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  • 2. PROPHET PROPHET MOHAMMADSMANNER OF PERFORMINGMANNER OF PERFORMING PRAYERS PRAYERS peaceand blessings(May peace and blessings of Allah be on him) be on
  • 3. PROPFMT PROPHET MOHAMMADSffi OF PERFORMINGMANNER OF PERFORMING PRAYERS PRAYERS (May peace and blessings of Allah be on him) peaceand blessings Allatr be on By His EminenceHETKH *ourtl#*r?iltffiT;tr* rBNSHEIKH ABDUL AZIZ IBN ABDULLAH IBN BAZ BAz
  • 4. Muhammads Prophet Muhammadts Manner of Per- of Prayers forming Prayers(May peaceandblessingsof Altah be upon peace and blessings of Allah be upon Him) All praise be to Allah alone, and may His All praise be alone, and maypeaceand blessingsbe upon His messengerpeace and blessings be upon messengerand bondman our Prophet Muhammad,hisand bondman Prophet Muhammad, hisfamily and his companions. and his companions. The objective of this concise pamphletis The objective this concisepamphlet explain how prophet Muhammad (Peaceto explain how prophet Muhammad (Peaceand blessingsof Allah be upon him) used toand blessings be upon him) usedperform his prayers. would to presentperfonn his prayers. I would like to presentthis explanation every male and femalethis explanation to every male and female so that they may strive to take up themuslim so that they may strive to take up theProphetsmanner performing their prayersProphets manner in performing their prayers them. was narratedas a model for them. It was narrated by Alas a modelBukhari that ProphetMuhammad(PeaceBukhari that Prophet Muhammad (Peace and andblessings Allah be on him) had said:blessings of Allah be on him) had said: *+-i gr*-,-1,!/-u r. r. «~J~L>2~» .. .. 15 "Perform your prayers the samemanner "Perlonn your prayers in the same manneryou had seenme doing." Therefore,here isyou had seen me doing." Therefore, here is the Prophetsmannerthe explanation for the Prophets manner ofth€ explanationprayer:prayer: 1
  • 5. 1. To perform completely the ablution, 1. perform completely the ablution,adopting the method commanded by Allah inadopting the method cornmanded Allahthe Quran:the Quran:~Y;:-- !.tl-J;li o)l..aJi JI ~ 1;1 ~r ~.lJ1 let t*)frrt !/*;U i>L.all *:*i lil !r:,id,iJl t*l ~~ .tl~I JI ~jb ~j.r. !,-at, &1) JI fl+bnh <Jl.tl ffl-rL fr1, bp...-lr#!/l J ~~b (t: o) ~~~. (1: 0) {t:Yl . "0 ye who believe, when ye prepare for "O ye believe, when prepareprayer, wash faces and hands (andprayer, wash your faces and your hands (andarms) to the elbows, rub your heads(witharms) the elbows, heads(withwater) and (wash)water) and (wash) your feet to the an- feet the an-kles. "(5:6)kles."(5:6) The Prophet(peaceand blessings Allah The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allattbe on him) said:be on said: I . - .. L . o~ L ~-: :J» r*4f{;f," Yt ~~~ Jiu ~ "Prayer without ablution "Prayer without ablution is invalid." ones face and whole body 2. To turn ones face and whole body to- 2.wards the Kaaba, The Holy House at Mak-wards the Kaaba, The Housekah, intending by heart to perfonn the prayerkah, heart performwhich he wants to fulfil, whether it is an he wants fulfil, whether anobligatory prayer or a supererogatory prayer, prayer a supererogatoryprayer,the worshipper in all cases, should not pro-the worshipper cases,shouldnounce his intention openly, because neithernounce intention openly, becauseneitherthe Prophet nor his companions used to utterthe Prophet companionsused 2
  • 6. the intention for prayer. Thus, pronouncingthe intention for prayer. Thus, pronouncingthe intention for prayer in audible voice is a prayer in audible Whetherheresyand an illicit action. Whether the indi-heresy and illicit action.vidual be an Imam or perfofines his prayer performes prayerindividually, he should make (A Sutra) i.e. a should make (A Sutra) i.e.curtain for his prayer. Directing the face to- prayer. facewards the Qibla (The Kaaba at Makkah) iswards the Qibla Kaaba Makkah)an imperative condition for every prayer.an imperative condition every prayer.However, there are few exceptionsfor thisHowever, there are exceptionsrule explained in authoritative books forrule explained authoritative bookswhom who wish to refer.whom refer. 3. To pronounce "Takbirat Al Ihram" that 3. pronounce"Takbirat Al Ihram" thatis to say~t~I"Allahu Akbar" celebrating byis sayrsl.iit"AllahuAkbar" celebratingthat the greatness and lookingthat the greatness of Allah and lookingmeanwhile, downwards to the place wheremeanwhile, downwards to the place wherehe will prostrate.he prostrate. raise oneshandsup to the level 4. To raise ones hands up to the level of 4.the shoulders nearto the lobes his ears,the shoulders or near to the lobes of his ears, orwhile pronouncing"TakbiratAl-Ihtam".while pronouncing "Takbirat AI-Ihram". 5. To put ones right hand over his left 5. To put ones right hand over his lefthand and left wrist, and put them both overhand and left wrist, and put them both overhis chest,as the Prophet(peace andblessingshis chest, as the Prophet (peace and blessingsof Atlah be uponhim) usedto do.of Allah be upon him) used to do. 6. It is advisablethat the worshipperrecite 6. It is advisable that the worshipper recite 3
