Equivalencias

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Equivalencias

  1. 1. Equivalencias de unidades inglesas y métricasLongitud plg pie yd mm m Km -5 1 plg (in) 1 0.08333 0.02778 25.4 0.0254 2.54x10 -4 1 pie (ft) 12 1 0,333 304,8 0.3048 3.048x10 -4 1 yd 36 3 1 914,4 0.9144 9.14x10 -6 -6 -6 1 mm 0.03937 3281x10 1094x10 1 0.001 10 -5 1 cm 0.3937 0.0328083 .010936 10 0.01 10 1m 39.37 3.281 1.094 1000 1 0,001 6 1 km 39370 3281 1094 10 1000 1Área 2 2 2 2 2 2 plg pie yd cm dm m 2 3 -4 -5 1 plg 1 6.9x10 7.72x10 6,452 0.06452 64.5x10 2 1 pie 144 1 0,1111 929 9.29 0.0929 2 1 yd 1296 9 1 8361 83.61 0.8361 2 -3 -4 1 cm 0.155 1.07x10 1.20x10 1 0.01 0.0001 2 1 dm 15.5 0.1076 0.01196 100 1 0.01 2 1m 1550 10.76 1.196 10000 100 1Volumen 3 3 3 3 3 3 plg pie yd cm dm m 3 -4 -5 -5 1 plg 1 5.79x10 2.14x10 16.39 0.01639 1.64x10 3 1 pie 1728 1 0,037 28320 28.32 0.02832 3 1 yd 46656 27 1 764555 764.55 0.765 3 -8 -6 -6 1 cm 0.06102 3531x10 1.31 10 1 0.001 10 3 1 dm 61.02 0.03531 0.00131 1000 1 0.001 3 -6 1m 61023 3531 130.7 10 1000 1Masa dram oz lb g kg mg -6 1 dram 1 0.0625 0.003906 1.772 0.00177 1.77x10 -5 1 oz 16 1 0.0625 28.35 0.02835 2.83x10 -4 1 lb 256 16 1 453.6 0.4536 4.54x10 -6 1g 0.5644 0.03527 0.002205 1 0.001 10 1 kg 564.4 35.27 2.205 1000 1 0.001 3 -6 1 mg 564.4x10 35270 2205 10 1000 1Trabajo energía pie.lbf Kgf-m j kw.h kcal Btu -9 -6 -3 1 pie.lbf 1 0.1383 1.356 376.8x10 324x10 1.286x10 -6 -3 -3 1 kgf-m 7.233 1 9.807 2.725x10 2.344x10 9.301x10 -9 -6 -6 1j 0.7376 0.102 1 277.8x10 239x10 948.4x10 6 3 6 1 kw.h 2.655x10 367.1x10 3.6x10 1 860 3413 3 -3 1 kcal 3.087x10 426.9 4187 1.163x10 1 1.968 -6 1 btu 778.6 107.6 1055 239x10 0.252 1Potencia hp kgf-m/s w Kw Kcal/s Btu 1 hp 1 76,04 745.7 0.7457 0.1782 0.7073 -3 6 -3 -3 -3 1 kgf-m/s 13.15x10 3.6x10 9.807 9.807x10 2.344x10 9.296x10 -3 3 -6 -6 1w 1.341x10 0,102 1 10 239x10 948.4x10 1 kw 1,341 102 1000 1 0.239 0.9484 1 kcal/s 5.614 426.9 4187 4.187 1 3.968 1 btu 1.415 107.6 1055 1.055 0.252 1
  2. 2. Equivalencias de peso y volumen de agua Galón imperial 3 3 3 Unidad Galón(us) In ft m I lb Galón (us) 1 0.833 231 0.1337 0.00378 3.785 8.33Galón imperial 1.2 1 277.41 0.1605 0.00455 4.546 10 3 In 0.004329 0.003607 1 0.00057 0.000016 - 0.0361 3 ft 7.48 6.232 1,728.00 1 0.0283 28.317 62.425 3 m 284.17 220.05 - 35.314 1 1,000 2,204.50 I 0.26417 0.22 61.023 0.0353 0.001 1 2.205 lb 0.12 0.1 27.68 0.016 - 0.454 1 UNIDADES DE CAUDAL DE AGUA GALONES MILLONES DE UNIDAD US IMPERIALES/ US GALONES/ 