English 011


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

English 011

  2. 2. ISLA]TI BRIEF INISLAM IN BRIEF Mahmoud IUIurad Mahmoud Murad Printed Published and Printed and Published By By Presidency The Adminstration Presidency of The Adminstration of lslamlc Researches and lfta. Islamic Researches and Ifta. Prlntlng and TranslationAgency Printing and Translation Agency - Riyadh Kingdom Saudi of Arabia Riyadh - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  3. 3. Tebleof ContentsTable of ContentsIntroductionIntroduction 5 5Who is Allah?Who is Allah? 7 7What is Al-Quran?What is Al..Quran? . 9 9Authenticity of Al-QuranAuthenticity of AI..Quran 10 10Miraculosity Al-Quran ofMiraculosity of AI-Quran 111 1Comprehensive LegislationComprehensive Legislation 12 12Science and Al-QuranScience and AI-Quran 14 t4The creation the heavens and the earthThe creation of the heavens and the earth l6 16HumanreproductionHuman reproduction 19 19Who is Muhammad?Who is Muhammad? 2l 21What is Islam?What is Islam? .. 22 22The pillars IslamThe pillars of Islam 25 25The articles faithThe articles of faith 28 28SuggestedSuggested materialsfor reading materials reading 31 31 3
  4. 4. Introduction Introduction This is a message every free thinking and broad- for This is a message for every free thinking and broad-mindedhuman being. It is for every seeker of the truthminded humanbeing.It is for everyseeker the truth ofwho might have,oncewondered,what the religionwho might have, once wondered, what the religion of Islam is all about, who Atlah is, what is the ultimateIslam is all about. who Allah is, what is the ultimategoal of mansexistence, what happens orgoal of mans existence, or what happens after death, after death,for thesequestions and many othersare promptedatfor these questions and many others are prompted atcertainoccasions, brushed butcertain occasions, but brushed aside by various factors. aside various by factors. Islamis indeeda misunderstood misrepresented Islam is indeed a misunderstood and misrepresented andreligion in the West. "This misconception hardly sur-religion in the West. «This misconception is hardly sur- isprising",remarks FrenchDr. MauriceBucaille, theprising», remarks the French Dr. Maurice Bucaille, inhis book, The Bible, The Quran and Science. 1 «whenhis book, The Bible, The Qurtan and Science. .rwhenwe considerthe way so many generations the Westwe consider the way so many generations is the West iswereinstructed in the religious problemswere instructed the religiousproblems facing human- facinghuman-ity and the ignorance in which they were kept aboutity and the ignorance which they were kept about inanything related Islam». HenceIslamicanything related to Islam".Hence Islamic ideals ideals remains remainsobscure from the vastmajority of non-Muslims.obscure from the vast majority non-Muslims. Thisbookletdoesnot claimto answer thequestions This booklet does not claim answer all the questions allyou would like to be answered.you would like be answered. However,this booklet However. this bookletwill open beforeyou a new dimension thinking,and open before you new dimension of thinking, andwill enableyou to realizethe importanceof your role enable you realize the importance your roleas a human beingin this universe, help you under-as human being this universe, to help you under-standthe relationshipstand the relationship betweenyou and your Creator, between you and your Creator.l. The Book was originally written in French, entitledLa Bible, le Coran et la1. The Book was originally written in French, entitled La Bible, Ie Coran et la Science.Its English version is published by American Trust publication ,!979. Science . Its English version is published by American Trust publication, 1979. 5
  5. 5. God Almighty Allah. It presentsIslam to you in a nut-God Almighty Allah. It presents Islam to you in a nut-shell, and provides straightfonvard answersto manysheU, and provides straightforward answers to manyquestions about Islam and its credibility.questionsabout Islam and its credibility. In this booklet, you will alsobe able to know Allah, In this booklet, you will also be able to know Allah,the last of His Scriptures,the last of His Prophetsand last of Scriptures, the last of His Prophets andMessengers, what Islam is, the role of man in this lifeMessengers, what Islam the role of man in this lifeand related issues.and other related issues. Lest one may think that there is an English version Lest one may there English version readers attentionof the Quran, I would like to drawthe readersattention Quran, Ito thefactthat Arabic is the only language the Quran. the fact that the language of of Quran.Although the Quranic quotationsand Prophetictradit-Although Quranic quotations and Prophetictions cited in this booklet are precededwith <Allahtions cited this booklet are preceded «Allahsays», only the meaning suchquotations quoted.says>>, the meaning of such quotations are only arequoted. ll. llurad M.Murad w",. J41 ffirr lll0 Seateri&*r 1fr9 September 1." 6
  6. 6. Who fs Allah? Who Is Allah? Allah is the proper name applied to the only true Allah is the proper name applied to the only true God who existsnecessarily Himself,comprisingGod Who exists necessarily by Himself~ comprising all by all the excellent Divine names attirbutes perfection. andthe excellent Divine names and attirbutes of perfection. of Allah is one and unique; He hasno partner equal.Allah is One and Unique; He has no partner or equal. or He is the sole Creator and sustainer of the universe.He is the sole Creator and sustainer the universe. of Everycreature bears witness His oneness.Every creature bears witness to His Oneness. Divinity, to Divinity, Lordship and the uniqueness of His attributes andLordship and the uniqueness His attiibutes andnames.Allahs essence does not resemblenames. Allahs essence does not resemble other es-other es-sences; ..There none like unto Him». He is the One,sences; «There is nonelike unto Him". He is the one, istheSale. the Indivisible. He is the God without Whomthe sole, the Indivisihle. is rhe God withoutwhom Heno affairs are accomplished, and to Whom Lordshipno affairs are accomplished, to whom Lordship andultimately pertains. neither begets nor is begotten.ultimately pertains. HeHe neither begets is begotten. norHe doesnot inherein anything, nor doesanythingHe does not inhere in anything, nor does anything in- in-here in Him. creatures standin need Him, buthere in Him. All creatures stand in need of Him. butHe stands