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Tech4101 1

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  • 1. Distance Education and the Internet TECH4101 Dr. Alaa Sadik Instructional & Learning Technologies Department www.alaasadik.net alaasadik@squ.edu.om
  • 2. Lecture One (Week 2) Defining Distance Education Distance Education and the Internet TECH4101 Interactive Presentation
  • 3. Background: 1.The Industrial Revolution in the 19th century (see Wikipedia) → 2.Developments in various fields of technology (give examples) → 3.Offered new solutions for delivering instruction → 4.Learners’ interests (in what?) were enhanced → 5.Increase in the subject areas offered by distance education → 6.Became one of the formal means of education. Defining Distance Education
  • 4. What is distance education or distance learning? Defining the meaning of distance education may provide a good starting point to recognise its elements. Use Google to search for: define:distance education Defining Distance Education
  • 5. Defining Distance Education ‘a term that covers the various forms of study at all levels which are not under the continuous immediate supervision of tutors present with their students in lecture rooms, but which, benefit from the planning, guidance and tuition of a tutorial organisation’ (Holmberg, 1977, p. 9).
  • 6. Defining Distance Education  Distance education is a method of education in which the learner is physically separated from the teacher by space and time.  Distance education materials are often structured in ways that facilitate learning at a distance. Rumble (1989)
  • 7. Defining Distance Education  the majority of educational communication between the teacher and students occurs non-contiguously.  involve two-way communication technology between the teacher and students for the purpose of facilitating and supporting the educational process. Garrison and Shale 1990, p. 25
  • 8. In Conclusion  The separation of teacher and learner;  The separation among learners;  The use of technology to deliver the subject matter; and  The use of a communication channel to facilitate interaction and support learners.
  • 9. What is distance education or distance learning? Use Wikipedia to find more info about distance education and distance learning Defining Distance Education
  • 10. Defining Distance Education What is distance education or distance learning? Discuss the definitions you found with your classmates.
  • 11. Defining Distance Education What is distance education or distance learning? Clarify the definitions using the information you found in Wikipedia and other sites.
  • 12. Defining Distance Education What is distance education or distance learning? Distance education is defined as mode of delivering education and instruction, often on an individual basis, to students who are not physically present in a traditional setting such as a classroom.
  • 13. Defining Distance Education Distance education or distance learning?  Within a context of rapid technological change and shifting market conditions, the American education system is challenged with providing increased educational opportunities without increased budgets. Many educational institutions are answering this challenge by developing distance education programs. At its most basic level, distance education takes place when a teacher and student(s) are separated by physical distance, and technology (i.e., voice, video, data, and print), often in concert with face-to-face communication, is used to bridge the instructional gap. These types of programs can provide adults with a second chance at a college education, reach those disadvantaged by limited time, distance or physical disability, and update the knowledge base of workers at their places of employment.
  • 14. Defining Distance Education History of distance education and technology (old technology) Students, in traditional classroom settings (or individually via distance education) could listen to programs, or with the use of transceivers, could interact with radio programs. In this manner, students would receive educational programming that expanded on their classroom learning.
  • 15. Defining Distance Education History of distance education and technology (modern technology) The widespread use of computers and the internet have made distance learning easier and faster, and today virtual schools and virtual universities deliver full curricula online.[26] In 1996 Jones International University was launched and claims to be the first fully online university accredited by a regional accrediting association in the US
  • 16. Defining Distance Education Time for Presentation
  • 17. Defining Distance Education In conclusion, many key features characterize distance education: 1. The separation of teacher and learner; 2. The separation among learners; 3. The use of one medium to deliver instruction; and 4. The use of a communication channel to facilitate interaction and support learners.
  • 18. Questions & Discussions The End
  • 19. Done by:  - Moath AL-Harrasi 90757  - Mohammed Al –BADI 90168