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M. Altman presentation 3 ch. 9 urinary system abbreviations
M. Altman presentation 3 ch. 9 urinary system abbreviations
M. Altman presentation 3 ch. 9 urinary system abbreviations
M. Altman presentation 3 ch. 9 urinary system abbreviations
M. Altman presentation 3 ch. 9 urinary system abbreviations
M. Altman presentation 3 ch. 9 urinary system abbreviations
M. Altman presentation 3 ch. 9 urinary system abbreviations
M. Altman presentation 3 ch. 9 urinary system abbreviations
M. Altman presentation 3 ch. 9 urinary system abbreviations
M. Altman presentation 3 ch. 9 urinary system abbreviations
M. Altman presentation 3 ch. 9 urinary system abbreviations
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M. Altman presentation 3 ch. 9 urinary system abbreviations

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  • 1. URINARY SYSTEM ABBREVIATIONS MARLOWE ALTMAN BIOLOGY 120- WW5 M E D I C A L T E R M I N O L O G Y A L I V I N G L A N G U A G E F r e m g e n & F r u c h t
  • 2. azot/o nitrogenous waste bacteri/o bacteria cyst/o urinary bladder glomerul/o glomerulus glycos/o sugar, glucose keton/o ketones lith/o stone meat/o meatus nephr/o kidney URINARY SYSTEM: COMBINING FORMS noct/i night olig/o scanty pyel/o renal pelvis ren/o kidney ur/o urine ureter/o ureter urethr/o urethra urin/o urine
  • 3. URINARY SYSTEM: SUFFIXES -ectasia dilation -lith stone -lithiasis condition of stones -ptosis drooping -tripsy surgical crushing -uria condition of the urine
  • 4. URINARY SYSTEM: ABBREVIATIONS
  • 5. URINARY SYSTEM: KUB • kidney, ureters, bladder • Also called a flat plate abdomen • Diagnostic imaging procedure • Radiograph of the abdomen • No dyes, no pain • Images of structure, size, & position • Detect stones, tumors, & obstructions • Procedure • Lie on back while radiograph is taken, usually takes 5 minutes • Results can be read immediately
  • 6. URINARY SYSTEM: CATH • catheterization • Medical treatment to withdraw urine or insert dye • Procedure • Insertion of a tube through the urethra & into the urinary bladder • Short-term & long-term uses: • Urinary inconsistence, retention, or surgery • Three common types: • Indwelling catheter • Condom catheter • Intermittent catheter
  • 7. URINARY SYSTEM: CYSTO • cystoscopy • Endoscopic procedure • Visually examine the urinary bladder through the use of a cystoscope • Surgical instruments inserted through the cystoscope can take samples of tissue or urine • Used to find cause of: • Hematuria, dysuria, or urinary tract infections • Blockage caused by prostate, kidney stones, or tumor
  • 8. URINARY SYSTEM: RP • retrograde pyelogram • Other names: • Retrograde Ureteropyelogram, Retrograde Pyelography, Retrograde Ureteropyelography • Diagnostic imaging procedure • Radiograph to visualize the urethra while the patient is voiding • Contrast dye is placed in the bladder • Often used during a cystoscopy • Used to: • Identify filling defects caused by stones or tumors • Place ureteral stents • Identify renal anatomy
  • 9. URINARY SYSTEM: BUN • blood urea nitrogen • Clinical lab diagnostic procedure, blood test • Test to measure kidney function by the levels of nitrogenous waste in the blood • Low levels caused by: • Liver disease • Pregnancy • High levels caused by: • Kidneys not removing urea • Heart failure • Dehydration • Diet high in protein
  • 10. IDENTIFY THE FOLLOWING ABBREVIATIONS. KUB kidney, ureter, bladder cath catheterization cysto cystoscopy GU genitourinary ESWL extracorporeal shockware lithotripsy UTI urinary tract infection UC urine culture RP retrograde pyelogram ARF acute renal failure BUN blood urea nitrogen CRF chronic renal failure H2O water
  • 11. URINARY SYSTEM: REFERENCES • Medical Terminology: A Living Language 4th edition. Fremgen & Frucht. Pearson Education, Inc. • http://www.timeswellness.com/index.aspx?page=article&sec tid=17&contentid=200706121714035932d21d40d • http://www.medicineonline.com/articles/k/2/KUB/Abdominal- X-Rays.html • http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/blood-urea-nitrogen • http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/cystoscopy-16692 • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Retrograde_pyelogram • http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003981.htm

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