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  • HiJab Hijab Compiled Compiled by Addwesh Abdulaziz AddweshMay Allah forgive his and his parents sinsMey his end his sins
  • o (-? Abdul AztzAddweesh,20(X) Abdul Aziz Addweesh, 2000 King Fahd National Library Cataloging -in- King LibraryPuplicationPuplieation DataAddaweesh, Abdulaziz bin MuhammadAddaweesh, Abdulaziz MuhammadHijab -Hijab (veil). - Riyadh.48 P. 12 x 17 Cm.48 P. ,,12 X 17 Cm.ISBN: 9960-36-626-x 9960-36-626-x1- Hijab (Islam)1- Hijab 2- Veiling and Unveiling - TitleI - Title219,1 de219,1 dc 3826/20 3826120 Legal Deposit no. 3826/20 no. 3826120 ISBN: 9960-36-626-x ISBN: 99ffi-36-626-x
  • Book Contents Contents1. Introduction1.2. Definition of the word Hijab2. Definition the3. Proofs of the obligation of Hijab from Proofs of obligation Hijab Quran4. Proofs of the obligation of Hijab from4. Proofs the obligation Hijab Sunnah Sunnah5. Arguments by those who legalize5. Arguments those legalize exposing Muslim Womans face exposing Womans face6. Conclusion Conclusion
  • All rights reserved for the AuthorAll reserved Authorexcept for free distribution withoutexcept freeany addition, modification, or deletion modification, deletionto any part of the book. the book
  • INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION All Praise is due to Allatr, ffid blessingsandAll Praise is due to Allah, and blessings andpeacq be upon the Mess6ngerof AllaTl,peace be _uponthe Messenger of Allah, HisFamily, Cdmpanions and ffrs Followers toFamily, Companions and His Followers tothe Day Resurrection.the Day of Resurrection.One the maior issues Islam which manvOne of the major issues in Islam which many have aMuslims have a lot of arguments about is the argumentsabout is theissue of "Hijab". These arguments occurissue "Hijabu. Theie arguments occurbecauseofbecause of two reasons, namely: 1) the lack reasons,narnEly:1) the lackg,f cgmpleJe understanding of ttris issue andof complete understanding of this issueand the lack of knowledse rsnorance the2) the lack of knowledge or ignorance of theproofs of the obligation of EHiiab" in theproofs of the oblieatioJl of "Hijab" theQurlan qnd the Silnnah.Quran and the Sunnah. In this booklet, I this booklet,tr-pd,tried, with the help of Allah, to put together the help of togetlierlll these argumenti amongall these arguments among Muslims 6n the on theissue of "Hijab" in focus. First, I gave theissue of "I{iiab" focus] gave *Hiio"b"exact definifion of the word "Hijab" in itsexact definition of thecorrect meaning in the Arabic Laneuaseandcorrect meaning Language andcited someAyaat (Verses)from theQuFan tocited some (Verses) the Quranshow til theshow how Allah SF the Almighty usesthe uses theword and thus makesits meanmgmore clear and thus makes meaning morefor the understaqding all Musli-ms.Second, the understanding ofof Muslims. Second,I cited the proofs oflhe oblieation of "Hiiab|I proofs of the obligation of "Hijab"in the Quran and the Sunna[t.Third, I listed and the Sunnah. I hstedthe ploofs - of thosewho claim the legality of proofs of those ofexposing the womans face and theni I stitedexposing womans face and then, stated 4 4
  • the correspondingexplicit answersbased onthe corresponding answers basedthe Quran and- the authentic Sunnah to Quran and authentic Sunnahdisprovetheir claim. With this presentation,disprove claim. presentation, Ihope that Muslims all over the world willhope over the willcome to agreement and unity instead ofcome agreement and instead ofarsument aird/or misunderstaniling if notargument and/or misunderstanding iffalling into disputes. After all, Is-lam is a disputes. Islamdivine messag~ that calls thedivinF messase ihat calls the whole mankindm~~indto the worship of One God, Allah S# the the worshIp of One God, ~ theAlmighty.Almiehty. Such worship, which includes, Such worship, which includes, (iite the obligationobedience to Allahs Law (like the obligationobedi-enieto wear "Hijab" for women) must be based wear "Hijab" women) must be based and the authbnticSunnahofon the Quran and the authentic Sunnah of QurianProphet Muhammad ;i. Let us always beProphet Muhammad W. us always beguilled the Quranic versesguided with the following Qur anic verses toobey Allah ~ and His Messenger ~:obey {i# and Messenger ffi: (,ru re; E, L-W ~~ " f,ff5 1/ I 1- - J _. • ~.J~ _ "#_u J.J~ Y/~~ ~~~~j~fi Y..;4JJ)l.i i*,o •• U L". ?~ .-{ ( no, bv vour Rubb (Sustainer), " But no, by your Rubb (Sustainer), they they can have no Faith, until - they thsy can frqie no Faith, mcike you (O Muhammad#) iudge m make you (0 Muhammad ~ judge In disputei betweenthem, aidfind all dzsputes between them, andfind in themselves no resistance against your themselves no resistanceagainst vour decisions, accept (theln) decisions, and accept (them) with full - full submission. (a:65) submission. " (4:65) 5
  • ~ il~ il! ~r i.J~J J JI ~ I~j 4.;..Y YJ if;1 illS" {". J4 J-g ulLlt-., , it u*a;t;!auy Y:,tll lF ,s" iF II "~ Y)l.,..;. ~ .J..ij i.J~J .J .:ill ~ if J r-A//if ipiJ-1 Yfu,,P fi drt t itua.t ,l t erlt ;/t rs"It is not f9r a believer, man or for believer, manwoman, ,uihenwoman, when Allah and His imdMessenger have decreed matterMessenger have decreed a matter thatthev shbuld have anv ontionthey should have any option in theirdecision.decision. And whoever disobeys Allah whoeverfrsobevsand His Messenger he has indeed Messenger he hai indeed error. " (33:36)strayed into a plain error. "(33 :36)strayedinto"-{ltsf 5lh+ y 1 Jy}r r*ti , ir r*.uf r*f *ilr ts,ftr" "O vou who believe!ObevAllah. and10 you who believe! Obey Allah, andobey !h9 {esseryger2b"! the Messenger ,(Muham*,od (Muhammad ,M),Jr)and render not vain your deeds. "an6l render not votn your deecls.(a733)(47:33) 6
  • Definition of Hijab Definition HijabIt is very clear that it is mandatory for every is very clear that is mandalqry everyMuslim to understand hislher faith ihe correit fo understand his/her faith the correctway. This means to have authenticway. means have authenticknowledge of Islam based on the Quran andknowledee Islambased the Quran and onthe Sunnah so that we can follow what Allahthe Suniah so that can rihat~ and His Messenger :i have commanded ust!6 and Messentrer havecommanded ffi usto do and refrain ourselves from committing do and refrain olurselves committingsins because of disobedience. The best waysins because disobedience. The bestwayto leam and practice Islam correctly byto learn and practice Islam correctly is biknowing and understanding at l6ast theknowing and understanding at least thecorrect meaning of the Holy Quran and thecorrect meaning the Holi Quran and theSunnah of Prophet Muhammad ~ in Arabic,Sunnah PropTret Muhamm-ad-# Arabic,if not leaming the language the Quranif not learning the language of the Quranitself. We hafe to undErstEnd no dtatter thatitself. We have to understand that no matterhow much efforts were puthow much efforts were put to translate the translatetheHoly Qur an, the Sunnah .of ProphetHoly Ouran, the Sunnah ProphetMuhammad ~ or the right deductions by theMuhamm-ad ffi the right dedu_ctions the - scholars of theserenown Muslim scholars of these tworenownrevealed sources knowledseand suidancerevealed sources of knowledge and guidanceto other languages there will always Ee errorsto other lansuases there [lways be errorsbecause ofTnisinterpretation the meaninssbecause of misInterpretation of the meanings is In this contextthat tri5dof the words. It is in this context that I tried the words.to ~ive the real/explicit meaning of the wordto eive the real/explicitmeaning the word ^If"Hfiab" Arabic. we look at-themeanins"Hzjab" in Arabic. If we look at the meaning the word "Hiiab" (.,1.-=) the dictionar!of the word "Hijab" (y~) in the dictiona~ worilwe learn that " the word means "veil,we leam that the means "veil", 7
  • "Screen", "cover(ing)" Or "curtain" (see"screen", "cover(ing)" or "curtain" (see AlMawrid:Mawrid:- A Modern Arabic English Mo*dern Arabic EnglishDictionaA, 1992p. a53).Dictionary, 1992 p. 453).The meaning of the "Hiiab" becomesThe meaning of the word "Hqab" becomesmore clear. To mean "co~~~ing which alsomore clear to mean "coverind which alsomeans "veIl" as Allah ~ Himself uses themeans "veil" as dwFfmself usestheterm. As stated in the Quran Allah ~ tellsterm. stated the Quran tells l[hfus::US " ~ ~0.J ~ .Ji ~.J Yj }vI ~ ~!~ ~L) L..J " " t-*-. ottt y Ji [*J y/ it ,--lK- Jl -t Dt! t J" "It is not given to any human that ,s Riven to anv human that Allah shoula speak to htm unless (it should speak to him unless be) bv tnspfration, be) by inspiration, or tom behind a from behind " Hijali (cov:ering) (Quran 42:51) Hijah (covering). "(Qur an 42:51)From the above verse, Allah ~ clearlyFrom the above verse,. fl# clearlymentions the word Hijab to mean covering.mentions the Hiiab meancovenns.He makes it very clear to us that no one has makes very cle6r us that no one hisspokenspoken to Him (Erectly face to face while ilirectlv face facesbeineseeing His face but there was always a Hijab face theie was alwavs a Hiiab(covering or veil) between Him and the "one(coveTine between and the onewho spoke to Him. In fact,Prophet ^and sp6ke llim. fact. even Prophet even ProphetMuhanimad ,M Allahs Prophet andMuhammad ~Messenser the wh?~~ mankindMessel!-ger to the whole mankind did not see not see ~. Rter ~ honoredthe ProphetAllah tffi.After Allah d# honored the ProphetgE to have ascended to the highest Heaven,~ have ascended the hiehestHea.ven,and siven the privilese- speak tdand given him the j)rivilege to speak toHimself, one of his Compan-ionsHimself, one of his CompanIons asked him askedwhether he has seenAllah~. The followingwhether he hasseen Allah lHi. The followingauthenticHadirft tells us:authentic Hadith us: 8