need none. inHe stands in need of none. Allah is the Omnipotent, Allah is the Omnipotent, the Omniscient, the Omniscient. Whose Whoseknowledgeknowledge comprehends the mostperfectmannerall comprehends in the most perfect manner allthings,hidden or manifested. Butthings. hidden manifested. He is far greater But is far greater than thanto be encompassed the knowledge His creatures. be encompassed by the knowledge of His creatures. byAllah the Supreme the Creatorof everything, HeAllah the Supreme is the Creator everything. for ishas a free hand in the disposal all affairs.He is thehas free hand the disposal of affairs. themost Merciful,whose unhoundedmost Merciful, Whose unbounded mercyencompasses mercy encompasseseverything.He is far removedfrom injusticeandeverything. He is far removed from injustice andtyranny.Allahsjusticeensurestyranny. Allahs justice ensures orderin the universe, order in the universe,which hasno defect.Thereis no one to shareHis do-which has defect. There is no one to share His do-main. nor doesHe take aid or supportfrom His crea-main. nor does He take aid or support from His crea- 7
  7. 7. stures. He is the God of the worlds.Yet, He is nearertures. He is the God of the worlds. Yet, He is nearer.to man than mansjugularvein. Whenevera believer·to man than mans jugular vein. Whenever a believer calls distress calls on Him, He responds- is in need or distress need on Him, He responds. He is He abovethe SevenHeavensmounting His throne is the above the Seven Heavens mounting His throne is the mannerwhich suits His grahdure. manner which suits grandure. Allah has revealedHis final Scripture,al-Quranto has revealed final Scripture, al-Quran to the last Messengers, Muhammad,peacebe on the last of His Messengers, Muhammad, peace be him, to conveythe Message Islamto mankind.He him, convey the Message of Islam mankind. is the ExaltedAllah; Glory be to Him is the Exalted Allah; Glory be Him. 8
  8. 8. What is the Quran? What is the Quran? The word <<Quranis understoodin its general con- The word «Quran» is understood in its general con- notation to mean the speechof Allah which is neithernotation to mean the speech of Allah which is neithercreated. The Quran is the real word of Allah, which created.The Quran is the real word of Allah, which was delivered by the angel Gabriel to Muhammad,was delivered by the" angel Gabriel to Muhammad, peace be on him. Prophet Muhammad, peace be onpeace be on him. Prophet Muhammad, peace be on him, memorizedthe verses receivedand recitedthemhim, memorized the verses he received and recited them he to his companions,who happened beto his companions, who happened to be with him. He him. then ordered them to immediately write the versesthen ordered them to immediately write the verses down. himself used to keep a copydown. He himself used to keep a copy of the revealed the revealed portions in his house.The Quran is the last Allahsportions in his house. The Quran is the last of Allahs Scriptureswhich revealed instalmentsoverScriptures which Allah revealed in instalments over aperiod twenty-threeyears.[t is divided 114surahsperiod of twenty-three years. It is divided into 114 surafts (chapters) unequallength. is one the fundamen,(chapters) of unequal length . It is one of the fundamen-tal sources the Islamic teachings. Some its surahstal sources of the Islamic teachings. Some of its surafisand verses were revealedand verses were revealed at Makkah, and the rest Makkah, and the restthereof were revealedat Madinah.thereof were revealed at Madinah. The Makkan surahs Makkan surahsand verses are concernedand verses are concerned mainly with the issues of issues of tawhid, the belief the Oneness tawhid, or the belief in the onenessof Allah, the signs signsof the existence of Allah, Resurrection, and life after existenceof Resurrection, anddeath. The creed of the onenessof Allah was the focaldeath. creed the Oneness of was focalpoint of the messages of prophets and messages with which all the ProphetsMessengers were sent to mankind, beginning withMessengers were sent beginningAdam and ending with Muhammad, peacebe on them and ending Muhammad, peace themall. The surahs revealed at Madinah at a latter period surahsrevealed latter periodof the life of the Messengerof Allah, peacebe on him,of of Messenger of Allah, peace be on him,are concerned with legislations,rites of worship, andare concerned legislations, rites of worship, andtransactionsrelated to all aspectsof life.transactions related to all aspects of life. 9
  9. 9. Authenticity the Quran Authenticity of the Oursn Therehasbeenno nationwhichcaredabout,holified There has been nation which cared about, holifiedand preservedits Divine Scripture as the Muslimand preserved its Divine Scripture as the MuslimIlmmah (nation) cared about, holified and preservedUmmah (nation) cared about, holified and preservedthe Quran. Unlike the Divine Scriptureswhich pre-the Quran. the Scriptures which pre-ceded the Quranis not kept in the hands a particu-ceded it, the Quran is not kept the hands of particu-lar group or clan of Muslimsso that one may suspect group clan Muslims so one may suspectit to be tampered with alterated; rather,it waswithin be tampered with or alterated; rather, was withinthe reachof all Muslims.The Muslimsare commandedthe reach Muslims. The Muslims are commandedto recite it in their prayer and refer to it in all their recite their prayer and refer all their judgment.The Quran wascompileddisputes for a final judgment. The Quran was compileddisputes a finalat a time when those who committed it to memorywereat a time whenthosewho committed memory werestill alive. Allah has promised to preservethe Quran,still alive. haspromised preserve the Quran,and will be preserved the Day Judgment. Theand it will be preserved till the Day of Judgment. The recite the Quranic texts thatMuslims today read and recite the Quranic texts thatMuslimstoday read andwerereadand recitedduringthe lifetime the Prophetwere read and recited during the lifetime of the ProphetMuhammad, peace be on him, and his companions: NoMuhammad,peace on him, and his companions: beletter hasbeenadded the Quran deleted fromletter has been added to the Quran or deleted from it. Maurice Bucailleas-After examining the Quran, Dr. Maurice Bucaille as- examiningthe Quran,certains:..Thanksto its undisputedauthenticity,thecertains: «Thanks to its undisputed authenticity, thetext the Quran holdsa uniqueplaceamongthe bookstext of the Quran holds a unique place among the booksof revelation»l.. revelationtl. Dr. MauriceBucailleis a surgeon who hastakengreatinterest the scientific in1. Dr. Maurice Bucaille is a surgeon who has taken great interest in the scientific aspects the Quran. He learnt Arabic and managed study the Quran in to aspects of the Quran. He learnt Arabic and managed to study the Quran in of iu original tcxt. He was amazed with its preciscscicntificdata. As a result of its original text. He was amazed with its precise scientific data. As a result of this study.Dr. Bucailleconverted Islam. to this study. Dr. Bucaille converted to Islam. t0 10
