,." ~. , ~I.J ,/ . ,/. ~~, ~1=-- _yv-;Jfj.;, /.~ ,/./. -jt1 .God fashioned man (rom something which clings (96;2)..God fashioned man from somerhing which clings (96:2] 1 do not think there is any reasonable translation of the word I rhink of.{l.rq other than to use its origina sens".1lcll./ other than to use its originall sense.. The evolution of the embryo inside the ma:ernal uterus is embryo maternelonly briefly described, but the description is accurate, because the accurate, bccrusesimple words referring to it correspond exactly to fundamental referring errctly fundamentelstagess in its growth. This is what we read in a verse from the surastage in its growth. This is what we read in verse from the suraAI Mit mimm (23:14) ) .AI Mu minun{23:la .•W e folshioneddthe thing which clings into a chewed lump of flesh W t! f a s h i o r r e t h e t h i n g w h i c h c l i n g s i n t o chewed lump of fleshand We fashioned the chewed flesh into bones and We clothed the feshioned end clothcd rhc bones with intactt flesh . bones with intac flesh t3 13
  • 19. chcred llcsh (mudgal cofrcsponds crecdy The term chewed flesh (mlAago} cotresponds exactly to theappearance of the embryo at a certain stage in its development.rppc.r.ncc thc cmbryo lt e certain stege devclopment. It is known that the bones develop inside this mass and that lno*rr thet thc boner dcvclop insidc mers end thetthey are then covered with muscle. This is the meaninl of therhey ere covercd uirh muccle. meaning thcrcrmintrct flcsh (Iahml.term intact flesh (Iohm). Thc p.sicr e stagc where somc plrts erc The embryo passes through a stage whert some parts are inproportion and others out of proportion with what is later to be- and othcrs vith whet letcr bc-come the indi~dual. Maybe this is tht: meaninl of a verse in thecomc the indifiduel. Meybe this is tlic mcening e verse thesura Al Hojj (22:5) which reads as follows:wt AI Hajj{32:5) whichrcedses follows: #:,;i#i1*,u{,rc?*. .i:{i441#UF something which clings into rWe fashioned [man) into something which clings into. lump ofWc farhioned [manlflesh in proportion .and out of proportion. end Next, we have a reference to the appearance of the senses Nelt, we heve e refcrence the epperrrnce the scnscsend visceree the cure,{l fuida (32:9}.and viscerae in the sura .41 S4jda (32:9). .i3!{,i,tu;u5jJJr,:Ftrt for you thc senses hcaring,sight end thc vis[God} appointed for you the senses of hearing, silht and the vis·llrt"l"nn"intedrerae. Nothing here-contradicts todays data and, furthermore. none Nothing herscontradicts todays deta end, furthernrore,of the mistaken ideas of the time has crept into the Qur an .of rhe misrrlen idces of thc time hes crept into QurenQVRAN AND BIBLEQURAN AND BIBLE Wt have now come to the laSit subject; it is the confrontation. We heve nou comc thc lest subject; confrontation,with modern knowledle. of passases in the Quran that are alsorith modern lnorlcdge, of pess.ges Quren thet erc elsoreferred to in the Dible.rcfcrrcd in rhc lliblc. We have already caught a llimpse of the pr"blem when talk- Wc heve dtcedy ceughr e glimpse of thc problcrn when tell-ing of the Creation. ~arlier I stress!."d the perfe~t agreemetlt be-ing of thc Crcetion. Earlier stress*d pcrfe.:t agreemerrr14t4
  • 20. tween modern knowledge and verses in the Quran, and pointedrwecn knowlcdge rnd verses Qurln,out that the Biblical narration contained stattmcms that wcrc thet Biblicel nerrrtiun conrained statemcnts thet werescienlifically unacceptable. This is hardly surprising when rescienrificelly surprising when weknow that the great narration of the Creation com<lined in the rhet rhc greet nerration C-reation conteinedBible was the work of priests living in the sixlh cemury BC, henceBiblc *orh living si.rth century -Sacerdotel narration.the term Sacerdotal narralion. This s«ems mainly to h,ne been seems mainly heveconceived as Ihe th«me of a preaching designed 10 exhort peopleconccived as the theme to exhort10 observe the sabbath. The narration was