Project integration-slidesppt3386

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Project integration-slidesppt3386

  1. 1. Project Integration Management Sections of this presentation were adapted from A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge 3rd Edition, Project Management Institute Inc., © 2004
  2. 2. Integration ManagementIncludes processes to ensure that all theelements of a project are properlycoordinatedMaking tradeoffs among competingalternatives and objectives to meetstakeholder needsTypically the most important knowledgearea for the Project Manager
  3. 3. Why Do We Manage Integration?Manage change and communicationReduce project time and costInvolve stakeholders early and oftenMake results visibleIdentify problems/solutions earlyUse relevant experience as early as possible
  4. 4. Who Manages Integration?Project Manager – Integrator for theproject that executes processesTeam Members – Concentrate oncompleting tasks, activities, & workpackagesProject Sponsor – Protect project fromchanges and losing resources
  5. 5. How Do We Manage Integration? Use the seven integration processes  Develop project charter  Develop preliminary scope statement  Develop project management plan  Direct and manage project execution  Monitor and control project work  Integrated change control  Close projectProject Preliminary Project Direct & Monitor & Integrated CloseCharter Scope Management Manage Control Change Project Statement Plan Execution Project Work Control
  6. 6. How Do We Manage Integration? Each process has:  Inputs  Tools and Techniques  Outputs Remember that inputs and outputs can feed more than one process!Project Preliminary Project Direct & Monitor & Integrated CloseCharter Scope Management Manage Control Change Project Statement Plan Execution Project Work Control
  7. 7. Project Charter Project Inputs Tools & Techniques Statement of Work  Project Selection Methods Enterprise  Project Management Methodology Outputs Environmental Factors  Project Management Project Charter Information System Contract  Expert Judgment Organizational Process AssetsProject Preliminary Project Direct & Monitor & Integrated CloseCharter Scope Management Manage Control Change Project Statement Plan Execution Project Work Control
  8. 8. Preliminary Scope Statement Inputs Tools & Techniques Project Charter  Project Management Project Methodology Statement of  Project Management Outputs Work Information System Preliminary Enterprise  Expert Judgment Project Scope Environmental Statement Factors Organizational Process AssetsProject Preliminary Project Direct & Monitor & Integrated CloseCharter Scope Management Manage Control Change Project Statement Plan Execution Project Work Control
  9. 9. Project Management Plan Inputs Tools & TechniquesPreliminary ProjectScope Statement  Project Management MethodologyProject Management  Project Management OutputsProcesses Project Information System ManagementEnterprise  Expert Judgment PlanEnvironmentalFactorsOrganizationalProcess AssetsProject Preliminary Project Direct & Monitor & Integrated CloseCharter Scope Management Manage Control Change Project Statement Plan Execution Project Work Control
  10. 10. Direct & Manage Execution Inputs Outputs Tools & TechniquesProject Management Plan Deliverables  ProjectApproved Corrective Management Requested ChangesActions MethodologyApproved Preventive Actions Implemented Change Requests  ProjectApproved Change Requests Management Implemented Corrective Actions InformationApproved Defect Repair System Implemented Preventive ActionsValidated Defect Repair Implemented Defect RepairAdministrative Closure Work Performance InformationProcedureProject Preliminary Project Direct & Monitor & Integrated CloseCharter Scope Management Manage Control Change Project Statement Plan Execution Project Work Control
  11. 11. Monitor & Control Project Work Tools & Techniques Outputs Recommended Inputs  Project Management Corrective ActionsProject Methodology RecommendedManagement Plan  Project Management Preventive Actions Information SystemWork Performance ForecastsInformation  Earned Value Management RecommendedRejected Change  Expert Judgment Defect RepairRequests Requested ChangesProject Preliminary Project Direct & Monitor & Integrated CloseCharter Scope Management Manage Control Change Project Statement Plan Execution Project Work Control
  12. 12. Integrated Change Control Tools & Techniques Outputs  Project Approved Change Requests Inputs ManagementProject Management Plan Methodology Rejected Change RequestsRequested Changes  Project Project Management Plan Updates ManagementWork Performance Information Information Project Scope Statement Updates SystemRecommended Preventive Actions Approved Corrective Actions  Expert JudgmentRecommended Corrective Actions Approved Preventive ActionsRecommended Defect Repair Approved Defect RepairDeliverables Validated Defect Repair Deliverables Project Preliminary Project Direct & Monitor & Integrated Close Charter Scope Management Manage Control Change Project Statement Plan Execution Project Work Control
  13. 13. Close Project Outputs Tools & Techniques Administrative Closure Inputs  Project Management ProcedureProject Management Plan Methodology Contract Closure ProcedureContract Documentation  Project Management Final Product, Service, or ResultEnterprise Environmental Factors Information System  Expert Judgment Organizational Process assetsOrganizational Process Assets UpdatesWork Performance InformationDeliverables Project Preliminary Project Direct & Monitor & Integrated Close Charter Scope Management Manage Control Change Project Statement Plan Execution Project Work Control
  14. 14. What Goes in a Project Plan?Project charter BudgetProject Management ScheduleApproach ResourcesScope Statement Change Control SystemWork Breakdown PerformanceStructure (WBS) Measurement GuidelinesResponsibility Chart Management PlansNetwork Diagram with (Scope, Schedule, cost,Major Milestones quality, staffing, communications, risk response, procurement)
  15. 15. PM Responsibility for ChangeInfluence factors that affect changeEnsure change is beneficialDetermine if a change has occurredDetermine if a change is neededLook for alternatives to changeMinimize negative impact from changeNotify Stakeholders impacted by changeManaging those changes that do occuraccording to project plan
  16. 16. Integration Management SummaryKnow the integration managementprocesses and where they belongProject plan documents the basis for allproject decisionsUnderstand the authority and limits ofauthority of the project managerAll changes should be guided by theprocesses in the project plan
  17. 17. Responsibility Responsibility: The duties, assignments, and accountability for results associated with a designated position in the organization.Source: Gain and Maintain Authority to Ensure Project Success, Jason Chavart, 2002
  18. 18. Accountability Being answerable to ones superior in an organization for the exercise of ones authority and the performance of ones duties.Source: Gain and Maintain Authority to Ensure Project Success, Jason Chavart, 2002
  19. 19. Authority The legitimate power given to a person in an organization to use resources to reach an objective and to exercise discipline.Source: Gain and Maintain Authority to Ensure Project Success, Jason Chavart, 2002
  20. 20. DefinitionsLessons Learned – Document thatidentifies what was done right, wrong, andhow to improve in the futureBaseline – The original project plan withapproved changes

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