  10. 10. Miracufosity the Quran of Miraculosity of the Quran Allah, the Exalted challenged Arabsandnon- has Allah, the Exalted has challenged the Arabs and non- the Arabsto produce a quran similar to the Divine one.Arabs to producea quran similar to the Divine one. The challenge wasthen reducedto ten surahs, yetThe challenge was then reduced to ten surahs, and yet and they failedto do so. Finally,Allah challengedthey failed to do so. Finally, Allah challenged them to them to producea singlesurahcomparable any of His. Al-produce a single surah comparable to any of His. Al- tothough they were mastersof eloquenceand rhetoricthough they were masters of eloquence and rhetoricduring that period, the Arabs were still incapableduring that period, the Arabs were still incapable of oftaking up the challenge.They realized rhat it couldtaking up the challenge. They realized that it couldnever be from anyoneother than Allah, the Lordnever be from anyone other than Allah, the Lord ofthe worlds.the worlds. The difference between miracles the previous The difference between miracles of the previous Mes- Mes-sengers, which proved their veracity,and those thesengers, which proved their veracity, and those of theMessenger Allah, peace on him, is that their pre- beMessenger of Allah, peace be on him, is that their pre-vious miracles were effective during the lifetime ofvious miracles were effective during the lifetimeeveryone them, whereasthe miracle the Ouraneveryone of them, whereas the miracle of the euranremains effective, everlastingand unchallengedremains effective, everlasting and unchallenged untilthe Day of Judgment.the Day Judgment. t11 t
  11. 11. Comprehensive Legislation Comprehensive Legislation Besidesthe finesseof its rhetoric, the Quran consti- Besides the finesse of its rhetoric, the Quran consti-tutes comprehensive conceptof Islam on thetutes the most comprehensive concept of Islam on thepracticallevel, the shariah,or the laws and legislation.practical leveL shariah, or laws legislation.The Quran is comprehensivebecauseit includes law, Ouran comprehensive because it includesmoral principlesand the creedwhich every Muslim sub-moral principles and the creed which every sub- ah is suitablenot only for thescribes.The Islamic shariscribes. Islamic shariah suitableMuslims, but for all mankind at all times. The IslamicMuslims, mankind times. Islamiclaw governs all human acts, public or private-duties governs all human acts, public private-dutiestowards and duties towards man.towards Allah and duties towards man Man-made laws are subject to alteration and are Man-made laws are subject alteration and arebasedon theories;whenevera new body of legislatorsbased theories; whenever new body legislatorsassumes authority in a non-Muslim country or a newassumes authority non-Muslim country newtheory appearsand appeals its government,the lawstheory appears and appeals to its government, the lawsare changed accordingly. The Divine laws,on the otherare changed accordingly. The Divine laws, on the otherhand, are unalterableand perpetual becausethe Onehand, are unalterable and perpetual because the OneWho made them is Everliving and Everlasting God. HeWho made them is Everlivingand Everlasting God.is the Creator Who created mankind andis the Creator createdmankind and ordained for ordainedthem whatsuitsthemtill the end time. For thisreason.them what suits them till the end of time . For this reason,the Quran, being the last revealed to the lastthe Ouran, being the last revealed to the last of abrogates previousScrip- allProphets and Messengers. abrogates all previous Scrip-Prophetsand Messengers.tures. .tures Many prophesies the Quran are fulfilled to the Many prophesies in the Ouran are fulfilled to the in letter. Allah promisedthosewho believeand did goodletter. Allah promised those who believe and did good that He will surelymakethemsuccessors earth. ondeeds that He will surely make them successors on earth.deedsThe early Muslims ruled a vast land encompassing manyThe early Muslimsruled a vastland encompassing manycountriesin the world. The Quran foretold the victorycountries in the world. The Ouran foretold the victory t2 12
  12. 12. of the Romans over the Persians 2 • Allah says: «Theof the Romansover the Persianst. Allah says:<The Romanshavebeen defeated, in the land nearby, andRomans have been defeated, the land nearby,and intheyafter their defeat, will be victorious».they after their defeat,will be victoriouso. A person who reads the Quran objectivelyshall A person who reads the Quran objectively shallrealizethat the prophesies in it are far removed fromrealize that the prophesies it are far removedfrom inconjuncture speculations. is dueto the factthat or Thisconjuncture or speculations. This is due to the fact thatwho revealed them is the One who predecreed allWho revealed them is the one who predecreedallevents until the Day Judgment.events until the Day of Judgment. ArrumZ. The reference to this prophesy is found in surah #30 entitled Arrum or the2. reference to prophesy surah #30 or Romans. to battle which took place between Persian Romans. This refers to the battle which took place between the Persian and Roman 614 A.D. when Roman were defeated. years the Roman in 614 A.D. when the Roman were defeated.Eight yearsafter that. the Roman defeated the Persians,and the prophesy to the Quran was fulfilled the Roman defeated the Persians, and the prophesy to the Ouran was fulfilled to the letter. to the letter. l13 3