constructed with a de-to sebberh. withfinite end in view, and, as Father de Vaux (a former head of rhc rnd, as Fathcr dc Veux (e former of theBiblical School of Jt>fusalem) has nOled, this end was essentiallyIliblicel School Jerusalem) hes noted,legalist in c-haracter.lcgalist cheracter. The Bible also contains a much shorter and older narration of Thc e rnuch end narration of Crcetion, so-called Yahvistthe Creation, the so-called Yahvist version, which approaches which epproechesthe subject from a completely different angle. subjcct completcly different engle. They are both taken from Genesis, the first book of thc Pen- They both fronr first o[ the tateuch or Taurah: Moses is suppostd to have been its author, but reteuch Teurah: supposed authot, but the text we have today has, as we know, undergone mrny *e as undergone manychanges. .changes Thr Sacerdotal narration of Genesis is famous for its whim- The Sacerdotel narration uf lsmous whim-sical genealogies, that go back to Adam, and ....-hich nobody tekessicel gcncalogies, thet beclc ro Adem, which takesvery seriously. N(verthe1ess, such Gospel authors asMauhew Ntverthcless, eutbors as Metthewand Luke have rl"produ..ed them, more or less verbatim, in rhcirend reprodured them. morc verbatim. theirgenealogies of Jesus. Matthew goes back as rar as Abraham, andgcnealogies .fesus. Metrhew goes as fer es Abreham, endluke 10 1111 rhtsee wrilings, are scientificallyy unacceptable,.Ltrle to Adanr All rhes writings, are scientificall unaccepteblcbecause they sel a figure on the age of the world and the time manbeceusc set figurc thc *orld end timeappurd on Earth, "hieh is most definitely OUI of keeping withappeerd Flarth, uhich definitely out of leeping withwhat has today been cst:iblished with certainty. The Qur an, onwhet has trrday cst:rblished with Qutrn. 6nthe otherr hand,. is complcldy frel:" of dara of this kind..rhe orhe hand is complctely free o[ data of this kirrd Earlier on,, we alsl> noted how perfectlyy th~ Quran agrees liarlier on we alro noted how pcrfectl. the Qurarr attecsw i t h g e n e r e l m o d e r n i d e a s o n t h e f o r m a t i o n o f t h e Universe.with general., modern ideas on the form ..tion of the U n i v e r s e ,whereass the Biblicall narration stands in contradiction to them;; t h cw h e r e a t h c B i b l i c e n a r r a t i o n s t e n d s i n c o n t r a d i c t i o n t o t h e n r thea l l e g o r . of t h e p r i m n r d i a l w a t e r s i s h e r d l y t e n a b l e n o r i s the c r e aallegory yo f the primordial walers i.. hardly tenabll:",, nor is t h e crt"a·.tion o i l iliRht on the firstt day,, before Iht> creation of the stars w h i c ht i o n of g h r o n t h e f i r s d a y b e f o r e t h e c r e a t i o n o [ t h e s t a r s whichproduce this light; the existence of an evening and a morning b r -p r o d u c e t h i s l i g h t ; t h e e x i s t e n c e o f a n c v r n i n g a n d m o r n i n g be-flre the creation of the Eanh; the creation of the Earth on thefore E,arrh; Eerththird day befor~ that of the Sun on the fourth; the appearance o[ belbre fourth: appeerencc ofbeasts of the Earth on the sixth day after the appearance of rhebcests thc rhe epperrrnce thebirds of the air on the fjfth day, although the former came first: all fifrh alrhough ceme first, ellthese statements are the result of beliefs prevalent al the time thrrthese starements ere rhe belicfs prcvalcnt et time thiStext was wrilten and do nott have any other meaning..tert wrs writtcn and do no have any other meaning t5
