Ashoka the Great - Kings of India – Mocomi.com
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Ashoka the Great - Kings of India – Mocomi.com

Ashoka the Great - Kings of India – Mocomi.com

For more Educational articles and video for kids, visit: http://mocomi.com/learn/history/

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Ashoka the Great - Kings of India – Mocomi.com Document Transcript

  • 1. History for kids mocomi.com/learn/history/
  • 2. Copyright 2011 Mocomi & Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved.© In his younger days Ashoka is said to have had a massive temper and was also consid- ered to be a very cruel person. He was nick- named Chand Ashoka, meaning 'Ashoka the fierce' after building a horrific torture cham- ber. He once put his ministers through a test of loyalty in which around 500 of them failed. Ashoka was headquartered in Magadha (Bihar). His kingdom stretched from Pakistan and Af- ghanistan in the west, to Assam and Bangladesh in the east, and as far as Kerala and Andhra Pradesh in the south.
  • 3. Copyright 2011 Mocomi & Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved.© Within 8 years of ascending the throne, Ashoka expanded his empire to regions in Iran and Persia. His quest to expand his empire however would change after the bloody battle of Ka- linga. Kalinga was a state in the fertile land between the Go- davari and Mahanadi rivers. Ashoka invaded this king- dom after they refused to bow down to him. It is said that a 100,000 soldiers of the Kalinga army died in this war and Ashoka too lost around 10,000 of his men.
  • 4. Copyright 2011 Mocomi & Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved.© After the battle, Ashoka was very moved by the devastation he had caused. He saw burnt houses and scattered corpses all around, and the wails of the mourners pierced his ears. Ashoka adopted Buddhism soon after, embracing its message of peace. He made it the state religion and propagated its message within the boundaries of his kingdom as well as in other parts of the world. He built thousands of Stupas and Viharas that still stand until today.
  • 5. Copyright 2011 Mocomi & Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved.© For the remainder of his life Ashoka practiced Ahimsa (non-violence). Hunting was limited for consumption and un- necessary slaughter of animals was abolished. He also promoted the concept of vegetarian- ism. During his reign, Ashoka built many universities, water tran- sit and irrigation systems to promote trade and agricul- ture. He constructed hospitals and renovated major roads throughout his kingdom and treated his subjects equally regardless of their politics, cul- ture, or class.
  • 6. Copyright 2011 Mocomi & Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved.© After 40 years on the throne Ashoka breathed his last breath at the ripe age of 72. He left behind a legacy of an able ruler and lawmaker, a hero, a monk and a noble preacher of dharma. Ashoka was the last of the great kings of the Mauryan dy- nasty that eventually fell apart 50 years later. All our knowledge of Ashoka's rule is from inscriptions he had carved on pillars and rocks throughout his kingdom. They all speak of compassionate living and spreading peace and love. The End. For more Educational articles and video for kids, visit:mocomi.com/learn/