  13. 13. Scienceand the Ouran Science and the Ouran Along with the fact the Muhammad,peacebe on Along with the fact the Muhammad, peace be onhim, wasilliterate;he couldneitherreadnor write, hehim, was illiterate; he could neither read nor write, hegrew up in Makkah where there were no schools, andgrew up in Makkah where there were no schools,andhe was far away from the scientific circleswhich existedhe wasfar awayfrom the scientific circles which existed Syria, Alexandria, Athensand Rome. Moreover, thein Syria,Alexandria,Athens and Rome.Moreover,thescientific factsmentioned the Quranwerenot knownscientific facts mentioned in the Quran were not known inin the seventhcentury.Having studiedand examined the seventh century. Having studied and examinedthe Arabic text of the Quran, Dr. Bucaillemarvels:the Arabic text the Quran, Bucaille marvels: ..I could not find a singleerror in the Quran. II «I could find single error the Quran. had to stopand askmyself:if a manwasthe author had stop and ask myself: if man was the author of the Quran, how could he have written factsin the Quran, how could he have written facts the Seventh century that today are shown to the Seventh century A.D. that todayareshown be in keeping with modern scientific knowledge? be keeping modern scientificknowledge? had too acknowledge evidence front me: the I had too acknowledge the evidence in front of me: the Quran did not containa singlestatement the Quran did not contain a single statement that that was assailable from a modern scientific point of was assailable from a modern scientificpoint view. repeatedthe sametest for the Old Testa- view. I repeated the same test for the Old Testa- always preserving same the ment and the Gospels, always preserving the same ment and the Gospels, objectiveoutlook. In the former, I did not even objective outlook. In the former, 1 did not even haveto go beyondthe first book, Genesis, find tb have to go beyond the first book, Genesis, to find totally out of keepingwith the cast-iron statements totally out of keeping with the cast-iron statements factsof modernscience>>. facts of modern science». Dr. Bucaillestudiedmany of the scientificfactsthat Dr. Bucaille studied many of the scientific facts that are mentionedin the Quran, suchas the creationofare mentioned in the Quran, such as the creation of and other topicsincludingastronomy,the universe, and other topics including astronomy, ani- the universe, ani- humanreproduction othermal and plant kingdoms, human reproduction and other mal andplant kingdoms, and l4 14
  14. 14. relatedissues. the sakeofbrevity,two of the above Forrelated issues. For the sake"of brevity, two of the above issues will be discussed order to draw the readers inissues will be discussed in order to draw the re-aders attentionto one of the objectives this booklet.attention to one of the objectives of this booklet. of r5 IS
  15. 15. The Creationof the Heavensand the EarthThe Creation of the Heavens and the Earth "Mans knowledgeof the origin of the universeis HMans knowledge of the origin of the universe isconsiderablylimited. The scientistshave proposedconsiderably limited. The scientists have proposedhypotheses theoriesof evolutionthat are centred hypotheses and theories of evolution that are centred andaroundone theme:the radiationera, the premordialaround one theme: the radiation era. the premordialfireball and the premordial matter and antimatter. Thefireballand the premordialmatter and antimatter.Thetheories state that the universe consisted mainly oftheoriesstate that the universeconsisted mainly ofstronglyinteractingparticles.Premordialmatter andstrongly interacting particles. Premordial matter and antimatter. according Encyclopaedia Britannicaantimatter, accordingto Encyclopaedia Britannica.eventuallyannihilatedeach other; and the remainingeventually annihilated each other; and the remainingparticles formed the present universe"~. The Quranparticlesformed the presentuniverse".The Quranpresents development the universe relativelypresents the development of the universe in relatively thesimple terms. Allah says, directingHis Messengeriimpte terms. Allah says. directing His Messenger peacebe on him, to ask the unbelievers:Muhammad, peace be on him, to ask the unbelievers:Muirammad, "Say: Is that ye deny Him Who created earth the "Say: Is it that ye deny Him Who created the earth do ye join equals with Him?in two Days? And do ye join equals with Him?in two Days? (all) The Worlds.He set on the He is The Lord of (all) The Worlds. He set on the He is The Lord firm, high aboveit, and(earth) Mountains Standing firm, high above it, and (earth) MountainsStanding blessings the earth,and measured thereinbestowed blessings on the earth. and measured therein bestowed on its sustenance four Days,alike for (all) who askits sustenance in four Days, alike for (all) who ask. in Then He turnedto the sky,and it had been (as) Then He turned to the sky. and it had been (as)smoke :He said to it and to the earth: "comeyetogether, smoke: saidto it andto theearth: come ye together, He Hwillingly or unwillingly". willinglyor unwillingly". They said: we do come(together), willing obedi- in They said: "we do come (together), in willing obedi- Hence". . gnce"3. Macropedia. Vol. 18. p. 1008. 166 l
  16. 16. So He completedthem aSsevenfirmamentsin two So He completed them as seven firmaments in twoDays, and He assigned each heavenits duty andDays~ and He assigned to each heaven its duty and tocommand. and We adorned the lower heaven withcommand. and We adorned the lower heaven withlights~ and (provided it) with guard.lights,and (providedit) with guard. Suchis the Decreeof (Him) The Exaltedin Might, Such is the Decree of (Him) The Exalted in Might, Knowledge"-l.Full of Knowledge"*. ~~Do not the Unbelievers "Do see that the heavens and the Unbelievers see that the heavensandtheearthwerejoinedtogether oneunit of Creation),the earth were joined together (asone unit Creation). (as before We clove them asunder?before clove them asunder? We madefrom water everyliving thing. made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?". they not then believe?":;. "The concept rending oneunit into two or more, "The concept of rending of one unit into two more.the colestial{<Smoke}>referredto in the aboveverses the colestial «smoke» aSreferred as the above verses are fact to whichcorresponds the factual scientific data. arefact which corresponds factualscientific the data. the English physicistand astronomerSir «Smoke», the English physicist and astronomer Sir <Smokerr, JamesJeanswrote: We have found that, as NewtonJames Jeans wrote: We have found that. as Newton first conjectured, chaoticmass gas approximatelyfirst conjectured, a chaotic mass of gas of approximately a very great extent would beuniform density and of very great extent would be uniform density and dynamically unstable: nuclei,wouldtendto Form in it,dynamically unstable: nuclei, would tend to Form in it, whichthe whole matterwouldultimately around which the whole of matter would ultimately con- around con- dense".On the basis this theory Newton proposeddense". On the basis of this theory Newton proposed that all celestial objects originated by a process of frag- that all celestial objects originated a process frag- by mentation. mentation. Needless say the spaceprogramhelpeddiscover Needless to say the space program helped discover to the homogeniety the substances whichthe moon, of the homogeniety of the substances of which the moon, of the earth and other planetsare formed "Such state- the earth and other planets are formed. «Such state-4. . Ouran n :: 9, to, 11, 12. . 4 Qu ra 41 9, 10,11,1 2 415. Ouran 21 ::30. 5. Quran2l 30. 17 l7