  • Abi-dhar ., iI.:P JJ~..; narrated that he Abi-dhar & ,u it u;, narrated Allahs Meisenger ffi: "Did you asked Allahs Messenger!if: Vid you see your ( Rubb (Sustainer)?" He ?if see your (Sustainer)? " Hb H ·d r!pI ze: replibd: H ,- r, (( " Isaw I ht. " 0.r.....i ~0 t-,-" • H HI saw light. Ig (Reported by Muslim) Muslim)Also Aishah{tb lcjc.tr (fr said:Also Aishah~ 4Jc. AlI~.J said: " If anyone tells you that Muhammad " If anvone vou iii "hasseen his Rubb (Sustainer), he is ffi has ieen his Rilbb (Sustainer), a liar .for Allah said: "JL.at $II ~_Li y" liar for Allah No vision " ,t*!ro!r-u Y" No vision can grasp Him (6: 103). " can v r Him (6:i,03). (AI-Bukhari) (Al-Bukhari)Another verse~ " in chapter Al- ~~taffifin,Another verse. chapter Al-Mutaffifin.verse 5, Allah ~ uses tfie word Hljab whenv_erse Allah S# uses the wordHijab wheriHe says:He says: " ~,r-.~ ~fi r-:;-4..; r.:.r----"~! )£5" N ! su, Ii*tffi 6{iE"tr$;ii;; o, "Nay! Surely they (evil-doers) will be - Mahjobon " (covered/veiled) (coieied/veiled) from "" their Rubb that Day (the Day of Mafriabon from seeing sgeihg Rilbb (the of Judgment). " Judgment)."In the above verse Allah ~ explains how the the aboveverse, tliqexplains theKafiroon (Disbe fievers) win be veiledKafiroon (Disbelievers) wifl be veiled(covered) frbm seeins Allah. Note that the(covered) from seeing Allah. Note that theword used here bv A.llah is "Mahioboon"word used here by Allah is "Mahjoboon"which comes from the verb "Hajba " whichwhich comes from- the verb "Haibameans "prevent from seeing".means"prevent from seeing"In another verse, Allah ~ says: anotherverse, iH says: 9
  • "i.r=- y~ J ~fi YJ.iJf ~.J.:..4 /.;,fA.". J ~f ,o0i U1.J ";r*!t-, !;tjJt a1 ,-* Ll* ai;lt ;rU t:ll "0J- 4 --!~ "And whenvou furniir "And when ~ou (Muhammad) TrTt -We recite the Quran, We put between you and the Ouran, but between you those who believe not in the Hereafter, thosV believe-not the Hbreafter, an invisible Hijab (veil or covering). " on invisible !{tjab (veil coveriig). (Quran 17:45) (Quran 17:45)The Hiiab this verse means OThe word Hijab in this verse means 0Muhammad vou willMuhammad you will not be seen by the be seen bv theKafiroon (Disbelievers) when you recite theKafiroon Di5believers) when vou recitetheOtiran. Irlotethat the the aboveverse (17:45Quran. Note that the the above verse (17:45)rias revealed as the result the followingwas revealed as the result of the followingincident in the life of the Prophet ~:incident the of the Prophetffi: Jubair,:& ,n it u;, Narrated Saead bin Jubair~ ~J/~..J Narrated Saead "When Chapter I I I was revealed,ihe "When Chapter 111 was revealed, the wife 0/ Abi Lahab came looking/or wife of Abu Lahab camelookins for the Prophet Jj while he was slUing the Piophet M he was sitting Baker ,# said with Abu Baker 416. Abu Baker ~ sara Baker &. to the Prophet ffi, "I prefer you hide to the Prophet ;W. "1 prefer you hide "vou and or leave as sne is comingThe from her leaveas she is cdmingfor from ~ou harm vou. "-The -Prophet she might harm you. " she M s_aid There ineanirlg of Prophet ;Jj said which the meaning of t+high- the is Translated as: There will be a is translated as: will be screen set between her and 1. " So, she screen set between I. So,she did not see him ... " (Reported by Abu not see him... (Reported Abu by Yaala). Yaala).In brief, as stated in the Quran, the word brief, as stated the Quran, the word covei somethinsfromHijah means to veil or cover something fromHiiab meansbeing seen others,so when we saytEatthebeIng seen by others, so when we say tliat the l0 10
  • woman must wear Hijab,Muslim woman must wear Hiiab, we mean meanthat she must cover her face Jo ai not to bethat she must cover her face so asseen by men who are not her mahram (thoseseen men are her mahram (thosewhom she she is forbidden to inarrY forbidden marrypennanently). It does not mean, the wayperrnanently).^some does mean, thesome Muslims understand, Hiiab means Musfiins understand, that Hijab means that -becausecovering the womans hair only because ifcoverins the womans hair only ifthe word Hiiab meanscoverineihe hair only,the woildHijab means covering the only,then when " Allah stated in the Quran inthen when stated the Quran Inchapter 42 verse 51 that no one will bechapter 42 verse 51 that no one bespoken to by Allah except behindHiiab, itsnoken bv except behind Hijab,would mean that they i,vill see His-Fa6e,riould meari that they will see His Face,which is absolutely incorrect.which is absolutely incorrect.Indeed, in this world no one hasseen AllahIndeed, this world no onehas seen~. Even Prophet Moses and Prophet$#. Even Prophet Moses and ProphetMuhammad ~ whom Allah ~ has given theMuhammad W whom i$dhas given the did not see theprivilege to speak with did not see theprivilege to speakAlmighty. However, the eternal world,Almighty. However, in the et~mal world,Allah ~Rllah-ffi rewardthe Muslim Believers will reward the Muslim Believers which is then the supremeto see Him, which is then the supremeto see Him, be pleased themsuccess and Allah will be pleased with themsuccessand Allah asHe said the Quran:and they with Him as He said in the Quran:andthey " ;sUj I 5ui ail)" -+J, ll 11
  • "For thosewho havedonegood is the "For those who have done good is the best (reward, i.e. Paradisd best (reward, i.e. Paradise) and even even more (i.e. having the honor of more (i. e. having the honor of glancin~ g.lgnging at the countenance of the countenance of Allah)."(10:26) Allah). (10:26)In line with the above Quranic Verse are line the above Quranic Verse areAhadith that tell us that Allah ~ will rewardAhadith that us that ds will rewardthe rishteousBelieversthe hishesthonor andthe righteous Believers the highest honor andprivilfre to seeHis Face. Thi;means Heprivilege to see His Face. This means He willunveil His Face (remove his Hiiabunveil His _ Face _(remove his Hijab or -covering). Onecovering). One of these Ahadith is the these Ahadith is thefollowing:following: Abdullahibn Umar narrated (Abdullah ibn Umar narrated that Allahs thatMessenger Jf said : J} ~ J. J.f.;v JI ~( .;j:i,t1"Messenger M said Jl .h I ,tr- a*r;1af p( :;j" ;~~flJ ~ J/li..-e-- ~...J.r J 4.A..c.:. J 4+ I {Elj I +L*,-b reF S u 4l ii**.. o.tr- J 4,ri I ~.J 4.jl.>.-.Jj.J 4.:1.:.>.-4-le rtt ..-.1.,,Jr.t U i e s L# ~.J J1 ~ J ..iiI~ ifJl ~ ..iiI J.r...J ~! ~ .J iJ~ +t Jl .h.y i, ir "(rbu W ,J! ;rbu +fi " (i~l.j L{; Jj . i~l.i *t "..t>.".1) ,-*:) *t rL.J"The lowest in station among the "The amonlinhabitants of Paradise will be k"e who of - will J:elooks at his gardens, his wives, his bliss, gardens, wives, bliss, servants,his servants, and his couches stretchinl a couches stretchingthousand vears iournev.thousand years journe)!, and the one wato the whowill be niost hdnoredbv Allah witt be hewill be most honored by Allah willwho looks at His face mornins and His face morning andevening,. "evening. " He then recited, Faces 6n that rebited, "FAces on thatdav wzll be brisht, lookins at their Rubbday will bright, looking their -(Reported"(Sustainqr).-"(Sustainer). " (Reported by Tirmidhi Tirmidhi5657 and5657 and Ahmad) 12 12
  • Proofs of the Obligation of Hijab Proofs of the Obligation of HiiahFor the enlightenment of all Muslims, let us enlightenment of Muslims, usknow the concrete proofs from the Quran concrete proofs theand the authenticSunnahon the obligation ofand the authentic Sunnah the obligatIon ofHijab for Muslim women. First let us try toHiiab women. First usunderstand fullv what the Quran says aboutunderstand fully what the Quran saysaDout women. Thdn, usthe req~ired Hijab for women. Then, let usthe required t{tiab the proofs from the reporte Sunnahknow the proofs from the reported Sunnah d other wordsthat are authentic. In other words let thethat are duthentic. thewords iH and His Messe.nger guidewords of Allah ~ and His Messenger ~ guide $sus as to how women in Islam must beus as to how women Islam must be this wBY,we get divine guidancecovered. In this way~ we get divine guidance covered.that that will unIte uirite our our different aifferent arguments/positionson the issue Hiiab forarguments/positions on the issue of Hijab forwomen. women. Proofs from the Quran Proofsfrom theFirst Proof: Allah ~ said in the Qur an First Proof: Allah dtr said in the QuranL.-. )/1 ~j 0:!~ )/ J 0f->.-)} ~ ) .:.rJ~i i f ~ ...:.-L. r-D Y J L-. Yt J+e-it-* !r=*oJl ;;hl11 .,F-rLorT iea"- -t-rX.]-l U " L-;1 "..;-.-.-1;+> .:.r-J?: ~~) 4:-- ~ a-,-!r ~p ~ *:+F--,4:V + And tell the believingwomen to lower thetr And tell the believing women to lower their s{ze (from looking aTforbiddenthings) a4dgaze (from looking at forbidden things) and ilot to show off their adornmentexceptonlynot to show off tneir adornment except only 133 1
  • that which is apparent(like both eves forthat which is apparent (like both exes for necessityto see the way, gloves,headnecessity to. see the way, gloves, head cover cover o_raprgn, etc) and to drdwlheir veils all overor apron, etc) and to draw their veils all overJuy,ub.ihinna their bodies, faces, (i.e.Juyubihinna (i.e. their bodies, faces, necks, necks, ancl bosoms, etc) and not to reveal theirand bosoms, etc) and not to reveal their adornment gxgept to their husbands,theiradornment except to their husbands, theirfathers, their hdsbands fathers. their so"i.fathers, their husbands fathers, their sons,their husbandssons, their brothers. theiitheir husbands sons, their brothers, or their orbrothers sons,or.their sisterssons,theiibrothers sons, or their sisters sons, their(Muslim) women (i.e. their sisters islam)(Muslim) women (i.e. their sisters in Islam)or the (female)slaveswhom their rieht handsor the (female) slaves whom their right handsposses,or old male servantsposses, or old male servants who lack vigour, who lacJ< viqour.br small children who have no sense thdor small children who have no sense of the oTshame sex. let them not stamptheirshame of sex. And let them not stamp theirfeet so as to reveal what they hide dt tneiifeet so as to reveal what they hide of theiradornment. And all of you beq Allah toadornment. all you begforgive J,qu,^a]l..9 believers that you may beforgive you all, 0 believeis y"ou that may besuccessful (24:3 1).successful (24:31). the above verse, there are three nroofs In the above verse,therearethreeproofs of the obligation of of the obligation of Hijab (coveringthe (covenng the womansfaEe): womans face): . A) Allahs saying: • saying: If 1. : • . • t:. l.A ;1 •.,. . . .lll ;1 " ~~ ... J .~.JU:! "And not toshow #,ttheir adornment "And not to ;:, off :, H r"Tai, i,,, r*"i"t except only that which is apparen." Here except apparen. "Here Allah forbids the womento dhowoff their forbids the women Show off adornmentabsolutely exceptthat which is adornment absolutely except that which is apparent,suchas their -oUlei apparent, - such as their outer clothes,this is clothes, this is the translationof Abdullah bin Masaud tlie translation of Abdullah bin Mas aud l14 4