  • 7. this openingsupplication saying:this opening supplication saying:,a ~ I .lJet{. tS ,fLlk:>-r4.tJ ~ -r.eLr-a-"-..r- ~ u~L Ic""" ~" ir:It + <: ft-t.L- ~J q*i ·...l&-L. ~., U f.6lJlj".rn$t ~p1 ~ j ~4lb- (f ~ r-..u l ,~.;J.!J(f ~~I .,!..Jt &_[s +u-t!;--/ o.,., l-.r,tt, r.€xi ..#treI:JbtIL,jtr|.ti ~ ~I r-..u ,~..u, .)~!J~!J trU~ l:?4lk.> ,t #i a*t, rr,*;-rlt "Allahumma baid bayni wa bayena kha- "Allahumma bald bayni wa bayena kha-tayaya kama baadta bayenaal-mashriki waltayaya kama baadta bayena al-mashriki walmaghribi, Allahumma naqqiniy min kha-maghribi, Allahumma naqqiniy min kha-tayaya kama yonaqatayaya kama yonaqa al thawbo alabyado thawbo alabyadomin aldans..Allahumma igysilniy min kha-min aldans.. Allahumma igysilniy min kha-tayayabilmai wathalgi walbarad."tayaya bilmai wathalgi walbarad. " This supplication means: This supplication means: "O Allah, separateme from my sins as "0 Allah, separate me from my sins asYou haveseparated eastand west.O Al-You have separated the east and west. 0 Al- thelah, cleanseme of my sinsas the white ropelah, cleanse me of my sins as the white ropeis cleansed 0 cleansed from dirt. O Allah, wash off my wash off mysinswith water,snowand hail."sins with water, snow and Or, he may sayinstead: Or, he may say instead:~J !.L~ JWJ ~I !J.,;L;J !J~JY_liJ-r+ Jtu_l dl*-,l ilrt t-l :J-r^*,_l r-..u l ct;~» ,*eut d,lit-*--.,rr ((!J~Jl tt:l+Pd! "SobhanakaAllahumma wa bihamdika "Sobhanaka Allahumma bihamdikawatabaraka Ismoka watala jaddoka walawatabaraka Ismoka watala jaddokailaha ghayroka" ghayroka" 4 4
  • 8. This supplicationmeans: This supplication means: "Praise and glory be to Allah. Blessedbe "Praise glory be to Allah. Blessed beYour Name, exalted be Your Majesty and Ir,lame,exalted be Majesty andGlory. There is no god but You."Glory. There You." Or he may say any other supplications he say any other supplicationswhich the Prophet,(peaceand blessingsofwhich the Prophet, (peace and blessings ofAllah be on him) usedto say in his prayers. be used say prayers. better recite these supplications alter-It is betterto recite thesesupplicationsalter-nately, the first one in the morning prayernately, the one the morning prayer"Fajr", the second in the noon prayer"Zuhr","Fajr", the second the noon prayereach one by tum, in conformity with whateach one turn, conformity whatthe Prophet used to do.the Prophetused do. reciting the opening supplication, After reciting the opening supplication,the worshipper says:the worshipper says: ((~)I iJ~1 ~ .JJ~ ;yh t*3Jl ;tLrill ;r.JJtt 4o1n "Aouzohillahi min al-shaytani-r-ragim" "Aouzo billahi min al-shaytani-r-ragim" Which means: Which means: "I seekprotection of Allah againstthe oc- "] seek protection of Allah against the ac-cursed Satan. "cursedSatan." Then he says: Thenhe says: tt*eJl JFJI +lll (*,*tt 5 5
  • 9. "Bism illahi-RahmaniRaheem" "Bism illahi-Rahmani Raheem" Which means: Which means: the nnmeof Allah, the All Merciful, the "In the name ofAllah, the All Merciful, theAll Compassionate."All Compassionate. " and recites the Fatiha (The opening Sura and recites the Fatiha (The opening Sura the glorious Quran). ProphetMuhammad,of the glorious Quran). Prophet Muhammad,may peaceand blessings upon him, said:may peace and blessings be upon him, said: be «~~I ~~ ~ f jl o~ ~» n,_,Klte;lh.!F l;l;X-r yn "Prayer without reciting the Fatiha is "Prayer without reciting the Fatiha is in-valid".valid". The worshippershouldsay "Ameen" after The worshipper should say "Ameen" afterreciting the Fatihaloudly if the prayeris saidreciting the Fatiha loudly if the prayer is saidloudly, and whisper inaudibleprayers.loudly, and whisper it in inaudible prayers. be conformityTo be in confonnity with the traditions of the the traditions theProphet,the worshipperis advised reciteProphet, the worshipper is advised to reciteverses medium size Suras the Quranverses from medium size Suras of the Quran (noon), (late afternoon),andin the Zuhr (noon), Asr (late afternoon), and theIsha (night) prayers.Isha (night) prayers. As for the Fajr the(morning) prayer, the worshipper advised(morning) prayer,the worshipper is advisedto recite a passage recite a passage from the long Suras of the the long Suras theQuran.He has the choice in Maghrib prayerQuran. has the choice Maghrib prayer(Evening prayer) either(Evening prayer) either to recite passages recite passagesfrom the long Suras or from the short Suras the Suras the shofi Suras 6