  17. 17. mentsin the Quran concerningthe creationwhich ap-ments in the Ouran concerning the creation which ap-peared nearlyfourteencenturiespeared nearly fourteen centuries ago», Dr. Bucaille con- agon,Dr. Bucaillecon-cluded, .robviously not lend themselves a human docluded, «obviously do not lend themselves to a human toexplanation»6 •explanationnu.6. Macropedia. Vol. 18. p. lfXf8.6. Macropedia. Vol. 18. p. 1008. r8 18
  18. 18. HumanReproduction Human Reproduction The complexities human reproductionwere de- The complexities of human reproduction were de-coded and understood only after the inventionof thecodedand understood only after the invention themicroscope whichwashundreds yearsafter the deathmicroscope which was hundreds of years after the deathof Muhammad, peace be on him. However. the Quran Muhammad. peace on him. However.the Quran berefersto the stages development humanembryorefers the stages of development that human embryo thatundergoes. Allah says:undergoes. Allah says: HMan We did create from quintessence (of clay); "Man We did createfrom a quintessence clay); Then we placedhim as (adropof) spermin a place Then we placed him as (adrop sperm placeof rest, Firmly fixed; rest,Firmly fixed; Then we made the sperm into a clot of congealed Then we made the sperminto clot congealedblood; then of that clot We madea (foetus)blood;then that clot We made a (foetus) lump;then lump; thenWe madeout that lump hones andclothed bonesWe made out of that lump hones and clothed the bones thewith flesh; then we developed out of it another creature.with flesh;thenwe developed out another creature.So blessed Allah, The Bestto create!".So blessed he Allah. The Best to create!,,7. be As has been scientifically proven, the stages As it has been scientifically proven, the stages of are: "l- Fertilization an ovulehuman reporduction are: « 1- Fertilization of an ovulehumanreporductionwhichtakesplacein the Fallopian tubes.The fertilizingwhich takes place in the Fallopian tubes. The fertilizingagent is the male sperm.2- The implantation theagent is the male sperm. 2- The implantation of thefertilizedeggwhich takesplaceat a precise spot in thefertilized egg which takes pla~e at a precise spot in the system: descends the uterus it intofemale reporductive system: it descends into the uterusfemalereporductiveand lodgesin the body the uterus.and lodges in the body of the uterus. Oncetheemhryo begins beobservable thenaked to to Once the embryo begins to be observable to the naked eye, it looks like a small mass flesh. growsthereeye, it looks like a small mass of flesh. It grows there stageswhich are very well known today;in progressive stages which are very well known today; in progressive1. Quran 23 : 12. 13. 14. l9 19
  19. 19. theyleadto the bonestructure, muscles, nervousthey lead to the bone structure, the muscles, the nervous the the system, circulation, thesystem. the circulation. and the viscera. etc» R. and the viscera,etcrr*. In conclusion, Bucaille Dr. ,.Morethan a In conclusion, Dr. Bucaille ascertains: «More than a ascertains:thousand years beforeour time,at a periodwhenwhim-thousand years before our time. at a period when whim-sicaldoctrines still prevailed,sical doctrines still prevailed, men had a knowledge of men had a knowledgethe Quran.The statements containsthe Quran. The statements it contains express in simple it express simple intermstruths of premordialimportanceterms truths of premordial importance which man has which rnanhastakencenturies discovertr. totaken centuries to discover».L The Bible, the Quran and Science,p. 199.8. Bible, Ouran and Science. p. 199. 20
  20. 20. Who is Muhammad? Who Muhammad? Muhammad,peacebe on him, is the last of Allahs Muhammad, peace be him, is the last AllahsMessengers and Prophets. His name is Muhammad sonMessengers Prophets. nameis Muhammad and His sonof Abdullah. He was born in Makkah 570 A.D. Due Abdullah. was born Makkah 570 Dueto the fine reputationhe enjoyedamonghis people, the fine reputation he enjoyed among his people,they nicknamedhim the Trustworthy.At the ageofthey nicknamed him the Trustworthy. the age40, he wasendowed with the prophethood whenAllah40, he was endowed with the prophethood when Allahthe Exalted,revealed him, throughthe angelGabrielthe Exalted, revealed to him, through the angel Gabrielthe first Quranic verses,the first Quranic Muhammad, peace on him, verses, Muhammad, peace be on him, bewasaskedto preachthe beliefin the Oneness Allahwas asked preach the belief the Oneness ofand warn peopleagainst polytheism.and warn people against polytheism. The Makkan polytheists opposed Muhammad, peace The Makkan polytheists opposed Muhammad,peacebe on him.,and his few followersharshly,, that did butbe on him, and his few followers harshly, but that didnot shakehis faith nor waiverhis steadfastness, did nornot shake his faith nor waiver his steadfastness, nor did stop more peoplefrom responding his to preaching.it stop more people from responding to his preaching. majority the people MadinahFinally, when the majority of the people of MadinahFinally, when the Islam, the Makkan Muslimstook flight toembraced Islam, the Makkan Muslims took flight toembracedMadinah, Later oD, the Messenger Allah himselfMadinah, Later on, the Messenger of Allah himselfmigrated Madinah establish Islarnic to to the State.migrated to Madinah to establish the Islamic State. FewFewyearslater the polytheists Makkah and their alliesyears later the polytheists of Makkah and their alliessuccumbed the growingpower the Muslims,andsuccumbed to the growing power of the Muslims, and toMakkah was conquered.Some thirty yearsafter theMakkah was conquered. Some thirty years after thedeath the ProphetMuhammad, peacebe on him,death of the Prophet Muhammad, peace be on him,Islam had alreadyspread throughout world sweep- theIslam had already spread throughout the world sweep-ing the two greatest empires existence; Persian in theing the two greatest empires in existence; the Persianand the Roman.and the Roman. 21l 2