3 3 Pie /s m /h Litros/s Barriles/m Barriles/día GALONES/MIN MIN Día in US GALONES/MIN 1 0.8327 0.00144 0.00223 0.02271 0.0631 0.0238 34.286 GALONES IMPERIALES/min 1,201 1 0.00173 0.002676 0.2727 0.0758 0.02859 41.176MILLONES DE US GALONES/DÍA 694.4 578.25 1 1.547 157.7 43.8 16.53 23,810 3 Pie /s 448.83 373.7 0.646 1 101.9 28.32 10.686 15,388 3 m /s 15,850 13,199 22.83 35.315 3,600 1,000 377.4 543,447 3 m /min 264.2 220 0.3804 0.5883 60 16.667 6.29 9,058 3 m /h 4.403 3.67 0.00634 0.00982 1 0.2778 0.1048 151 Litros/s 15.85 13.2 0.0228 0.0353 3.6 1 0.3773 543.3 Litros/min 0.2642 0.22 0.00038 0.000589 0.06 0.0167 0.00629 9.055 Barriles/min 42 34.97 0.0605 0.09357 9.5256 2.65 1 1,440 Barriles/día 0.0292 0.0243 0.000042 0.000065 0.00662 0.00184 0.00069 1 Equivalencias de presión y carga de agua Unidad lbf/plg2 lbf/pie2 Atmósfera Kgf/cm2 plg de agua pies de agua plg Bares lbf/plg2 1 144 0.068046 0.070307 27.7276 2.3106 2.036 0.06895 lbf/pie2 0.006945 1 0.000473 0.000488 0.1926 0.01605 0.0141139 0.000479Atmósfera 14.696 2,116.22 1 1.0332 407.484 33.957 29.921 1.01325 kgf/cm2 14.2233 2,048.16 0.96784 1 394.27 32.864 28.959 0.9807In de agua 0.03607 5.184 0.002454 0.00254 1 0.08333 0.0734 0.00249ft de agua 0.43278 62.3205 0.029449 0.03043 12 1 0.8811 0.02964 in de hg 0.49115 70.726 0.033421 0.03453 13.617 1.1349 1 0.03386mm de hg. 0.019337 2.7845 0.0013158 0.0013595 0.0.5361 0.04468 0.03937 0.001333 Bares 14.5036 2,068.55 0.98692 1.0197 402.1 33.51 29.53 1 Equivalencias de energía Caloría Joule Termia lb-ft hp h Btu Kwh tep tec cvh erg 1 cal 1 4.1868 1x10-6 3.088 1.5596x10-6 3.9683x10-3 1.163x10-6 100x10-12 142.86x10-12 9.8708x10-5 1061.0338 1J 0.2388 1 238.8x10-9 0.7376 372.5x10-9 947.78x10-6 277.78x10-9 23.88 10-12 34.114x10-12 0.00289 1x1071 Termia 1x106 4.1868x106 1 3.088x10-6 1.5596 3,968.30 1.163 100x10-6 142.86x10-6 1.58 841.7094 1 lb-ft 0.3238 1.3558 323.8x10-9 1 505.05x10-3 1.2851x10-3 376.62x10-12 32.38x10-8 46.257x10-12 0.00391 8.7584x106 1 hp h 64.1190x104 2.6845x106 0.64119 1.98x106 1 2,544.30 0.7457 6.4119x10-15 9.1599x10-15 1.0834 1.8544x104 1 Btu 251.99 1,055.10 251.9x10-6 778.1 393x10-6 1 293.07x10-6 25.199x10-9 35.986x10-9 0.3984 5.5577x1010 1 Kwh 859.85x103 3.6x106 0.8599 2.656x106 1.341 3,412.10 1 85.985x10-6 122.84x10-9 1.3587 1.6302x106 1 tep 10x109 41.868 109 10x103 30.88x109 15.596 39.683x106 11,630 1 1.42857 1.7888x1012 7.3645x108 1 tec 7x109 29.307x109 7,000 21.616x109 10,917 27.778x106 8,141 0.7 1 5059.8561 5.5249x1016 1 cvh 6.326x105 2.650x106 0.6329 255.4345 0.9253 2.51 0.736 8.7606x10-13 2.1714x10-11 1 4.0642x104 1 erg 2.389x10-8 1x10-7 5.3863x10-4 7.3757x10-8 2.6719x10-10 9.480x10-11 2.778x10-14 2.5296x10-22 6.2698x10-21 2.8900x10-10 1