  • 10. of the Quran. the Quran. 7. Then, the worshipperbows in "Ruku" Then, the worshipper bowsraising his handsup to the level of his shoul-raising hands the of shoul-ders or ears while saying "Allahu Akbar"ders ears saying"Allah is Great" then bends down, making"Allah Great" then bends down, makinghis head and back on one level and putting head and back one andhis hands with the fingers spread on his hands the fingers spread hisknees.The worshippershould feel serenityknees. The worshipper should feel serenityand tranquility while bowing, he should sayand bowing, he should saythrice at least:thrice at least: ( «~, <:?J rJb.-..,1 g.-1~~» {-:li^ll "Subhana Rabbiayl Azim" "Subhana RabbiaylAzim" Which means: means: "Glory be to my Lord, theAlmighty." "Glory be to my Lord, the Almighty." bowing ad- It is advisable to say while bowing in ad- is advisableto saydition to that: to that: tJiobl{-dJl:J-t*,.,_l IJp1~ !.~J ~j~ ~~Jti, f*Jl dil^*,r "subhanak-AllahummaRabbana wo bi "Subhanak-Allahumma Rabbana wa hihamdika, Allahumma Ighfir liy"hamdilm,Allahummnlghftr liy" Which means: Whichmeans: "Glory be to Thee, O and praise "Glory be to Thee, 0 Allah, and I praise 7
  • 11. Thee; forgive me my sins."Thee;forgive my sins." me 8. To raise ones head up from bowing, 8. raise ones head up from bowing,raising oneshands the level his shoul-raising ones hands to the level of his shoul-ders or ears, saying, in case of being Imamders ears,saying, case being Imam praying alone:or praying alone: «o.1A"- J. 4.lJ ~») (oJ.+,t *IJl gn*., "SamiaAllahu liman hamidah" "Samia Allahu timan hamidah" Which means: Which means: who praises "Allah listens to him who praises Him" listens While resumingthe standingposition,he While resuming the standing position, heshould say:shouldsay:..:!rJl J* np [5;t* t*t h{ l"r,+~~ ~~ ~ lS"Jl.:--o ~ ~ .L?- .M.;l. ~J ~J» "rJl tJb Q-rD ( . It .d rJr. ( . ~ ~~ ~ ~1.A ~JoJ ~ 1.A ~Jo-, ~;:J ~Jo-, c-t[, J*J t{+ t" .JrJ .r}J "fr!t "Rabbanowa laka hamdu hamdanka- "Rabbana wa laka al hamdu hamdan ka-theeran tayyiban mobarakan feehiy milatheeran tayyiban mobarakanfeehiyssamawati wa mila alardhi wa mila rna bay-ssamawatiwa wa ma bay-nahoma wa mila rna Shita min shiyin baad"nahomawa ma Shitamin shiyin baad" This supplication means: This supplication means: "Our Lord, praise be fore Thee only, Lord, praise be fore Thee only,praises plentiful and blessed as to fill thepraises and blessedas to fill theheavens, the earth, what in between, and fill theheavens, earth, what between, and fill 8
  • 12. please Thee besides them."that which will pleaseTheebesidesthem." which But if the worshipperis a follower, and if the worshipper follower, andled in his prayer by the Imam he should say prayer he should saywhen rising up "Rabbanawa laka alhamd...when "Rabbana laka alhamd...etc.etc. (( ..lAj Lo t:J... ...l4.::l ~J ~J)) ofsL"dl ... .rJt dllE;) It is advisablefor the Imoffi, the follower, advisable the Imam, the follower, prays alone add also:or who praysaloneto add also:Y ~I e~ ~ lrlSt¥I Jli Lo J;-- ~L, ~~I J^11 **JJt r..ptJI lliJ r-Jl JU t, ,*1 r+IlJ *L.iJl (. jAh (+l ~ wlJ:- ~ C! !, ~ U r ((4 ,.iI" $l li ~ lJ c^.rrIt +I*, lJ dalei It gt" YJ~t U~Lo flyou Allah who deserve all praisesand all "Yott who deserve praises andglory, your praising fs the bestand mosttrueglory, lour praising is the best and most true whateverYour servantcan say,weof whatever Your servant can say, we all are areYour servants,Our Lord, no one can everYour servants, Our Lord, no one can ever what You have bestoweddeprive aught of what You have bestoweddeprive aughtand no one can ever give aught what Youand no one can ever give aught of what Youhave deprived."havedeprived." The worshipperis advisedto put his hands The worshipper is advised to put his handson his chest, as he had done before heon his chest, as he had done before hebowed.Both Wail Ibn Haggarand Sahl Ibnbowed. Both Wail Ibn Haggar and Sahl IbnSaiyd reportedthat this was the mannerSaiyd reported that this was the manner ofthe Prophetwhen he used to raise his headthe Prophet when he used to raise his headup after bowing.up afterbowing. 9