  • o...lc ~I ~.J of this verse. 4jc 4!l(#J of this verse. Also, looking at this verse, we see that this verse. (( see that Allah stated stated "ta.." i- !t " "Exceptonly that which is "~~ L.a ";1 -t+J. "Except apparent" and He did not state apparent: and ( "Except st~te "1*j*o;*-Li- T) "~ u~ l..A ";I~" only that which whIch they expose" because what IS exposed is thev exoose" because what is exposed soriethihg you cannot hide but what something cannot hide what appears is under vour control,you canhide aDDears under rs your control, you can hide it if vou wish to do so and yoi can show it if if you do so and you can show off if you wish: so, womaricanonly show off if vou wish; so.woman can show off thdir outerilothes because they cannot off their outer clothes because they cannot hide them even if they wish. hide them evenif they wish.r• B) Allahs saying: Allahs saying: "~~~Ul~LH~J "And to draw tirfr,fu*,f#;r"f;ti "And to draw their veils all over their bodv, face neclcs. " body, face and necks." The womans veil is what she puts over her head, so if she is is she nuts over her head, so if she ordered to draw her veil all over her body ordered diaw her over starting from the head ending at the toes, startins the head ending the toeS, of then her face will be the first part of her then h"er face will be the firIt body to be covered. Also it is common bodv be covered. is common sense that the beauty of t~~ woman is her sende that the beauty of the face, so how would Allah ~ command the face, so d# co-mmand the over her woman to draw her veil over her body to woman to draw her at beauty prevent others from looking at her beauty nrevent others and at the same time He win permit her to hnd at the sametime He will her tb expose her face? This is logicallY expose her face? This IS logically senseless. . SENSCIESS. C) Allahs saying• C) Allahs saying l5 15
  • ,, tet,#irtr La N ~)~ LH~ 1., And "~j 0A ~ ffil ##"* {#;,i "And let them not stamp their feet so as to reveal what thev hide oTtheir itdornment." reveal what they hide ojtheir adornment. " During the pre-Islamic period. women During the pre-IslamIc period, women used to wear ankletsand thev woirld stamn used to wear anklets and tiley would stamR their feet on the groundto developa soun^d their feet on the ground to develop a souna their anklefs with their anklets in order to attract the order to attract the attention of men so Allah ~ made it attention men, so d6 made forbidden on Muslim womento do this act forbidden on Muslim women to do this act .. If women are forbidden to stamp their If women are forbiddento stamptheir feet on the ground to avoid infatuatins feet on the ground to avoid infatuating men, then how aboutexposingtheir face? men, then how about exposing their face? So which is more attractiveto ilren. hear So which is more attractive to men, to hear the sound the anklets the sound of the anklets or to see the see the womans face? Obviouslythe face of the womans face? Obviously the face of the woman is more attractive. Given this woman is more attractive. Given this reality, how could be possible pennit reality, how could it be Qossible to pennit women expose their faceswhere at the women to expose their faces whereat the sametime they are forbidden to stamptheir same time th.eyare forbidden stamp feet? This is a very clear proof that the feet?. This a very clear that the womans t-acemust be covered whenever womans face must- be covrired whenever strange strange men or non-mahram present. men non-mahrarp. are present. areSecond Prooft Allah saidin the QuranSecondProof: said the Quran-LJi ;a.*1* .f .:sJr .,qr+ ;-$1 rt*i; I.!J;~) J-*t;; Y J ~ ta.i tl,"ill~ ~~ J ~ L.J:i--4 ~ jl ~L.;) *q, #t ~i &)j Y ..,.i " . " l * J IJ? rl J tf j) ji.~ j,( )b :}f i ji -.:pi "L....:?- ,l rr* ,i luI jL) P !- )j _ j r+ .ri 3rf "-Oprophet! Tell your wives, daughters,their"0 women Tgllyo|iwives,Ad;ihriis",and prophet!the of the believers araw "ilathe women of tlie believersto Zraw theircloaks (veils or coverings) all over their or all over theirbodies (i.e. screen themlelves comnletelv (i. e. themselves completelyexcept the eyes orcf: eyes or one eye to see thewayJ. see the way). 16
  • That will be better that thev should be lcnownThat will better they known(as free respectablewomld so a.T to befus free respectable women) so as not beannoyed. And Allah is Everannbved. And Allah rs Evdr Oft-Forgiving, -ofMosi Merciful."(33:59).Thepdrpose oftfieMost Mercif!ll. "(33:59).The pUrPose ttTerevelation of verse that Hie women atrevelation of this verseiis thdt th^e womenthe Prophets time used to walk outsideAl-the Prophets used outside AI-Madinah when thev had to answerthe call ofMadinah when they had answer the ofnature because they have restrooms innature because they did not have restroomstheir homes and-there were some wrong- homes and there were somedoers who used to follow the women slavesdoers used the women slaveswhen they walk outside the town to answerwhen they outside the answerthe call of natureand harassthem. There werethe of nature and harass them. There werecases,howevel, WQretl]ey harass thecases, however, . were they would harass thefree Ygmen thinking thdy were slaves,sofree women thinking they were slaves soAllah ~ revealed thIS verse to command the fl# revealedthis verle commandtheProphets wives, daughters, and the believipgProphets wives,daughters, the believing and cover themselvesrn orderwomen to cover themselves in order to bewomen bedistineuished from the slaves women.distinguished from the slaves women. IbnKatheTr ;ur .-* said regarding this verse:KatheIr _.. ,~~), said r_~arding this verse:"Allah ~ commanded His Messenger ~ to"Allah $# comm-anded Melsenger Wloorder the believing women especiallyHisorder the believing women especIally His their horiour,to drawwives and daughters for their honour, to drawwives and daughters-for cloaks on thdmselves to be distinguishedcloaks on themselves to be distinguished from the non-Muslim women and womenfrom the non-Muslim women and women slave." The word "Jilbab" (cloak)meanstheslave." The word "Jilbab" (cloak) means the cover over the veil (vashmak, accordingcover over the veil (yash,nak), according to tothe following translators of Quran: lbn the followins transldtors ofQuran: Ibn Masaud i;u ,et, Obidah, Qatadah,Masaud ~~~) Obidah, Qatadah, Al- Hasan Al-Basreyl Sieid bin Jub-air, IbrahimHasan AI-Basrey, Saeid bin Jubair, Ibrahim Annakahy, and Atta Al-Kahrasany.Annakahy, and Atta AI-Kahrasany. T7 17
  • Narrated Alli bin Abv Talhah,that Ibn abbasNarrated Alli bin Aby Talhah, that Ibn abbassaid "Allah ~ has commanded the believing said " Allah dW ccimmanded believins has the women when they leave their houses for Ewomen when they leave their houses for a necessity coveriheir faces. tonecessity to cover their faces. Mohammad bin Mohammad bin (a Sealqen- greatscholar)Seareen (a great scholar) said, I asked Obidah said,I askedObidahAs-Slmany-about the meairine AllahsAs-Slmany about the meaning of Allahs saying 66 :qbsaying " ~):>.. itf ~ J:i-4 "" (Draw their cloaks u* *+ (Draritheir cloaksall ofer tH6irbbdies), tiJ iou"i*a hisface soall over their bodies), so he covered his til;and head while exposinghis left eye.Alsoand head while eXRosing his left eye. Alsomany Muslim schdlarsSuch as Abu Bakermany Muslim scholars such as Abu Baker Arrazy (died on 370H).EmmadAd-DeenArrazy (died on 370H), Emmad Ad-Deen At-Tabri- (diedon 516H)Tmam Al-Bagawi(diedTabri (died on 516H) Imam AI-Bagawi (diedon 5 l6H), Ibn Al-Jawzvon 516H), Ibn AI-Jawzy in his Tafseer hiT Talseer(explanatiijn) (died on 597m.(exRlanation) of Quran (died on 597H), QuranSheikh Al-Islam ibri Taymidh(died on 728FIiSheikh AI-Islam ibn Taymiah (died on 728H)and many otherscholarssaidihe meaning ofand many other scholars said the meaninq ofthis verse is the woman coverher lacethis verse is for the woman to cover her facewhen non-mahram men are present.when non-mahram men arepresent. With all these proofs, we seethat this verse,of these proofs, we _ see tha^t verse,with thisno doubt-, means that theno doubt, meins that the Muslim woman womanmust wear a Hiiab (coverinsor veil) so astomust wear a Hijab (covering veil) so ascover her whole body from hEad toes.coverher wholebody from head to toes.Third Proof:Third Prooft Allah lk said in the Quran ~ said the Qur an #J *Li rSJ) ~}AJ R i 5J: y~ "I)) .-. ,^(the .-s.-JL )1)"~}j) whbn-you .rt-,-- cl r r i f If)W LeH. If ~L tjr ,",*J #; ..J JuJ ~~ n,aid And when you ask ihEni (the pVcinhet;i ask them Prophetsu,ttiye.s) _gny1hiytg yvant,. therhfromwives) ,for any.thing you want, ask them from for askbehiid- a Hiiab (veil). That is (33 lor vourbehind Hijab (veil). That pure for }lour purehearts and"for iheii" hearts." (33 :53) Tnishearts and their hearts. " :53) Thisverse, which was revealedin the fifth vearverse, which was revealed the yearafter Hijrah, tells us that Hiiab meansafter tells us that Hijab means 18 18
  • covering all parts of the body including thecovering all- parts.of the.bodYlncluding 1peface afrd there is no dispute between theface and there is no dispute between thesitrbtars that this verse means coveringtbescholars that this verse means covering theface with the rest of the .body. . Ftt theface with the rest of the body. But thedispute is aboutone issuewhetherthis versedispute -iestiicied about one issue whether this verseis restricted only to the wives of the Prophet wives of the Prophet~? Or is it for all MusUmwomeq? Imam At-Xt it an Muslim women? At-fabri- the greatest Scholar of the QuranTabri, greatest Scholar of(made scholarly commentaries/explanations[mad6 scholarly corrmentaries/explanationsbT t[; Oufan) ttated in his Book of Tafserof the Quran) stated BooK of TafserresaiainE this verse "When you ask theregarding this verse ask theProphets wives and tlre believing womenPr"ophetE wives and the believing womenwhom are not ~our wives, ask them fromwli6m ate your wives, ask diembehind a hij ab (veit) and do not entertheirUehin6 t hiiab veil) and do enter theirhomes (whIle t ey are inside the housefiomes (while they are inside the housealone), this is pur6r your hearts.andiloii;i, this is purer for your hearts and their their is a rulg, which is nothearts". So this verse is a rule, which is notft;rtd". So this verse f;i^ th; ptopti-.t= wives only butfor the Prophets wives only but for all all This verse(33:5?)aftdverseMuslim women. This verse (33:53) and verse futlrti* woifien. (33:59) have one relation, that is, in verse(33: 59) have:.,one rel~tion, that i~, in v~rse33 :53 Allah ~ stated ".rr.-- if;f)W J"r-:lt- b1) *t.s) 3l:Sl Allah $lsstated yl.:o:c-- 11)) t r:1,. ( the scholarsagreed that thisr-Jl;.,*.sJL versemeans" the scholars agreed that tli.is verse means wives must cover theirthat the Prophets wives must cover their that- t[a- Prophe"ts the facesand in verse33:59bodies including the faces and in verse 33 :59 6oaieJ-lncludngAllah ~ stated ::- Atlatr {H stated II~")G,. ".r{*}* :r. ~ 0:i~ ~ pI I......J ):.jtr-u, i(.J*:f+ €itl Y &~ )-r*]l;,},i Ji ~ 4-! y ~)j i C:-+,i-t commandingthe P_roplel to tell hts *lves,commanaing the Prophet ~ to tell his wives, iH dauehters,End the believingwomento coverdaughters, and the believing women to cover how could we thetffi;ivds. The point here-is,themselves. The point here is, how could we -in verse33:53 it meansthat thesay that in verse 33: 53 it means that the *t^-t[at 199 1