  • 21. As for the genealogies cCntained in the Bible, which form the Ac for the gencelogies conreined in the Bible. which form rhcbasis of the Jewish calendar and assert that today the world is beris of thc Jewish celendar end asserr that todayS?J8 years old, thesr. are hardly admissible either. Our solar 97tt years old, thcsc erc herdly edmissible eithcr. solersystem may well be .. Va billion years old, and the appearance onsystem mey well be 1r/t billion years old, and eppearenceEarth of man, as we know him today, may be estimatr.d in tens of Eerth of men, .s we Lnow him roday. mey esrimeted.housand~ of years, if not mor~.rhotrsrnds of ycers, it more. "0 It is absolutely essential, therefore, to note that the Quran It is ebsolutely esrentiel, rhercfore, nore thet Qurendoes not cont~in any such indications as to date, and that these aredoer not conltin any such indicarions as end thet rrespecific to the Biblical text.rpccific to thc Bibliceltext. There i~ a second, highly significant, subject of comparison There is e second, highly significent, subjcct comperison betwcen rhe Biblc end (furenr between the Bible and the Quran: this is the Flood. In actual fact, Flood. ln the Biblinlnarratioo is a fusion of two descriptions in which thc Biblical .nerratioo ie e rwo descriprions event5 arc- related differendy. The Bible speaks of a universal eycnts erc relatcd differenrly. sperks e univcrsal flonct and place!> it roughly 300 years before Abraham. According llood end pleces ir 300 Abrahem. to what we know ot Abraham, this would imply oJ universal cata- ro whet *,e Lno*of Abrahem, rhis imply e cara- clysm around tht twc.nty-first or twenty-second century Be. This thr rwenty-first rwenry-second BC. would be untenahle, in view of historical data. unrenahle, deta. lIow can we ..ccept the idea that, in the twenty-first or llow cen rcccpt idee twenty-first twrnty-second century BC, all civilization was wiped off the face twrniy-second BC. ell civilizetion off rhe faceof the Earth by a univt"rsal Ciltaclysm, when we know that this pe- rhe Eerth a universal cetaclysm, lnow rhis riod corresponds, for example. to the one preceding rhe Middle erample, the Middle Kingdon, in F~ypr. at roughly the datc of the first lnr.:rmediary Kingdonr tlgvpr. date firsr Int~rmediary period L((or( the dtvc.nth dynas&y? before clrvcnrh dynasry? Nunr of thc prlctding st"tements is acceptablee aCCording t o N u n e o f t h e P r c c e d i n g s t r t e m e n t s i s a c c e p t a b l a c c o r d i n g to modlrnnItnowltdfte.. rnodr.r knowledge Fronlr this pOilU r of view, we can m e e s u r e t h e ? n o r n r o u s g a p t : r o n t h i s p o r r r o f v i c w . w c c a n measure the rnormous gap 5ep.muingg,ht" Diblt from the Qu,an. seperatirt rhe tliblr from rhc Quran. Inr cum,,,,tt tt". t th·:. Rihle,, the narration c o n t a i n e d iin t l r u q r r r ·...n f t c u n t r i r , t r h r B i i r l e t h e n a r r a t i o n contained n the Qur t r ndrOlls "irh a c.u.,d.vsm r,hatt is limited r o N o a h s p e o p l t . lTht~ w c r t d r l l s w i t h l c ; r t i l c l v s n r h a i s l i n r i t e d to Noahs pcoplc.. h c v wcrt puaished fcr thllf sins. pUI1ishtd for th.rr sins, as were othcr Lngo<tl-v peopl1.5. Thc other ~ngodh ptoplc:s. The fhereQurow d~~ nor IOC3H thc cereclysm in timt". Thc.·;e ,rr.. .rbsolurelyQ.rr:trr doesnor locate the cataclysm arl ,lbs~lu,ely no hisforiCa1 or .uchaeoJogicaJ gbjccrions ro rhc narretion in rhe na hirtoricel erchaeologicel Qbjections to thr narration theQur ..n..Qtrr an A t h i r d p o i n r o f c o m p a r i s o n whiCh s cxtrerndy significant. s A third roint of comparison., w h i c h iis c x t r e r n t l v s i g n i f i c a n t . iislhc ..tory of Mosr.s, end especially rhe Exodus from Eg-vpr of rherhe story of Mosls. and c."specially th(" from egypt of theHthrew!lrnsJaved to the Pharaoh. Here I can olll" ~ive .ol highl)Hehrew* ensleved to rhe Pharaoh. Here I carr orrlv givc e hightyromptessed acCOunt of(ompressed .ccount of the study of this sub;ecr rh:rt .rppt ,rrr in mv of subject Ihat .lppl,lt, myb o o l r , I h a v e n o r e d r h e p o i u r s w h e r e r h t lBiblical land e u r a n i cbook. I have noted thr points whert rhl l i b h c u l n r l QuraniCnatrations etrcc and disegree, end, for sorne deririls. I have foundnarrations agrre disagree. and, Stlrnc. dC-lli/s, I foundpoints where the two terr$ complement eirch other in a very uselul)(Jints where two texts comprem("nt e1l"h aver) ust"fulrrry. Anrong rhc mlny hvporheses concerrring the posirionWoJ). Anaong thr m.IIlY hypothtsts concerning tht positionl616