  • 13. 9. To prostratesaying ,sidrt "Allahu Ak- 9. To prostrate saying ~l.dsl "Allahu Ak-bar" "Allah is Great". He should touch thebar" "Allah is Great". He should touch theground with his knees before touching itground with his knees before touching itwith his hands,if that is possibleto him. Ifwith his hands, if that is possible to him. Ifnot, he is permitted to touch the ground bynot, he is permitted to touch the ground byhis hand before his knees. His fingers andhis hand before his knees. His fingers andtoes should be directed towards the Qibtatoes should be directed towards the QiblaMakkah, and his handsshould be stretched,Makkah, and his hands should be stretched,and the fingers close togetherand not separ-and the fingers close together and not separ-ated. prostration,the worshippershouldated. In prostration, the worshipper should;usethesesevenorgans:use these seven organs: The forehead,the nose,both hands,both The forehead, the nose, both hands, bothkneesand the internal parts the toes.knees and the internal parts of the toes. These seven organs should touch the These seven organs should touch theground. Then the worshipper should sayground. Then the worshipper should saythrice or more:thrice more: ((~:JI C::J...> 0~)) nplt g: .l[..*..,n "Subhana "Subhana RabbiyalAole" Rabbiyal Aala" Which means: means: "Glorified is my Lord, the Exalted." the Exalted. " It is advisable say: It advisable to say: "SubhanakaAllahuma Rabbana wa bi "Subhanaka Allahuma Rabbana 10 10
  • 14. hamdika, Allahuma ghfir-liy."hamdika, Allahuma I Ighfir-liy." uJ r;bl ~I_!J~-,~..>~I 4;t .-,,r «Jpl ,*sul- J-r^.-,-lQ-rf-€!l ~~» This means: This means: "Glory be to Thee,Our Lord, and I praise "Glory be to Thee, Lord, and praise Lord, forgive me my sins."Thee.Our Lord,forgive me my sins."Thee. It is recommendable the worshipperto recommendable for the worshipper supplicationsandexceed more and more in supplications andexceedmore and moreask for more from his Lord, becausetheask more his Lord, because theProphet,may peaceand blessingsProphet, may peace and blessings of Allahbe on him, said:be on him, said:~ L,~l; .)~ ~l, ~,,-,.J1 ~ p5Jt ~»+ br{;*u :35*ll t"b ~)I ~ !9^!i + if)I L"ir ttf .-,Lau*1 l.erJl ((~ ~~ 0 ~ ... ls....ul .li;; Which means: Which means: "Asfor bowing "Ruku"you shouldglorify "As fo, bowing "Ruku" you should glorify during performingit, asfor pros-your Lord during performing it, as fo, pros-yourtration, yott should do your best to suppli-tration, you should do your best to suppli-cate and ask for more from Him, becausecate and ask fo, more from Him, becauseyour supplications during prostration areyour supplications during prostration aremore worthy to be accepted. "more worthy to be accepted." The worshipper should ask his Lord for The worshipper should ask his Lord for and theprosperity both in this worldly life and in theprosperityboth thisHereafter.Whether is an obligatoryprayerHereafter. Whether it is an obligatory prayer 11 ll
  • 15. an optional prayer, the worshipper,whileor an optional prayer, the worshipper, whileprostrating, should neither bring his handsprostrating, should neither bring his handsclose to his sides,nor stick his abdomentoclose to his sides, nor stick his abdomen tohis thighs, his thighs to his legs.The wor-his thighs, or his thighs to his legs. The wor-shippersarms shouldbe raisedup from theshippers arms should be raised up from theground because Prophet,may peaceand theground because the Prophet, may peace andblessings be on him, prohibitedput-blessings of Allah be on him, prohibited put-ting the arns and stretching them on theting the arms and stretching them on theground, ordering that "adjust your prostra-ground, ordering that "adjust your prostra-tion, keep straigtht and stretchnot yourtion, keep straigtht in it, and stretch not yourhandson the groundas dogsdo."hands on the ground as dogs do." 10. He shouldraisehis headfrom prostra- 10. He should raise his head from prostra-tion saying:tion saying: ~r.& "Allahu Akbar" and lays his left foot ;liit "Allahu and lays his left footflat on the ground and sirs upon it, keepingflat on the ground and sits upon keeping his his right foot erected, his hands on his thighs erected, handson his thighs hisand knees, and knees, and,rays. and says: upr+lr CV: ijrlr gr^b t) *t -.JD frb "O "0 my Lord, forgive lfl€, have mercy on Lord, forgive me,tnt€,guide ftt€, provide me with your bless-me, me, provide your bless-ings and consoleme."ings console me." t2 12
  • 16. The worshipper should feel tranquillity The worshipper should feel tranquillityduring this pause.during this pause. 11. To prostrate again saying~i .&1" Allahu I 1. To prostrateagainsayingrsii,l"AllahuAkbar" and repeatingAkbar" and repeating during his prostration during his prostrationwhat he did and saidin the first prostration.what he did and said in the first prostration. 