  • Prophets wives must cover their facesand inProphets wives must cover their faces and in verSe 33:59 it meansthey haveto covertheirverse 33 :59 it means they have to cover their bodie_sexcepttheir faces6nd the liandrf f wibodies except their faces and the hands? If we say thi.r,theh we meanthat the euran meanssay this, then we mean that the Quran means g4e rhryg ln one verse and means anotherone thing in one verse and means another thing in other verse where both versesthing in other verse where both verses concern the same rule. To confine ourconcern the same rule. To confine our interpretationof the said versesin irris ki"a oiinterPretation of the said verses in this kind ofthinking is absolutely wrong becausethethinKing is absolutely wrong because the verses in the Quranbonfirm Eachother andverses In the Qur an confirm each other andnot to contradict-eachnot to contradict each other. other.Fourth Proof: Allah ~ said in the Quran: Prooft iH said the euran:.:,r4L-.; ~ -:>i C bJAtj in-+,,i Cg .:..~ ,~ l>~ -:>.Y"".r- Y <)~ ~w .r ..Is-1."A}1 ) ;+Jr.*U f.".* d:*t- :1 glJr rL*Jt ;,.rrtrill _9 "f1e "r---:# ~ .ill )J .:,.---A ? ~ -:>i ),.u y. .,;.,>>,.~ p&- g.-l. oirl a,--J F t#u- ri ~y. olo.-,s .p "-Andas for -womenpast child bearing (and - HAnd asfor women pastVltla b-eaitns i"ia do haue monthly period) who do do not have monthly period) who do not expect wed-lock, on them if they expect -wed-lock, it /i ito sin bn them if thiv is no discard (quter) discard their (outer) clothing in suchh wdv such a way qs as not to show their adornmeit. But to refra{n show adornment. refrazn (pot to (not tg discard their outer ctothiis) is 6"iiii clothinfl) betterlor them...And Allah rs A!1, I{earer, AII[or them. .4nd is All I1earer, All Knower." (2a:60) The proof in this verie. is Knower. " (24:60) The this verse, that Allah dH had negatedthe sin on the old ~ had negated the the women (thosewho had past childbearinsas; women (those haa past childbearing age 4nd have no attractionto men) if thev diScald and have attraction men) if they discard their outer clothes under the conoitmn th;t clothes under the condItion that th"y do .not ,show their tdomment. lt-idis they do not show their adornment. It obvious that the meaning of this verseis to obvious that the meaning of this verse is to discqd the outer clothine bui not lit- tti* discard the outer clothIng but not all theclothing becauseshe will ae n"de. So ili; clothing because she will be nude. So the 20 20
  • elderlv women can expose their faces andelderly women can expose their faces andhands (itt the presence of men who arehandi (in the presence of men who arestranser or nan-lmahramif they wish but ifstranger or non-mahram) if they wish but ifthev "refrainon showinefheir facbsit is betterthey refrain showing their faces it is betterfor them. Imam At-Tdbri stated,when Allahforthem. At-Tabri stated, when Allah1l# said"...:r4L; ~ oicL:..>. "iheir " It no~ said";"{U;.-ar rv t+b.r-$" It is no sin on ~i ~~them if they .discar~ out~r clothi!1g, iti6em if -they-.disca:rdtheir outer clothing, ilmeans therd ls no sln on them if they discardmeans there IS SU1 them if discardtlieir veils and their ~owns (abaia)- Alsotheir veils and sowns (abaya).Imam Abu Yaala saif,In this versethereis said-"In verse therea proof that it is permissiblefol the,elderly- that permissible for the elderlywdmen to exposetneir facesand handsin thewomen expose their faces and hands the ^menpresence of men but not their hair becausenresence their because itis forbidden on them as it is forbidden on forbidden them as forbiddenyoung women." Sheikh Abdulaziz bin Baazvouns women." Sheikh Abdulaziz, Baazsaid Tesardine this verse "Allah informs that6aid regarding this verse informs thatthe elderly women who are not in the interestthe eld6rlv w-omen are the interest (because theirof marriage (because of their old age) are not marriage of age) are to be couEted misdemeanor removlngto be counted for misdemeanor for removing for fbr (coveringsor veils) of f theirtheir clothes (coverings or veils) off theIr their clothes faces and hands as 10n& as they arefaces and hands as Tong as they are notexposing their adornments .. So it is clear to eiposine their adornmentso So cleartounaerstand from this point that the elderly unfiista"nd from this point that the elderly women who are allowedto exposewomen who are allowed to expose their faces their faces and hands must still observe modestyby notand hands must still observe modesty by not einosins. their adornments.It must be notedexposing their adornments. It must be noted itiort-Alfah d* hasencouraged.them observethat AITah ~ has encouraged them to observe - lo Uii"U ffutl covering of their bodies whichHijab (full tovering of Their bodies which in6tuOedcoverins oTtheir faces)when He tkincludes covering of their faces) when He ~ SayS: ,---A ,r, otI-.-,-,i1""B?,lt tO refrAin (nOt lOsays: ~ po>- ~ ~i) " "But to refrain (not to It outer ctothing) r"sbetterdiscard their outer clothing) IS better for friiarFtheir 21l 2
  • them." If Allah- Str has encouragedthem." If Allah ~ has encouraged elderly elderlywomen (who by nature do ilot aDDearwomen (who by nature do not appearattractiveto men)-not to removetheir^veilsattractive to men) not to remove their veils(covering) fromtheir faces, so how about(covering) from their faces, so how aboutyoung and pretty women?young and pretty women? Proofsfrom the Authentic Sunnah Proofs from the Authentic Sunnah First Proof: Aishah ~ said: "May Allah Proof: Aishaht*, said: "May bestow His Mercy on the earlv dmisrant bestow His Mercy ~ gn the early e"!!grant women when women when Allah Theyt t.tt revealed, $# revealed," "7rA/ J,;/(-41 .;r-4~ ~~? " They should cover (draw F-,* ,-b -Fr+ shouldcover ftrd* veils over) their bodies, faces, itecks, their veils over) their bodies, faces, necks, Qa:3.1) qryd bosoms, and bosoms, (24:31) - they tore their iliey tore theii" Muruts ( a woolen dress, or a waist -binding MSryts woolendress, waist cloth or an apron, etc.) and covered thelr cloth or and covered their thbsetorn Muruts. " (Reportedfaces with those torn Muruts. "(Reported byfage_s Al-Bukhari). AI-Bukhari). Safiya bint Shaiba W, narrated Safiya that "Aisha Shaiba ~. narrated that "Aisha W ars;t usedto say: "When the verse: *t,;J,J ,, ~ .JJ/~.J used Thby "Whery say: the verse;..;r...r4l II "~~pjA? They should Cover (draw thdtr ---1;x* ek ;,,4 -bodies, cover (draw-their veils over) their bodies, faces, necks. and faces, neCKS, bosoms (24:3 I ) was reiealed, (the ladies) bosoms (24:31) revealed, edges cut their waist sheets _at the edges and cut their sheets at and covered their heads and faces with those cut their heads andfaces with thosepiege.s.of cloth..," (Reported by Al-Bukharipieces ot cloth." (Reported-and AI-Bukhari and Abu Dawud). AbuThe abovequotedauthenticAHadith actually above quoted authentic actuallvtell us how Muslim womenat the time of thb us women the time of the 22 22
  • Prophet ri obeyed Allah ~ and subsequentlyPronhet # obevedAllah dEand subsequentlvimolemeniedttie oblieationof Hiiab.If thisimplemented tIie obligation of Hijab. If thIS -meaningveise has a different meaning to it, then theverse has thenProphet riProphet W or at leastAishah-E (one of the least Aishah~ (one of bMoihers of the Believers) wciuld haveMothers of the Believers) would haveinformed or corrected them of the realinformed corrected them of realinterpretation of Hijab.interpretationof Hiiab.SecondProof: The Prophet said" ,r.r;i/ "Second Proof: The Prophet # said" ~)Y oi) " ~"The woman is awrah (privatepart, one who"The woman is awrah (private part, one whois forbidden .is"^(Reportedrs fprbidden to be expbsed). (Reported by be eX.R0sed). " dn authentibAt"-Tirmithi and saId it is an authenticAt-Tirmithi and saidHadith). Sheikh Hamoud At-Towaigry saidHadith). Sheikh Hamoud At-Towaigrv said Hadith proves that paft5 of the"This Hadith proves that all parts bf the ^is awrah (private,not bewomans body is awrah (private, not to bewomans bodyseen exposed) meii who areseen or ~xposed) to men who are notmahram (Mahrammeansthosewhom sheismahram (Mahram means those whom she isforbiddentb marry permanently. See 23 Chforbidden to marry permanently. See V 23 Ch her, this iircludesher face and every4 ) to her, this includes her face and every herbody". wasreported that Imampart of her body". It was rel?0rted that Imamoarthhmed bin Hambal said" ihe womansnailAhmed bin Hambal said" the womans nailis awrah and when sheleavesher home,sheis awrah and when she leaves her home, shemust not expose any part her body, notmust not expose any part of her body, noteven her shoes.bec-aube shoesthe deicribeeven her shoes because the shoes describethe feet,sleeve prefer thatthe feet.and I afso and also sheput a button preferthat she put a button at her hand,so that no parton her sleeve at her hand, so that no p~rt ofon herher bodv will be seen oihers."SheikhAl-her body will be seen by others." Sheikh AI- bv said"fmam Ahmed saidIslam bIn Taymiah said "Imam Ahmed saidIslam bin Taymiah Everv Dart cif the woman is an awrah evenEven part of the woman is an awrah even her finger nails." SheikhAl-Islam alsosaidher finger nails. " Sheikh AI-Islam also said 23 23