  21. 21. What is lslam? What is Islam? The Arabic term Islam, meaning ..submissionn, The Arabic term Islam, meaning «submission»,pointsto the fundamental religious creedwhichdictatespoints to the fundamental religious creed which dictatesthat a Muslim submitto the will Allah, conformingthat a Muslim submit to the will of Allah, conforminginwardlyand outwardlyto His laws.inwardly and outwardly to His laws. The religion Islm lays great emphasis uncom- The religion of Islm lays great emphasis on uncom- onpromisingmonotheism and strict adherence certainpromising monotheism and strict adherence to certain tocreeds and acts worship. enjoinssubmitting thecreeds and acts of worship. It enjoins submitting to the towill Allah and followingthe exemplary way thewill of Allah and following the exemplary way of thelife Muhammad, last the Prophets Messen- thelife of Muhammad, the last of the Prophets and Messen- andgers., may peace on them all. begers, may peace be on them all. Allah, the Exaltedcreatedthe universe Allah, the Exalted created the universe and what is and what isin that He be recognized the One and only God. asin it that He be recognized as the One and only God.He created man and jinn only to celebrate His praiseHe createdman and only celebrate His praiseand worship Him. His words signify: "f have onlyand worship Him. His words signify: "I have onlycreated Jinnsand men, that they may ServeMe"o.created linns and men, that they may Serve Me"). The waysand acts worshipare not left The ways and acts of worship are not left to mans mansoption choice.Allah is the One Who ordainsandoption or choice. Allah is the One Who ordains anddecrees acts worshipand the means whichthey alldecrees all acts of worship and the means in which they inmust be observed.must be observed. Since Islamdealsin everyaspect Since Islam deals every aspect oflife.spiritual andphysical, jurisprudence basedlife, spiritualand physical, its jurisprudence is based on its is oncreeds,creeds, actsof worshipandordinances acts worship and ordinances regarding regarding social, social,economical and politicaltransactions.economical and political transactions. Because Islamis a perfectway of life, it enjoinsmain- Because Islam is perfect way enjoins main-taining a refinedcode of manners.taining refined code manners. The Messenger The Messenger of9. Quran51 : 56.9. Quran 51 56. a2 22
  22. 22. Allah said:"Verily, havebeensentto accomplishAllah said: HVerily, I have been sent to accomplish the thefine manners Allah has praised the fine manners offine manners".Allah has praised fine manners H. theHis Messenger saying: "And surelythou hastsublimeHis Messenger saying: ..And surely thou hast sublimemorals"". Aishah. wife the Messenger Allah,mora)s"w. Aishah, the wife of the Messenger of Allah. thepeacebe on him, was askedabout his manners.peace be on him, was asked about his manners. She She "His manners were al-Quran".Aishahsaid: HHis manners were al-Quran". Aishah meantsaid: meantthat the Prophet, peace on him, clungto the Quran, bethat the Prophet, peace be on him, clung to the Quran, rules discipline. commands. prohibitions, its its andit rules of discipline. its commands. its prohihitions, andthe excellent,beautifuland gracious thingscomprisedthe excellent., beautiful and gracious things comprisedin it. For this reason Allah commands the helievers toin it. For this reason Allah commands believers the tofollow the exemplary life of His Messenger, peacebefollow the exemplary life His Messenger, peace beon him. saying: "Ye have indeed in the Messenger ofon him. saying: haveindeedin the MessengerAllah an excellent exempler"".Allah an excellent exempler"I. Islamenjoins goodmanners everyoccasion: for Islam en.loins good manners for every occasion: seek-seek-ingpermission, greeting, learning,ing permission, greeting., sitting, eating, learning, teach- sitting,eating. teach-ing. sporting.travelling. dressing. visiting.sleeping.ing. sporting. travelling. dressing. visiting. sleeping.marriage,treating people, particularlyrelativesandmarriage, treating people., particularly relatives andneighbours with kindness. Codes all suchgreat etc.neighhours with kindness, etc. Codes of all such greatmanners foundin both the Quranandthe Prophetic aremanners are found in both the Quran and the Prophetictraditions theMessenger Allah.peace on him.traditions of the Messenger of Allah. peace he on him. he The familyenjoys highstatus Islam. is the core The family enjoys a high status in Islam. It is the core a in society; healthyfamily means healthvsocietv. a aof society; a healthy family means a healthy society.hence Allah., the Exalted commands to treat them withhence Allah, the Exaltedcommands treatthem!ithgentleness submissiveness andgentleness and suhmissiveness saying:saying: "Thy Lord hath decreed that ye worship none but HThy Lord hath decreedthat ye worship none butHim, and that ye he kind to parents.Him, and that ye he kind to parents.10. Quran 68 : 4.10.Quran 68 4.11. Quran 33 ::21.11.Qurant3 21. 23 23
  23. 23. Whether one or both of them attain old age in thy Whether one them attain agelife. say not to them aword of contempt. nor repel themlife, say not them aword contempt, repel thembut address them, in terms of honour. addressthem, terms honour. And. out of kindness, lower to them the wing of And, out kindness.lower them the winghumility, and say:humility, and say: "My "My Lord! bestow on them thy Mercy even as they bestow on them Mercy even as theycherished me in childhood" 12.cherishedme childhood". Next to family comes the kindred. The Messenger of Next family comesthe kindred.The Messenger peace be on him, said thatAllah, peace be on him, said that Allah has promised has promisedto he kind to him who hehaves kindly to his kindred. he kind him who hehaveskindly his kindred,andand to sever him who severs his kindred by unkind sever who severshis kindred bv unkindhehaviour.behaviour.12. Quran 17 : 23. 24. 24 24