  • 22. occupied by the Exodus in history of the pharaohs, I have con-occupied by the Exodus in the history of thc phareoht, I have concluded that rhe most likely rhe theory which makes Merneptah,cluded that the most likely is the theory rhich makcr Mcrnepteh,R",meses IIs successor, the pharaoh of the Exodus. The con-Rrmeses lls successor, the pharaoh of thc Erodur. Thc con-frontation uf the data contained in the Scriptures with archaeolosi-frontation of the date contained in thc Scriptures with erchecologi- evidence speaks stongly in favour of this hypotheses. amcal evidence speeks stongly in fevour of this hypothcres. I unplrased able ro say that the Biblical narrarion contributespleased to be eblc to sry that the Biblicel nrrretion con3ributetweighty evidence leading situate Moses in the history of theweighty evidence leeding us to situete Moses in the history of thcpharaohs: born during reign of Rlimeses II. Bibli-phereohs: Moses was born during the reign of Ramescr IL Bibli- data are therefore of considerable historical value in the storycal dara ere therefore of considereblc historicel velue in the rtoryof Moses.of Moses. The medical study of mummy of Merneptah has yielded The medical study of the murnrny of Mernepteh her yieldcdfurther information causes of pharaohsfurrher useful informetion on the possible causet of this pharaohrdUlh.dearh. The act thar today possess the mummy of this pharaoh, The fact that we today posscss thc mummy of thie phereoh,which, to be exact, was discovered in 1898, is one of paramount 1898, of paramounti,"portance. The Bible records that it was engulfC!d in rhe sea, butirnportance. Thc engulfed rca. butdoes nor give any details as to what subsequently bccrme of thedoes no: subsequcntly became ofbodv, The Quran, in the sura Yunus, notes that the lrcdy of thebodv. Qrrran, Yunus, body of rhc wes to damned, ~avedpharaoh, who was ro be damnc:-d, would be seved from the waters. urtcrl. 8#;i6 E {iitri ;F,;i+1,1 tai .|ih69 C. * furiti+{JbThis day We save thee in rhy body so that thou mayest be a Si,nThis thce e Signfor tho!>e who come after thee (10:92). those (10:92). A medical examination of this mummy, has, moreover, shown examination mummyr hes, morcover, sholnthat the body could not have stayed in the water for long, becausethat thc nor watcr beceurc does deterioration duc prolonged submerrit does not show signs of deterioration due to prolonled submers·ion..ion Here, the confrontation of the narration in the Quran llere egain, rhc nerration thc Quren provided modern lnowledge docs givewith the data provided by mode-rn knowledle does not live rise tothe slightest objecrion from a scientific point uf view. sliglrtrst objection from a scientific point of view lirerery vorlc The Old Testament constitutes a collection of literary works Testement conititutes aproduced in tlre course of tougbly nine centuries rnd which hesprodu(c:-d in the course of toughly nine centuries and which hasunll~"rgone many alternations. The part played by Inan in theundetgonc meny elternations. The pert pleycd by rnen in rheactual composition of lht. texts of the Bible is quite considerable.ectuat-composirion of rhc rcxrs of thc Biblc is qrritc considcreblc. l7 17
  • 23. The Quranic Revelationn has a history which is radically dif-- The Quranic Revelatio has a history which is radically different.. from the moment itt was firstt communicated to man,, itr wasfeient From the momcnr i was firs communicared to man i waslearntt by heanr and written down during Muhammads own life--learn bv hear and written down during Muhammeds own lifetime.. It is thanks to thiss thatt the Quran doess notr pose any pro--time lt is thanks to rhr tha rhe Quren doe no pose eny prohlem of aurhenricityhltm of authenticity. . A totally obje~tivt examination of it, in the light of modern totall.y objccrive ir, rheknowltdge,. leads