  • 6s lhis is also the choice(what Imam Ahmed" this is also the choice (what Imam Ahmed said)of Imam Malik."said) of Imam Malik."Third Proof:Third Proof: Narrated Ibn Vmar ~ Narrated Ibn Umar WAllahs Messenger said:Allahs Messenger ;Ji said: M uif"A woman who is ":}-:~r;: ~~~k"A w,oman tr" r# !r;i"t#tr;; &- jh;~~ who($triyg, Halj.(during Hajj or .Umrph) must not wear a Umrah) must ngt" wearnLqao Govermg the lace exceptthe eves)niqab (covering the face except the eyes) org!.ov " (Repoftedby-Al-Bukhari, Ma[ik,At_ e.sgJoves.. " (Reported by AI-Bukhari, Malik, At-Tirmidai, Abu Daw"ood.and Ahm;a).--Ab;Tirmidai) Abu Dawood, ;nd Ahmed). AbuBaker bin Al-Arabi said c( the ttridtth ofBaker bIn AI-Arabi said " In the Hadith ofIQ" IJmar,when the Prophet# said(;i,rr.-",v)Ibn Vmar, when the Prophet ~ said (;i) ~ 1)the woman rnust not- wear nigqli that isthe woman must not wear niqab that iSbecause covering the womads faCe isbecause covering the womans face i;o-blig-atoryon every womanobligatory on every woman who is noi notelderly exceptelderly except in Hgjj (u^f, when praying Hajj (and when prayingwnere no man who iswhere no man wno ls not her mahramsees her mahram seesher)".her)".Fourth Prooft Aishah W said: "Men on Proof: Aishah ~ said: "Mencamels used pass uscamels usedto pass by us while we were withthe Prophet ffi- and in the stateof thram. Wethe Prophet ~ zn the state ofihram. Wewould Eover our faces with our "sowns cover faces gowns when whenthey passed by u3, and then ufrcover themthey passed us, then uncover themagaii. " (Reported bv Abu Dawud and Ibnflgain." (Reported by Abu ^ and IbnMajah) Ata, Malik, AthThawri, Ash-Shaf i.Majah) Ata AthThawri, Ash-Shafii,Ahmad, and Ishaq hold that it is permissibldAhmad, Ishaq hold that it is permissible 24 24
  • for women to cover their facesin the stateof women cover faces state ofihranl. (Fiqh us Sunnah5.49)ihram. (Fiqh us Sunnah 5.49)Fronr the mentioned two Hadiths it is veryFron1 the mentioned Hadiths itclear that during Hajj the woman shoulddrawclear that during Haiithe woman should d.rawpart of her kifrar lpiece of clothes)over herpart of her kimar (piece of clothes)head and face so a*sto avoid beine seenbyhead and face so as avoid being seen pymen are her mahram. Also Sheikhmen who are not her mahram.Alio SheikhAl-Islam bin Taymiah said:"This is a proofAI-Islam Taymiah said:that niqab and gloveswerethat niqab and gloves were known to women womenwho were not on the state of lhram which wdre 5n the state of Ihramrequires coverin,,& their facesandhands".Andreouirescovering their faces and hands".he also said: ~l nere are two opinionsin thehealso said: "There are opinions the ^school of thought of Imam Ahmed binschool of thought of Imam Ahmed womans faceHanbal regarding the womans face while sheHanbal res,arding-the -state sheis on the state 6f Ihram: the first one it isis on the of lhram: the first onelike the mans head (while on the stateoflike the mans head (while on the state ofIhram must not be covered, second,theIhram) it must not be covered, the second, the thewomahs face is like the mansbody (whilewomans face is like the mans -body (whileon the state lhram, the man must cbverhison the state of Ihram, the man must cover hisbodv but he canrrotwear any clothesthatbody but he cannot wear any clothes that fitson. " In other words clothes that have beenon. other words clothei that havebeen sewed to on the body parts like pants,sewed to fit on the body parts like pants, ^ shirt. etc. rvhere cannbt be coveredshirt, etc.)) vhere it cannot be covered with nighb which was made to fit the body, thisniqab which was rnadeto the body, this opiirion (the second one) is the correct one correbtopinion (the second one) is the nigab one b^ecause Prophet#t madethe -usedbecause the Prophet ~ made the niqab and the andthe sloves torbidden and womenthe gloves forbidden and women used to to draw- on their facesdraw on their faces somethingthat with something that covers the face and hands(while on thd statecovers the face and hands (while on the stateof Ihram) but vvithout wearing a piece of of lhram) but r,vithoutwearing a piece 255 2
  • cloth that fits on the part the body, as iscloth that fits on the part of the body, as it isthe samefor men (duiine lhram thev cannotthe same for men (during Ihram) they cannotwear pants ~r any Riece of croth ihat fitswear pants (or any pieile cloth that fitson)". Ibn AI- aim saia: "When the Prophet ~on)". Ibn Al-Qaim sairt: "When the Prophetfggmdde forbiddenon women to wear niqab"made it forbi den on women to wearniqab"and gloves in Hadith narrated by Ibn Umar, itand -proof tn Hadith nanatedbv sloves Um-ar.is ais a proof that the womans face is like the that the womans faceis themanS bodv (durine lhram not the sameasmans body (during Ihram) not the same asthe manshehd(du-ringthe mans bead (during Ihram). Therefore, it lhram). Therefore,is forbiddenon womei wedr anythinsthatis forbidden on women to wear anything thatwas made to n"iqabwas made to fit on the face such as niqab on the face such-aswhereas on the other handwhereas on the other hand it is not forbidden not forbiddenon her to coverher face aJilbab (veil)on her to cover her face with a Jilbab (veil) something alike. hasnot beenrepbrtedor something alike. It has not been reportedthat the Prophet ~ had said even one letterthat the Prophet # had saidevenond letterregardins the oblieationregarding die obligation of exposing the exposins thewdmans- face durin-g lhram. ". He^alsowomans face during Ihram. ". He also said " iaid can be forbTddenon the womanHow can it be forbIdden on the woman tocover her face and at the sametime shewascover her face and at the same time she wascommanded by Allah that she must draw hercommandedbvJilbab (veil). so who shemust draw her thatJilbab (veil), so who will she not be she not beknown?". Ibn Hajer reported in Fatah Al-known?".Ibn-Haier reported Fatah AI-Bari that Ibn AI-Munther said "They (the that Al-Munther said "Thev (thescholars) asreed that the woman auringscholars) agreed that the woman duiins Ihram can-wear sewn(stitched)Ihram can wear sewn (stitched) clothesand clothes andshoes. and she covers her headandher hairshoes, and she covers her head and her hairexcept her face she must draw a pieceof clothexcepiher faceshemustdraw piece of clothover it to cover it from non-mahram.overit cover from norL-mahiam. 26 26
  • Fifth Proof: Narrated Ibn Vmar ~ Allahs Fifth Proof: Narrated Ibn Ljmar {#, Allahs Messenger;:J! said Messenger ffi said ,o:.," ~~: a*L fi.-lU " a.dt f., +J/A h./ :LJ....,r!..:..JLi.i ~L;..ijlrfi 4.)j j/~t?~ * ,b -t-+.rr ,--tt : II 4.;f·J>-Y" t-* ~Y) " : JL;r4-tti[ .il-* JIi ~/.J.i( ~ Ei : c)a "|n) ,r-rt," :rJLi3 ;l;,tl "L-Jt II: fjJ e-J1i lilY ~..;d :JIi : Yfi.i; ?L-.:JI II J.).r---: y L->:-0 j "On the Day of Resu*ection,;Ti;i not HO n the Day ofResurrection, Allah l,ffi;| will look at the i,ne who trails his loincloth out of one of arrogance (Jmm Salamah W asked: what arrosance Umm Salamah ~ asked: shou1d women do with the hem of their should women hem of clothes? clothes? He HF # said- "Thet., ma) lower"them a said: "They may lower them hands span. " she said: But theirleet she hands snan.-; said; But their feet would i stilt exposed. M said "Let them still remain exposed. " He 1! said "Let them lower those equal to an arms length but not those equal length than that " (Reported more than that. "(Reported by Abu-Dawood, At-Tirmidhi, An-Nssai, Imam Ahmed, and At-Tirmidhi. An-]risiai, Imain Ahmed, and At-Tirmidhi said this Hadith is authentic). At-Tirmidhi said this authentic). Imam At-Tinnidhi said: "In this Hadith there At-Tirrnidhi said: "In Hadith, there is a permission for VOlnen to trai f their a oermission wolnen trail clothes so they will be covered." And Imam clothes so they wili be covered." Al-Baihaqi said: "This Hadith is a proof for Al-Baihaqi said: Hadith is a for the obligation of covering the womans feet." the oblisation coverinflthe womans feet." Sheikh Mohammad bin Talih Al-Othaimeen Sheikh Mohammad bin Salih Al-Othaimeen said this Haditlu there is a that the said "In this. Hadith{ there is a proof that the women are obligatea to cover their feet and women are oblisated to coveriheir feet and this ruling is known to the companions this rulins is [nown to the companions wives. ThE foot is less attractivethanthe face wives. The foot is less attractive than the face any doubt. This Wise Faith and hands without any doubt. This Wise Faith and hands (Islam) rejects to otiligate covering what is (Islam) rejects .to obligate covering what is Iess attracttve(the leet) and permlt exposlng less attractive(the feet) and permit exposing. what is more attractive(the face)." what is more attractive(thef-ace)." 27 ?7
  • Aishah ~ said:Aishah W, said: r-- .J ~ JI ~ It jJ.i /- i,Li t * i, ,* J.".....)I ~ <.:.It... ~ ui Js ~~ W wL$) wlS Jr"Jt € ov-f f rv..r:.t.rLfJt J$" J/. ~~ 6jj.Jf.>.. IJij +-0 ~ ~.J ~ Ul.:b- f.j/~j ~..L..-- 6jjl>- "a[i":{ jlG ti,t; W| i ,*n, & Ut-t* Ut.t--!*ll- UJjL- " The CamelRiders durins Haiil usedto nass " The Camel Riders during Hajj) used to pass us while we were onthe"stai6of us while we were on the state ofIhram with lhramwith the Messenger Allah # the Messenger of Allah?Jff and when they aild when they were parallel to us, each one of us fuomei) were/arallel to us, each one ofus (women) would lower down her Jilbab (veiilover hrir woul lower down her Jilbab (veil) over her-face, and when thev pass us ilteface, and when they pass us she would uncover her -face " lReported by Ahmed, uncover her face" (Reported bv Ahmed. Abu-Dawood, and Abu-Dawood, and lbn MajahJ. Sheikh MaiahY. Sheikli Mohammad Mohammad bin Salih AI-Othaimeen said Salih Al-Othaimeen said regarding this Hadith The sayingof Aishah regarding this Hadith " The saying of Aishah W (whEnthey areparallelro irs. each one of ~ (wnen they are parallel to us, Eachone of us would lower ddwn her Jilbab over her us would lower down her Jilbqb over her face) is a proof of the oblieationof coverin~ face) is a J;roof of the obligation of coverins -when the woman s face". Also, when she said H the woman-s face". Also, she said One of this means anyone of the women One of us" this meansanyoneof the women were who were with them and not for the Prophets them and the Prqphets wives only. With all the aboveproof6 from wives only. the above RroofS the Qurah and the authenticAhailtth, we can the Ouran and the authentic Ahaaith, can Muslim.therefore conclude that indeed. Muslim.therefore conclude that indeed, women are obligatedto covertheir facesand women are obligated cover faces and hands. This is aecause Islam enioinsmen hands. This oecause Islam enjoins men and women to gUatd .~heir modestifor their and women guard~ their modesty eternalsuccess. ~ says: eternal success. Allah flffisays: (( "~ i.X-UI.J iJ~~ r-)l..." vr 1*a aiJt 1 .. L)r*u i)t-p d p ailt .. ,t ~pIglii -ti i.X-U1 iJ .>;lt cJii ...Li 1*a;+jJl J. . o*t_i;tUt_tlt r ji.iJ1.J . ,t-*-e..TV yiJt,f ~ ~ ~.iJ1 .J iJ~L...i ;f.j1f ; t. iJrP .rJl1 28 28