12. Then the worshipperraiseshis head 12. Then the worshipper raises his headsaying,sf irt "Allahu Akbar" taking a pausesaying .;;5 41 "Allahu Akbar" taking a pausesimilar to the pausebetweenthe prostra-similar to the pause between the two prostra-tions; this is called "the pausefor rest." istions; this is called "the pause for rest." It isrecommended the worshipperto do suchrecommended for the worshipper to do sucha pause, thereis no sin he desists buta pause, but there is no sin if he desists from fromit. Then the worshipperrises up and standsit. Then the worshipper rises up and standssupportingon his knees, on the ground ifsupporting on his knees, or on the ground ifhe cannot support himself on the knees,he cannot support himself on the knees,readsthe Fatihah(The openingSura thereads the Fatihah (The opening Sura of thegloriousQuran)and someotherverses of theglorious Quran) and some other verses theQuran and do as just as he did in the firsrQuran and do as as he the firstRakaah(unit prayer). Those who pray be-Rakaah (unit of prayer).Thosewho pray be-hind the Imam shouldnot competehind the Imam should not compete with himin the prayer actions as the Prophet (peace the prayer actions as the Prophet (peaceandblessings Allah be uponhim) said:and blessings of be upon said:rb;n(i 45 liLi . r-Lclyll:I yc q ~j:J rL.) J+ telu!J~ ~ I~~ ,~~ ~ ~ ftiJ lt"yl ~ ~1»~J : eQ_, ltJif cor.FeI .lJl g".., : J[i l5!3 e!rs",Ud, Jbl, :~".u o-ll- ~ ...lJl ~ : J.i l~lJ ,!"ASJ li l~lJ 13 13
  • 17. ~ JA:.o ~.J.J-ll ~~t; ~ 1~1.J . ..lo.:1-~.J qb ,;jr,td.iJtl r . !-tn.,,1i -r+-, lilr .-t*tt .11-1 Which means: means: The Imam is to be followed, if he says: The be followed, if he says:"Allahu Akbar" which means "Allah is meansGreat" then say the same after him. If heGreat" then say the same after If hebows in "Ruku" bow after him. If he says:bows "Ruku" bow after him. If he says:"Samia-l-latru"Samia-I-Iahu liman hamidah"which means liman hamidah" which means"Allah hears him who praisesHim", then hears who praises thensay: "Rabbana wa laka-l-hamd" whichsay: "Rabbana laka-I-hamd" whichmeans "Our Lord! All praisesare for Thee";means All praises are Thee";and if he prostrates, then prostrate afterand if he prostrates, then prostrate afterhim". (BukhariV:1 P.37)him". (Bukhari V:l P.37) Rakaat 13. If the prayer consists of two Rakaat 13. If the prayer consists prayer) as the morning prayer(two units of prayer) as the morning prayer units"Fajr", Feast prayer the Friday"Fajr", Feast prayer "Eid", or the Fridayprayer "Jumua",the worshippersits after theprayer "Jumua", the worshipper sits after the his right foot erect,second prostration, with his right foot erect,secondprostration, down, putting hissitting on his left foot laid ~own, putting hissitting on his hand on his thigh, his fingersright hand on his right thigh, all his fingersclose-fistedsave the index finger which heclose-fisted save the index finger which he his monotheis-uses to point out as a sign for his monotheis-usesto point out as a sign hand is put on histic belief, and his left hand is put on his left belief, and his the way, if thethigh. There is nothing in the way, if thethigh. There is nothing and ringworshipper keeps both the little and ring fin-worshipperkeepsboth thegers closed, while rounding his thumb andgers closed, while rounding his thumb and l4 14
  • 18. middle finger in a ring-shape,and useshismiddle finger in a ring-shape, and uses hisindex finger ot point out as a sign for hisindex finger ot point out as a sign for hismonotheisticbelief. has been related thatmonotheistic belief. It has been related thatthe Prophet,may peaceand blessingsthe Prophet, may peace and blessings of Al-lah be on him, had practisedbothlah be on him, had practised both of these theseways, thus, is advisable the worshipperways, thus, it is advisable for the worshipperto perform theto perfonn the first way once and the other way once and the otheron the secondtime.on the second time. The worshipperreadsthe Tashatrud The worshipper reads the Tashahud whilesitting and says:sitting and says:~I~ lei ~ ~I "~~!J ~!J.L.aJ!J ill ~~I»Clt*i Ul^t,fill c.rL,,Ll!.:!/.-JIJ4lJ .rt-*:Jln 4lJl ,YLJ~ I ,,~l.,4.H ill ~ l:s- J&-.J l.:.:k pt-*lt ~S~.J ill ~J."i3,"ii . itf L.aJl rl*" Jp-r t+lr d5;; dLJl i.Frr~ ~, "~J-J" o~ I~ 0i ~~ ,~, :J! JI Y cJi,j* *eul,lrts o.rtc OI-rpU.+l Y!4Jt Jl l"us :J.iXIfr^!l JL f=^hlJp +d;! ~~I J!J ~~I J&- 4-c ~ .4.¢ JI ~J ~ ~ tF.r*s li ,&t"r*+ .,pf.^!rl Jo citt{ [5 rai J Jtr r^3 J&- !JJ4J "r# "r*1.~~I ~ ~J4 te5 ~ Jl ~J ~ J" $!-r ¥ ~ (( . ~ -t=.*.iX!g.^!rtJ!J .+f ~ cl! . r-:-"~I .lb "Al-tahiyatu "Al-tahiyatu lilahi wasalawatuwatayibatu wasalawatu watayibatuAssalamu alayka ayuha-n-nabiyuwa rah-Assalamu alayka ayuha-n-nabiyumat-u-llahi wa barakatuhu.Assalamu alayi-mat-u-llahi barakatuhu. Assalamualayi-na wa ala ibadi-l-lahi-s-salalihiyn. ibadi-l-lahi-s-salalihiyn. Ashadu Ashaduala ilaha ila lahu we ashaduanno Muham- ilaha lahu wa ashadu anna Muham-madanabdohowo raswuloh.Allahuma sal-madan abdoho wa raswuloh. Allahuma sal-liy ala Muhammadwa ala aali Muhamad, Muhammad Muhamad,kama salayata ala lbrahima wa aali lbra-kama salayata Ibrahima Ibra-him. Inaka Hamidon Majid. Wa barik ala lnaka Hamidon Wa 15 15
