Gautam Buddha – Mocomi.com

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Read here about Gautam Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, practiced worldwide., visit: http://mocomi.com/gautam-buddha/

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Gautam Buddha – Mocomi.com

  1. 1. History for kids mocomi.com/learn/history/
  2. 2. Copyright 2011 Mocomi & Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved.© His parents Shuddhodana and Mayadevi were shattered by the news and decided to prevent this from happening by keeping a close watch on him and sheltering him from the outside world. Gautam Buddha was born to the king and queen of Ka- pilavatsu as Prince Siddhartha around 566 BC. Soon after his birth an astrologer predicted that he was destined to live his life as a saint by abdicating the throne and giving up all worldly pleasures.
  3. 3. Copyright 2011 Mocomi & Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved.© At age 16 he was married to Yashodhara, the beautiful daughter of a nobleman. The king had hoped that this would be another reason for him to refuse to leave the palace. His parents hoped that he would get used to the luxuries of the palace and therefore never give it up. Siddhartha never left the palace and saw nothing of the realities of his kingdom.
  4. 4. Copyright 2011 Mocomi & Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved.© Siddhartha's curiosity grew with age and one day he asked his charioteer to take him on a tour of the city. The first person they came across was an old man who seemed weak and frail. The charioteer explained that along with age comes weakness and failing health. He then came across a sick man who was in great pain, and finally a procession carrying a dead body to the cre- mation ground. He was told that everybody would die one day and leave this world. At the end of the tour, he chanced upon a sage who appeared calm and serene, and after inquiring, Siddhartha was told that such men gave up their worldly possessions in search of inner peace.
  5. 5. Copyright 2011 Mocomi & Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved.© Siddhartha was deeply troubled by his first experience of the out- side world. Several questions crossed his mind about life and death. He then decided that in order to get answers to these questions he would have to leave the palace and give up his palatial life. At the age of 29, Siddhartha left the palace one night while his wife and son were asleep. He wandered far and wide, trying different ways to find the path of truth. He finally reached the city of Bodhgaya and started meditating under a large fig tree.
  6. 6. Copyright 2011 Mocomi & Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved.© Gautam Buddha shared his knowl- edge with 5 sanyasis who meditated with him and also traveled across the country teaching the key principles of Buddhism. After 49 days of meditation, at the age of 35, Siddhartha attained en- lightenment. From that day on he was known as Buddha or the 'Awakened One'. He was named after the Bodhi tree under which he meditated.
  7. 7. Copyright 2011 Mocomi & Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved.© These key principles are known as the Noble Truths. They are: The world is full of suffering and misery; Desire is the cause for all suf- fering and misery; Suffering and misery can be abolished by removing desire. Desire can be overcome by following the Eight Fold Path. This includes: Right views, right thoughts, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right efforts, right mindfulness, and right meditation. Buddha preached non- violence, peace and har- mony. He strongly felt that people should treat each other with compas- sion, forgiveness, and tol- erance and encouraged his followers to lead a bal- anced life. He was always dressed in saffron robes and would take only a begging bowl with him on his travels.
  8. 8. Copyright 2011 Mocomi & Anibrain Digital Technologies Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved.© Gautam Buddha passed away in 483 BC. Though he lived centuries ago, his birthday is still celebrated as Buddha Jayanti in India. The Bodhi tree is still worshiped as a symbol of Enlighten- ment even today. Several Buddhist monuments stand all over India to this day such as the world renowned Ajanta and Ellora caves, the Kanheri and Karla caves, as well as universities at Sanchi and Amaravati. The End. For more Educational articles and video for kids, visit: mocomi.com/learn/

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