  • ~ ~[j ~l.f.r ~ ./r+"".J./? Yj . iJ~&- r-P".1~,# f,a tqf .St t~ tf ,e-U;f * vl . olhit- ret-nl ~ ;ltJ- r.:r--:.il.J . dptJt t &tli i)Jr rUt,Pl "* . ~~ J.1.JWI ~ l.!J.:}.1{; dJj ~0.1 ~r~ .,y* iJ.)2iGGr-i~~~~.il.J., urU try t tutV . J-&4 J,rt* * e,.yilts Jy0~¥ .1r--l.i~)r oltlt* L,.:i ~ r./.1.)~I olia gilt . diutP,-LkJ.,t i}.1.JJ/.>. W e ttt-/t J~; J.ill iJf~&J1 ~ ~.r "Successful indeed are the Believers: "successful indeed the Believers: those wlto humblethemselves their those wno humble themselves in pravers;actlve who avoid vain talk; who areprayers; zakat; who guard actzve in giving zakat; whq -those their mo[estv,- except with those moaesty, exceptjoined them in the Tnaruiage them- the marriage bond, bond,"or (fheto captives) whom their right ioined or fthe captives) whom hands possess foi (f in their case) they hands nossess fffor case)thev frie from blawie. thosewhoie are free "from blame. But those whose desires desiies exceed those limits are exceed those transgressors;. those who ff!-ithfully transgressors; those who fuithfully .trusts observe their -trusts and thezr observe their who (strictly) covenants, and who (strictly) guard covenants, - their prayers; these ittt beTheheirs their prayers; these will be the heirs, ;i,; i,;if i;ir" i F-o,aii They iti i i.- ;;-; who will inherit Paradise. Th will ri dwell therein (forever)." (Q-uran, dwell therein (forever)." (Quran, 23:1-11) 23:I-11) 29 29
  • Arguments thoseWhoLegalize by Arguments by those Who Legalize Exposing Muslim Womans Face Exposing Muslim Womans FaceSome Muslims have a dissentingopinionSome Muslims have a dissenting opinionregarding-the obligation o! Uijab-ancl theyregarding the obligation of Hijab and theysaV thef have some proofs frdm the Ourairsay they have some proofs from the Quran legalizeand th6 Sunnah toand the Sunnah to legalize exposing the exposifo thewomans face. Let us examlnevery care"fullvwomans face. Let us examine very carefullythe followine "proofs" as to theif relevancethe following "proofs" as to their relevanceand authentiEityto make the issue Hiiaband authenticity to make the issue of Hijabvqry clear to all Muslims especiallytliosevery clear to all lVluslims especially those I whb are searching the truth: forwho are searching for the truth: Argument:First Argument: Allah ~ stated in the i}H stated the an. -k, # . jH)"f.~ ))"Q ur" " ~ ~ L. )l .Quran: yJ" u !l ;re*;.1** "And to show off their adornment except HAnd not to show offtheir adornmentexcentonly !4at which is apparent. " (24:3l). Th6y that which. is"apparent. "(24:31). Theysay this verse is a proof that the woman cansay this verse. is a ploof that thewoman canex-poseexpose what is apparent what apparent from her. that is the from her: that theface and the harids Abdullah ibn Abbasfaie and the hands as Abdullah Ibn Abbas asexplained itexplained it by saying: "Except only that saying: "Except thatwhich is apparentwEich apparent meandthe face and h6nds". means the face and hands".The answerto this is as follows: Thev extractThe answer this as follows: They extractthis sayins of Ibn Abbas from what has beenthis saying of Abbas from what has beenreported oyreported by Ibn Jareer At-Tabri he said,Ibn Jareer he said,Abbas said aboutthis verse"And not to showAbbas said about this verse showoff their adornmentoff adornment exceptonly that r,vhich except that vhich is 30 30
  • apparent"means "Kohl (eyeliner)and ting."apparent" means (eyeliner) and ring."This report of At-Tabri, hasone personin ihe reQ0rt of At-Tabri, has one person thechain of the narrators who is weak,his namechain oT the narrators weak, nameis Muslim bin Kisan Addabi Al-Kuffu. Ibib Kisan Addabi Al-Kuffy.Haiier Al-Asqalani said "Muslim is- weakHajjer Al-Asqalani said "Muslim is weakna#ator." Alsb Imam Ahmed bin Hanbbalnarrator." Also Imam Ahmed Hanbbalsaid about him "His (Muslim) Hadith shouldsaid about (Muslim) Hadith shouldnot be written."- Imam Al-Bukahri be written." Imam AI-Bukahricommented also about Muslim bin Kisancommented also about Muslim KisanAddabi Al-Kuffo: "Thev (the scholarsofAddabi AI-Kuffy: "They (the scholars ofHadith) talked about him (meaning theHadith) talked about him (meaning theAhadith he narrated weak)l So wiih thisAhadith he narrated are weak). So with this arenarrator (Muslim) beingnarrator (Muslim) beine in the chain of the sayine-of the chain the Abbas, we seenarrators of the saying of Ibn Abbas,we seenarratorsof thethat this report is weak-and cannotbe takenthat this report is weak and it cannot be taken proof. Thereis anotherwayinto as a sound proof. There is another way ofinto as a soundthis saying Ibn Abbasthat was reportedthis saying of Ibn Abbas that was reported by -Imam AI-Baihaqi, he said in flis bookImam AT-Baihaqi. he said his book"Assunnan AI-Koobra" Ibn Abbas said"Assunnan Al-Koobro" Ibn Abbas said not to show offregarding this verse "And not to show offresarding this versethEir adornmentexcept onlv that which istheir adornment except only that which is what is in the face andapparent" means wliat is In the face andaonarent" meanshhhds. AIso in this way the reportingqfhands. Also in this way of the reporting of Ibn Abbas,therearetwo weakthe saying of Ibn Abbas, there are two weakthe saying the first one is Ahmed binnarrators, the first one is Ahmed binnarratdrs,"Abduliabar bin Mohammad Al-Ataradi,Abduljabar bin Mohammad AI-Ataradi,whorn Ibn Haiier said about him "He iswhom Ibn Hajjer said about him "He isweak" and Imdm Athahabi said about himweak" and Imam Athahabi said about him-oMore than one scholaragreed is weak." he"More than one scholar agreed he is weak." Also no less than his sod (Ahmeds son),Also no less than his son (Ahmeds son), Abdurahman bin Ahmed Al-Ataradi, whoAbdurahman bin Ahmed AI-Ataradi, who 31 1 3
  • said abouthis father: "I wrote fromsaid about his father: "1 wrote from him but 1 but Istopped telline what he said becausestopped telling of what he said because ofwhlai people Iaid about him (beins weak)."what people said about him (being weak)."The secoirdman this chain ii AbcfullahtiinThe second man in this chain is Abdullah bin Harmooz Al-Makki. whom IbnMuslim bin Harmooz AI-Makki, whom IbnHaiier said about him "He is-weak" andHajjer said about him "He is weak" andIm-dm Athahabi said aboutImam Athahabi said about him "Ibn Ma ainMaainsaid he (Abdullah bin Muslim) is weak andsaid he (Abdullah bin Muslim) is weak and Al-Madinv said he is weak twice." SoIbn AI-Madiny said he is weak twice." Sonone what hasbeenreported believednone of what has been reported in believed of Abass regarding this verse bv savinsIbn Abass regarding this verse by saying -be"What should be apparent is the face and should apiarent is the hceandhands" is authentic.On the otherhand, hashands" is authentic. On the other hand, it hasbeenreportedthat Abdullah Ibn Masaridsaidbeen reported that Abdullah Ibn Masaud saidthe meaningthe meaning of "And not to show off their - not to show off theiradornment except only that which isadornment except only that which isapparent" is "thb cloth-es". this report isapI?arent" is "the .clothes", this report isa^uthenticas reportedauthentic as reRorted by ibn Jareer, Ibn Ibn Jarei:r,Shaibah and Al:Hakim and he saidauthenticShaibah and AI-Hakim and he said authentic the conditions of Muslim; and Imamon the conditions of Muslim; and ImamAthahabi agreedAthahabi asreed with hiin. Sheikh him. SheikhMohammad 6in Salih Al-OthaimeensaidMohammad Din Salih AI-Othaimeen saidregarding this situation: "If we agree thatregarding this situation:"If we asree thatwFat Ibil Abass said the correct one whenwhat Ibn Abass said is the correctonewhenhe said "The faceand handsto be exposed".he said face and hands be exposed",this can only be takenas an accepted proof ifthis can be taken as an accented broof ifthere was no different opinion of hnotherthere was different opinion of anotherCompanion that .opposes his opinion. IfCompanion that opposes io his opinion. If to ^another Companronopposeshim, we mustanotlier Companion opposes him, we Inust -follow what other (duthentic)pioofs give what other (authentic) proofs givepreference over. Sohere in this case,-thepreference over. So here thIS case, the 32 JL
  • opinion of Ibn Abass (which was found notopinion of Abass (which was foundauthentic) has beenopposed the opinion ofairthentic)has been opposed bv by ofIbn Maslaud (based^ authenticreport)so Mas aud (based on autlientic report) sowe must follow what other proofs say. must other proofs say. .Second Argument: What hasbeenreportedSecond What has been reportedby Abu-Dafrood, ~ y ~ G~ Jli ~ ~ :> Jb y.i C?iby Abu-Dawood, F.+-p- tJ-u Ju {ir J -rr,,*ig;i J Jo~ A J .J...:A- ,y- ..L:J}I l.ip>-i ":Jli 1))- j-.a-J !. ,y:,;J u5U;Vtf p ,l Vf {Jt u"-*fYu,}t}t,.1-a;.Jt .Y ~lki~1 .*f y£lJi ~ ~l.c-i 0 ~ 1ll -?!t-+.-:VVo gl..r, ;ri qlo- Ji {1* ,f ;:>l;jCf . k " iur+f ~l&. ~ .~.1:):> ~.-!i y ~ Jli ~l>-,y- ttY oWi ,-rtc..iliJ yt; 4.# JsfLr.-& 6l ~ nl J.r"J ~..::..1>-:> kj";ul f t +urU;.+U 4b r-LJ ~.:ill fL," ~ Jyt.* **, ~ ~ -?J ~~ b1 ~i)l 01 ~L<:-i l:! " JI,; J *: J ql.c1ll .rLa 1 Jy1@,-e-*v,: -.ir r;1;irtr ;1 wi t, Jti s r-L ~ nl ~ nt J.r"J ~ ~./li "li{ ) q-.-J;r rui J lir, rj,r )11 W ct-oi ~ II t ".yS J ~J JI )L.:.i J " 1..i.A> J ..i.A> Y! ~ 1.>..1- 0i -t-.2 | ~ "iJtHe said, Yaqoub bin Kaab AI-Antaki andHe said. Yaqoub Kaab Al-Antaki andMuaamalMuaamal bin bin AI-Faddil Al-Harrany Al-Faddil AI-Harranyinformed me that Alwalead informed theni,informed me that Alwalead informed them, Basheer,hehe reported from Saeid bin Basheer~ hehe reported from Saeidreportad from Oatadah, he reported fromreported from Qatadah, he reported fromKbalid bin Duralk he reported tliat Aisha ~Khalid Duraik he rebortedtliat Aisha &,said "ThatAsmasaid "That Asma bint Abu-Bakar ~ walked Abu-Bakar & walked into the Prophet Mwearing soft(thin) clothes,into the Prophet ;Jiwearing soft(thin) clothes, then He #^ turned his faVeaway (fro* her)then He 1f turned his face away (from her)and O which the mdaningof is iranslatedand said which the meaning ofis translated saidas: 0 Asma, when the woman reaches theas: Asma, when the womanreaches thease of nubertv is not permissible seeany to age ofpuberty it is not permJssible tc! s~e anyp"art of this. Hepart 0/ her Eody except thzs and thzs. He 3W-nointedher 6odv exceptthis (Reported E€ to her face and hands.pointed to her face andhands. " (Reported byRbu by Dawud) Thev savthis Hadithis a clearAbu Dawud) They say this Hadith is a clear for permiiting Muslim womenproof for permitting Muslim women to 33 JJ