  3. 3. Conversiones de mayor uso en la industria del gasVolumen Equivalencias energéticas1 m3 = 6.28981041 barriles 1 millón de toneladas de petróleo = 40.4 Btu (1012 unidades térmicas)1 Mm3 = 6,289,800.0 barriles 1 tonelada de petróleo crudo equivalente = 41.868 GJ1 Mpies3 = 178,107.0 barriles 1 millón de toneladas de petróleo crudo eq. = 41.868 PJ 1 tonelada métrica = 7.33 barriles de petróleo 1 barril de combustóleo = 6,783 pies3 de gas natural 1 barril de petróleo = 5,000 pies3 de gas natural 1 m3 gas natural = 8,460 kilocalorías (para fact. De gas seco) 1 Mm3 de gas natural = 900 toneladas de petróleo crudo 1 Mpies3 de gas natural = 26 toneladas de petróleo crudo 1 Mcal = 3.67910 Mpies3 de gasEquivalencias caloríficas 1 pie3 = 1.03 MBtu de gas natural 1,000 pies3 = 1.03 MMBtu de gas natural 1 Btu = 1,055.056 J 1 Btu = 0.252 Kcal 1 cal = 4.1868 J 1 kcal = 3.968254 Btu 1 Mcal = 3,968.254 Btu 1 PJ = 947.08 barriles de petróleo crudo equivalente 1 Wh = 3,600 J 1 GJ = 239,000 kcal TABLA DE EQUIVALENCIAS DE PESO Y MEDIDAS DE GAS LICUADO DE PETRÓLEO (BUTANO-PROPANO) PROPIEDADES DE LOS DISTINTOS GRADOS COMERCIALES DEL GAS LP PROPANO PROPANO BUTANO 1 litro = 0.5396 kg BUTANO 1 litro = 9.672 pies3 Peso específico del 0.509 0.552 0.576 líquido (agua=1) 1 litro = 6,364 kcal Peso de un litro líquido 0.509 0.552 0.576 1 litro = 25, 254 Btu en kg. 1 litro = 0.264 galones Peso específico del gas 1.521 1.8 1.95 (aire=1) 1 galón = 3.7854 litros Litros de gas / kg del 530.15 447.73 418.39 1 galón = 2.12 litros líquido Litro de gas / litro de 269.3 246.3 242 1 kg = 0.472 galones líquido 1 kg = 0.4889 m3 Cal/m3 22.691.00 26.695.00 28,221.00 1 kg = 17.166 pies3 Cal/kg 12,030.00 11,967.00 11,948.00 Cal/l 6,112.00 6,644.00 6,818.00 1 kg = 11,365 kcal m3de aire para quemar 23.92 31.1 31.1 1 kg = 45,099 Btu c/ m3de gas 1 kg = 1.785 litros Tabla de equivalencias de pesos y medidas de gas natural 1 m3 = 35.3165 pies3 1 m3 = 2.0454 kg/gas 1 ft 3 Aprox. 1,000 Btu 1 m3 = 23,246 kcal 3 1 cp = 100 ft 3 1 m3 = 92,247 Btu 3 100 ft = 1 Therm 1 pie3 = 0.053 kg 1 Therm = 100,000 Btu 3 1 pie3 = 0.0919 litros 1 Therm = 100 ft 3 1 pie3 = 658 kcal 1 Therm = 0.1 Mft 3 1 pie3 10 Therms = Mft

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