  24. 24. The Pillarsof lslam The Pillars Islam The Messenger Allah, peacebe on him, said: Islam Messenger of peace said:" Islamis five pillars:is built on five pillars: 1, 1.. ash-Shahaadah (the professionof faith) which must ash-Shahaadafr profession (the which mustbe recited by anyoneembracingIslam. (La ilaha illallah,be recited anyone embracing Islam. iJaha iJ/alJah.Muhammad RasoolulJah) meaning: «There isMuhammad Rasoolullah)meaning: "There is no true truegod except Allah, Muhammad is the Messenger ofgod except Muhammad is MessengerAllah". This meansthat there is no god worthy of beingAllah». This means that there is god worthy beingworshippedbut Allah, and that He must be worshippedworshipped and that must be worshippedonly according the teaching His Messengeronly according to the teaching of His MessengerMuhammad. ,p e a c eb e on him..M u h a m m a d peace be o n h i m 2. Salat (prayer). which must be performed five times 2. Salat(prayer).which must be performedfive timesa day. The first is Fajr prayer . [two rak aat (units)] ~a day. The first is prayer. [two rakaat (units)];which may he performed hetween dawn and sunrise.which may be performed hetween dawn and sunrise.The second Dhuhr, just afternoon.[four rakaatf.TheThe second.. Dhuhr. just afternoon. [four rakaat]. Thethird Asr. in the later afternoon. [four rakaat]. The Asr. the afternoon, [four rakaatl. Thefourth.. Maghrib. [three rak aat] immediately after sun-fourth Maghrib, [three rakaatJ immediatelyafter sun-set. The fifth. Isha . [four rak aat]. after the suns red-set. The fifth.Isha, ffour rakaat),after the sunsred-ness disappearsfrom the horizon. Prayer, however,ness disappears from the horizon. Prayer, however,must he precededby ahlution which is washinghands.must he preceded hy ahlution which is washing hands.face.,wiping over the head, washingthe forearms andface, wiping over the head, washing the forearms andthe feet.t .the fee pillars Islam. is the Prayer is one of the greatest pillars of Islam. It is the Prayeris one the greatestfirst act worship about which man shallbe askedonfirst act of worship ahout which man shall he asked onthe Day Reckoning. is accepted Allah, thenthe Day of Reckoning. If it is accepted by Allah, then by 25 25
  25. 25. the restof mansgooddeedsare accepted •the rest too 13 mans good deeds are accepted too. 3. Zakaf(thepoor-due) oneof thegreatest 3. Zakat (the poor-due) is one the greatest financial is financialinstitutions of Islam, literally meaning purification, in-institutions Islam,literallymeaningpurification, in- that sucha payment makes restof the Mus-dicating that such a paymentdicating makes the rest the Mus- thelims wealth pure. Zakat is levied annually on -certainlims wealthpure. Zakat is leviedannually certainontypesof food grain, cattle and cashpossessed onetypes food grain, cattle and cash possessed for onelunar calendar year to be given out to the poor, thelunar calendar year be given out the poor, theneedyand other specified classes people.needy and other specified classes of people. (fasting) be observed duringthe month 4. Sawm (fasting) to be observed during the month 4. Sawm to (the Ramadan ninthmonth theMuslimlunarcalen-of Ramadan (the ninth month of the Muslim lunar calen- (dawn), andendsat sunset.dar). It begins daybreak (dawn), and ends at sunset.dar). tt begins at daybreak atEating, drinkingl~ and sexualactivities with oneswifeEating, drinkingtand sexual activities with ones wifeare forhidden.are forbidden. Besides healthbenefits whichone gainsthroughfast- Besides health benefits which one gains through fast-ing, it is an act of worship which helps one who observesing,it is an act worshipwhich helpsone who observesit attain piety, humbleness and share the feelings of the attain piety, humbleness and sharethe feelings theberet and hungry in the community. Fasting also allowsberet and hungry the community.Fastingalsoallowsone to be more benevolent and charitable.one be more benevolentand charitable. 5. Hali (pilgrimage) to Makkah, prescribed for those 5. Hajj (pilgrimage) Makkah, prescribed thoseMuslims who can afford the trip financiallyl5 and healthMuslimswho can afford the financiallyand health13.Man shall be held accountablefor every minute and thing he does, and shall13. Man shall be held accountable for every minute and thing he does, and shall stand all himselfon the Judgment Reckoning be questionedby stand all by himself on the Day of Judgment or Reckoning to be questioned by the Almighty Allah. Everyone shall he held accountahle for his own deeds. the Almighty Allah. Every one shall he held accountable his own deeds. for The life in the Hereafter is either everlasting happiness or everlasting torment. The life in the Hereafteris either everlasting happiness everlasting torment. juices and other non-alcholicand soft drinks;14. Drinking, refers to water, fruit juices and other non-alcholic and soft drinks;14.Drinking, refers to water, liquour and smokingare prohihitedin Islam. liquour and smoking are prohihited in Islam.15.This means that one must have enough provisionsfor his journey and for his15. This means that one must have enough provisions for his journey and for his family during his absence. family during his absence. 26 26
  26. 26. wise, once lifetime. Hajj rites take place duringwise,oncein a lifetime. The Hajj rites take placeduringthe Islamic months Shawwal,the Islamic or lunar monthsof Shawwal,Dthul-Qidahandthe first ten daysof Dthu-Hijjah only. It is a precon-and the first ten days only. is precon- enter the state Ihram J6dition for the pilgrim to enter the state of lhratnoat a thecertainpoint beforeentering boundries Makkah.certain point before entering the boundries of Makkah. the16. Ihram is the Hajj wrapping a piece cloth16. Ihram is the intention to perform Hajj or Umrah hy wrapping a piece of cloth covering his hody from the chest down. Another piece of cloth covers the upper covering his hody the chest down. piece cloth coversthe upper hody: excluding the head. Ihram makes it unlawful for the pilgrim to wear sewed hody: excludingthe head. Ihram makes unlawful the pilgrim wear sewed garments. shoes. to have sexual activities with his wife. to hunt and the like. garmcnts. shoes. have sexual activities his wife. hunt and the like. Under normal circumstances. once a Muslim enters the state of Ihram. he may normal circumstances. once a Muslim enters the state lhram. he may not break it until he has completed all Hajj or Umrah rituals. But if one is held break he has completed all rituals. one is held back from completing Umrah. health reason.fear enemy great hack from completing Hajj or Umrah. for health reason. fear of enemy or great danger. he may then quit his Thram and sacrifice a sheep. goat. cow or camel danger. he may then quit his lhram and sacrificea sheep.goat. cow camel as an expiation. as an expiation. 27 27