us to recognisee the agreementr between the two,,k n o w l e d g e l ea d s u s t o r e c o g n i s t h e a g r e e m e n b e t w e e n t h e t w oas has already been noted on repcated occasions lt makes us;IS has alrtady been noted on repeated occasions. . It makes usdeem r quire unthinkable fo e nran of Muhammads time ro havedttm itt quite unthinkable forr .. man of Muhammads timt to havebeen the authorr of such statements,. on account t of the state ofbeen the autho ol such stltemeurs on accoun of the state ofknowledge in his day.. Such considerationss arc partt of whatt givesknowlcdge in his day Such consideration are lrar of *ha givesthe Quranic Revelation its umque place,. and f{fcess the impartiallthe Quranic Rcvelation its unrqur place and force the rmpartiascie.ntiSIt to admitt his inability to pt:ovidee an explanation whichscitntis to admi his inability to pqovid an explanarion whichcalls solelvv upon nuterialisticc reasoning. .calls solel upon nleterialisti reasoningIt18
  • 24. TIlE LIGHT OF REVELATION TIIE LIGHT OF R,EVELATIONINTRODUCTIONINTR,ODUCTIONWHAT IS LIFE.WHAT IS LIFE. Mans ezist(:nc(: in this world and th(: creation of this entire universe Mans eristence in this world end rhc crertion of this entire universcrre not mere rccidcnts or products of r fonuitous nrturc, This ruriversc,are not mere accidents or products of a fonuitous natur(:. This universe,every singlc etom of ir, menifests rnd poinrs us to thc rcelizrrionever) single atom of it, manifests and points us to th(: realization of a r Loving, Mcrciful end All-powerful Crearor. tFithour e Crector nothin3Loving, Merciful and All-powerful Creator. Without a Creator nothinccan exist. Every single ~oul knows that he is existing and that hiscen exist. Evcry single soul krows rher hc is cxisting end thet hiscristcnct is dcpendent on e Creltor - he lnowsexistence is de~ndenl on a Creator - he knows for sur(: that he cannot sure thet he ctnnotcreate him~e1f. Therefore it is his duty to know his master creator ~ God.creatc himrelf. Thercforc it rs his dutv ro his miLstcrcrcrtor - God.MANKIND.MANKIND. Mrn is r uniquc crc.rurc. Man is a unique creature. God establishes man as His Represen- estrblishes man rs Rcprc*n-trtivc or to govcrn ovcr rll othcr cr€uurtttative or Deputy to govern over all other creatures in this world. He is Hcendowcd thc frculryendowed with the faculty of REASON, which differentiates him from aU REASON, differcntirres ellother enimels. Thc Prophct seys:other animals. The Prophet says: "God has not created anything ~tter lhan Reason or anything more "Cod has nor cretred enyrhing hetter then Reasonperfcct rnorc bcauriful rhen Reasonperfect or more beautiful than Reason .. Togethcr this frculty Together with this faculty to discriminate and discern, Men is given discriminrte and disccrn, Manthc freedom (frec-will) chmsethe freedom (free-will) to choo(: for himsclf a way of lifc worrhy of his himself of life worthy of~ition as Gods Representativ~ or ro fell lowcr tl.en thc lowcst of dltrosition es Reprcsenrativecr to fall lower the lowest of aUanimrls crcrtions. Men isanimals or creations. Man is born purc and sinless.He is givcn rhc frec pure and sinless. H(: is giv(:n the freewill to do righteous deeds or indulge in sins. righteousdeeds indulge sins.DIVINE GUTDANCE.DIVINE GUIDANCE. God,out of his abundrnr Lovc rnd Merca for mrntind has not lcft us God,out of abundant Love and Mercy mankind has left usin drrkness to discover rhe right path by trial rnd error elonc. Couplcd darkness discover th(: trial and alone. Coupledwith our intcllecturl capebiliry ro rcason,God bcstowcd upon us DI- intellectual capability to reason, bcstow(:d DI-VINE Gt ltp4lralE rhet ourhnc thc Crirerion for trurh rnd rhe know-VINE GUIDANCE that outline the Criterion truth and the know-ledge end rcrlity of our existence in this world end rhe Hcrcrfrer.ledge and reality of (:xistence and the Hereafter.REVELATIONS.REVELAnONS. From the bcginning of manlind God scnr Prophcts to convcy his From beginning of mankind God sent Prophets to convey hisREVEI-ATION end ro invire to rhe puh of TRUE PEACE rrdREVELATION and to invite to the path of TRUE PEACE and I19 9