  • 19. Mohammad wa ala aali Muhammad kamaMohammad wa ala aali Muhammad kamabarkta ala lbrahima wa aali lbrahima. Inakabarkta ala Ibrahima wa aali Ibrahima. InakaHamidon Majir1."HamidonMaiid." This means: This means: "Greetings, prayers and the good thingsof "Greetings, prayers the good things oftife belong to Allah. Peace,mercyand bless-life belong Peace, mercy bless-ing of Altah be on You, O ProPhet. MaY of Allah be you, 0 Prophet. Maypeacebe upon us and on the devoutslavesofpeace be upon us the devout slaves ofAtlah. I testify that there is no god but AllahAllah. I testify thereand I testify that Muharnmadfs His slave I testify Muhammad is slaveand messenger. Allah, blessMuhammadand messenger. 0 Allah, bless Muhammad Oand hisfamily as You blessedIbrahim andand his famity as You blessed lbrahim andhis family. You are the Most-Praised,Thehis family. You are the Most-Praised, The Most-glorious. Allah, bestowYour SraceMost-glorious. 0 Allah, bestow Your grace Oon Muhammadand his as You best-on Muhammad and his family as You best-woed on lbrahim and his family. You orewoed it on Ibrahim and his family. You aretheM ost-Praised, M ost- glorious."the Most-Praised, The Most-glorious." The After reciting the Tashahud, worship- the After reciting the Tashahud, the worship-per asks Allahs protectionfromfour evils,per asks Allahs protection from four evils,he should say:he shouldsay:~J ~I ~I..i&. ,fJ ~ ~..is. :.r ~ ~y ~ ~»,y: 4l .;li-e i/J f-{+ ./tro i/ dl t3,I t;t .r!tr i*,,,s.)tJlJ lJl e;i ((.,.JbrJl ~I 0 ~.J ~t)!J L:>J.I 0 . J~..ul GJI "My Lord, ask your protectionfrom tor- "My Lord, II ask your protection from tor-ment of the Hell, torment of the grave thement of the Hell, torment of the grave the l6 16
  • 20. trialstrials in life-time and after death, and from and after death, and fromthe imposter Antichrist." The worshipperthe imposter Antichrist." The worshippermay ask prosperity thismay ask Allah for prosperity in this worldly and the Hereafter,supplicatelife and in the Hereafter, supplicate Allah to tobestow favors on his parents and otherbestow His favors on his parents and othermuslims. He could do this both obligatorymuslims. He could do this in both obligatoryand optional prayers. has beenreportedand optional prayers. It has been reported by Massoud that the Prophet, peace andIbn Massoud that the Prophet, peace andblessings be on him, taught himblessings of Allah be on him, taught himhow recite the Tashatrudhow to recite the Tashahud and told him that and told thatthe worshipper should invokethe worshipper should invoke Allah and ask and ask the more belovedwishes which heHim for the more beloved wishes which helikes, or, as hasbeenrelated other word-likes, or, as it has been related in other word-ings, the worshipper should askings, the worshipper should ask Allah forwhateverhe wishes. this mannero ser-whatever he wishes. In this manner, the ser- thevant can askvant can ask Allah for all the prosperitiesof the prosperitiesthisthis worldly life and the life to come. The and the come. Theworshipper terminateshis prayerworshipper terminates his prayer by turning turninghis face to the right saying:his face the saying: tqlJlu--J-J ~ ~1» «~, iats ,5.t" fl*Jtr "As-salamualai kum wa rahmatu Allah" "As-salamu alai rahmatuand to the left saying this salutationwhichand the saying this salutation whichmeans "Peace and mercy of Allah be onmeans "Peace and mercy of beyou."you.tt 14. In case of a three Rakaat prayer 14. case of three Rakaat prayer 17 17
  • 21. (prayer consisting of three units) as that of(prayer consisting of three units) as that ofMaghrib prayer, (eveningprayer), or a four-Maghrib prayer, (evening prayer), or a four-Rakaat prayer like that of noon prayerRakaat prayer like that of noon prayer(Zuhr), Asr prayer (late afternoonprayer) or, prayer afternoon prayer)Isha prayer (night prayer), the worshipper prayer prayer), worshipperstandsup after reciting the Tashatrudaccord-stands Tashahud accord-ing to the manner stated before, and raises manner stated before, and raiseshis hands Fp to the level of his shoulders hands up the of shoulderssaying ~t 4saying ;l*irt (Allahu Akbar). The worship- Akbar). worship-per puts his hands over his chest as it had puts hands over chest as hadbeen explained befsre, and recites only thebeen explained before, and recites theFatiha. There is no objection if he adds to theFatiha. There objection if he adds theFatiha someother verses the QuranFatiha some other verses of the Quran while Rakaat (unitsperforming the third or fourth Rakaat (units the noon prayer (Zuhr), becauseof prayer) of noon prayer (Zuhr), because prayer)this was stated be one the mannersthis was stated to be one of the mannersadopted by the Prophet, may peace andadopted by the Prophet, may peace and be on him, according toblessings of Allah be on him, according toblessings Saied.the tradition reported by Abi Saied.the tradition reportedby Rakaah Maghrib prayer After the third Rakaah of Maghrib prayer the(evening prayer), and the fourth Rakaah of(evening prayer), and the fourth Rakaah ofZuhr (noon), Asr (afternoon)and Isha (night)Zuhr (noon), Asr (afternoon) and Isha (night)prayers,the worshipperrecitesthe Tashahudprayers, the worshipper recites the Tashahudand terminates prayersby saying:and tenninates his prayers by saying: his F t r.lJlbttf$" «•.~1 U-J.J ,)l.Jt. g){*ltl r8 18
