“ Good morning Representative Oelhert and welcome back from break.” <ul><li>Greg continues: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Kathy will be in next to brief you on the first constituent issue.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Remember that we will need your final decision on all issues before you leave for your lunch-time meeting at your campaign office – to see how much you have recovered in the polls.” </li></ul>
“ Let me give you an update and some of the options.” says Kathy as she walks in past Greg. <ul><li>“ Recall that due to the rules of the separation of campaigning efforts and office operations …” </li></ul>http://www.boozallen.com/learning Design Note: Kathy continues to lay out a situation and background that sets up the “prisoners dilemma”. The player will then be provided an initial set of options/decisions. The outcomes will revealed later.
The options to each congressional scenario are designed to identify a preference for one of the three main types of ethics Introduction and goal setting Scenario 1 Scenario 2 Scenario n Outcome 1 Scenario 2 Scenario n Many of the scenario questions will ask about thoughts and preferences, and will not affect the branching logic.
Player HUD shows key information about the player’s known goals involving reelection Polling Results Money Flow While the player is provided the goal of being re-elected with supporting data, many decisions will be designed to track ethical preference.
At the end of the game, the players will have learned about the resulting outcomes to all scenarios (based on their decisions), see their strength rating, and will find out if they have been re-elected <ul><li>The Welcome Back Representative game provides the gamer a summary strength rating of their decisions (0 to 20), against the three types of ethical frameworks </li></ul><ul><li>Although most of the questions and provided options to the scenarios are intended to be balanced, based on the ethical frameworks (e.g. paired questions like in personality sorters), some of the questions are designed to directly advance the storyline (will they take the money?) </li></ul><ul><li>Some scenarios outcomes reveal the unintended consequences – there is never just one action (e.g. anyone want to pass another law that requires more affordable loans?) </li></ul>Consequentialist Ethics Deontological Ethics Virtue Ethics 5 10 15 20 The players will NOT be re-elected if they follow “normal” ethical standards. They will not have enough money or resources. Example strength rating
The three main types of ethics targeted for separation <ul><li>Consequentialist Ethics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The moral merit is determined by the outcomes or combined outcomes that contribute to the welfare of the individuals who have interests at stake in those consequences. Utilitarian ethics are a variant of Consequentialism with the evaluation of the merit being based on the overall welfare of the group of individuals balanced by the harms or cost of the means to achieve that same welfare. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Deontological or Duty based Ethics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These frequently appeal to what are called second-order evaluations, which means that a kind of reasoning is involved that evaluates not merely the ends or goods appealed to, but the basis for the reasoning itself that is used. Terms like “dignity of human being” or “rationality” are used to identify the ends that are to be preserved in any decision. Thus, many deontological theories appeal to “Principles” of ethics. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Virtue Ethics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These outline a set of virtues as characteristics that contribute not merely to the means, or rationality of a decision, but importantly to the orientation of what counts as in need of moral and/or ethical attention. This in fact is one of the weaknesses of the other two noted above </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Source: MJ Bliton. </li></ul>http://www.boozallen.com/learning