Exploring ways to Enable GovERNMENT & VOLUNTEER coordination & cooperation during Disasters in the Phils

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This is a presentation in a Panel organized by Florida State University and the De La Salle University delivered last March 12, 2011 in the ASPA 2011 Annual Conference held in Baltimore, Maryland. The …

This is a presentation in a Panel organized by Florida State University and the De La Salle University delivered last March 12, 2011 in the ASPA 2011 Annual Conference held in Baltimore, Maryland. The participation was partly funded by the Center for Disaster Risk Policy of Florida.

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  • The different municipalities or communities in the different islandshave recognized the nee

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  • 1. Exploring ways to Enable GovERNMENT & VOLUNTEER coordination & cooperation during Disasters in the Phils
    Ma. Victoria G. Pineda
    Information Technology Department
    Center for ICT for Development
    College of Computer Studies
    De La Salle University
    E-mail address: mavic.pineda@delasalle.ph
    12 March 2011
    ASPA 2011 Conference
    Renaissance Harborplace Hotel
    Baltimore, Maryland
  • 2. Approximate distance as the crow flies in miles from Manila Philippines to Baltimore United States is 8551 miles or 13758.56 Kilometers
    Source: http://www.distance-calculator.co.uk/world-distances-manila-to-baltimore.htm
  • 3. Agenda
    Background - The Phils, an archipelago of resources and hazards
    Present directions towards disaster risk reduction
    The NDRRM or National Council & other gov’t entities coordination structure
    NGOs and volunteers in the Phils
    Insights from the ICT Perspective
    Better disaster management flow analytics thru ICT
    Next step
  • 4. hazard exposures– are wind storm, floods, landslide, volcanic eruption, earthquake and drought
    Background
    vulnerable to the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO)
    48 volcanoes, 22 are active
    average of 20 cyclones a year with 8-9 landfall each year
    In 2006, Typhoon Xangsane (with local name Milenyo), Category 3-4 –changing strong wind intensities
    In 2008, Typhoon Fengshen (with local name Frank) was a Category 3 –characterized by erratic movement
    In September 26, 2009, tropical cyclone Ketsana (local name is Ondoy) brought a typical month’s rainfall in six hours
    7,107 islands
  • 5. NDRRM Law
    • Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Law (RA10121) signed by the Pres. last May 27, 2010
    Sources: http://www.timesnewsnetwork.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/09/Typhoon-Ondoy.jpg
    http://ricelander.files.wordpress.com/2009/10/ondoy-flood.jpg
    http://epvirtualassistant.files.wordpress.com/2009/10/typhoon-ondoy-victims.jpg
  • 6. Present Landscape
    Surveillance Agencies
    Government depts.
    Local Government Units
    7,107 islands
  • 7. NGO’s & Volunteer Orgs in the Phils
    NGOs have rapid response capactiy
    Builds strong community partnerships
    Builds alternative practices and paradigms
  • 8. NGO’s & Volunteer Orgs in the Phils
    The recent Phil disasters have proven that NGOs & Volunteer organizations in the Phils are the best first responders during emergencies
  • 9. NGO’s & Volunteer Orgs in the Phils
    Filipinos have high level of volunteerism but…
    1. present law on volunteer services is inadequate;
    2. there is a need for a capacity building & volunteer education;
    3. there is a need for volunteer profiling
  • 10. ICT to bring about better disaster management process analytics
    COMMUNICATION & PROCESS ANALYTICS
    POLICY & DIRECTIONS
    Better, responsive & transparent DM Governance
    ICT OPEN
    SOLUTIONS
  • 11. National Disaster Coordinating Council Workflow
  • 12. Coordination PROCESSES analyzed
    Central Coordination Module.
    Document and Archives Module.
    Fund Allocation Module.
  • 13. The Volunteer Cycle
    Volunteer administration
    Volunteer profiling
    Volunteer mobilization & deployment, monitoring
    Volunteer recognition
  • 14. A Volunteer Management System For The Philippine National Red Cross
  • 15. ICT is a “dominant and vibrant force that led to diffusion and application in a nation’s development”.
    (Mohktar, 2007)
  • 16. The main challenge for developing countries would be to cascade the national policies on disaster management to local disaster preparedness and mitigation plans.
    Magno and Rafisura, 2007
  • 17. THOUGHTS TO BRING HOME
    ICT to bring about better disaster management process analytics, transparency & accountability
    Strong partnership between NGOs & the volunteer sector
    LGU community-academe partnership in capacity building and solutions’ research
  • 18. MaramingSalamat at Magandang UMAGA
    Mavic Pineda
    IT Department
    CITe4D, College of Computer Studies
    De La Salle University
    Email add: mavic.pineda@delasalle.ph
  • 19. On-going CITe4D open systems
    Angat Dam Simulation
    Bataan-Mindoro-Batangas Coral Reef Monitoring
    Bagac Agricultural Portal
    Disaster response & support system for DLSU-Social Action
    Hazard mapping for Marikina City & Muntinlupa City