  • 22. "Assalamu-alaikum rahmatu wa "Assalamu-alaikum wa rahmatu Allah" while turning first to the right, and second while turning first to the right, and secondto theto the left as it has been explained before. as hasbeenexplainedbefore. is not an obligatoryduty, but is a rec- It is not an obligatory duty, but it is a rec-ommendableprophetic tradition to invokeommendable prophetic tradition to invoke after terminating the prayer by askingAllah after terminating the prayer by asking forgiveness thrice and saying beforeHim forgiveness thrice and saying beforeturning onesface towardshis followers if heturning ones face towards his followers if heis the Imam:is the Imam:JYd:-1 1~4 ~.)~ YL.JI ~.J ~I ~i ~I))JX4-f liti cl-rtr p)t*Jlltbr l)t..ll .lT feJl, * . plfYb «• ~)t!J Which means: Which means: "O "0 Allah, Thou art peaceandfrom Thee is Thou peace andfrom Theeispeace, Thou art blessed, 0 possessorofpeace, Thou blessed,O possessorGlory and Honour."Glory and Honour." It is advisable the worshipper say: advisable for the worshipper to say:;*-e.t*ll db.1[lll 4J.oJ-lry Y.oJ>l dul yl 4JlYrr~.J ...LoJ..1 .JJ ~I .J ,.J 4~ )t. O~J ill 1)tl .JI )t»~ U ~ )tJ ~t Uit, Y FJJi J:!..li ,.~ JS J&-c-r& U ft-. YJc,:tel U ~lA 1 ~I .J$ .,9 ,F Jt!l dl Y ..lJtrYl ;roY_r ~ . -r.*t-:I" rJ-t[i ~ Y,11 .JI 1 ,ill4)t1 o~ ~J JFY ,~I ~ JJ:-l I) Jy>- t ~J4JlY d+l ,.l:..~.H 4] Jhaijl dJ q.-d,Jl ob_t +rj 11 nttt.JI :} ~I "[*Jl .JJ J..,aAJ1 .JJ ~I 4J041 Yl ~ :1J ...ul .J )tl ( ..r,ljt$l rf Job ~..ul 4J~ dLIl « • 0J}lS:J1 0.;5 :lr.rrJl .J i^^.oli .illt Yl :}I 19 19
  • 23. Which means: Which means: "Thereis no god but Allah. He is the One- "There Allah. the One.He has no partner. His is the dominionand has partner. His the dominionto Him alone is the praise. He has power alone the praise. has powerover all things.O Lord, none may withholdover all things. 0 none may withholdwhat You have given and none may givewhat You have given and none may givewhat You have withheldand the riches can-what You have withheld and the riches can-not avail a wealthypersonwith Thee.There wealthy person Thee. Thereis no might or power exceptby the supportof might power except the support ofAllah, There is no god but Allah and we doAllah, Thereis no god but and we donot worship but Him alone. To Him alonenot worship but alone. To alonebelong all bounties, to Him alone belong allbelong bounties, to alone belonggrace, and to Him worthy praise is accord-grace, and to worthy praise is accorded. There is no god but Allah, to Whom weed. There is no god but Allah, to Whom we eventhoughthe un-are sincere in devotion, even though the un-are sincerein devotion, moy detestit."believers may detest it. "believers is also advisableto the worshipperto It is also advisable to the worshipper to 33 times by saying .&0~extol Allah 33 times by sayingextol 4il,lt**, Allah). praise by saying+ir-rJt(Subhana Allah). praise Him by saying...tJ....:1..(Subhana(Al Hamdu lil-Allah) 33 tiines also by say-(AI Hamdu lil-Allah) 33 times also by say-ing: ~41ing: ;l.iir "Allahu Akbar" and the wor- "Allahu Akbar" and the wor-shippercompletes supplications be one his toshipper completes his supplications to be onehundredby sayingonce:hundred by saying once:jJbJ ~ 4.JJ ~ J ,4.. ~~ ~ oJ.>.J ill ~ 4..~»y"o-e 4IJl AJlYtt "rJl 4! 4llt 4J .oJ Otry Y oJ>-e Yl 20 20
  • 24. (.;$.5Js& Which means: Which means: "Thereis no god but Allah. He is the One. "There is no god but Allah. He is the One.He has no partner. His is the dominion andHe has no partner. His is the dominion andto alone is the praise. He has powerto Him alone is the praise. He has powerover all things."over all things." The worshipperadds to that the recitation The worshipper adds to that the recitation the verse the Throne of the verse of the Throne "Ayat AI-Kursiy", Al-Kursiy",.Surat Al-Ikhlas, Surat El-Falaq, and SuratSurat AI-Ikhlas, Surat EI-Falaq, and Surat Al-Nas. is recommendabl.e recite these AI-Nas. It is recommendable to recite these to Surasthrice after the Fajr prayer (Morning Suras thrice after the Fajr prayer (Morning prayer), and the Maghrib prayer (evening prayer), and the Maghrib prayer (evening prayer) because this was reported