  • 25. OBEDIENCE ro orrc truc God. Thfu is ISLAM. This mcssrgewa.~ OBEDIENCE to One true God. This is ISLAM. This mcs511e wer onveycd to lumrivc gerrcrrtions mrn through diffcrent Prophcts, conveyed sucx:essive Jfnerations of man through different Prophen, of dl inviting mmtind to tbc trmc pth. aU invitina mankind the same path. Hwever rll ttrc crrlier mesrrter or rrvcletions from God wcrr However all the: earlier messllCl revelations were dbtottcd by pcopleof lrtcr gcncrtions. As a rcsuh,pure Rcrrclrtionfrom distorted people oflatcr generations. result, Revelation God wu Crodwu polluted with nyths, supcrstitious.idol worship rnd irrrtirnd with lIlyths, superstitious. and irratiooal pttitcopti,crt idcok;ic. The rcliginn of Crodws lct in r phhon of philosophical ideolocies. religion of God wu lost • plethon of rclfknr. rei..... Hurnrn hirtory ir r chronic,lc of mrns drift bctwen light rnd Human history is a ebronide of mans drift between anddrtlnar3, but God oirt of His Abundrnt Love for mrntind hrs rudarkness, out of Abundant mankind has notfOISIbn us.fcr*ca ru.FINAL REVELA.nONs.FINAL NEVBL/ITTONS. Whcn mmtind wrs iri thc &ptb of thc Drrk A3cr, Crodsent thc (mal When mankind wu ini the depth the Dark Aces, God rcnt the linrlMcrcrgcr, Plophct Muhlamrd (May pc*c be upon him) to rtdcemMnsenacr, Prophet Muhammad (Mry peace bc upon redeemhunrnity. Thc rcvchrion to ProPhct Muhmrmrd rcprcscntt thc ultihUlUnity. The revelation Prophet Muhammad represenu the ulti·nrte rnd Frmrncnt tounoE guidrne menlind.mate and PCr1MDCDt source of guidance for mankind.CRITERIA FOR TRUTH.Cn|TERIA FON. TRUTH. Hos do rrctmwtbet rrcvclrtbn lihtthc Qurm is the uord ofCrod? How do we know that a revelation like the Quran ill the word ofGod?Thc <ritcrir crn be crrily uudtnnnrt dl:-1be ,Titeria for truth can be eMily understand by a11:-l. RATIONAL TEACHINGS: Sina God bcttowcd rct-sonrndI. RAnONAL TEACHINGS: Since God bestowed reason and in- rcllcct mmlind, ir ow duty urc distingubh trudr from tellect to mankind, it is our duty to usc it to distinguish trodt from frbcbood. Tnc undbtortcd rcvclrtion from fu must bc ntiond raJscobood. True undistorted revelation from God must be rational dl urrbirs minds. and can be reasoned out by all unbias minds. md cn bc rcrroncd out2. PERFECTION; Sincc (H is dl perfcct, Hir rcvchtion must bc2. PERFECnON: Since God is all perfect, His revelation must be perfcct rnd rerrnj3, fite fium misr*cr, omirsionsinterpoletionsend perfect and KCUJlte, free from mistakes, omissions interpolations and nuttiptictty of vcrnions.It thould bc free from gontrdictbru in i13 multiplicity of venions. It should be free from ~ntradietions in its narration. nrrrrtho.3. NO MYTHS OB SUPERSTITION$ True rcrrchtion fron Ctodis3. NO MY11IS OR SUPERSnnONS: True revelation fro", God is free fronr myths or supcrstitionsthlt dcgndc thc dignity or God or free from myths or superstitions thlt degrade the dignity or God or man. tnrn.{. $CENTIFICT Sincc God ir tlre crtetor of rll hnorvlcdgc rnr4. SCIENTIFIC: Since God is the creator of all knowledge, true rwchtion ir sckntific rnd crn withstrnd thc chellcngcof scicnccet rll revelation is scientific and can withstand the challenge ofscience at all times. tinrcc.2020
  • 26. 5. PnOPHEGT;Crod ir thc l(mrcr of thc pcr, pttt tr rnrl futrrn.5. PROPHECY: God is the KDowcr of the pat. praeat lad future. Thur Hb uord ot propbccicr in Hb rcyclrtin will bc fuUillcd Thus His word of propbecia in His revelation will be fulfilled •I prophuicd. prophrsied.6. UN·IMITABLE BY MAN: True revelation from God is iD-6. UN.IIiITABLE BY MANr Truc rrvchtioa frorn God b iD- ClDible IDd cannot be imitlte<! by 1DIn. God", true melldon is Ir frlliblc rad clmot bc irainted by nrn. Godr tnrc rcvtlrtirn b Liviq minde. In open book chllieftlinc III IDIIIkiDd to see IIId Uvnt nirulc, rrr opct bot chdlerUiry dl Elrtind to rcc md provc for thsurlvcr. prove for themselves. 21 2l
