HORTICULTUREWHAT IS HORTICULTURE?• A branch of a agriculture that specialises in fruits,veg,flowers & ornamental shrubs & trees.• Horticulture is the science, art, technology and business involved in intensive plant cultivation for human use. It is practiced from the individual level in a garden up to the activities of a multinational corporation. It is very diverse in its activities, incorporating plants for food fruits, vegetables, mushrooms, culinary herbs) and non-food crops flowers, trees and shrubs, turf-grass, hops, grapes, medicinal herbs.
ORIGINThe word horticulture is modeled after agriculture and comes from the Latin hortus "garden and cultūra "cultivation", from cultus, the perfect passive participle of the verb colō "I cultivate".Hortus is cognate with the native English word yard (in the meaning of land associated with a building) and also the borrowed word garden.
HISTORY• Horticulture has a very long history. The study and science of horticulture dates all the way back to the times of Cyrus the Great of ancient Persia, and has been going on ever since, with present day horticulturists such as Freeman S. Howlett, the revolutionary horticulturist.The practice of horticulture can be retraced for many thousands of years. The origins of horticulture lie in the transition of human communities from nomadic hunter-gatherers. Horticulture primarily differs from agriculture in two ways.• it generally encompasses a smaller scale of cultivation, using small plots of mixed crops rather than large fields of single crops.• Secondly, horticultural cultivations generally include a wide variety of crops, even including fruit trees with ground crops.
When were plants first cultivated? Neolithic Age (7000 – 10000 years ago) First farmers were women!!!!
Prehistoric people were primarily…. • Hunters and gatherers. • Collected seeds, fruits, and nuts.
By 3000 B.C. in Egypt Land preparation Irrigation Pruning
BRANCHES OF HORTICULTURE• Olericulture Horticultural Therapy• Pomology Landscape Horticulture• Viticulture Interiorscaping• Floriculture Nursery Management• Turfgrass Management Green house Management
TYPES OF HORTICULTUREAmateur Horticulture This is associated with growing for oneself – just because of a personal inclination towards plants and nature. It’s a hobby, requiring only interest & curiosity.Commercial Horticulture To put it simply, this is growing for others. It’s about earning a ‘living’ from that, by growing what the market demands, and making money from it! It’s Professional, requiring expertise this time.
HOTEL HORTICULTUREGardening is a subset of the art & science of the horticulture in HOTEL .• It is the implementation of the objective of horticulture to create a natural environment. That lends natural beauty to the concrete structure of a hotel.There are a two types of gardens that a House keeping department involved
PRINCIPLES OF HORTICULTURE There are 3 Principles – • PLANNING • PLANTING • CARE
TYPES OF GARDEN OUT DOOR INDOOR • FLOWER ARRANGMENT • BOQUET • POTTED • ARTIFICIALORNAMENTAL FOOD
HORTICULTURAL FEATURES• Water supply system• Nursery• Green house• Garden shed
ORGARNISATION CHARTEXECUTIVE HOUSE KEEPERASST. HOUSE KEEPERHORTICULTURISTHEAD GARDNER GARDNERS