be one prayer) because this was reported to be one the traditions the Prophet,peace and of the traditions of the Prophet, peace and blessings Allah be on him. As it had been blessings of be on him. had been stated before,all theseafter-prayer supplica- statedbefore, these after-prayer supplica- tions are optional and not obligatory. tions are optional and obligatory. Every muslim, whetherbe male or female, Every muslim, whether be male female,is recommended pray 12 Rakaatof super- recommended to pray 12 Rakaat super-erogatoryprayersevery day: four of theseerogatory prayers every day: of theseRakaat (units of prayers) are before noonRakaat (units of prayers) are before noonprayer, two after it, two after Maghribprayer, after after Maghribprayer,two after Isha (night) prayer and twoprayer, after Isha (night) prayer andbefore the morning prayer - These supere-before the morning prayer These supere- 2r 21
  • 25. rogatory rr:ayersare called (Rawatib) which rogatory prayers are called (Rawatib) which exercises of means: "Certain supererogatory exercisesofmeans:"Certain Supererogatoryoptional prayers." The Prophet peace and optional prayers." The Prophet peace andblessingsof Allah be on him, preseruedthe blessings of Allah be on him, preserved theperformance of these optional prayers performance of these optional prayerswherever he settled. During his travels, he wherever he settled. During his travels, heused to practisethe two optional Rakaatbe- used practise Rakaatfore the morning prayer and also the Witr and also Witrprayer (after the Isha prayer).There is no ob-prayer (after the Isha prayer). Therejection to perform theseoptiorial prayers in perform these optiorial prayersthe mosque,but it is better to perform it atthe mosque, better performhome,because Prophet,peaceAndbless-home, because the Prophet, peace ~d bless- the be on him, said "The bestings of Allah be on him, said "The best ofingsthe prayers are those which are fulfilled atthe prayers are those are at exceptionto obligato-ones own home, with exception to obligato- onesown home,ry prayers which should be performed in prayers which should be performedcongregation at the mosque." congregation the mosque." at Observanceof fulfilling these optional Observance of fulfilling these optionalprayersis a meansfor gaining admissiontoprayers is a means for gaining admission toparadise.The Prophet,may peaceand bless-paradise. The Prophet, may peace and bless-ings of Allah be on him, said: ings of Allatr be on him, said:J ill ~ ~# .d.:J." v-:! J wJ ~ ~ ~ j-A»4Jdlf ,!le-*; *l=l-r*-r- r! iJ-r ;P +;:il k Uu .. - tu+l .t t+ «~I~~ 22 22
  • 26. Whichmeans: Which means: "Whoeverprays optionally twelve Rakaat "Whoever prays optionally twelve Rakaatevery one day and night,everyone day and night, Allah will reward rewardhim by an establishedhim by an established dwelling in the para- dwelling in the para-dise."dise. " is also advisable the muslim to pray to It is also advisable to the muslim to prayfour optional Rakaat beforefour optional Rakaat before Asr prayer prayer(afternoon prayer), before Maghrib(afternoon prayer), two before Maghribprayer (eveningprayer), andprayer (evening prayer), and two before Isha before Ishaprayer (night prayer), becausethis mannerprayer (night prayer), because this mannerwas reported to be one the traditionswas reported to be one of the traditions ofthe Prophet.Allah, the says:the Prophet. Allah, the Almighty says: rY : ff {i:--- (y , : rY")r ~4.:.-> ;y|.iil ,-1, + ,.(JJISrnJ} 0.,-.1 41 J"-J ~ ~ ~lS ...lAJ~ ", have indeed the Messenger "Ye have indeed in the Messenger of Al-lah an excellentexempler"(33:21).lah an excellent exempler" (33:21). And the Prophet (May the peace and the Prophet the peace andblassings Allah be upon him) said:bIassings of be upon said: o+-ls_r.rLtF!A",, «~tJ~L2~» .. .. Which means: means: "Perform your prayer in the samemanner "Perform prayer the same manneras you had seenme doing."as had seen doing." Allah is He Who is Able to renderus suc- render us suc- 23 23
  • 27. cessand prosperity,and may Allah give Hiscess and prosperity, and may Allah give Hisblessingsand peaceto our ProphetMuham-blessings and peace to our Prophet Muham-mad son of Abdellah, his family, his com-mad son of Abdellah, his family, his com-panions and whoever follows his way tillpanions and whoever follows his way tilldoomsday.doomsday. President of PresidentofSupremeHeadOffice for ReligiousResea- Supreme Head Religious Resea-rches,Ifta, Call and GuidanceDepartments.rches, and Guidance Departments. (Shiekh Abdul Aziz Abdullah Bin Baz) (Shiekh 24 24
  • 28. eiau ,/J ~ L;*lui t ~t:.;)v*ubcy,a4*tt+V ~~....;.~O-rO~cY,/::rJ~?I -rUl r+ltlt
  • 29. #dJd&d
  • 30. I_"........~ _ _ -J-"~- ... ".-- ,,, ,, ....... " .:.04 ~ ,~ •