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Women in Science: Challenges at the Intersection of Gender, Race & Culture

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Presentation by Dr. Mónica I. Feliú-Mójer, Manager of Outreach, Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle at open forum discussing the challenges faced by women in science, …

Presentation by Dr. Mónica I. Feliú-Mójer, Manager of Outreach, Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle at open forum discussing the challenges faced by women in science, particularly at the intersection of gender, race and culture.

December 3, 2013, Samuel Kelly Ethnic Cultural Center.

Event co-organized by Mónica I. Feliú-Mójer, Verónica Guajardo and Stephanie Gardner and sponsored by Department of Biostatistics, MESA Community College Program, Louis Stoke Alliance for Minority Participation and School of Public Health, Diversity Committee, all at the University of Washington.

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  • 1. Women in Science: Challenges at the Intersection of Gender, Race & Culture Verónica Guajardo Mónica I. Feliú-Mójer Assistant Director Manager of Outreach Programs Washington MESA Dept. of Biostatistics Community College Program University of Washington Stephanie Gardner Associate Director LSAMP Program University of Washington Sponsored by: Dept. of Biostatistics, University of Washington MESA Community College Program Louis Stoke Alliance for Minority Participation Diversity Committee, School of Public Health
  • 2. Women: 50% of U.S. population... 28% S&E workforce Women of color: 16% of U.S. population... 5% of S&E workforce SOURCE: Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering 2013
  • 3. Seeds of underrepresentation •  Perceived gender barriers and stereotypes are high (e.g. science not for girls) •  Middle school is a critical point •  Gap between STEM interest and career choice •  Girls of color have high interest in STEM but fewer supports, less exposure and lower academic achievement SOURCE: Generation STEM: What Girls say about Science, Technology, Engineering and Math
  • 4. More women than men earn higher education degrees, but more men earn S&E degrees Overall Biosciences Computer sciences 58% bachelor’s 57.8% bachelor’s 18.2% bachelor’s 60% master’s 56.2% master’s 27.5% master’s 50% PhD’s 52.2% PhD’s 21.5% PhD’s Math Engineering Physical sciences 43.1% bachelor’s 18.4% bachelor’s 40.9% bachelor’s 39.9% master’s 22.3% master’s 40.2% master’s 29.9% PhD’s 23.2% PhD’s 32.9% PhD’s Data shown for 2010 only. SOURCE: Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering 2013
  • 5. Women of color earn 12% bachelor s, 10% master s and 9% PhD degrees 10.6% 7.9% 3.9% SOURCE: Accelerating Change for Women Faculty of Color in STEM: Policy, Action and Collaboration
  • 6. Underrepresentation persists in leadership and senior faculty positions Women, Full-time professorships Women of color, Full-time professorships SOURCES: Beyond Bias and Barriers: Fulfilling the Potential of Women in Academic Science and Engineering; Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering 2013
  • 7. Factors contributing to the underrepresentation of women in science
  • 8. Psychosocial factors •  Isolation •  ‘Keep up and catch up’ •  Stereotype threat ADAPTED FROM: M Johns, T Schmader, and A Martens (2005) Psychological Science. SOURCE: Beyond Bias and Barriers: Fulfilling the Potential of Women in Academic Science and Engineering
  • 9. Implicit bias Moss-Racusin et al. (2012) PNAS
  • 10. Other factors •  Institutional policies •  Lack of roles models, mentors and sponsors •  Lack of outreach •  Lower salaries
  • 11. Double Bind : Sexism and Racism The Double Bind: The Price of Being a Minority Woman in Science (1975) “Science careers in the context of gender and race or ethnic bias have been a major part of our lives, setting us apart at every turn.” - Jewel Plummer Cobb!
  • 12. 0
  • 13. What can we do?  How can we build a more supportive environment?
  • 14. Discuss Share Action!
  • 15. How do we move towards action? What can we do as individuals to improve the climate for women in science? How do we create synergy? How can we leverage our positions within our communities to effect change? What can we do as communities to improve the climate for women in science? How do we engage people to turn them into advocates? What can we do as an institution to improve the climate for women in science? Who are the key players in this conversation? How do we address the challenges (e.g. implicit bias)?
  • 16. Action!
  • 17. Some useful links Accelerating Change for Women Faculty of Color in STEM: Policy, Action, and Collaboration Institute for Women’s Policy Research (IWPR) Generation STEM: What Girls Say about Science, Technology, Engineering and Math Girl Scout Research Institute Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering National Science Foundation (NSF) The Double Bind: The Price of Being a Minority Women in Science American Association for the Advancement of Science Causal Factors and Interventions Borinqueña: A New Space for Puerto Workshop National Institutes of Health (NIH) Rican and Hispanic Women in Science Ciencia Puerto Rico Why So Few? Women in Science, Association of Women in Science Technology, Engineering and Mathematics American Association of (AWIS) University Women Scientista Foundation