  27. 27. The Articles of Faith The Articles Faith There are also articlesof faith which include beside There are also articles which include besidebelieving the Oneness Allah:believing in the Oneness of Allah: 1. Believing in the angels.Allah has createdthem 1. Believing the angels. has created themand taskedthem to undertakeand tasked them numerous dutiesbeside undertake numerous duties besidepraising Him. TheyareHis obedientpraising They are His obedient salves. stand salves. "They standin awe and reverence His [glory]"17. awe and reverence of His [gloryJ"". 2. Beliveing Allahs Scriptures, that they werefree 2. Beliveing in Allahs Scriptures, that they were freefrom any imperfection errors at the timefrom any imperfection or errors at the time of their theirrevelation. All Scriptures that preceded Quran have therevelation. Scriptures preceded the Quranhave All thatbeentampered with or distorted by their people,whilebeen tampered with distorted their people, while bythe Quranis protected byby from change tamper-the Quran is protected Allah from change or tamper-ing. Allah sent down Scriptures Abraham, Ismail,ing. Allah sent down Scriptures to Abraham, Ismail,Ishaq, Yaoob (Jacob)and his twelve sons, Moses,Ishaq, Yaoob (Jacob) and his twelve sons, Moses,Jesus, and Muhammad,Jesus, and Muhammad. 3. Believing Allahs Messengers. Among whomthe 3. Believing in Allahs Messengers. Among whom themost prominent and steadfast are Noah, Abraham,most prominent and steadfast are Noah, Abraham,Moses, Jesus Muhammad, and peace on them.They beMoses, Jesus and Muhammad, peace be on them. Theyare humanand slaves Allah. Every Prophet Mes-are human and slaves of Allah. Every Prophet or Mes-sengerbeforeMuhammad, peacebe on him, wassentsenger before Muhammad, peace be on him, was sentto his own people,but Muhammad, peace on him. beto his own people, but Muhammad, peace be on him.was sent all mankind. Allah says:"Blessedis Hewas sent to all mankind. Allah says: "Blessed is HeWho Sent down the Criterion His Servant,thatWho Sent down the Criterion To His Servant, that itMay be an admonition to all Creatures;-"l~.May be an admonitionto all Creatures;-"*.17. Quran 21 : 28.1R. Our an 25 : 1. 28 28
  28. 28. None of Allahs Messengers or Prophets claimed to None Allahs Messengers Prophets claimedbe a god part-god.Allah says:be a god or part-god. Allah says: "No son did Allah son didbeget, nor is there any god alongwith Him:beget, nor is there any god along with Him: (if theretherewere many gods),behold,eachgod would havetakenwere many gods), behold, each god would have taken whathe hadcreated, some and wouldhaveaway what he had created, and some would have Lordedaway Lorded over others!Glory to Allah! (He is free) from theit over others! Glory to Allah! (He is free) from the(sort of) thingsthey attributeto Him!"n.(sort of) things they attribute to Him!,,9. 4. Believing the LastD"y, the Day Resurrection. in 4. Believing in the Last Day, the Day of Resurrection.Allah haspredecreed term for eachcreature,Allah has predecreed a term for each creature, and a a and aterm for the life this world. The worlds terminationterm for the life of this world. The worlds terminationwill be markedby the souhding the Trumpet, thenwill be marked by the sounding of the Trumpet, thenthe trumpetwill soundagainand mankindshallbe re-the trumpet will sound again and mankind shall be re-surrected standbeforethe Lord the worlds besurrected to stand before the Lord of the worlds to be toquestioned about their deeds in this world. Those whoquestioned about their deedsin this world. Thosewhobelieved Allah and wereobedient will go to Jannahbelieved in Allah and were obedient will go to Jannah in (Paradise), thosewho disbelieved end upor (Paradise), and those who disbelieved will end up in andHell-Fire.Hell-Fire. 5. Believingin predestination. Allah hascreated ev- S. Believing in predestination. Allah has created ev-erything in accordance His decree, with predestination,erything in accordance with His decree, predestination,desireand will, and in due proportion.His determinat-desire and will, and in due proportion. His determinat-tion the nature things was establishedtion of the nature of things was established fifty- fifty-thousand yearsbeforeHe created Heavensthousand years before He created the Heavens and the the and the 20 takes shape within theearth • Nothing occurs or takes shape within theeaffhr". Nothing occursheavens the earth but with His knowledgeheavens or the earth but with His knowledge and by and byHis order.His order.19. Qurana233 : 9 1 .1 9 . Q u r 2 91. n20. Abdullah reported that the Messenger20. Abdullah Bin Amr reported that the Messenger of Allah, peace be on him, peace be him. said: "Allah had predecreed creationfifty thousandyearshefore he hrought the said: "Allah had predecreed the creation fifty thousand years hefore he hrought the heavensand the earth into existence".(lmam Muslim, the heavens and the earth into existence", (Imam Muslim, Ahmad and at-Tir- and at-Tir- midrhi). midthi). 29 29
  29. 29. Now that you readthis booklet,the decision yours. that you read this booklet, the decision is yours.Everyoneis heading the sameend, but may chooseEveryone is heading for the same end, may chooseany other route. is so merciful;any other route. Allah is so merciful; Allah is far re-moved from injustice; says: "Nor would we punishmovedfrom injustice;He says:"Nor would we punishuntil. had sent A messenger (to give warning) ,,21.until. We had sent A messenger give warning)"t. concern you, we have prepared thisOut of our concern for you, w€ have prepared thismessage.message.21.0uran n1 7:: 1 6 .2 1 .Q u r a 17 Itl. 30 30
  30. 30. Suggestedbooks for reading:Suggested books for reading:- The Holy Quran,(English- The Holy Quran, (English translation of the meaning) translation the meaning) hy T. Al-Hilali. by T. Al-Hilali.- Sahih al-Bukharri, a collection of the authentic- Sahih al-Bukharri, a collection the authentic Prophetic traditions. Prophetic traditions.-Sahih Muslim,a collection the authentic- Sahih Muslim, a collection of the authentic Prophetic Prophetic traditions: traditions: * The book Prayerby * The book of Prayer by A. Saqib. Saqib. * GeneralPrescripts Islam. * General Prescripts of Islam. * Fasting. * Fasting. * Exegesis the opening * Exegesis of the opening chapter of the Quran. chapter the Quran. * The Fundamentals of Islam. * The Fundamentals Islam. * The life and the Aqeadah Ash-Sheikh. * The life and the Aqeadah of Ash-Sheikh. Muham- Muham- mad lhn Abdul Wahab. mad Ibn Abdul Wahab. 3l 31