  • expose their faces and hands.Manyexpose their faces and hands. Many Muslimwomen, including the piolrs amons them.women, including the pious among them,believeinthemwithout kirowinsthatThebelieve in them wIthout knowing that the said saiciHadith is weakHadith is weak in two ways. First, there is a ways. first. there is adisconnection the chain-of (thisdisconnection in the chain of narrations (this narrationsmeans one the narrators the Hadirlrmeans one of the narrators of the Hadith didnot meet the one he claimedhe heardfromnot meet the one he claimed he heard fromhim). the chainhim). In the chain of the narrators of this the narrators thisHadith as has been compiled bv Abu-Hadith as it has been compiled by Abu-Dawud himself, he said "Khalid bin-DuraikDawud himself, he said "Khalid bin Duraikdid not hearfrom Aishah{#, Second. thedid not hear from Aishah ~ ". Second, in thechain the narrators,there is Saeid binchain of the narrators, there is Sa eid binBasheerwhom Ibn Haieer, Maain, lbnBasheer whom Ibn Hajeer, Ibn Maain, An-Nassai, bin Al-Madinv and Ibn HibanNassai, Ali bin AI-Madiny and Ibn Hibansaid TIe is weak." Therefore,those whosaid "He is weak." Therefore,-for those whoclaim this Hadith as a proofclaim this Hadith as a proof for MuslimMuslimwomen exposetheir fates and hands towomen to expose their faces and hands totheir non-mahramtheir non-mahram must must stop from stop frompropasatine the idea as the said Hadith isproRagating the idea as the said Hadith is -and-thereforewedk be disregardedas aweak and therefore to be disregarded as aproof.proof.Third Argument: Argument: Narrated Jabir bin Narrated Jabir binAbdullah~-, <We..ill ~-->: ~ ~ ~ ~ JYJ C" 0~Abdullah+- 4.ie *l .r-;;: , :iFl J- ,ir Jr; 1- c,r+;L6r-- iL; ( 4.,.L;1 J J jl~i ,,, ~l Y ;~L i..y ~I y. ;":>l.aJ ~ JSF lU ir a.ulY y -r-:i ih!r J+;)Lrr i-r, -,;r .";{"Jr pN aJ--;~ ~ (rJ>?~ J ...,.,UI.12>-; J ~Lb ~ ~ J ~llS~ /h J~p Ls@f ef" J L.Ul J*s s.-t!.rb :--> ) ^irr J>: 6_r..ir,i; J>U,,ll.-Jft p-<* .-L-- J -S --rpJ..l.,a.7 JLi, f?~ J ~~)~ .~ ~ ,.{ ? j~ ,j,l=,- Jw ;+-5, : :#ty,uJr~L.J ;i -JI,:;-3;;.(V :Ju.lt Jy-J ~ t:j~ PJ :JL; ~I Jr., ! / : c-Jur;,:rl1rt--c-- ,11 n;irt ~LJI -^L^ cJw J..8-1 ~..U....., rL. 4.b...., i f ;i/I0-- J~ y; J ~ ~~ifJ~ ~ ;JL; .~ j~ J ~~I.,- J>L +f 4 il+lr;*.1- g 3itt,aa;i.,*r;JU.^r*lt-o;S;1eK.Jt "....:.rt---1y» I ~~}i " -,g-ilr-- ,.,g-bt;i 34 34
  • "I attended the PraYer with Allahs"I attended the Rrayer with Allahs Messenger fJj on the Eid-el-Fitr Da~, He MMesseiier # on theEid-el-Fitr ^Day-$e ,#commeilcedwith the-prayer peJore.Khutba commenced with the prayer before Khutba (sermon) without Atnan or Iqamah. He ?JiTiermon) without Athan-or-Iqqmah.-He #- then stood up leaning on Biral and He :Ifilri" stbod up leaning on Bifal ary4 H-g #. commanded them to be-"*t - to Allah. He :Ifci*ma:nded them to 6e pious to Allah- He #. exhorted it ei on obEdience to Him and i;iiia them obedience to Him andpreached people admonished them.ir:tocitd to thepeople and admonishedthem.Tiei He ffi prbceeded to the womgn.He M,-Then ?i! *i; proceeded women. He :Ifpreached to them and reminded tltem andbiiitneAdtlitd them reminded them asked them to give alms,for most of-themare them alms, for most ofthem i"nifuel if nett7.l,wln1ai sitting inThemiddle the n"i ofHell. A woman sitting in the middle of the women, with black spbt on-tltecheek ;Tih-;iio*ii, black spot on the cheek said: "lThy is so,Messenger s toad up and said: "Why is it so, Messenger itood uD of Allah? " He Ji said. -"For You grumble of Allah?" # said: "For you grumble often and show ingratitude to your spprySq often show ingratitude spouse. And then they began to give alms out of their then they Qegan tq g.ivealms oJ thetr ornaments, such as their earrings ana rings ornaments,such {ts thetr-earrmgs afqflngs,, which they threw on the cloth .o.Jbttat " whtch they threw on the cloth of Bila[" (n;p"$dFv Al-gukahri andMusliin). Thev (Reported by fJ-Bu~ahri anq ~usli~). Th~y siiO ln thisHadith say when Jab!r ~ ~~.J sald in thlS Hadlth say wnen J-,ibf^;J.i;, ;X *o*att with black spot on the cheek" is "A woman with black ipot on the cheek" it is u^ptoofittat *hg was eryiosing fq*.,and if her a proof that she was exposing her face, and if was coveringher tacehe woulo not nave she was covering her face he would not have she ieet her face.Tffiere two po;sib-e are seen her face. There are two possibe answers answers io-inii.-f iist, there is no probf in the Hadith to this. First, there is no proof in the Hadith ifiui i"d]caies that the Flophet W saw the that indicates that the Prophet ii saw the *ittriout Hiiab and fie *Eapprovedit, woman without Hijab and fie ~ approved it, *;** UuT^^onlyiabir sdw Lt.t face a^Itd but only Jabir saw her face and that is that is because, - maybeherHiiab fall.qflher face, beiausel maybe her Hijab fall off her face, oi b*cdtrt* she was in the middle of the or because she was in the middle of the 35 5 3
  • women, she took off her Hiiab or anotherwomen she took off her Hijab or anotherpossibility that shewas an old wornanwho ispossibility that she was an old woman who ispermitted to expose her face as statecl thegermitted to expose her face as stated in the in(Juran:Quran: --* ar.ffi.-+s;- fr.:r4W ~ wf c.b- ~ ~ ~l5:; ;;~J!. :J ~:Jl ~L.,:..1I if J.£:.lyiJl)" r-=- A..J:" :ff:-g:; ;H!::, ;" "~.le. -- 4ii1 J U..l" U.~ .>1 J L:.J ..:..>~J-- ..1-- .1 ,..;00:. : . . .. J. n..::.. "j;. *Afd asftr women HAnd as for womenfast childbearing lvho do pas.tc.hitdbeaying do whonot expebt wed-lock, rs no stn on them ifnot expect wed-Ioc , it is no sin on theln ifthey iliscard (outer) clothinsthey aiscard their (outer) clothing in such su"hawpy as not to show their adornment. But toaway as to show adornmZnL torefrain (i.e. to discardrefrain (i. e. not to discard their outer outerc[othing) is betterfor thern.c{othing) is betterfor theln. And Allah is All- isHeargry lll-K7owbr.". Qa:60)Hearer, All-Knower" (24:60) It must be musr benoted further that this story was reportedbvnoted further that this story was reported by -thanmany companions othermany con1panions other than Jabir, ana Jdbir. an8neither one them had mentioned thisneitlier one of them had mentioned thiswoman exposing her face except Jabir. Alsowoman exposingher faceexceptJabir.Also -Imam MuslimImam Muslim in his Autlientic Book, his Autlientic Book.reported those who narratedreported those narrated this storv besidd this story besideJabir, they are Abi Saeid Al-Kuhdries,.Jabir, they are Saeid AI-Kuhdri~-, Abass~>, and Abdullah IbnAbdullah Ibn Abass4,, and Abdullah IbriAbdullahUmar~-. Neither one of them reRorted that heUmarr*-. Neither one of them reportedthat he ttrissaw the womans face. Also this storvwassaw the womans face. story wasnarrated by Abu-Hurairah {+- and Abdullahnarrated Abu-Hurairah ~- and Abdullahbin Masird i+, without _mentioningthe Mas ud ~- mentioning . thewomans face. So here five companlonswomans face. So here companionsreportedthis story andthey all saidwliat Jabirreported story and they said Jabirgir said but neifherone cif them mentioneda~> said neither one of them mentioned 36 36
  • woman exposing her face, which makes itwoman exposing her face, which makes it that only Jabir~, saw her face.very clear ihat oillv Jabir u*.saw her face-Wemu6t note that Jabir ~, to see her face doesmust note that for Jabir4t to seeher face doesnot make a profound argumentfor thosewho make profound argument those wholesalize exposing the womans face,becauselegalize expbsing the w-omans face, becauseit "was not prov6nthat -theProPhSJ saw the was proven the Prophet #~woman exnosing her face and He approvedwoman eXQosing her face and approvedher action.^Besicfes,indeedJabir4,-s-awher action. Besides, if indeed Jabir ~J saw her ifface, it must be noied that he only.mentionedface, must be noted he only mentionedone womans face, not majolity of theone womans face, majority of thewomen. This meandthat wom-en general,women. means that women (in general,with the exceptionof the woman that]abir e" the exception of the woman that Jabir ~Jsaw) in those aays wear Hiiab.saw) thosedayswear Hijab. SaadFourth Argument: Narrated Sahel bin Saad Argument: NarratedSahel~J said:4- said:~ ,, ~I Jr---) 4 :cJw r;L J ~ ~ i.-~ lil J y ) v,-k- ~r.,... .ri 6t J:-; t- :.:JW d--, qJc..irt ,J-.1r Jr, .,rel*;irrr ji~t ~ ~ rL J ~ ~ J-+ ~ Jy) ~t ):W ~ ~ <-:-A~t+-Jl --E;lr -"-4, +J qi.a.11,rlp .iJlJr-, kJl fu ctJ .+! ".i-;+t ••• ~ I. I~ ~ r 4..J·i 0;ilr v J I..4.J..!l •.*f, ) "; fl (f• ~y.&)If. .1 _ I u+ .i - 1 ~....I.>- ... c-*l-- ~ k# -A- t c( A ·1) ..r(, uli ~ fl I: Utl .l::l.l::l ^r.tJ (A lady came to Allahs Messenger # and "A ladv came to MessengerMsaid:; ""O Allahs Messenger! I have come tosaid "0 Messenger! haie come toM to offer mvself to vo{(to marrv her).you to offer myselfto )!OU (to marry her). He vou!Jf raisecf"his eyes and looked at her and then raised" his eves"and-looked thenlowered his head. When the lady saw that he Towered his hbad. When the ladv saw that he not make anv decisirin, she satdid not make any decision, she sat did do*n, . etc. " (Reportdd bv Al-Bukahri anddown ....etc. "(Reported by Al-Bukahri and Muslim). Thdy sby that the Prophet # lookedMuslim). They say that the Prophet ~ looked 377 3
  • at the woman and was not interested inat the woman and was not interested inmarrying her and if shewas not exposinshermarrying her and if she was not exposing herface,-Hd ffi would not looked at heirand-rhenface, He ~ would not looked at her and thenturned away from her. There are three logicalturned away from her. Therearethreelosicaland sound answersto these: First. thele isand sound answers to these: First, there isnotlring in .this Hadith that states the womannothing this Hadith that statestlie womanwa? exposingh.e{face,and for the Prophetffiwas exposing her face, and for the Prophet ~to look up and down at the woman doesnotto look up and down at the woman does notnecessarymean she was exposins her facenecessary mean she was exposing her faceand he ~ was looking at her body. Second,and he ffi was lookine at her bodv. Second.this story could be belore the oblisationthis storY could be before the obligation ofHiiab. Third, is from the SunnahfortheHijah. Third, it is from the Sunnan for theman when he is interested marrying aman when he is interested in marrying awoman, at her face,so if this womanwoman, to look at her face, so if this woman expose her face front the Proohetwdid expose her face in front of the Prophet ~then if could be for this reason(i.e.. t6 shoirrthen it could be for this reason (i.e., to showher face the Prophet tE hoping that heher face to the ,Prophet ~ hoping that hewould marry her).would marry her).Fifth Argument: NarratedAbdullah Ibn Abass E#,: -..Jr gy- tV s, )ailt rL-, ."lo.1l ,rL, ,61J-rj:;i,* dt .*.-:e l*-t )+,, FiJl 96; , {i.-l-, i,*t .,Il *+ l+b1 ..f ;lJll clil J "4.;.r.,-,rnLru-Ll ql,e .11+l:...=i foe-+e--el;l+-Ji .A Jat;;Ls .rla nt J,*).l*Li t+JJ .-Li.e.!t&:,"Jr "F;4",lt ."h.; : 6t .rI- c..uJU6J J-- ! +Jw tdl ,E jt ,-p ys Jr,i J.;;ir ;j+ i-ii o-r.e "JL,tC,h:*,-!,1"{ F=- *i ,S i .r!" ..,| C + .11 a-h,-jrrl " a* f a;.eAI-Fadl bin Abtsas..ri ,-b-iu-,l.Sj-aL-lJl, J-e (.5F*,- F+":Jli 7-->I ou-ir ,-2, ,oide-behindAllahs Messenger Mas his*coripanionrider 38