  • 27. Dear R~ader, Dcer Rcarlcr, There is no compulsion for man to accepl the TRUTH. But it is Thcrc is compulsion man acceptthe TRLffH. is ccrtrinly e shameupon the human intcllctt when mrn is certainly a shame upon the human intellect when man is not even cven interested in finding out as to whet is the TRUTH! intcrestcd as whet is the TRUTH! Islem teaclrcsthet has given mrn thc frculty Islam teaches that God has given man the faculty of reason and reasonend therefore expects man to rea~on things out objectively and sys- therefore expccts men rearon things obiectively rnd sys- tematicrlly reflcct and question rnd tematically for himself. To reOect and to question and to reflect. himself. reflect. Nobo-ly should pressyou to makee hastydccision scrept rny Nobody should press you to make a hasty decision to accept any of the teachings of Islam, for Islam teaches that man should be given thc teachings Islam, lslam terchesthet mrn should bc given the freedom chooae.Even when man is facedn ith the TRUTH, the freedom to choose. Even when man is faced with the TRUTH, thcrc is there is no compulsion upon man to embrace it. compulsion upon man embrace But before you begin to form an opinion about Islam, ~k yourself bcfore you bcgin an about lslam. askyoursclf whether your existi~g knowledge of Islam thorough enough. Ask whethcr your existirg knowledge Islam rhoroughcnough.Ask yourself whether thet knowlcdgc hrs bccn obtsined yourself whether that knowledge has been obtained through oon-non- party sourceswho themselves have probably bccn Muslim third party sources who themselves have probably been exposed only rendom glimpses lslamic writings and hrve yet exposed to only random glimpses of Islamic writings and ha....e yet to to reason on Islam objectively and systematically themselves. to reason ur Islam obiectively and systematicdlythemsclves. It is fair that one !lhould form an opinion about the taste of a is frir that one should en about the taste a particular dish just hy heresay from others who may themselves particular dish just hcresay othcrs who mey themsclves hevetestcd thc dish yet? Similarly you should not necessarily have tasted the dish yet? Similarly you should find necessarily yourself ebout islam out for yourself about Islam from reliable sources and not only rcliablc sourcesand not an opinion. Thst uould taste it, but digest it wdl before you form an opinion. That would tastc bur digcst wcll bcforc you be an intellect apprCdch to Islam. be en intellect rpprcach to Islam. It is up to you to make the next move. is you mekc thc ncxt move. meking !our move, Islam continuouslyrcassures thrt your you In making your move, Islam continuously reassures you that your rights rights to freedom of choice and freedom to use that God-given freedom choicc and frecdom usc thrt God-given faculty of thought and reason will be respel,."ted. Every man has faculty thought and reason tre resper,red. Every mrn hes thet individual wiU. that individual wiU. No one else can take away that will and force one elsecan takeaweythrt end force you surrenderto the you to surrender to the will of God. You have to find Ollt aud make God. You haveto find orrtarrdmake that decision yourself. that dccision yoursclf.May your intellectual journcy towards the TR LTH be a pleasantIllay intellectual journey towards rhe TRLI"IH be a
  • 28. ~l~ 0iFirl ,-Jafj e{.Lrll phJlg , i .lli ~u .. :?S~~~ ... .J gitsJt Lral_.L1. a::hU iLr.o.rot$la~,et"..,;J a,rrbJf ~..~,ib.rliJiJf tujdriyf ailb ~j:? ·t~ a.iJJ~
  • 29. ..iLl,iii,I"l .ilisl illrl FI,JIj.,jj.cll¥clJla ,pr1l/l ;;nllry;l!c ~l~ d,lJ-ill edJ--ll pJrtlg ~J.;d ,.-laSt" ~u .. r-fuJ13 gfKSf U*rU9..rl . "-I adrll Aj trt5}fa.$-+ilf a.a """.,~..h II a.w.a-J~ . - arjrlriYf ai|Jb ....lIttJi .).:.1 U.iJ~~ irlfuii_11{ A;*J"* ~l)V~.>.:-"~tl..P rVte,/lrfJ{1" ~~J 4.lI..J.J.lJ <l,:JJljlj 4.! 4.1l1 y.;:. c,:-rJ: o{*Jlr., d dlr ,;i +.ut 1"r*+J5