Middle Eastern PP
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  • 1. Peter Beckwith, Sam Cychosz, Kenny Li, Christina Souphannavong, Nick Taylor, Jordan Koplitz & Josh Keck
  • 2.
    • Modern Israel established 1948 recording to UN partition Plan
    • Confliction claims to the land makes repeating violence
    • Israel and Arab neighbors had three wars 1956, 1967, 1973
    • US try to bring peace
  • 3.
    • 1967 - occupied Territories and seized Golan Heights from Syria, east Jerusalem, and West Bank from Jordan, Gaza strip & Sinai Peninsula in Egypt
    • 1973 - the nations attacked back on
    • Yom Kippur the holiest days in
    • Jewish years. They failed and Israel
    • built more homes for Jewish settlers
    • Palestinian attacks bring Israeli
    • response in 1960 the Palestine
    • Liberation Organization (PLO)
    • was fighting Palestine leaded by
    • Yasser Arafat killing Olympic athletes and hijacking planes.
  • 4.
    • 1993 – Yasir Arafat and Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin signed the Oslo Accord
  • 5.
    • US and UN wanted peace so they organized negotiations with Golda Meir the first female prime minister but Israel was attacked during the negotiations. Israel and Egypt sign a peace accord in 1979 and Egypt got Sinai Peninsula back. Talks between Israel and Control of Golan Heights
  • 6.
    • According to the Bible and the Quran, both groups were given ownership (Jews and Muslims) to Israel.
    • 2000 - Palestinian groups (like Hamas) upgraded terrorist attacks. Israeli PM demanded removal of Palestinian authority.
    • Land Claims are wanted by many Palestinians to settle anywhere in Israel under “Right of Return”.
      • A large number of Palestinians in Israel. The future of Israeli settlements in the occupied territories. And Jerusalem is the third.
  • 7.
      • 2004 - Israeli prime minister, Ariel Sharon launched a plan to withdraw Israeli settlements from Gaza, death of Yasir Arafat.
    • Israeli prime minister, Sharon launched a plan to withdraw Israeli settlements from Gaza, death of Yasir Arafat in 2004.
  • 8.
    • King Hussien , ruler of Jordan, finally made peace with Israel
  • 9.
    • Lebanon;
      • Beirut - ruling capital
      • Home to diverse ethnic and religious groups
      • Mid-1990s – Arab and Israeli conflict was bringing problems to Lebanon
      • Christians held most power because they were the largest group
    • Govt. depend on the balance of Arab Christians, Sunni Muslims, Shiite Muslims, and Druze , who are people with a religion related to Islam
    • Muslim Palestinians fled into Lebanon in areas in 1948, Muslims outnumbered Christians
    • Upset Lebanon religious balance
  • 10.
    • 1975 – religious tensions put them in a civil war
    • Christian and Muslim militias, which are armed groups of citizen soldiers, battled each other
    • 1982 – Invaded southern Lebanon
    • Syria occupied Eastern
    • Lebanon to secure its borders
    • 1990 – Civil war ended
    • Beirut was slowly rebuilt and became the center of commerce after being demolished