  • ofhis -"i o;"ir"back portion of W she-camelon 10fon the backon the th~ his she-camel on thgDay of wiir (i fii ilrt d, Nahr (slaugbteriYig o sau tfics, 0 f ofsacrifice,J :.day of/he month oJ uhul-Hjjjah) anaAt:FadtA;i ;f th; ionfh-ifutil-fiiiidw andAI-Fadlwas a handsome man. The Prophet tJi stoppedids d handsomeman. TheFrophet ffi stapped -(answersto sive the people verdicts -(answers their give people verdicts theirquestion regarding Hajj). In the meantime, oeues"tionregardihe Haii). In tfte meantimg,a beautiful woman "froni"ihebiaittful foman -from the tribe of Khatham ofKhath amcame ask the Prophet ?Jf question. Al-i;iiio to ask the Prophet # a ciuestion- Al-Faat started lookini at her as her- bequty-Fadl looking as^ beautyattracted him. The Prophet ?If looked behindattracted him The Prophet BF looked behindwhile At-paAt was lookini at her so theintli Al-Fadl was looking so thepioit his hands backwards and-caukht ;If held his hands-baclcwardsProphet M caught the chin of Al-Fadl and turned his "f tiA chin of AI-Fadl turnedface (to the other side) in order- that he f"iE fto the otlier side) order he -Missinser! saze her. Shesaid: "O"iiti"ld not gaze at her. She said: 1(0 AllahsshouldMessenger! "The obligation --of perfgrming -H;ii -efriotned The obligation of performing by AllaV on Hii worshipperTHajj enjoined by Allah on His worshippers hai belome due (compul+ory) on myJpthe,r has become due (com]?ulsory) on myJflther man and who cannot sttJtmlywho is an old man ana who cannot sitjirmly who ts an oi the ridins animal. Will be sufficientthaton the ridiYlg animal. Will it be sufficient that -"rrlh-"Yes Haii on his behalJ!".-Ht ?1W said p"ifor*II perform Hajj on his behalf?" He ^Hf;.aid ". (Reportedbv el:FuEbatt). They " ~ "Yes ". tReported by AI-Bukhari) They sav that the woman iir this Hadith was say that the woman in this Hadith was eiboiine her face at the presence the exposing her face at the presence of the Prbphet"W and He did not bommandher toProphet ;i and He did not command her to a;vei h;i face. There are three sensible cover her face. There are three sensible First, thereis answers to this argumentation: First, there is answersto this argumentation: in this Hadith that states is legal it no proof in this Hadith that states it is legal no- nioof men to look at womens facq (wpm-eg for men to look at womens face (women ior wtro are non-mahram because Prophet#€ the who are non-mahram) because the Prophet ~ difi noi approvethe action of Al-Fadl +i:- did not approve the action of AI-Fadl ~J when "vhen 39 39
  • he was lookine at the woman but insteadHehe was looking at the woman but instead Heii turned AI-Fadl s face to the other side soW turned Al-Fddls face to the other side so he will not be able to look at her. Imam An-fie will not be able to look at her. Imam An-Nawawi said: "One thine to be concludedNawawi said: "One thing to be concluded from this Hadith is th-e forbiddance offrom this Hadith is tlie forbiddance oflooking at women". If someone would asklooking at women". If someone would askwhy did not the Prophet W command thewhy did not the Prophet ;i command thewoman to cover her face?The answeris. hewoman to cover her face? the answer is, heii might have ordered the woman to cover herffi might have orderedthe woman to cover hertace but the narratorface but the narrator of this Hadith did not this Hadith did notreport it. Or he W did not tellreport it. Or he ~ did not tell it to her to herbecause not reporting somethinedoes notbecause not reRorting something does notmean did nof happdn.Second,Thismean it did not happen. Second, this HadithHadithwas narrated by Abdullah bin Abass ~, whowas narrated Abdullah bin Abass4.r,whowas presentwas not present with the Prophet ~ when this the Prophetffi when thisstory occurred, because Abdullah bin Abassstory ocCurred,becauseAbdullah AbassEil. Muzdalifah (a place~, left for from Muzdalifah (a place inMakkah) at night and the Prophet ~ left at theMakkah) at night-andthe Prophet# 16ftar themorrung as It has been leported by Al-morning as rt has been reported bv AI-Bukhari and Muslim and he whs infornied ofBukharl and and he was informed ofthis story by his brother Al-Fadl iS-burhii story -never brother AI-Fadl ~,but hisbrother never told him the woman wasbrother the woman wasexposing hgr face.Also when he said shewas.expos.ipg her face. when he said she wasbeautrful, doesbeautiful, does not necessarymean he saw necessary mean sawher face,it could be because her bodv or he face, could be because df her body he ofcould have seen a part of her skin. N<itethatcould have seen apart of skin. Note thatgranting that -he really did seeher beautifulgranting that he really see beautifultace, it could be that by accidenther veil fallface, it could he that accidentdown from her face sincewomen on ihram face since womenafe forbidden to wear nesab (as nreviouslvare forbidden to wear neqab (as previouslydiscussed)that can safell covertheir faCEi.discussed) that can safely cover their faces. 40 40
  • However. we must rememberthat women asHowever, we must remember that women aseviaent 6n the Hadith narratedby Aishah E#,evident on the Hadith narrated by Aishah ~that they their faces with theirthat thev would cover their fac-es with theireo*ns frhenevermen who were non-m€thramgowns whenever men who were non-mahramfassed by and then uncover them again.Qassed and uncover them again.From thii we can infer that Muslim women this, can womenwho follow Allahs commandment Hiiab commandment of Hijab ofmust always find ryays to cover their faces always ways cover faceswhenever non-mahram men are around.whenever non-mahram men are around.Havine no nesab as in the casewhile in theHaving neqab as the case theitate oTihram is not an excuseto display their state oT IS an excuse displayfaces. Third. this Hadith was also narratedbyfaces. Third, this was also narratedAli bin Abi:Talib gi., Ali Abi-Talib ~,and Jabirbin Abdullah and Jabir Abdullah.,g., and was compiled by Imam Muslim butEF-and was compiled -mentioned ^them Imamneither one of them mentioned anythingneither one anything beauty of the woman about the .beauty of the woman or tliat she about the that she was exposing her face. was exposinghel face. 41l 4
  • Conclusion ConclusionVery clearly,. Islam as the true religion give-qVery clearly, Islam as the true religion givesconcrete and profound answerd td allconcrete and profound answers to allproblems and issuesthat bother mankind.2roblems and Issues that bother mankind.One very good example this is the issueOne very good example of this is the issue ofHiiab. Fr6m the nurmber OuranicAvaatHijab. From the number of Quranic Ayaatanb authentic Ahadith cited irithis worli. weand authentic Ahadith cited in this worK% wecan concludethat indeed,can conclude that indeed, Hijab is a religIous Hiiab is a relisiousduty that Allah ~ has enjoined to theduty that $# has enioined td thebelievine womenbeheving women for their brotection and their protection andsuccess. is a manifestatioh womanssuccess. It is a manifestation of womansadherenceadherence to the Qur an and the Sunnah. the Quran an_d the Sunnah.This means a concrete proof that she obeysThis means concrete that sheobevsAllah dgand His Messenger~. It is a sign bf ~ and MessenAer #. is sien ofher strength protecther dignity and nonorher strength to protect hEr disnitv and h"onorfrom the wickedness of sdme men andfrom the wickedness of some men andtherefore the protection of the societywheretherefore the ^protection of the society whereshe belongs. Above all. it shows hershe belongs. Above all, shows herpreferenc.eRreference Tor the life Heredfterto be among lor the Hereafter be amongthose who will be given the honor to seEthose will be given the honor seeAllahs Face because- her firm belief and Face because of her of andobedience ~ andobedience to Allah S# and His Messenser Messenger 48.;I.Brothers and sisters in Islam, now yoritra-v-eBrothers and sisters Islam, you have 42 42
  • found the truth aboutHijab and it is {or ygufound the truth about Hijab and it for youto decide which path you want to take, theto decide which path you want to take, thecorrect one or th^eoth-er. your guidance,correct one the other. For For guidance,however,.alwaysrememberthilsHadith whenhowever, always remember thIS Hadith whenvou are tn doubt of any issuethat concernsyou are in doubt of issue concernslour faith: The Messenger Allah # said :your faith: The Messenger of of ~ said:u-LJI Vf .frS 1116.l*- Y .rfa;^i;-tf i -rt{ 0 ~ ) ~~ L.ei.+.i,,+r rl/l ~J ~ i l)- J ~ J}ft" J "j.;lII "rv jJ r:!J cf s o+-t,. u,--rJ-f;:-,1.r1*Jle:--J ~~I et i J ~ f J ~..u i~ ~~r let+t !-, J LUi ~i ~ *1 II J J )--"What is lawful is clear and what is unl-awful"What clear and uJlawfulis clear. but between them are certain clear, between them are certaindoubtful things which manv people do notdoubtfulthings which many people do not -adainstknow. So hE who guards against doubtfulknow. So he suards doubtfulthings keeps his re-ligion and his honorthinss keeps his religion alnd his honorUtirfieless but he whlo falls into doubtfulblameless he wlio falls doubtful into that which is unlawful."things falls into that which is unlawful."ttiines falls (Re5orted bv Al-Bukhari and Muslim)-(~eported by AI-Bukhari and Muslim). Allahtm ^knows best and peace be upon the M knows best and peace be upon the Messeneer Allah, his family, companionsMessenger of Allah, hIS family, companions follows his Path-tillthe Dayand vvhoever follows his Path till the Day of and rvh-oeverRessurection. Ressurection. END END comments or corrections pleaseFor any comments or corrections please For anycontact me at: contactme at:Abdulaziz M. AddweshAbdulazizM. AddweshP.O. box 20824P.O. box 20824Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 11465Rivadh.SaudiArabia 11465PhbneNo: (5) 5IZ-3992Phone No: (5) 512-3992Fax No: (1) 405-9387FaxNo: (1I405-9387 43 43
  • Lr+*-t-rrrrt ;t, ,.,fJi_f,U~ ~jj .)) ~~! ~~ 41;# ~ Jp. ;; .J.l".. Ji ~..w Ji jj~! Ioii UJ)
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